Queen Ulrika Eleonora (1688 – 1741) and King Frederick I of Sweden (1676 – 1751)


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Ulrika Eleonora or Ulrica Eleanor (23 January 1688 – 24 November 1741), known as Ulrika Eleonora the Younger, was Queen of Sweden, reigning in her own right from 5 December 1718 until her abdication on 29 February 1720 in favour of her husband King Frederick, and then as his consort until her death.

She was the youngest child of King Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark and named after her mother. After the death of her brother King Charles XII in 1718, she claimed the throne. Her deceased older sister, Hedvig Sophia, had left a son, Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp, who had the better claim by primogeniture. Ulrika Eleonora asserted that she was the closest surviving relative of the late king (the idea of proximity of blood) and cited the precedent of Queen Christina. She was recognized as successor by the Riksdag after she had agreed to renounce the powers of absolute monarchy established by her father. She abdicated in 1720 in favor of her husband, Landgrave Frederick I of Hesse-Kassel.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrika_Eleonora,_Queen_of_Sweden

Queen of Sweden:
Reign: 5 December 1718 – 29 February 1720
Coronation: 17 March 1719
Predecessor: Charles XII
Successor: Frederick I
Queen consort of Sweden:
Tenure: 29 February 1720 – 24 November 1741
Born: 23 January 1688
Stockholm Palace, Sweden
Died: 24 November 1741 (aged 53)
Stockholm, Sweden
Burial: 1 December 1741
Riddarholmen Church
Spouse: Frederick I of Sweden
​(m. 1715)​
House: Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Father: Charles XI of Sweden
Mother: Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark
Religion: Lutheran

Frederick I (Swedish: Fredrik I; 28 April 1676 – 5 April 1751) was prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, and King of Sweden from 1720 until his death and (as Frederick I) also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, and the abdication of his wife, Charles's sister and successor Ulrika Eleonora, after she had to relinquish most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates and thus chose to abdicate. His powerless reign and lack of legitimate heirs of his own saw his family's elimination from the line of succession after the parliamentary government dominated by pro-revanchist Hat Party politicians ventured into a war with Russia, which ended in defeat and the Russian tsarina Elizabeth getting Adolph Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp instated following the death of the king.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I_of_Sweden

King of Sweden:
Reign: 24 March 1720 – 5 April 1751
Coronation: 3 May 1720
Predecessor: Ulrika Eleonora
Successor: Adolf Frederick

Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel:
Reign: 23 March 1730 – 5 April 1751
Predecessor: Charles I
Successor: William VIII

Born: 28 April 1676
Kassel, Hesse-Kassel
Died: 5 April 1751 (aged 74)
Stockholm, Sweden
Burial: 27 September 1751
Riddarholmen Church
Spouse: Luise Dorothea of Prussia
​(m. 1700; died 1705)​
Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
​(m. 1715; died 1741)​
House: Hesse-Kassel
Father: Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Mother: Maria Amalia of Courland
Religion: Lutheran

Frederick's sarcophagus in Riddarholmen Church:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Frederick_I_of_Sweden_grave_2007.jpg

Ulrica Eleanor's sarcophagus in Riddarholmen Church:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Ulrica_Eleanor_of_Sweden_(1688)_grave_2007.jpg
 
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Ulrika Eleonora's coronation in Uppsala Cathedral on March 17, 1719. Painting by Johan Henrik Schildt.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/Ulrika_Eleonoras_kröning.jpg

Queen Ulrika Eleonora with the crown. Painting by Georg Engelhard Schröder, National Museum.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipe...elhard_Schröder)_-_Nationalmuseum_-_16028.png

Her husband was later crowned king Frederick I of Sweden following her abdication in Mat 1720 in Stockholm and not Uppsala Cathedral.

I wonder where was king Frederick I crowned?
 
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Her husband was later crowned king Frederick I of Sweden following her abdication in Mat 1720 in Stockholm and not Uppsala Cathedral.

I wonder where was king Frederick I crowned?
Prince Fredrik was elected king on March 24 1720 after having converted to Lutheranism on March 22. He was crowned by Archbishop Matthias Steuchius on May 3 1720 in what's today Stockholm Cathedral.
 
Prince Fredrik was elected king on March 24 1720 after having converted to Lutheranism on March 22. He was crowned by Archbishop Matthias Steuchius on May 3 1720 in what's today Stockholm Cathedral.

I'd had forgotten he was raised Calvinist and converted became a Lutheran.
 
On February 19, 1719, the Instrument of Government was signed.
Why was an Instrument of Government necessary for Ulrika Eleonora to be Queen Regnant?
 
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