On This Day: Spanish Royal Family

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On this day, October 3, 1568 ~ Demise of Elisabeth de Valois, third spouse of King Philip II of Spain
Just like today, October 3rd, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1568: Isabel de Valois, wife of Felipe II of Spain, died.
1700: In Spain, the Austrian dynasty ends with the will of Carlos II.
1714: King Felipe V approves the constitution of the Royal Spanish Academy.

Just like today, October 4th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1175: Teresa of Portugal, Queen of León, was born.
1379: Henrique III, King of Castile and León is born.
1497: Juan de Aragón y Castilla, Spanish prince, died.
1997: His Royal Highness the Infanta Cristina de Borbón marries.

Just like today, October 5th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1319: Pedro IV of Aragon, Aragonese king, was born.

Just like today, October 6, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1214: Alfonso VIII of Castile, Castilian king(n. 1155) dies.
1349: Juan II, Navarrese queen (n. 1311) dies.
1644: Elizabeth of Bourbon, queen consort of Spain, wife of Felipe IV dies
1833: The infante Carlos María Isidro de Borbón is crowned Carlos V of Spain, a date that is considered the beginning of the First Carlist War.

Just like today, October 7, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1072: In Zamora, Bellido Dolfos assassinates King Sancho II of Castile, the Fort, next to the city walls.
1649: King Felipe IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria marry.

Just like today, October 9th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1238: In the city of Valencia, the first Christian Mass is celebrated in that region, a day after the monarch James I the Conqueror entered it.
1264: The Kingdom of Castile, in the period known as the Reconquest, reconquers the then Muslim city of Sherish and renames it Xerez (later known as Jerez de la Frontera).
1390: Juan I of Castile, last Castilian king solemnly crowned, dies.
1646: Baltasar Charles of Austria, Prince of Asturias dies

Just like today, October 10th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1567: Catherine Micaela of Austria, Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Savoy was born.
1830: Queen Elizabeth II is born.
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Just like today, October 15th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

958: Toda de Navarra, wife of Sancho Garcés I of Navarra, dies.
1173: Petronila, Aragonese queen, dies.
1522: Charles I, King of Spain and Emperor of Germany, issues in Valladolid the royal certificate, for which Hernán Cortés is granted the title of Governor and Captain General of New Spain.
On this day, October 18, 1469 ~ The wedding of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile at the Palacio de los Vivero in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile
Just like today, October 21, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1285: King Sancho IV and Ibn Yusuf ibn al-Hahmar (the sultan of Morocco) sign peace after the latter besieged Jerez de la Frontera (Cadiz) and attacked Seville.
On this day, October 24, 1503 ~ Birth of Isabel of Portugal. Queen of Spain, wife of King Charles I of Spain
On this day, October 26, 1580 ~ Demise of Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain, fourth wife of King Philip II of Spain
October 31, 1214 death of Eleanor, Queen of Castile and Toledo.

Eleanor was born in Domfront Normandy October 13, 1161. Her father was Henry II of England and her mother was Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was the sixth out of 8 children of her parents, and second daughter. She also had two half sisters from her mother's first marriage.

In 1170 her parents arranged her marriage to Alfonso VIII of Castile. Alfonso was 15. He was seeking aid from Henry in reclaiming lands that had been seized during his minority by his Uncle Sancho VI of Navarre. Sancho was the brother of his mother Blanche. Henry and Eleanor agreed to the marriage as it helped secure Aquitaine's borders in return. In 1176 Henry would help to secure the return of most of the lands his Uncle had taken from him.

Eleanor had been given control over a great deal of land and towns through her dowry. In 1204 her husband's will stipulated that Eleanor would be co-ruler with her son, as well as left her in control as executor of his will (he didn't die until 1214). Eleanor had nearly as much power as her husband held.

She was a great patron of religion. She supported the shrine of Thomas of Becket in Toledo. The hospital and Abbey Santa Maria la Real de las Huelgas was founded by Eleanor. The abbey was the burial place for her family for coming generations.

When her husband died she was left devastated by his death. She was unable to attend and it was led by her daughter instead. She died 26 days after her husband at the age of 53.

Her and Alfonso were the parents to 12 recorded children. 8 reached adulthood. Sadly the only son who reached adulthood, died 3 years before Alfonso. Only their daughters married and had children.

-Berengaria: married twice. First Conrad II, Duke of Swabia and later to Alfonso IX of Leon. Her first marriage was short, never consummated due to her age, and she was trying to have it annulled when he was murdered. She had five children with her second husband, 4 who reached adulthood. She would succeed her brother as Queen of Castile. Castile and Leon were both inherited eventually by her son Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon. Her second marriage was annulled by the pope as he was opposed to it due to their close relationship though he agreed to consider their children legitimate despite this.

-Sancho: died in infancy

-Sancha: died in infancy

-Henry: died around age 2. May have been a twin of Sancha.

-Ferdinand: died in infancy

-Urraca: married Alfonso II of Portugal. Had four children. Two of her sons would be king of Portugal, Sancho II and Alfonso II. Her daughter Eleanor would become Queen of Denmark by her marriage to Valdemar the Younger.

-Blanche: married Louis VIII of France. Had 13 children, 5 of whom reached adulthood. She was the mother of Louis IX.

-Ferdinand: first son to make it out of infancy. He died 3 years before his father at the age of 22. He was unmarried.

-Mafalda: She may have been betrothed to Ferdinand of Leon, the son of Berengaria's second husband Alfonso by his first wife. But she died in 1504 at the age of 13.

-Eleanor: married James I of Aragon. She bore her husband a son Alfonso, who pre-deceased his father. James had the marriage annulled and Eleanor was unable to remarry due to the terms. She became a nun.

-Constance: became a nun at the abbey her mother had founded.

-Henry: only son to outlive his father. He married Mafalda of Portugal, the younger sister of Urraca's husband. It was dissolved by the pope in 1216. He was later betrothed to his second cousin Sancha of Leon. He died unmarried in 1217 from a tile coming off a roof, at the age of 13.
On a day like today, October 31, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1850: Queen Isabel II inaugurates in the Carrera de San Jerónimo (Madrid), the inaugural session of the Spanish Courts in its new headquarters, current Congress of Deputies.
1978: The Spanish Cortes approve the first democratic Constitution of Spain.
2005: HRH Doña Leonor de Borbón, Princess of Asturias, is born.
On this day, November 1, 1549 ~ Birth of Anna of Austria, the fourth wife of King Philip II of Spain
On a day like today, November 1, in the Spanish Monarchy:
1661: Felipe Prospero of Austria, Prince of Asturias, dies.
1700: King Charles II, the last King of the House of Austria, dies.
1977: Felipe de Borbón y Grecia is proclaimed Prince of Asturias in Covadonga.
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On this day, November 1, 1549 ~ Birth of Anna of Austria, the fourth wife of King Philip II of Spain

Anna was born on the 2nd of November 1549:previous:

On a day like today, November 2, in the Spanish Monarchy:

655: The IX Council of Toledo is celebrated in Toledo.
1327: Alfonso IV the Benign, is proclaimed King of Aragon upon the death of his father Jaime II.
1327: Jaime II the Just, King of Aragon, dies.
1938: Sofia of Greece, Queen of Spain, is born.
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On a day like today, November 3, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1481: in the Kingdom of Navarre, Francisco de Foix is crowned king.
I've always thought of the Foix and Albert monarchs as more French than Spanish ,Francis reign was very brief his mother Magdalena de Valois was his Regent for much of it.

The king was also Count of Foix, Bigorre and Viscount of Béarn within the realm of France.
Nov 5, 1235 death of Beatrice of Swabia, wife of Ferdinand III of Castille and Leon.

Born in May 1205 in Nurnberg her birth name was Elizabeth. Her father was Philip of Swabia, King of Germany. Her mother Irene Angelina was a Byzantine princess, a daughter of Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos. Elizabeth was the youngest of their four daughters. Her eldest sister Beatrix married Otto IV. Beatrix was the shortest Holy Roman Empress, dying weeks after marriage. Maria married Henry II of Brabant with whom she had six children, including Henry's heir Henry III. Kunigunde married Wencelas I of Bohemia and had five children together.

Sadly June 21, 1208 her father was assassinated and in August her mother died in childbirth with another daughter who died shortly after. The three year Elizabeth and her sisters were given into the guardianship of King Frederick Rodger of Sicily (eventual Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor). Frederick was their paternal first cousin, grandchildren of Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor. Frederick Rodger's father was Frederick I's third son Henry VI. Her father Philip was his 10th child and youngest son.

Frederick arranged her marriage to Ferinand of Castille. The son of Alfonso IX of Castille and Berengaria of Castille, he was 6 years older. They were married in Burgos November 30, 1219 when she was 14 and he was 16. She assumed the name Beatrice on her arrival in Castille, likely in honor of her eldest sister who had died in 1212.

Her mother in law Berengaria had abdicated in favor of Ferdinand in 1217. His father died in 1230, making Ferdinand and Beatrice rulers of both.

She died in Toro at the age of 30. She was originally buried next to Ferdinand's maternal uncle Henry I of Castille in Huelgas de Burgos monestary. in 1279 she was moved by her son to Seville Cathedral to be buried next to her husband.

Ferdinand would die in 1252. In 1237 he had married Joan, Countess of Ponthieu. He had three children with Joan who reached adulthood, including a daughter Eleanor who married Edward I of England.

Beatrice bore her husband 10 children, 7 sons and 3 daughters.7 reached adulthood, 6 of them were sons.

-Alfonso: succeeded his father as Alfonso X. Married Violant of Aragon. They had 11 children. He was succeeded by his fifth child Sancho IV (his older brother Ferdinand had predeceased Alfonso).
-Frederick: he joined his brother Henry's rebellion and was exiled from Castille in 1260, going to Tunis. He reunited with Alfonso in 1274 and returned home where he married Catherine Komnene Doukaina. He couldn't stay out of trouble though and after becoming entangled in a plot over succession, his brother had him quietly executed in 1277.
-Ferdinand: died young
-Eleanor: died young
-Berengaria: only daughter to reach adulthood. was a nun
-Henry: After trying to usurp Alfonso he went into exile in England and France before Tunis. He was involved when his cousin Conradin tried to reclaim Sicily. While Conradin and Frederick of Baden were executed, Henry was imprisoned. He remained in prison for over 20 years though his half-sister Eleanor and her husband attempted to sue for his freedom. He eventually returned home and in 1294 he was appointed regent for his nephew Sancho IV's son Ferdinand IV. Though he married Juana Nunez de Laura he had no children.
-Philip: He married three times. His marriages to Christina of Norway and Ines Rodriguez Giron were childless. His third marriage Leonor Rodriguez de Castro who he had a son Philip but Philip died young.
-Sancho: was Archbishop of Toledo and Seville
-Manuel: He married Constance of Aragon with whom he had two children. His second marriage was to Beatrice of Savoy who gave him his only son who reached adulthood, his son from his first marriage died at 15.
-Maria: died in infancy.
Just like today, November 5th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1712: Felipe V signs an act of renunciation of the crown of France for him and his descendants.
1807: King Carlos IV pardons the betrayal of his son Fernando VII, involved in the Conspiracy of El Escorial.
On this day, November 6, 1661 ~ Birth of King Charles II of Spain
Just like today, November 6, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1479: Juana de Trastamara, Queen of Castile, was born.
1597: Catherine Micaela of Austria, Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Savoy died.
1661: Carlos II, the last king of the Habsburg dynasty, was born.
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1597: Catherine Micaela of Austria, Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Savoy died.

The Infanta was baptized Catherine in honour of her grandmother Catherine de Médicis.

Her father King Philip II died the following year,her death is reported to have hastened that event.
November 8, 1067 death of Sancha of Leon.


Sancha was born in 1018. Her father was Alfonso V of Leon. Her father had come to the throne of Leon when he was 5. Alfonso's mother Elvira Garcia had been named regent along with Menendo Gonzalez, the Count of Portugal (eventual Duke of Galacia). Sancha's mother was Menendo's daughter Elvira. Her mother bore Alfonso two children, Sancha and her brother Bermudo. Her mother would die in 1022.

Her father remarried to Urraca Garces, a sister of Sancho III of Pamplona. There is some record of Urraca bearing him a daughter Jimena.

Her father was killed in 1028 when she was 10. He had been visiting the Muslim occupied town of Viseu and was shot with an arrow.

Her brother Bermudo took the throne as Bermudo III but it was not simple. He married Jimena, who was the niece of his stepmother Uracca, a daughter of her brother Sancho.

in 1029 a marriage was arranged for Sancha to Garcia Sanchez of Castile. Garcia was Sancho of Pamplona's brother in law, Sancho married to Garcia's eldest sister Munidona. During Garcia's minority, Castile had fallen under the protection of Sancho. Garcia came to Leon to meet his bride but unfortunately he was assassinated by disgruntled vassals.

Castile was claimed by Sancho in the name of his wife. And they installed their son Ferdinand as the new count of Castile. He was their younger son, his older brother Garcia stood to inherit Pamplona. Sancho arranged the marriage of his son to Garcia's intended bride, Sancha, and they were married in 1032.

Sancho and later Ferdinand drove Bermudo from his lands and power. Bermudo departed Leon for Galacia but when Sancho died he returned. He came into conflict with his brother in law. Ferdinand killed Bermudo in 1037 and assumed the throne of Leon.

Sancha was a devout catholic. Her husband commisioned the crucifix of Ferdinand and Sancha in their honor.

Crucifix of Ferdinand and Sancha - | Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte

Her husband died in 1065. His kingdom was divided between his three sons, and Sancha would spend the rest of her life trying to keep peace.

She died in Leon and was buried in the Basilica San Isidoro next to her parents, her brother, her husband and three of her children. It was the basilica their crucifix had been gifted to.


Her and her husband had five children.

-Urracca: she inherited Zamora from her father. Following their father's death, her brother Sancho decided to reclaim the lands given away to his brothers and sisters. Urracca was the only sibling he failed with, the well defended city of Zamora withheld the siege of her brother and he was assassinated during it. She never married and eventually retreated to a convent dying in 1101. She was one of the three children buried with her parents.

-Sancho: inherited King of Castile from his father. He later seized Leon and Galicia from his younger brothers. He was married to a woman named Alberta but nothing is known of her or her origins. He was assassinated in Zamora. He was succeeded by his younger brother Alfonso (who he had taken the throne of Leon from previously). Unlike some of his siblings, he was not buried with his parents but in San Salvador de Ona.

-Elvira: inherited the city of Toro. Unlike Urraca, Toro did fall to the hands of Sancho. She was burried like Urraca with their parents.

-Alfonso: named King of Leon when his father died. He lost his throne to Sancho but after Sancho's death he became Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile. He had five wives and three concubines. He had six children, his titles inherited by his daughter Urracca.

-Garcia: was given the county of Galicia which was elevated to a kingdom, and its lands extended. He was in conflict with Alfonso before Alfonso was driven from the throne of Leon. He was later captured and imprisoned for a short time by Sancho before he managed to flee to Muslim controlled Toledo. Galicia at that time was swallowed back up by his brother's kingdom. After Sancho died he was convinced to come back to a conference with Alfonso but he was imprisoned. He spent the last 17 years of his life in prison, and demanded to be buried in chains like he lived those last years. Burried with his parents and sisters at the basilica.
Just like today, November 10th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1810: The Courts of Cadiz grant for the first time the freedom of printing.
1870: Carlos de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Great-grandfather of King Felipe VI, was born
Upon his marriage to María de las Mercedes , Princess of Asturias he was granted Spanish citizenship and the title Don Carlos de Borbón, Infante de España ,prior to that he was Prince Carlos de las Dos Sicilias.
On this day, November 11, 1748 ~ Birth of King Charles IV of Spain
Just like today, November 10th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1810: The Courts of Cadiz grant for the first time the freedom of printing.
1870: Carlos de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Great-grandfather of King Felipe VI, was born

The Italian branches of the Bourbon family used the simple "di Borbone" as their surname until fairly recent times. So, prior to his marriage, Carlos was known at the Spanish court as Prince Carlos de Borbón y Borbón (without "dos Sicilias").

In consequence, his daughter's son King Juan Carlos also uses de Borbón as his maternal second surname. As his paternal surname is also de Borbón, he is Juan Carlos de Borbón y Borbón.


Upon his marriage to María de las Mercedes , Princess of Asturias he was granted Spanish citizenship and the title Don Carlos de Borbón, Infante de España , [...]

And the established precedent that husbands take the titles of their wives allowed him to use the title Don Carlos de Borbón y de Borbón, Prince of Asturias, during his marriage to Doña María de las Mercedes de Borbón y Austria, Princess of Asturias.

Example: "En consideración á las relevantes cualidades y méritos de Mi Muy Amado Hijo D. Carlos de Borbón y de Borbón, Príncipe de Asturias, á propuesta del Ministro de la Guerra y de acuerdo con el Consejo de Ministro".


Had his wife survived, the couple would have used the titles Infanta and Infante after the son of King Alfonso XIII was born and took over the title Prince of Asturias.
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November 15, 1498 death of Eleanor of Austria. Since she served as Queen of both France and Portugal, I put her in the thread of her birth instead.

She was born in Leuven. Her father was Philip I of Castile, known as Philip the handsome. Her mother was Joanna of Castile, better known as Juana the Mad. Her mother was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, and sister of Catherine of Aragon. Her father was the son of Maximillian I, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife Mary, Duchess of Burgundy. Eleanor was the eldest of six children. Her brothers would be Holy Roman emperors, Charles V and Ferdinand I. Her sister Isabella married Christian II of Denmark, Mary married Louis II of Hungary and Catherine married John III of Portugal.

Eleanor was considered as a possible wife for Henry VIII when his father was alive. But when Henry VII died, Henry VIII chose to marry her Aunt Catherine.

Eyes instead turned to Portugal and the future John III who was her cousin. Instead the choice fell with John's father Manuel I. Manuel was at 49 twice widowed. Both of his previous wives were Eleanor's Aunts. His first wife had been Juana's older sister Isabella, and his second wife had been her younger sister Maria. His only child with Isabella had died in infancy. Maria had born him eight children (and 2 stillbirths) including John III.

They were married in 1518 when the bride was 20 years old. The bride was only four years older then her eldest stepson John.

Their marriage was short, her husband dying in December 1521. He died from a fever while quarantining from an out break of the plague is Lisbon. He was succeeded by his son John. In contrast to the failed attempt to marry Eleanor to John (before she married Manuel), John married her sister Catherine.

She bore Manuel two children.

-Carlos: died from a fever at age 1, earlier the same year his father died.
-Marie: Duchess of Viseu. Was one of the richest women in Europe of her time. She was raised by her Aunt Catherine. She died unmarried.

in 1526 she was engaged to Francis I of France during his captivity in Spain. They were married July 4, 1530. She was 32 and her husband was 36. Like Manuel, Francis was a widower when they married. His first wife Claude had been the daughter of Louis XII and had born him seven children. His heir was his fourth child and second son with Claude, the future Henry II.

Eleanor had been accompanied from Spain by her future stepsons who had been released as part of the treaty which led to the marriage. Her and Francis were married on the border before making their entrance into Bordeaux. May 31 1531 she was crowned queen in Saint-Denis.

Eleanor's husband rarely paid any attention to her, preferring his mistress. As rare as a trip to her bed was, it was no surprise she bore no more children. But she took his daughters Madeleine and Margaret into her household and saw to helping raise the young princesses. She acted as queen and hostess at the wedding of her stepson Henry to Catherine de Medici.

Her husband died in 1547 leaving her a widow for a second time. She left France to return to Brussels in 1548 reunited with her brother Charles V and sister Mary. After Charles abdicated in 1555 the three moved to Spain. Charles eventually would retire to a monestary but the two sisters lived together. Her daughter visited her in 1558 for the first time in 28 years. After her daughter left, Eleanor died on her return trip to the home she shared with Mary.

She was originally buried in Catalonia but she was later moved to El Escorial.

A photo of her burial


And Eleanor

Just like today, November 19, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1423: Alfonso V of Aragon returns to Catalonia after the uprising of Naples, looting Marseille on the return journey.
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