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Old 07-31-2019, 12:32 PM
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Monarchs of Italy

The Monarch of Italy was created with the proclamation of King of Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II, as "King of Italy" during the Italian unification, on 17 March 1861 in Turin.

The states unified under the new Kingdom were:

State Date Head
Kingdom of Sardinia 12 February 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies 12 February 1861 King Francis II
Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia 12 October 1866 King Franz Joseph I
Papal States 20 September 1870 Pope Pius IX

List of Italian monarchs
House of Savoy:
King Vittorio Emanuele II
17 March 1861 - 9 January 1878

King Umberto I
9 January 1878 - 29 July 1900

King Vittorio Emanuele III
29 July 1900 - 9 May 1946
(Abdicated)

King Umberto II
9 May 1946 - 18 June 1946
(Deposed)
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Old 02-08-2020, 01:57 PM
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Monarchs of Sardinia

Aragonese direct rule, 1323-1516


King James II of Aragon received royal investiture from Pope Boniface VIII in 1297 as "Rex Sardiniae et Corsicae". The Aragonese did not take actual possession of the isle until 1323, after a victorious military campaign against the Pisans.
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James
1323-1327||
aged 60
-
Alfonso I
1327-1336||
aged 37
-
Peter
1336-1387 ||
aged 68
-
John I
1387-1396||
aged 46
-
Martin
1396-1410 ||
aged 54
-
*1410-1412 "interregnum"
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Ferdinand I
1412-1416 ||
aged 36
-
Alfonso II
1416-1458||
aged 52
-
John II
1458-1479||
aged 81
-
Ferdinand II
1479-1516||
aged 54
-

Spanish direct rule, 1516-1713

-
Charles I
1516-1554 ||
aged 58
-
Philip I
1554-1598 ||
aged 71
-
Philip II
1598-1621||
aged 42
-
Philip III
1621-1665||
aged 60
-
Charles II
1665-1700||
aged 38
-
Philip IV
1700-1713||
aged 62
-At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, by the Treaty of Utrecht, Sardinia was ceded to Austria

Austrian direct rule, 1713-1720

Charles III
1713-1720 ||
aged 55
-Spanish forces invaded the kingdom in 1718 during the War of the Quadruple Alliance. Emperor Charles VI ceded it to the Duke of Savoy by the Treaty of The Hague.

House of Savoy, 1720-1861

The monarchs of the House of Savoy ruled from their mainland capital of Turin but styled themselves primarily with the royal title of Sardinia as superior to the original lesser title of Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus II
1720-1730 ||
aged 66
-
Charles Emmanuel III
1730-1773||
aged 72
-
Victor Amadeus III
1773-1796||
aged 70
-
Charles Emmanuel IV
1796-1802||
aged 68
-
Victor Emmanuel I
1802-1821||
aged 65
-
Charles Felix
1821-1831||
aged 66
-
Charles Albert
1831-1849||
aged 50
-
Victor Emmanuel II
1849-1861 ||
aged 57
-Between 1859 and 1861 the Kingdom of Sardinia incorporated the majority of Italian states. On March 17, 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Italy by the Parliament in Turin.
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Old 03-30-2020, 05:44 PM
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List of monarchs of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies:

Ferdinand I (Ferdinando I) (22 May 1815 - 4 January 1825)
Francis I (Francesco I) (4 January 1825 - 8 November 1830)
Ferdinand II (Ferdinando II) (8 November 1830 - 22 May 1859)
Francis II (Francesco II) (22 May 1859 - 20 March 1861)

Bourbon-Parma kings of Etruria, 1801–1807:

Lodovico I (1801 - 1803) Grandson of Francisco II Stefano
Lodovico II (1803 - 1807) son of Lodovico I
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Old 03-31-2020, 03:49 PM
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King Francis II of Naples and Queen Amalia leave Gaeta of the Two Sicilies
http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-kin...132463287.html
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