Saint/Louis IX of France (1226 to 1270)

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Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, was king of France from 1226 to 1270. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity, and then remained his valued adviser until her death. During Louis's childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and obtained a definitive victory in the Albigensian Crusade, which had started 20 years earlier.

Louis mother Blanche de Castile rule France as Queen Regent from 1226 until 1234 during her sons minority and again from 1248 until her death in 1252 when Louis was abroad on the 8th Crusade.

His reign lasted over 43 years and was absent on several occasions from the kingdom and his mother ruled as Regent.

Sadly his elaborate tomb at St Denis was destroyed by the English during the Hundred Years War.

King Louis IX brought the relics of Jesus' passion to Paris.

Those relics of the True Cross were acquired by the king in 1239 from Emperor Baldwin II in Constantinople .
Upon his return to France the king had them place in a shrine at the newly built Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.
The treasury of the Sainte-Chapelle was largely destroyed in 1791 but thankfully the relics of the True Cross escaped and are today part of the Cathedral Treasury of Notre Dame.
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