King Louis Philippe I (1773-1850) and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily

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Imperial Majesty
Jan 9, 2013
Louis Philippe (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848, the last King and penultimate monarch of France.

As Duke of Chartres he distinguished himself commanding troops during the Revolutionary Wars, but broke with the Republic over its decision to execute King Louis XVI. He fled to Switzerland in 1793 after being connected with a plot to restore France's monarchy. His father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Philippe Égalité) fell under suspicion and was executed, and Louis Philippe remained in exile for 21 years until the Bourbon Restoration. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after his fifth cousin Charles X was forced to abdicate by the July Revolution.

The reign of Louis Philippe is known as the July Monarchy and was dominated by wealthy industrialists and bankers. He followed conservative policies, especially under the influence of French statesman François Guizot during the period 1840–48. He also promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the French conquest of Algeria. His popularity faded as economic conditions in France deteriorated in 1847, and he was forced to abdicate after the outbreak of the French Revolution of 1848.

He lived out the remainder of his life in exile in the United Kingdom. His supporters were known as Orléanists, as opposed to Legitimists, who supported the main line of the House of Bourbon, and Bonapartists, who supported the Bonaparte family, which includes (but is not limited to) Napoleon I and Napoleon III.

More information:


Louis-Philippe d'Orléans leaving the Palais-Royal to go to the city hall, 31 July 1830, two days after the July Revolution.

King Louis-Philippe I taking the oath to keep the Charter of 1830 on 9 August 1830.

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Louis Philippe did not live long after his exile in 1848 dying 2 years later in August 1850 at Claremont.
How Louis Philippe of France and his family lived in Twickenham, England
His mother, Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans survived the French Revolution and lived to see the Bourbon Restoration and died in 1821.
The duchess along with all members of the Orléans family who remained in France were arrested in 1793 and imprisoned.
Her sister in law Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe was murdered during the September Massacres in 1792.
Her husband Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans went to the guillotine in November 1793.
When a delegation arrived at Louis Philippe's home in Neuilly to offer Louis Philippe the crown he was not there.
Marie Amelie refused on his behalf. She expressed she and Louis Philippe were insulted by the gesture.
King Louis-Philippe I took the Oath as King on the 9th of August 1830 at the Chamber of Deputies and was proclaimed king of the French!



Unlike Charles X he was not crowned King.
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