King Gustav II Adolf (1594-1632) and Queen Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg


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Gustavus Adolphus (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632), also known in English as Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, was King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and is credited for the rise of Sweden as a great European power (Swedish: Stormaktstiden). During his reign, Sweden became one of the primary military forces in Europe during the Thirty Years' War, helping to determine the political and religious balance of power in Europe. He was formally and posthumously given the name Gustavus Adolphus the Great (Swedish: Gustav Adolf den store; Latin: Gustavus Adolphus Magnus) by the Riksdag of the Estates in 1634.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustavus_Adolphus

King of Sweden:
Reign: 30 October 1611 – 6 November 1632
Coronation: 12 October 1617
Predecessor: Charles IX
Successor: Christina

Born: 9 December 1594
Castle Tre Kronor, Sweden
Died: 6 November 1632 (aged 37)
Battle of Lützen
near Lützen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
Burial: 22 June 1634
Riddarholm Church, Stockholm
Spouse: Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
Children:
Christina, Queen of Sweden
illegitimate:
Gustav of Vasaborg
House: Vasa
Father: Charles IX, King of Sweden
Mother: Christina of Holstein-Gottorp
Religion: Lutheran

Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg (11 November 1599 – 28 March 1655) was a German princess and Queen of Sweden as the consort of King Gustav II Adolph (Gustavus Adolphus).

She was a daughter of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, and Anna, Duchess of Prussia, daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia.

In 1620, Maria Eleonora married Gustavus Adolphus with her mother's consent, but against the will of her brother George William, Elector of Brandenburg, who had just succeeded her father. She bore her husband a daughter, Christina in 1626.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Eleonora_of_Brandenburg

Queen consort of Sweden:
Tenure: 25 November 1620 – 6 November 1632
Born: 11 November 1599
Königsberg, Duchy of Prussia
Died: 28 March 1655 (aged 55)
Burial: Riddarholmen Church
Spouse: Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
​(m. 1620; died 1632)​
Children: Christina of Sweden
House: Hohenzollern
Father: John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg
Mother: Duchess Anna of Prussia
 
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Why did King Gustav II Adolf enter the Thirty Years War?
 
It was interesting that one of Maria Eleonora's suitors included the future King Charles I of England. If they had married, would the Commonwealth of England have occurred?
Queen Maria Eleonora spoke and wrote most often in French, which was the court language.
 
It was interesting that one of Maria Eleonora's suitors included the future King Charles I of England. If they had married, would the Commonwealth of England have occurred?
Queen Maria Eleonora spoke and wrote most often in French, which was the court language.


He was one of many suitors for Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg,another was Władysław IV Vasa,King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania but he was devoutly Roman Catholic and went for a Habsburg bride in the end.
 
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