The Home Guard was formed directly as a consequence of the Occupation 1940-45, under the slogan: Never again a 9th April. - The day DK was occupied.
It was based on a core of former Resistance fighters and people who found the Danish surrender in the morning of 9th April disgraceful.
The purpose of the Home Guard was to set up a citizens militia, who has weapons and ammunition at home and who would continue fighting, regardless. And in the case of an occupation would go underground and keep fighting as a resistance movement.
In that respect the Danish Home Guard is different from say the Swedish Home Guard, that is based on British Territorials, and just like them are mobilization units attached to a regular parent regiment.
The Danish Home Guard work alongside the regular military forces but is under pretty much independent command, fighting in their own neighborhood.
The Home Guard reached it's peak towards the end of the Cold War where almost 1½ % of the total population was a member of the Home Guard.
To put that into perspective, that's equivalent to around 300.000 Australians or some 5 million Americans.
There has been several attempts to disband or at least disarm the Home Guard over the years, but with only limited success.
The regulars were very much against the Home Guard whom they saw as armed "weekend warriors" of very limited military value, especially as many members of the Home Guard would called up to serve in the military anyway in case of a mobilization.
There was admittedly a good deal of truth in that. While a good deal of the members were very active, a just as large group were de facto only members on paper, I.e. very inactive.
Today the Home Guard has been slimmed down and only active members are allowed to stay on. They have been issued much better equipment and get better and more regular training.
The Home Guard today is now more equivalent to the US National Guard. It is still first and foremost for territorial defense, but members of the Army Home Guard in particular are regularly called up to serve abroad, especially for base security, freeing regular soldiers for tasks they are better trained and equipped for.
Members of the Police Home Guard also very regularly perform traffic control and guard crime scenes, freeing police officers for tasks where they of more use.
Especially the navy Home Guard are busy. Having their own small vessels, they are often and quickly called out for all sorts of duties. Coastal patrols, helping civilian boats in distress, investigating pollution, search and rescue and if need be help the police boarding ships (drunk crews sailing through Danish waters is not an uncommon phenomenon!)
The Air Home Guard has gone from being observers on the ground to also operate drones and small planes.
So today hardly anyone are talking about disbanding the Home Guard, because they perform a number of tasks at a very low cost and at a very short notice.
Originally Posted by Izzie
In 2019 she was made Captain in the Home Guard. I wonder if she still participates in some of their military training/exercises?
The first time: Crown Princess Mary managed a new significant role to top marks | BILLED-BLADET (billedbladet.dk)
Article says in part:
Crown Princess Mary participated in her capacity as captain in the Home Guard in the Home Guard's May 4 parade at the Citadel in Copenhagen, where she had complete control of the military agenda.
Normally you mostly see the Queen and the Crown Prince inspect large military parades, but on Wednesday evening it was the Crown Princess who, in her capacity as captain in the Home Guard, had the prominent role.
Thus, Crown Princess Mary was in charge at the Home Guard's May 4 parade, which marks the liberation on May 4, 1945, when the German troops in Denmark surrendered after five years of German occupation.
Crown Princess Mary gave a strong speech during the parade, where she thanked the Home Guard for their efforts.
- A very big thank you for your efforts. You can be proud of that. I am, said the Crown Princess, who began as a private in the Home Guard in 2008.
Link to Video from article: https://www.billedbladet.dk/kongelig...il-topkarakter
How wonderful for Mary to be given this honor and important task!**
That's because even though she is "only" captain, as the Crown Princess and direct representative of the Commander in Chief, QMII, she outranks everybody else present.
That includes the head of the Home Guard, who is a major general.
In such a situation, Mary is only outranked by QMII herself or Frederik, had they been present.
Had say Joachim been present, he would salute to Mary and he would have inspected the honor guard prior to Mary arriving, because he was the highest ranking until Mary arrives, and to ensure that everything is in order with the honor guard, prior to Mary inspecting it.