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  #41  
Old 02-25-2020, 08:43 PM
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On this day, February 26, 1577 ~ Demise of King Eric XIV of Sweden
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Old 02-26-2020, 11:05 AM
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On this day, February 26, 1577 ~ Demise of King Eric XIV of Sweden
He died in captivity at Örbyhus Castle after eating a portion of pea soup poisoned by his captors with written permission by his usurping brother, King Johan III.
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Old 02-28-2020, 11:41 PM
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February 29 1720 Ulrika Eleanor abdicated in favor of her husband Frederik. She wished to reign as co rulers like Mary and William in the Uk but it wasn’t allowed so she abdicated in his favor. Frederik was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was his second wife. He was the first Swedish king to have an official mistress which didn’t sit well with his wife or court. Ulrika died of small pox in 1741 having born no children. Her husband had no legitimate children from either marriage. He was succeeded by his brother William in Hesse Kassel and Adolph Frederick in Sweden.
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Old 03-06-2020, 08:44 PM
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On this day, March 7, 1965 ~ Demise of Queen Louise, the spouse of King Gustaf VI Adolf
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Old 03-07-2020, 10:39 PM
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March 8 1844 demise of Charles XIV John of Sweden. Born in France, Jean Bernadotte would be the first Bernadotte king of Sweden. The son of an attorney he was apprenticed as one until his father died when he was 17. He instead joined the French army and rose through the ranks.

Charles XIII was in need of an heir. He was elderly and the only children with his wife died in infancy. His adopted heir died as well. Though a Danish prince was top choice Napoleon pushed for Eugene to be heir or failing that one if his brothers or nephews. Eugene refused to leave Italy and convert and none of napoleons brothers wanted to move to Sweden. His nephews were too young. Jean was a suggestion by a minor noble and surprisingly got the vote. Though Charles didn’t approve he and his wife eventually did come to like Jean who moved to Sweden and eventually served as regent for the informer king.

Jean was married to Desiree Clary, former fiancé of Napoleon. Her sister Julia was married to Napoleons older brother Joseph. Desiree was not fond of Sweden and didn’t get along with the queen. She did get along with one of the dowager queens Sophia Magdalena. Unlike her husband and son she did not convey and during her crown princess days spent years in France.

Jean was 81 when he died from a stroke. He was succeeded by son Oscar I. Oscar having been born in France was named Joseph Francois Oscar. Joseph was in honour of his uncle who was also one of his godfathers. Napoleon who was also godfather chose Oscar. Oscar would end up married to the man who turned down the Swedish throne leading to his father becoming king. He married Josephine of Leuchtenberg. Josephine was the daughter of napoleons stepson Eugene and was named in honour of her grandmother empress Josephine.
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Old 03-13-2020, 08:42 PM
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On this day, March 12, 1781 ~ Birth of Frederica of Baden, Queen Consort of King Gustav IV Adolf

On this day, March 14, 1807 ~ Birth of Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen Josefina of Sweden. She was the spouse of King Oscar I.
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Old 03-15-2020, 11:34 PM
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March 16, 1792 Gustav III of Sweden was shot. He had attended a masquerade ball at the royal opera house that evening. Earlier in the evening he received a threatening letter from the colonel of the life guards. It was not taken seriously as he had been receiving letters for years.

The king made jest of it. He sat in an open opera box and made comment about it would be the opportune time to shoot him. And then later took a walk around the theater. He was stopped on stage by masked men who made it impossible for him to continue. Jacob Johan Anckarström approached him with a gun and pistol. Since the king had bent back to speak to his captain, he was shot at an odd angle and survived the attack. Jacob was flogged, had his hand cut off, beheaded and then quartered for his crimes. Others were imprisoned or exiled instead.

The king though suffered a severe infection and would die on March 29.

He was succeeded by his son Gustav IV Adolf who was an inept leader. He was forced to abdicate in 1809. He did it voluntarily to try and pass the throne to his son but the government declared he forefeited it for his family. His Uncle Charles, the younger brother of Gustaf III took the throne, becoming Charles XIII. Charles would of course be succeeded by the French Bernadotte family.
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Old 03-24-2020, 10:28 PM
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On this day, March 20, 1926 ~ Demise of Lovisa (Louise) of Sweden, Queen Consort of King Frederik VIII

On this day, March 22, 1759 ~ Birth of Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen Consort of King Carl XIII

On this day, March 25, 1751 ~ Demise of King Frederik I of Sweden
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Old 03-28-2020, 01:26 AM
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On this day, March 28, 1655 ~ Demise of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen Consort of King Gustav II Adolf
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Old 03-28-2020, 07:28 AM
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On this day, March 28, 1655 ~ Demise of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen Consort of King Gustav II Adolf
Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg was also the mother of queen Christina whom she gave birth to in 1626.

Dowager Queen Maria Eleanor is buried at the Riddarholm Church in Stockholm.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikiped...grave_2007.jpg
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Old 03-28-2020, 09:58 PM
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On this day, March 29, 1792 ~ Demise of King Gustav III of Sweden
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Old 04-03-2020, 11:05 PM
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On this day, April 4, 1715 ~ The wedding of Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden and Frederik of Hesse-Kassel
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Old 06-04-2020, 12:31 AM
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June 4, 1134- death of Magnus I of Sweden. Disputed king of Sweden in his time but recognized in the list of historical monarchs now.

Magnus was born in Denmark. His father was King Niels I of Denmark. He was Swedish on his mother's side. His mother Margaret Fredkulla was the daughter of Inge the Elder of Sweden. He had one older brother Inge who died as a child.

When Inge the Elder died, the throne had passed to his nephews Inge the Younger and Filip. On the death of Inge the younger in 1125 (his brother died in 1118), Magnus claimed the throne. He laid claim as the eldest grandson of Inge the Elder. Magnus was recognized as king by the Geats. Unfortunately by the Westrogothic law, the right to choose a king lay with the Sver tribe not the Geats. The Sver chose Ragnvald Knaphövde whose link to the old kings is not known or his parentage. Ragnvald was killed though by the Geats in 1129 as he disrespected the tribe by not providing them hostages. It was possibly part of a plan to eliminate the process of electing a king in Sweden. Magnus was recognized as king from this point though still not under Westrogothic law.


Christianity had not taken a great hold in Sweden at this time. The bishop of Upsala had been forced to flee from an attack by 'pagans'. The new bishop seemed to have been a supporter of Magnus. Magnus sacked a temple and brought back some thor hammers. The still very limited Christian population saw this as an act of defiling a holy place and stealing from the gods.

In 1131 problems in Denmark took Magnus home. He murdered a potential rival to his father's throne Canute Lavard. Though his father backed him, he found himself in civil war with Canute's brother Eric. This weakened Magnus' position in Sweden where he had been forced to retreat to Gothenland who continued to see him as king. In 1132 the Swedes chose a land owner from Ostergotland to be king, Sverker I.

In 1134 Magnus faced his opponent at the Battle of Fotevik. His father actually fled the battle field. Magnus refused to leave, preferring death to retreat. He died on the battlefield. His father escaped using his ships but he died later that year and Eric became Eric II of Denmark.

Magnus had married Richeza, daughter of Bolesław III Wrymouth. The couple had two sons.

-Canute: would eventually succeed his grandfather's throne in Denmark as Canute V ruling for 11 years. He was married to Helena of Sweden, the daughter of Sverker I (his father's successor in Sweden). They had no children. He had some known bastards including St Niels of Aarhus.
-Niels: was likely a monk.

Richeza returned to her father's court after her husband was killed. She would marry Volodar Glebovich, Prince of Minsk. She had two sons and a daughter with her second husband. Her daughter Sophia became queen of Denmark by marriage to Valdemar I and later Landgravine of Thuringia by marriage to Louis III. Her children included Canute VI and Valdemar II.


She divorced Volodar, leaving their sons with him and took Sophia with her when she returned to Denmark with Canute. She actually married Sverker I making her step-mother in law to her own son. Sverker's first wife was Ulvhild Håkansdotter. Ulvhild had been married first to Inge the younger, then to Magnus' father when his mother died, and then Sverker. She may have born Sverker a son. There is some record of him having a son Sune Sik (though not in all records) and he may have been Richeza's but that isn't clear.
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Old 07-21-2020, 11:47 PM
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July 22, 1535 birth of Catherine Stenbock, third wife of Gustav I of Sweden.

Catherine was the daughter of Riksråd Gustaf Olofsson Stenbock. She was born in Torpa, Vastergotland. Little is known of her childhood or life before her marriage to the king.

She was most likely at court as a lady in waiting to the king's second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. Queen Margaret was Catherine's Aunt, the sister of her mother Brita. Margaret and Brita's mother was the second cousin of the king, and their father was from one of the most powerful noble families of the time. Because of her place as the queen's niece her family was part of what was called the 'royal relations' and would have been involved at events at court. When her aunt died in 1551, her mother and her mother's sister Martha were appointed to over see the raising of Margaret's kids until the king remarried.

In March 1522 the king met with his Aunts as well as nephew to discus his future marriage. He needed a queen for his court and a mother to his young children. He proposed marrying Catherine, who may have been betrothed at the time already. Her family wished to continue their relations with the king and approved the match. He had to propose to Catherine at her family home as she was required to give consent. Story has it she hid from him in the garden but she eventually was married to him.

There was opposition from the church to the marriage. The archbishop believed it wrong that he marry his wife's niece. But they quoted the old testament. The king brought a commission forward that argued that the old testament only applied to Jews. And allowed for a man to marry his widow's sister so a niece should be allowed. Also that it was a marriage based on needing a queen, and not of some physical desire.

They were married August 22, 1552 when she was 17. Unfortunately there were a lot of bad omens including plague in the area. After they left the city where they wed after three days of celebrations, the city burned down.

Gustav was born in 1496 and was 55 when he was widowed. His first wife Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg died in 1535 and he married Margaret in 1536. He had 11 children from his two previous wives, one son from his first wife and 10 children from Margaret.

her stepchildren:

-Eric (only child of his first wife): became Eric XIV. He married Karin Månsdotter and had four children (as well as bastards with a few mistresses).
-John(oldest of Margaret's) became Duke of Finland. succeeded Eric as John III. Had three kids with Catherine Jagellonica of Poland and a son with Gunilla Bielke.
-Katarina: married Edzard II, Count of East Frisia who she had 10 children.
-Cecilia: married Christopher II, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern. no kids.
-Magnus: Duke of Östergötland. never married
-Carl: died in infancy
-Anna: married Georg Johann, the Count Palatine of Veldenz. 11 kids.
-Sten: died at age one
-Sofia: married Magnus II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg had one son.
-Elisabet: married Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg. one daughter.
-Charles: duke of Sodermanland. Succeeded his nephew Sigismund as Charles IX of Sweden. Had 6 kids with Anna Marie of Palatinate-Simmern and 4 with Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.

At the time of her marriage, all but Eric were minors though John was 15. She as only 2 years older then John and 4 years older then Katarina. Her youngest stepchild Charles was turning 2.

Catherine and her husband would have no children to add to the nursery.

Her main role as queen was to supervise the women at court, and her step children's upbringing. The girls she had management of until they wed and the boys until they were adults. She had a good relationship with them all except for the youngest Charles.


In 1559 scandal erupted when her stepdaughter Katarina was leaving with her husband Edzard. They were accompanied by his brother John and her sister Cecilia. Unfortunately their siblings were found in a sexual encounter by Eric. Katarina and her husband were placed under house arrest, John was imprisoned and Cecilia was sent to her father. Catherine was called on to intercede on more then once occasion for her stepchildren. Eventually Katarina and her husband were allowed to go to Frisia, and with some help from Elizabeth I, John escaped death and was able to return home.

The scandal was too much for the king who fell ill. She is said to have nursed him during his illness. He died September 29, 1560 at the age of 64.

The king had his two eldest sons agree to grant her the monies from several estates when he died. Strömsholm became her home for the remainder of her life. She was the first queen of Sweden to be titled Dowager Queen.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strömsholm

She had a good relationship with Eric, and served as the senior lady of court for him during much of his reign. She remained a widow for the remainder of her life, continuing to wear mourning until the day she died.

She helped to create peace between Eric and John, and when Eric fell ill she was said to have helped bring him back to sanity.


Unfortunately during the war of the Dukes, Eric imprisoned his stepmother and stepsisters. He threatened to hand them over to Ivan the Terrible who was his ally, or burn his sisters alive. Some of this may have been false, or exaggerated as it was used for grounds by John to depose to his half brother. Catherine was named guardian of Eric's children when Eric and his wife were imprisoned, and Eric credited her for saving his life from execution after he had been deposed.

Under John, her stepson Charles tried to claim her lands as they were in his duchy. It was settled that her lands would be exchanged for lands in Aland which was better for her as they were more profitable.


She had considered a marriage to Francis II of Saxe-Lauenburg who was a brother in law of her daughter in law Sophie but his brother stopped it.


She spent her last years over seeing her estates as she was crippled by age and unable to come to court. She was close with her sisters and was a refuge for other female members of the family on her estate. She was seen as a go between for the peasants and the royals.


She died in 1621 at the age of 86 after 61 years as a widow. She was buried in Upsala Cathedral but had no monument of her own.


The poor of Sweden were said to have lost 'their mother' when she died.
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Old 08-04-2020, 10:45 PM
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August 5, 1828- birth of Louise of the Netherlands, Queen of Sweden and Norway.

Her full name was Wilhelmina Frederika Alexandrine Anna Louise. Her father Prince Frederick was a son of William I of the Netherlands and his first wife Wilhelmina of Prussia. He was a second son, his older brother William would succeed as William II. Her mother was Princess Louise of Prussia, a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia. She was born in the Hague.


Her parents had four children, but only their oldest (Louise) and youngest, both daughters, made it to adulthood. Their first son died just over a year old and their second when he was ten. Her sister Marie (both sisters went by their last given name) would marry William, Prince of Wied.

She was educated by her Belgian governess and learned to speak English, French, German and Russian as well as play the piano.

In 1849 the Swedish court was looking for a wife for the Crown Prince, Charles eldest son of Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenberg. They were hoping to find a bride of one of the old royal houses. And a protestant bride, since the last two queens of Sweden had been catholic. Her cousin Princess Louise of Prussia (Louise of Prussia's father Charles and Louise of the Netherland's mother were sister and brother) was first sought but the marriage negotiations fell through. Louise of Prussia would marry Alexis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld in 1854 but the childless marriage ended in 1861. Instead attention turned to Louise as she was protestant, from an old monarchy, and was believed to have a good dowry to bring with her. The size of her dowry through was over estimated.

Charles came to the Hague to meet her. While it is said Louise was taken with the prince, Charles was not. He found her unattractive. But he agreed to the marriage.

Louise's parents and sister accompanied her to Sweden for her wedding. Her and Charles who were two years apart in age, were married in Stockholm June 19, 1850. Louise was 22 and her husband was 24. After the wedding her father in law took her on a tour of Sweden to introduce her to the people. She started studying Swedish, both the language and history of the country. She never learned Norweigan.

Louise's husband was a philanderer. He had a well known affair with one of her ladies in waiting Josephine Sparre. The crown princess was so shy and reserved, Josephine seemed to step into the role of lady of court. Louise gained great sympathy, court thinking her husband wrong, even from her brother in law Oscar and his wife Sofia. Josephine did eventually marry in 1862 with the royal couple at the wedding. Though she did return to Louise's service in later years before Louise died.

Louise bore her husband two children. Sadly their only son Carl Oscar died at age two. Due to salic law that meant the throne would pass to Charles' brother instead. Louise offered her husband a divorce so he could remarry and have a male heir but he turned down the suggestion.

June 8, 1858 Oscar I died and her husband succeeded to the throne. She was the first queen of Norway-Sweden union to be crowned in both (due to her not being a catholic). Her coronation in August of 1860 in Norway was the first coronation of a queen in Norway since the middle ages. The people of Norway celebrated her on her stay there.

Louise had no interest in politics. She dedicated her time as queen to charity. She created a hospital for sick children, a foundation for orphans, an education fund and a self-employment fund. And a school for the nursing and education of the deaf and mute children. She raised money for her charity work using her linguistic skills, translating works from Dutch and English into Swedish and selling them. Louise even made swimming as a past time for women acceptable, when her and her daughter started attended swimming lessons and events. She continued her passion for playing piano from childhood, studying under a top pianist in Sweden.

Queen Desiree, her husband's grandmother, died in 1860 and her husband actually redid Desiree's apartments for his wife. He was very close to their daughter. Under the influence of her mother in law, Louise started marrying off her ladies in waiting when they became favorites of her husband. Her mother in law who out lived both her and Charles, was a strong support (Josephine would die in 1876).

She suffered from ill health. Often episodes were brought on by stress of her husband and how he treated her. In 1870 she had returned home to be at the death bed of her mother. Her mother died December 6, 1870. Sadly on her return home her husband fell ill and while she nursed him back to health, she caught pneumonia. During her last days, her daughter, husband and mother in law were at her bed side, Josephine having nursed her. It is said she moved her husband and mother in law to tears over her forgiveness of her husband for his treatment of her.

She died March 30, 1871. She was buried at Riddarholmen church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riddarholmen_Church

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louise...raves_2013.jpg

Her husband died less then two years later in September 1872. He was buried next to her. Though her husband was succeeded by his brother Oscar, they are the ancestors of many current royals.


-Louise Josephine Eugenie: their only child to make it from infancy. She was married to Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark. Her and her husband had eight children. Their son Christian would succeed his father as Christian X of Denmark. But their son Carl (named after his grandfather who died shortly after his birth) would be made King of Norway in 1905.


Through their daughter Louise and Charles XV were the ancestors of the current royal families of Denmark (Christian), Greece (Christian), Norway (Carl/Haakon and Ingeborg), Belgium (Ingeborg) and Luxeumbourg (Ingeborg).



Like many royal brides, Louise brought with her some significant jewels. The Danish Pearl Poire tiara worn by Margrethe belonged to Louise. The impressive pearl necklace and brooches she often wears with it were as well. The tiara originated with her mother. Frederick William III of Prussia had the tiara made for his daughter as a wedding gift. Louise inherited the tiara from her mother when she died so it was in her possession for a short time. It would make its way to Denmark with her daughter.

orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2013/06/tiara-thursday-pearl-poire-tiara.html


There was a second identical tiara in the Prussian family but what happened to it is unknown. Frederick William liked the one he had made for his daughter so much, he had another made for his daughter in law, the wife of his son Albrecht.
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Old 08-07-2020, 04:51 AM
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On this day, August 7, 1862 ~ Birth of Queen Victoria of Sweden, the wife of King Gustav V, born Victoria of Baden
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Old 08-07-2020, 05:30 AM
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On this day, August 7, 1862 ~ Birth of Queen Victoria of Sweden, the wife of King Gustav V, born Victoria of Baden
Born Sophie of Baden She started going by Victoria after her wedding.

Called the Vasa princess, as unlike her husband, she was descended from the former Vasa dynasty of Sweden. She was named for her paternal grandmother Sophie of Sweden, a daughter of Gustaf IV (second last Vasa king). Victoria was in honor of her aunt by marriage CP Victoria of Prussia (Queen Victoria's daughter) who was married to her mother's older brother.

She is the namesake of Crown Princess Victoria. And two very well known pieces of the royal jewelry collection, including Victoria's favored tiara, derive from her.

The Baden tiara was a wedding gift from her parents
The Baden Fringe Tiara | The Court Jeweller

And the procession necklace was a gift to her on arrival in Sweden
The Processional Jewels | The Court Jeweller


Mainau island which was owned by her grandson Prince Lennart and is now controlled by a family foundation over seen by his daughter Bettina, did as well. It was the summer home of her parents, her father Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden died there.

https://www.mainau.de/en/the-bernadotte-family.html
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Old 08-21-2020, 04:45 AM
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On this day, August 21, 1813 ~ Demise of Queen Sofia Magdalena, wife of King Gustav III of Sweden
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Old 08-26-2020, 04:55 AM
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On this day, August 26, 1551 ~ Demise of Queen Margareta Leijonhufvud, the spouse of King Gustav I
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Old 09-12-2020, 11:02 PM
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September 13, 1612 death of Karin Mansdotter, mistress and eventually queen of Erix XIV of Sweden.

Karin was a commoner born in Stockholm. Her father was a prison guard named Mans. Her mother Ingrid was said to have sold vegetables in the local square. She was born November 6, 1550. Both her parents seemed to have died by 1560.

Karin was a servant in the household of Gert Cantor, a Dutch musician who was musician at the court of the king. She was hired as a maid to his wife. The couple used their home as a type of inn and tavern, in which Karin likely served as a waitress. Despite legend suggesting that the king saw her in the market and fell in love, it was through Gert that the king met her.

She was brought to court as a maid to Princess Elizabeth of Sweden. Elizabeth was Eric's younger sister. She became a mistress in the spring of 1565 of the king.

Karin was given her own apartments and servants. And had an expensive new wardrobe. Among her women was her former employer's wife, Karin Cantor. He dismissed his other mistresses he had and saw her educated, teaching her how to read and write.

The king decided to marry her. Negotiations for a foreign bride had failed and there was concern that if he married a local noble it would cause tension. They were married morgantically in 1567 and officially a year later then her husband had her ennobled and crowned queen as Queen Katharine Magnusdotter (a form of her former last name). The couple's children were present at the wedding and coronation to confirm their legal status as his children. They had already been treated as so since birth even though not until they were married.

Her husband's mental status was not strong and there was rumors that Karin had used witch craft to control him. One of her strongest supporters was accused of spreading the rumors and was spared death for slander by Karin herself. Unfortunately shortly after her coronation as queen, Eric's brothers rebelled against him and imprisoned Eric.

She joined her husband in prison. Their children were sent with their governess into the care of Dowager Queen Catherine. Catherine was Eric's stepmother, his father's third wife. The queen gave birth to two children in prison but they both died there. An attempt to free them was made led by the queen's private secretary and one of her former ladies. Eric was involved though perhaps not Karin. Both the secretary and lady were executed.

Karin and her children who she was reunited with were separated from Eric in 1573. They were taken to the castle of Turku in Finland so that she and Eric could have no more children. They would remain there until her husband died four years later. Her son was sent to be educated by the Jesuits in Poland but her daughter remained with her. After her husband died she was treated kindly. She was given Liuksiala Manor as her private estate and spent the remainder of her life there.

She visited court twice after her husband died. One was shortly after his death to ask for financial support which she was granted. And the other was for what was called the meeting of the three queen Catherines. The other two bring her husband's stepmother Catherine and Karin's successor Catherine Jagiellon (wife of John III).

She met her son twice after he was taken from her. But he converted to Catholic and forgot much of her and his childhood. She tried to gain permission for him to return to Sweden but she would never see him again.

She was well liked in Finland and her lands were quite prosperous. Her son was captured in Russia and she tried to get the king to allow her people not to pay royal taxes so she could ransom her son but it failed and he died in captivity.

She died peacefully on her estate and buried at the cathedral of Turku.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karin_...Månsdotter.jpg

She was the first mistress since 1470 to become queen. And she was the first commoner to become queen. A record she held until 1976 when Silvia became queen. Queen Desiree was born a commoner but she became a Princess four years before Queen of Sweden.

She bore her husband two children who made it from infancy:

-Sigrid: Was a lady in waiting to her cousin Princess Anna. Though she came in conflict with Charles IX at times over money (and one husband was a supporter of Sigismund) but she was well received at court in her life despite this. She inherited her mother's manor. She married two Swedish nobles. She had three children with Henrik Klasson Tott who died in 1603. In 1609 she married Nils Nilsson who was a judge in the royal court. Her eldest son Ake was a prominent commander during the 30 years war.

-Gustav: sent to Poland to be educated by the Jesuits and converted to Catholic. In contrast to his mother and sister he lived in poverty, and became a mercenary. He went to Russia to marry a daughter of Boris Gudunov but it was called off because of his lifestyle. He was arrested though by the False Dmitry by request by his cousin Sigismund (though his mother tried to ransom him). After Dmitry died, the new Tsar freed him from the prison and allowed him to live at Kashin where he would die.
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