On This Day: Swedish Royal Family

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On this day, September 16, 1583 ~ Demise of Catherine Jagiellon, Queen Consort of King Johan III of Sweden
On this day, October 20, 1932 ~ The wedding of Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Vasterbotten and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
On this day November 1st 1526 – Birth of Catherine Jagiellon, queen of Sweden


On this day, November 6, 1550 ~ Birth of Karin Mansdotter, Queen of Sweden, wife of King Eric XIV of Sweden
On this day, November 16, 1532 ~ Demise of King Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden at the Battle of Lutzen
On this day, November 24, 1715 ~ Demise of Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden, wife of King Carl X of Sweden
On this day, November 24, 1715 ~ Demise of Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden, wife of King Carl X of Sweden
Although not openly involved in politics Queen Hedvig Eleonora was for her 61 years in Sweden the axis around which the Swedish empire revolved. She is in my opinion one of, if not the, most influential woman in Swedish history.
Hedwig Eleonora was queen for only a little over 5 years but queen mother for over half a century that must be a Swedish record!
Hedwig Eleonora was queen for only a little over 5 years but queen mother for over half a century that must be a Swedish record!
Hedvig Eleonora's 5 years as Queen and 55 years as Queen Dowager is only beaten by her husband's step-great-grandmother Queen Katarina who after becoming the third wife of King Gustav I was Queen for 8 years and then Queen Dowager for a whopping 61 years before passing away in 1621.
Both of the ladies held the title of "Riksänkedrottning" (Queen Dowager of the Realm).
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On this day, November 30, 1718 ~ Demise of King Carl XII of Sweden at Fredrikshald, Norway
December 7, 1976 the wedding of Prince Bertil of Sweden and Lilian


Prince Bertil Gustaf Oskar Carl Eugén was born in 1912. He was the 4th of 5 children of CP Gustaf Adolph (future Gustaf VI) and Princess Margaret of Connaught. He was the Uncle of King Carl Gustaf and Queen Margrethe of Denmark. His eldest brother died in 1947 leaving his infant son as second in line for the throne. Bertil's grandfather died in 1950 and his father ascended the throne, making the four year old Carl Gustaf first in line.

Lilian Davies had grown up in Wales. She was married to Scottish actor Ivan Craig at the time she met Prince Bertil. They divorced in 1947.

Bertil and Lilian were in love and wished to marry. But Bertil was second in line for the throne. Both his brother Sigvard and Carl Johan had given up their rights to succession when they married commoners. Bertil knew there was a chance he would be called to be regent for his nephew, and if he married Lilian he could not serve. The couple lived discreetly for 30 years.

He was never required to serve as regent as his father lived to see Carl Gustaf come of age. His father died in 1973 but at that point Carl Gustaf was 27.

The couple's love and loyalty were rewarded during the reign of his nephew. Having chosen to marry a commoner himself, Carl Gustaf gave permission for his Uncle to marry his long time love. Until the birth of Carl Philip, Bertil remained the only heir to his nephew. When the succession laws were changed to introduce equal primogeniture but limited to the heirs of CG and Silvia, an exception was made to allow Bertil to remain in line of succession.

The couple never had children but were extremely close to his nephew and his nephew's children until they died.

They were married in the chapel of Drottingham palace, he 64 and she 61. The couple were married for 20 years, her husband dying January 5, 1997.

Lilian would die 16 years later in 2013. The family had been preparing for Madeleine's wedding but came to be with her for her last days. The Swedish and Danish royals as well as Princess Astrid of Norway and Rodger Moore who had been a friend, attended her funeral.

The couple shared two homes. Their main home in Sweden was Villa Sollbachen which was left by Bertil to Carl Philip though not until after Lilian died. It is now home to him and his family.


The other was Villa Mirage. It is the home in France the RF often spends summers in. Bertil bought it during the 30 years before they could marry, as a retreat for him and Lilian.

Villa “Mirage” à Sainte-Maxime – Noblesse & Royautés
Such a shame that they had to wait so long to get married ,what a wonderful royal couple.
December 8, 1907 death of Oscar II of Sweden.


Oscar Fredrik was born in Stockholm January 21, 1829. He was born during the reign of his grandfather, Charles XIV (born Jean Baptiste Bernadotte). His father CP Oscar was born Joseph Bernadotte in Paris, a godson of Napoleon. His mother Josephine of Leuchtenberg was a paternal granddaughter of Empress Josephine. Oscar was the third born child and son, of 5. With two older brothers Charles and Gustaf he would never have been expected to see the throne.

At the age of 11 Oscar entered the royal navy. He would later study at Uppsala University where he excelled in math. He was artistic and published works of his poetry and songs. As well as doing translations.

Oscar's father died in 1859. When his eldest brother became Charles XV Oscar found himself as heir to the throne. Charles and his wife Louise of the Netherlands had only had 2 children. Though their daughter Louise would go on to marry Frederick VIII of Denmark (mother of Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway) the couple's only son had died in 1854 at age 2. The second brother Gustaf had died from typhoid in 1852 and since he had never been married or had a son (he died at 25) that left Oscar next in line.

September 1872 he became king of Sweden and Norway with the death of his brother. Though he spent most of his time in Sweden, he did make an effort to learn Norwegian.

He continued in his passion for the arts and sciences as king. He sponsored a number of Arctic expeditions. He also commisioned the Swedish Opera house.

In 1905 the union between Norway and Sweden ended. Oscar refused to allow any prince of his family to take the throne. It would pass instead to his great nephew Carl of Denmark, the grandson of his brother Charles.

He died in Stockholm.


He was married in 1857 2 years prior to becoming heir to the throne (though he was already 2nd in line at the time as his nephew and older brother were dead). His bride was Sophia of Nassau. Sophia was a daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau and Princess Pauline of Wurttemberg. She was a younger half sister of Adolph, Grand Duke of Luxembourg among others.


The couple had four sons:

-Gustaf: succeeded his father as Gustaf V of Sweden. Married Victoria of Baden with whom he had three sons. Gustaf would live to see the birth of his great grandson the current King Carl Gustaf.

A christening photo of Oscar's great-great grandson Carl Gustaf with Oscar's son, grandson and great grandson.

Sweden_four generations | Unofficial Royalty

-Oscar: originally Duke of Gotland. But when he married his sister in law's lady in waiting Ebba he lost his place in succession. He became Prince Bernadotte. His maternal Uncle GD Adolphe gave them the title Count and Countess of Wisborg in Luxembourg. They had five children, youngest of whom was Folke Bernadotte. CP Victoria named her daughter Estelle in honor of Folke's wife.

-Carl: duke of Vastergotland. He married Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. They had four children. He is the great-grandfather of King Philippe of Belgium and GD Henri of Luxembourg (his daughter Queen Astrid of Belgium) and grandfather of Harald V (his daughter CP Martha of Norway). His daughter Margarethe married Prince Axel of Denmark and her elder son married a niece of Elizabeth, the Queen Mum.

-Eugen- Duke of Narke. Painter and art collector. The only son who never married though he lived to 82.

His widow outlived him by 6 years, dying December 30, 1913. Sophia held the record for the longest servng queen of Sweden until 2011 when Silvia surpassed her.
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Oskar II was also the last Swedish Monarch to be crowned

On this day, December 13, 1533 ~ Birth of King Eric XIV of Sweden at Stockholm Castle in Stockholm, Sweden
December 18, 1626 birth of Queen Christina of Sweden.


She was born at Tre Konor Castle. Her father was King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Her mother was Maria Eleanora of Brandenburg. She was her parents only child. She had an older half-brother Gustav of Vasaborg who was ten years older, but he was her father's son by a mistress. There had been three previous pregnancies for her mother but two were stillborn and one daughter who died in infancy. Despite wishing for a male heir, her father seemed quite pleased with his new daughter and was reportedly very close to her.

At the time of her birth Christina was the soul heir to the Swedish throne. Sweden denied succession rights to the heirs of any deposed princes, so the lines of both Erix XIV and Sigismund III were eliminated. Her father's brothers were dead, the last dying in 1622. And his sister Catherine had removed herself as heir in 1615 when she married a non-Lutheran.

When her father left to fight in the 30 years war he secured Christina's right to the throne. Sadly her father would not make it back, dying on the battle field in 1636 when she was six. Her mother who may have been mentally unstable prior to his death, went mad with the loss. She refused to allow him to be buried until she could be buried with him. She visited his body as it decayed, until the minister left as Christina's marshal stepped in and had her blocked from entering. It took 18 months for his body to finally be buried.

Christina's mother who had never shown any interest in her before, suddenly tried to take control of her daughter. Her husband had ensured though that his daughter would be taken care of. Her mother was sent to Gripsholm castle and she was placed into the care of her aunt Catherine of Sweden. Her father's illegitamite half-brother Carl Gyllenhielm had been named as regent by his brother in case he died.

Christina thrived in the care of her aunt but sadly Catherine died 3 years later. After that a foster mother was appointed (she had four over time) but she never had any attachment to any of them.

She was educated as a man would have been. She studied religion, philosophy, Greek and Latin. Along with politics she seemed to have become fluent in eight languages (including her native Swedish).

In 1644 she was declared an adult and came to the throne in her own right. In 1649 she sought to reduce the power of Axel Oxenstierna (her marshal turned chancellor after her father died). She had the help of her Uncle John Casimir, the widow of her beloved Aunt Catherine. She recognized his son Charles as her successor to the throne. The nobles were against it but the other estates had supported her choice. She had decided she would take the example of Elizabeth I and not get married.

In February 1654 she announced her plans to abdicate the throne. She was planning on converting to Catholocism. Her popularity had been suffering for some time. She abdicated in favor of her cousin and chosen heir in June of that year at Uppsala Castle. Her cousin became Charles X Gustav.

She had shipped most of her things abroad, and left dressed as a man to ride safely through Denmark. She settled in the Netherlands for a time where she was visited by many including the Prince of Condi. She converted to catholocism finally int he chapel of her friend Archduke Leopold Wilhelm. Her conversion was not made public as she feared the Swedish counsel would stop paying her an allimony if they learned of it.

She eventually headed for Italy where she settled in the Palazzo Farnese which was a home of the Duke of Parma. Unfortunately for her the Swedes learned of her conversion and confiscated all of her revenue as she had feared.

She spent some years visiting France where she was at first welcomed by Louis XIV and his mother but eventually Anne grew tired of her. She returned to Rome in 1658. She no longer had the popularity she had her first time in Italy as her closest ally had been executed, and the pope would no longer receive her. She made Palazzo Corsini her home and it remained her home for the remainder of her life.


She returned home to Sweden in 1660 for a short time after the death of her cousin when his five year old son succeeded the throne. She returned home in 1662 but headed back to Sweden in 1666 but was told she could only go as far as Swedish Pomerania. She ended up settling in Hamburg for a time. When the old Pope died, he was replaced by another of her good friends, Clement IX. She threw a huge party in celebration in Hamburg. When she returned home to Rome for the last time in 1668 the new pope was often a guest in her house.

Christina remained a patron of the arts her entire life. Her support for the theater which saw opposition from future popes after Clement, brought her into some conflict. She often had plays in her home, and even allowed women to act in them. She was extremely tolerant of other views religiously.

In February 1689 the 62 year old feel severely ill and received last rites. She recovered. But in April she contracted Erysipelas and pnemonia. She sent a request to the pope asking for forgiveness before her death. She died in her palazzo April 19, 1689 in the morning.

Christina had wished for a simple burial but the pope insisted she be buried with the honors of a queen. She was on display for four days. She was one of the only three women buried ever in the Grotte Vaticane.

The Tomb of Queen Christina of Sweden - Vatican Grottoes
On this day, December 20, 1537 ~ Birth of King Johan III of Sweden at Stegeborg Castle
December 30, 1913 death of Sophia of Nassau, Queen of Sweden.


Sophia Wilhelmine Marianne Henriette was born July 9, 1836 in Biebrich palace in Hesse.Her father was Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau. Her father was married twice. Her mother was her father's second wife Princess Pauline of Württemberg . Sophia was the youngest of her father's children. Her father had 12 children, 8 from his first wife Louise of Sax-Altenburg and 4 from Pauline. 7 of them reached adulthood, 4 from Louise and 3 from Pauline. Her older half brother became Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Adolphe). Her nieces included Queen Elisabeth of Romania (daughter of her half-sister Marie) and Queen Emma of the Netherlands (daughter of her only full sister Helena).

Her father died when she was only 3 years old, and was succeeded by Adolphe.

She was unique for a woman of her time trained in fencing to help with her posture. She was well educated for women of her time, surrounded by academics and artists at court. She learned English from a young age and had an upbringing comparable more to a Victorian household. She was said to have been intellectual and serious with an interest in languages and history.

She spent a winter with her mother at the Russian imperial court. Her mother wished for her to have an education at life at such an important court. Her Aunt Charlotte was married to Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich, so they were guests of her Aunt and Uncle. Her mother did not seek a husband for her there as she didnt wish for her daughter to convert. They left with the outbreak of the Crimean war.

Her mother died in 1856. At that time the 20 year old was sent to live with her half sister Marie who was a Princess of Wied by marriage.

It was in July of that year when a guest of Marie and her husband at their summer residence that she was introduced to Prince Oscar of Sweden. The 27 year old was the third son of Oscar I of Sweden. He was the 2nd eldest living son, as his elder brother Prince Gustaf had died in 1852. His brother Charles was married to Louise of the Netherlands but their only son had died in 1852. On the death of his older brother and nephew, Oscar was the future heir to the throne when Charles succeeded. And he needed a suitable bride.

Sophia and Oscar did not have an arranged marriage. They both seemingly had freedom of choice in who they wed. She had turned down previous offers. He had been sent to various courts to meet princesses and find a bride. He had turned down Princess Mary of Cambridge.

Oscar returned home to Sweden to seek the permission of his parents. With their permission in hand he returned to Wied to propose to Sophia. The engagement was announced in October of that year. In preparation for their marriage Sophia started learning Swedish and Norwegian, both which she mastered quickly, and the history.


The couple were married June 6, 1857 in Hesse. Sophia would arrive in her new country June 19 with her husband into Stockholm. She was welcomed warmly by the people who were anxious for an heir as Louise was sterile and only had a daughter. Her father in law died in 1859 and her brother in law assumed the throne as Charles XV. The couple were given Arvfurstens palats as their residence at this time. In 1864 they started building Sofiero palace as their summer residence, which was named in her honor.

Charles died in 1872 and her and her husband came to the throne of Sweden. They were crowned May 12 1873 in Sweden and in June in Norway. There was hopes that Sophia who was intelligent and insightful unlike her husband, would have some influence over him.

Sophia was passionate about her work in medical care improvements. She event was a guest of Queen Victoria when she visited the UK in hopes to learn from the work of Florence Nightengale. She saw to the creation of the Sophiahemmet to promote the training of women as nurses. And to raise the importance of nursing in their society. Women of all classes were educated there and were expected to do all roles including cleaning.

She was quite liberal and democratic. When in Norway she would invite the spouses of politicians to meet with her, creating a network. She had a great deal of influence over her husband and his policies.

Her husband died in 1907. She no longer had any political influence but she kept up to date on information. She spent the last years of life traveling as well as involved in her charity work.

Her last event was over seeing the graduating class of her nursing program, in which her granddaughter Maria Bernadotte was a graduate.

She died at the royal palace in Stockholm at the age of 77.


She bore her husband four sons:

-Gustaf: succeeded his father as Gustaf V. (great-grandfather of Carl Gustaf). Married Victoria of Baden with whom he had three sons.

-Oscar: originally Duke of Gotland. Gave up his place when he married his wife Ebba with whom he had five children (including Count Folke and the granddaughter Maria who graduated from her nursing program). Made Count and Countess of Wisborg by Sophia's brother Adolphe.

-Carl: Duke of Vastergotland. Married Princess Ingeborg of Denmark with whom he had four children. He was the father of CP Martha of Norway and Queen Astrid of Belgium.

-Eugen: Duke of Narke. He was an artist who never married.
The 50th Wedding Anniversary of Queen Sophia and King Oscar II occurred in 1907.

Sophia of Nassau was one of the longest serving Swedish Queen Consorts, over 35 years and that milestone was surpassed by Queen Silvia in 2011.
January 1, 1516 birth of Margaret Leijonhufvud, consort of Gustav I.


Margaret was a member of one of the most powerful noble families in Sweden. Her father was a victim of the Stockholm Bloodbath in 1520, when the new king Christian II executed over 100 people on his visit to the city. Her mother was Ebba Eriksdotter Vasa. Ebba's father was first cousins with Erik Vasa, making Ebba second cousins of her future son in law.

They were fortunate that her father had placed her and her mother and siblings for safety at Västerås Abbey before he had attended the coronation. As they were in sanctuary at the time, they were not taken prisoner and sent to Denmark as the families of others executed at the blood bath were. Ebba was even able to retain control of the family's estates which would normally have been confiscated when her husband was executed for heressy. She would have been educated like other noblewomen of her time in reading, writing, economics and math. She would have learned German. Little known of her childhood, she likely would have spent time in a convent for religious education as most women of her station did prior to marriage.

Her mother's cousin Gustav Vasa became king Gustav I in 1523. The blood bath that had led to the death of her father among 81 other nobles, led to Sweden's eventual leaving of the Kalmar union, and electing Gustav as king.

She could have likely have been a lady in waiting to Gustav's first wife Catherine, due to her position. Her sister Brita had married one of the king's favorite courtiers, and the royal couple was at her wedding.

Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg died in 1535. She had born her husband only one heir, a son Eric who was 2 when she died.

The king needed a new wife to provide him at least a spare to secure the throne. It was believed best his new wife be chosen from among the Swedish nobility to secure his throne. Margaret was chosen due to her family's power as well as her mother's relation to the king.

They were married October 1, 1536. The bride was 20 and the groom was 40. Ebba played a dominant role at court in those early years. And Margaret's brother in laws were all knighted and given positions at court. They attended important events and held some political sway as well.

Along with running the royal household, she over saw the estates that she had been given.

Margaret had a good amount of influence on her husband. And was said to be a good influence, she calmed his temperment. She helped get leniency and mercy for many people who came before her husband.She gained political roles from her husband including correspondence with the French court through the sister of the French king (her brother in law was ambassador to the court). She over saw a number of the royal estates as well.

In August 1551 she took a boat excursion with her children and sadly would come down with pneumonia. Her health was never strong thanks to her constant pregnancies during her marriage. Her death at Tynnelsö Castle is said to have devastated her husband.

She is buried at Uppsala cathedral. She is buried with her husband and all 3 of his wives. She is one of those included on the tomb with him.


Her husband would marry for a third time to Katarina Stenbock in 1552. He would die 8 years later and be succeeded by his son Eric from his first wife Catherine, who was Eric XIV. He had no children with Katarina.

She bore her husband 10 children. All but 2 sons made it to adulthood:

-John: deposed his older half brother and became John III. He married twice, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland and later Gunilla Bielke. He had 3 children with Catherine and one son with Gunilla (as well as children with his mistress). His eldest son became Sigismund III.

-Catherine: married Edzard II, Count of East Frisia. They had 10 children.

-Cecelia: She married Christopher II, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern and had six children together. She also bore a daughter four years after being widowed, who was sent to a convent. Through their son Edward they are the ancestors of they are the ancestors of Elizabeth II, Juan Carlos, Wilhelm Alexander and many others.

-Magnus: Duke of Ostergotland. He never married but he had three known daughters from three different women.

-Karl: died in infancy

-Anna: married George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz.She had 11 children with her husband. She served as regent for a time after her husband died.

-Sten: died in infancy

-Sophia: Married Magnus II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. Magnus was a brutal mercenary who abused his wife and spent her fortune. He was eventually exiled by her brother and her lands placed in her name alone, and custody of their one child Gustav granted to her.

-Elizabeth: married Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg. They only had one daughter Margaret.

-Charles: succeeded the throne as Charles IX of Sweden. He succeeded the throne after his nephew Sigismund was forced to abdicate. He married twice, first to Anna Marie of Palatinate-Simmern and later Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. He had six children with his first wife but the only one to survive past five was a daughter Catherine. He had four children with Christina, the youngest three who made it to adulthood. He was succeeded by his eldest son by Christina Gustav II Adolph.
January 2, 1895 birth of Count Folke Bernadotte.


Folke was born in Stockholm. His father was Prince Oscar Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg. His father was the second son of Oscar II and Sophie of Nassau, and younger brother of Gustaf V. His mother Ebba Munck was a member of the Swedish nobility. Ebba had been lady in waiting to Victoria of Baden and had met Oscar when Victoria visited him in Amsterdam. Due to marrying without his father's permission, Oscar had lost his place in succession and his royal titles. His parents married in England with his mother, two younger brothers, cousin CP Louise of Denmark. His parents were given the title Prince and Princess Bernadotte. They gained a hereditary title Count and Countess of Wisborg from Folke's great Uncle GD Adolphe of Luxembourg (his grandmother Sophia's older half brother) who created the titles in Luxembourg.

Folke was the youngest of five children. He had three sisters and a brother. Folke attended the military academy to join the calvary when he finished school, being commisioned as a lieutenant in 1918 and eventually a major.

Folke was involved for many years with the Boy Scouts. He helped to get them involved with the defense project during WWII.

Folke was appointed vice chairman of the Swedish Red cross in 1943. From 1943-1944 he over saw the prisoner exchanges which saw 11,000 prisoners brought back from Germany. He took several missions himself into Germany with the red cross. He even met with Heimler to try and negotiate German's surrender though the offer was not accepted.

In 1945 he was involved in a program known as White buses. It was an attempt to free Scandinavian as well as other western European prisoners from German concentration camps. He went to Germany and he helped to see to the safe release of 15,000 POWs. All in all 31,000 prisoners, 10,000 of whom were after the fall of Germany, were freed thanks to the program. It was known because the vans who took the prisoners out were painted white except for the red cross on them, so not to be mistaken for military transport.

May 20, 1948 Folke was named UN mediator in Palestine. The mission was created due to the violence that arose after Israel's independence. He achieved some initial peace during the 1948 war.

Sadly September 17 1948 Folke was assassinated. He was killed by armed members of the Zionist group Stern Group.

He had a state funeral back home in Stockholm. He was burried in his father's family tomb.

Folke had been married in 1928 in New York to Estelle Manville. Estelle's father was a rich industrialist who was one of the founders of Johns Manville. It is said that Folke's uncle Gustaf V was the one who introduced the couple. Prince Gustaf Adolf would serve as his best man and Prince Sigvard was marshal. Estelle would wear Queen Sophia's veil.

The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor: Tiara Tuesday: Countess Estelle Bernadotte's Bridal Crown (Plus, Other Tiara Sightings)

Folke and Estelle had four sons together. Sadly Folke would never live to see the birth of any of his grandchildren. He and his wife have 6 grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren.

Estelle (who was a namesake for Princess Estelle) would remarry to Carl Erik Sixten Ekstrand in 1973. Estelle died in 1984, outlived by only 2 of her sons, and by her second husband.
January 5, 1997 death of Prince Bertil of Sweden.


A sweet picture with his mother


Prince Bertil Gustaf Oskar Carl Eugén was the forth child and third son of Gustaf VI Adolf and Princess Margaret of Connaught. He had one younger brother. His siblings included Queen Ingrid of Denmark and Prince Gustaf Adolf, father of Carl Gustaf. He was born February 28, 1912 in Stockholm.

He was born during the reign of his grandfather Gustaf V who would remain on the throne until 1950. His two eldest brothers were born in the last years of their great-grandfather's reign as Oscar II died in 1907.

His eldest brother died in 1947 leaving his infant son as heir to the throne. Bertil's second brother Sigvard had already given up his place in succession in 1934 on his marriage without permission. As had his younger brother Carl John in 1946. Bertil knew that there was a chance he may need to serve as regent for his young nephew and had to remain in succession. It ended up not being needed as his own father lived until 1973, at which point Carl Gustaf was 27.

During WWII Bertil served as a naval attache to the embassy in London.

He met his wife Lillian Craig in 1943. The couple finally married in 1976. During that time he was suggested as a possible husband for other royals including Princess Margaret.



The couple would have no children but they were very close to the king's children. He served as godfather and one of the name sakes of Prince Carl Philip who he was second in line to the throne behind until the change in succession. When succession was changed, Bertil should have lost his right to the throne as it was limited to the children of his nephew but a special ammendment was made to allow Bertil to retain his place. He was 4th in line behind the king's children until his death.

Like his godson Bertil was passionate about sports and cars.




He died at his home Villa Solbacken, now home to his godson and his family, at the age of 84. He was buried at the royal cemetary in Solna.

Due to marrying without his father's permission, Oscar had lost his place in succession and his royal titles.

His father finally did grant permission for the marriage, but Oscar nonetheless lost his place in the succession and most of his royal titles owing to the Act of Succession, which at the time included a ban on unequal marriage. Whilst he lost the title Prince of Sweden and Norway, he was permitted to retain the personal title of Prince Oscar Bernadotte.
His father finally did grant permission for the marriage, but Oscar nonetheless lost his place in the succession and most of his royal titles owing to the Act of Succession, which at the time included a ban on unequal marriage. Whilst he lost the title Prince of Sweden and Norway, he was permitted to retain the personal title of Prince Oscar Bernadotte.

He lived such a long life and sadly also the assassination of his son,Folke Bernadotte,Count of Wisborg in 1948.
On this day, January 24, 1746 ~ Birth of King Gustav III of Sweden at the Wrangel Palace
January 26, 1947 death of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Vasterbotten.

74th anniversary of the death of King Carl Gustaf's father.


Prince Gustaf Adolf Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edmund was born April 22, 1906. He was the son of the future Gustaf VI Adolf and his first wife Princess Margaret. His mother was a daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Like his son, Gustaf was born during the reign of his great-grandfather, in his case Oscar II. He was known as Edmund by his family. He was the oldest of five, with three brothers and one sister. His sister Ingrid became Queen of Denmark and was mother of Queen Margrethe. His brothers Carl Johan and Sigvard gave up their place in succession.

A christening photo of him in the arms of Oscar II, with his father and his grandfather the future Gustaf V in the back.


He was only a year old when his father became Crown Prince, when his great-grandfather died in 1907. His mother died in 1920 and his father remarried to Lady Louise Mountbatten.

He attended the calvary officer school and later the Royal Military academy. He raised to the rank of lieutenant colonel before he died.

He was an accomplished horse back rider. He competed in the 1936 Olympics though he failed to finish.He later served on the Swedish Olympic committee. Having served as a scout in his youth he became a scoutmaster as an adult and served on the World Scout committee until his death.

He was married in 1932 to his second cousin Princess Sibylla of Sax-Coburg and Gotha. Sibylla was the daughter of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. They were first married in Coburg and then a religious ceremony in St Moritz.

He would never live to become Crown Prince, dying in 1947 during the reign of his grandfather (he was king until 1950).He died in an airplane crash in Denmark on the afternoon of January 26. He had been returning from a hunting trip in the Netherlands with Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard. 22 people including 6 crew were killed in the crash. His death left his 9 month old son as second in line to the throne.


His widow would survive him by 25 years, dying in 1972. Though never queen, Sibylla would take over the roll of first lady after the death of her step-mother in law Queen Louise in 1965.

The couple had five children:

-Margaretha:married business man John Ambler. The couple had three children together before they were seperated in 1994.They never divorced before her husband died in 2008.

-Birgitta: Married Prince Johann Georg of Hohenzollern. They had three children together. Her husband died in 2016.

-Desiree: She married Baron Nils-August Otto Carl Niclas Silfverschiöld. The couple had three children. Her husband died in 2017.

-Christina:married Tord Magnuson. They have three sons. He is the only living son in law of the couple.

-Carl Gustaf: succeeded his grandfather as king in 1973. He married Silvia Sommerlath. They are the parents of three children.

As of 2021 the couple have 5 children, 15 grandchildren (Sibylla lived to see the first 9 born, Christina and Carl Gustaf were not married before she died), and 29 great-grandchildren (with another on the way).
On this day, February 5, 1818 ~ Demise of King Carl XIII of Sweden at the Royal Palace of Stockholm
February 12, 1771 death of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden.


Adolf was born May 14, 1710 in Gottorp, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig. He was not born a Prince of Sweden. He was the son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin. He was a great-grandson of Frederick III of Denmark through his paternal grandmother. His mother was Princess Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach. His parents had ten children. He was their fifth child and second son but his older brother had died at 21 before he married (he was engaged to Empress Elizabeth of Russia at the time). 8 of 10 children reached adulthood. His younger brother Frederick August would inherit his father's title when Adolf went to Sweden.

His claim to the Swedish throne was through his mother. Frederica's father was a grandson of Princess Catherine of Sweden, and nephew of Charles X.

From 1727-1750 he served as the Prince-bishop of Lubeck. When his cousin Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp died leaving an infant son as heir, he served as administrator of his lands. The boy would be invited though to Russia by Empress Elizabeth and would later become Peter III of Russia (his mother was Elizabeth's sister Anna).

In 1743 Adolf found himself elected as heir to the throne of Sweden. Frederick I who was on the throne had no children with his wife to succeed the throne.

He became king May 25, 1751 but he was simply a figurehead during his 20 year reign. He twice attempted to over throw the power of the estates and re-establish an absolute monarchy. The first time almost cost him his throne. The second he managed to over throw the senate but it led to no real change.

He died at the age of 60 after suffering a stroke after indulging in a massive meal which included 14 servings of dessert.


He was married to Louisa Ulrika of Prussia who seemed to wield a great deal of influence over her husband. Louisa was the daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and the sister of Frederick the Great. The couple had four children (and an early stillborn).

-Gustav- succeeded the throne as Gustav III after the death of his father. He seized back absolute control for the monarch with a military coup when his father died. He married Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, a daughter of Frederick V. The couple had two sons, the oldest of whom became Gustav IV Adolf.

-Charles: eventually succeeded the throne as Charles XIII after his nephew was made to abdicate. He married Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp. They had two children but they both died in infancy. Jean Baptiste Bernadotte was chosen as his successor.

-Frederick Adolf: Duke of Östergötland. He died at 53. He never married.

-Sophia Albertina: Abbess of Quedlinburg.

His wife would die in 1782.
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