Princess Clementine of Belgium, Princess Napoleon (1872-1955)

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Jan 21, 2003

Going back a generation (or 2) in Belgium history:

Clementine, Princess Napoleon

By Arturo Beéche

Dead for more than four decades, Princess Clementine of Belgium remains a familiar figure among her compatriots. Yet, on the other side of the border, most French people have just about forgotten the woman who could have been their empress. In 1910 on the occasion of her marriage to Prince Victor Napoleon, the press received her as "the newest French princess." Clementine of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, princess of Belgium, was born at Laeken Palace on 30 July 1872. She was the third daughter, and last child, of King Leopold II and Queen Marie-Henriette. After the arrival of the young princess, the royal couple lost any hope of producing a male heir.

Raised by a mother who had a terrible and difficult temper, Clementine sought friendship and tenderness from her older sister, Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria-Hungary. The older sister on said that she "follows the progress of my young was me who taught her her first words, helped her give her first steps...I shared my happiness with her...and in between study hours, I always went by her nursery to kiss her and play with her."

After Stephanie's departure to Austria, King Leopold II tied to sweeten the life of his young daughter, while also keeping her away from Queen Marie-Henriette. Once she became of age, Princess Clementine was given her own entourage, and given the independence to travel without her mother's approval. "Thanks to you, dear father, I have been able to find happiness," the princess exclaimed in a letter to Leopold. To her sister Stephanie she wrote "I cannot tell you how very envious I am of those children who know what maternal love is."

Queen Marie-Henriette died in 1902. After her mother's disappearance Clementine became the country's first lady next to her aging father. Yet, a misunderstanding began to develop between the two. This growing difference was caused by the figure of an adventuress by the name of Blanche Delacroix, the King's mistress.

During her young life, Princess Clementine had three inspiring loves. The first was for her first cousin Baudoiun, heir to King Leopold II. The second was a long and friendly relationship with a member of the Belgian court, baron Auguste Goffinet. Her third love was the heir to the Napoleonic tradition, prince Victor Napoleon. Baudouin did not return the princess's interest and in fact died in his early twenties; an alliance with Goffinet would have been impossible; Prince Victor Napoleon she never relinquished.

Clementine had first met Prince Napoleon in 1888, when the Frenchman visited her parent's palace on a social call. Since then, Clementine felt a deep attraction to the Prince telling her sister Stephanie that " you can see me with my little air of conqueror...for it seems that my hair and I have had some success, particularly with Prince Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, of whom I'm a loyal admirer." Unfortunately, King Leopold was seriously opposed to any matrimonial alliance between his august daughter and a lowly Bonaparte scion. Added to this situation, the constant presence of Blanche Delacroix further estranged father and child.

At thirty one years of age, Clementine felt time was passing her by. She once again asked her father for his permission to marry Prince Victor, but the answer was an emphatically royal no. Clementine again asked Leopold II claiming that this was her last chance at marital happiness, yet the King continued to hold his ground and even threatened Clementine with disinheritance.

Left without any options, Clementine and Victor passively awaited King Leopold's death so they could marry. When the King died in 1909, Clementine asked the new monarch, King Albert I, her cousin and Prince Baudouin's youngest brother, for permission to marry Victor. Albert gladly expressed his satisfaction with Clementine's plans. To Stephanie, by now remarried to Prince Lonyay, Clementine wrote, "You can imagine the depth of my happiness upon being able to correspond the love, loyalty and happiness of the man who for long years has remained next to me. God has managed to look at my plight and in his power all has been arranged."

The wedding took place in Italy in on 10 November 1910. Marriage to Prince Victor transformed Clementine from the former first lady of Belgium, into the wife of the French imperial heir. Nonetheless, her real happiness was provided by "my good husband, gentle, adoring, tender, loving, intelligent, connoisseur of people and things. He is beautiful, this Prince." In another letter to Stephanie, Clementine said "Napoleon is a love, I adore him. During the day I spend most of time looking for things that please, and at night!...they are exquisite, and I never thought that they could be this good."

Two children crowned the loving marriage of Clementine and Victor Napoleon: Marie-Clotilde born in 1912 and Louis born in 1914. During the First World War, Belgium was invaded by the legions of the German Kaiser. Clementine and her family sought refuge in Britain next to old Empress Eugenie of France, widow of Napoleon III.

At the end of the war, Clementine and her family returned to Belgium. These were some of the happiest years of the Princess' life. Surrounded by her husband and growing children, Clementine was happy and satisfied. Whenever she mentioned her family, her deep love for Victor and the children became evident, "my daughter is happy, smiling and sweet; she is the picture of her father. My son has the sweet disposition, he is very attaching. he is intelligent and observing, loves to sing all day....but he does not smile much whenever he has to study." By the time she reached the age of fifty, Clementine, the sad princess of yesteryear, had changed into a highly respected, obliging princess with a happy family life.

Sadly, Prince Victor died in 1926 victim of an attack of apoplexy. He was but sixty four years of age. Clementine survived him for almost three decades. The final happy chapters in Clementine's life where the marriage of her son and the birth of her grandchildren. In 1949, Prince Louis married Countess Alix de Foresta, a young French woman with a seducing personality. Passionate about history, Alix has played a leading role in restoring the Napoleonic tradition in France.

In 1950 the law of exile was abrogated in France. The Bourbons and Bonapartes were allowed to return to their country. Louis and Alix settled in Paris, and months later she gave birth to twins, Charles and Catherine. Two other children were to follow. Clementine's life ended in 1955. No longer interested in palatial living, Clementine rented a small villa at Cimiez, near Nice. It was there that she died on 8 March 1955.
Princess Clementine

Josefine said:
are there any photos of the Princess
Here are some pics...


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Why the Belgian king was categorically against a marriage of the daughter for napoleonic prince? Its daughter and napoleonic prince have got married only after death of the Belgian king.
Russian said:
Why the Belgian king was categorically against a marriage of the daughter for napoleonic prince?
The reasons are explained in the first post of this thread.
How I have correctly understood, this Belgian king was against a marriage of the daughter for napoleonic prince because Leopold II did not wish to worsen the attitude with the next French republic, but still also did not wish to become related with napoleonic family for the certain reasons?
Those are some nice pictures of the princess. :flowers: :)
Leopold II was against the marriage for many reasons
1) He didn't wanted to upset France by letting his youngest daughter marry the heir to the Napoleonic throne
2) He had something against all dynasts of the Bonaparte family because he felt that Napoleon III had mistreated his sister Charlotte and his brother-in-law in the Mexico-affair
3) As a grandson of King Louis Philippe of France he wanted France to restore the monarchy
Here a picture of princess Clementine, free of copyrights:

I wondered why Clementine didn' t sue the Belgian state after her fatehrs death like her sisters Stefanie and Louise did?
I wondered why Clementine didn't sue the Belgian state after her fathers death like her sisters Stefanie and Louise did?

I never knew Stephanie and Louis sued the Belgian state . . . why did they sue and what were the results?
I dont think they receive anything because i think king leopold wrote that he would rather let the belgian state took procession of his money and properties than to give them to his daughters.

This is a picture of Clementine shortly before her death as the only surviving daughter of king leopold ii


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She married Prince Napoleon in 1910 , one year after her father's dead and had two children.
Wonderful picture , she looks like her father, which decoration did she receive? the légion d'Honneur ?
Laetitia de Witt, her great grand-daughter speeks a lot about her for the moment because this year we are not celebrating the 100 years of Leopold II 's dead, but the 100 years of the beginning of Albert the first reign.
In search of Images

I was wondering if anyone might have a better image of the tiara princess Clementine is wearing in this image?


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From Leopold's II daughters only Clementine's jewelrys are safe. They were shared between Clothilde (married Serge de Witt) and Louis (married Alix de Foresta).
I should like also to see pictures of her tiaras.
I never saw pictures of the Napoleon's Princesses wearing their grand-mother' s jewelry only Alix when she was young.
Prince Baudouin's mother, the Countess of Flanders, firmly opposed her son marrying Princess Clementine.

According to Charles d'Ydewalle, King Leopold II even instructed the police to keep a strict guard on Princess Clementine to prevent her eloping with Prince Victor Napoleon.

During the First World War, Princess Clementine entered the service of the Red Cross.
She assisted Belgian refugees. :flowers::flowers:
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Why did she oppose that match? Maybe because Baudouin and Clémentine were too close relatives (first cousins)?
I have no idea, the prince died when Clementine was only 19 (he was 22). But it was certainly Leopold and Clementine's wish. Boudouin himself didn't want to marry her, so maybe his parents supported him? Since their daughter Josephine married her 1st cousin Joseph of Hohenzollern, I guess the fact that they were relations was not the reason for their disapproval.

After Baudouins death Leopold dreamed of a marriage to Rupprecht of Bavaria but Clementine was against it and succesfully tried to avoid meeting him.
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Lucky she could have 2 Children although she married late !
Her great grandson is the Head of the Bonaparte Family and the de Witt Family
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Thanks for remembering King Leopold II's daughter Clementine. Her descendants Napoleon and de Witt are living in France.
In Belgium we have descendants of Princess Stephanie , the Count d' Alcantara , his great Grandson and a great granddaughter Princess Stephanie of Windisch G.
Sadly most of the tiara is hidden in her hairstyle, I can see a resemblance with king Albert and the Princess.
Princess Clementine looks like her Father King Leopold II. She was very tall. She had to wait her Father passed away to marry Prince Napoléon and had two Children.Her daughter in law Princess Alix Napoléon is still alive.
The only one who did a love Wedding and kept her jewels.

She is Albert I first Cousine..
Was Princess Clementine styled Her Imperial and Royal Highness after her marriage?
Was Princess Clementine styled Her Imperial and Royal Highness after her marriage?

Yes, she was. See for example the announcement of the funeral to the Belgian parliament in 1955 in which she was styled Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Victor Napoléon.
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