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Old 07-31-2019, 12:32 PM
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Monarchs of Italy

The Monarch of Italy was created with the proclamation of King of Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II, as "King of Italy" during the Italian unification, on 17 March 1861 in Turin.

The states unified under the new Kingdom were:

State Date Head
Kingdom of Sardinia 12 February 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies 12 February 1861 King Francis II
Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia 12 October 1866 King Franz Joseph I
Papal States 20 September 1870 Pope Pius IX

List of Italian monarchs
House of Savoy:
King Vittorio Emanuele II
17 March 1861 - 9 January 1878

King Umberto I
9 January 1878 - 29 July 1900

King Vittorio Emanuele III
29 July 1900 - 9 May 1946

King Umberto II
9 May 1946 - 18 June 1946

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Old 02-08-2020, 01:57 PM
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Monarchs of Sardinia

Aragonese direct rule, 1323-1516

King James II of Aragon received royal investiture from Pope Boniface VIII in 1297 as "Rex Sardiniae et Corsicae". The Aragonese did not take actual possession of the isle until 1323, after a victorious military campaign against the Pisans.
aged 60
Alfonso I
aged 37
1336-1387 ||
aged 68
John I
aged 46
1396-1410 ||
aged 54
*1410-1412 "interregnum"
Ferdinand I
1412-1416 ||
aged 36
Alfonso II
aged 52
John II
aged 81
Ferdinand II
aged 54

Spanish direct rule, 1516-1713

Charles I
1516-1554 ||
aged 58
Philip I
1554-1598 ||
aged 71
Philip II
aged 42
Philip III
aged 60
Charles II
aged 38
Philip IV
aged 62
-At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, by the Treaty of Utrecht, Sardinia was ceded to Austria

Austrian direct rule, 1713-1720

Charles III
1713-1720 ||
aged 55
-Spanish forces invaded the kingdom in 1718 during the War of the Quadruple Alliance. Emperor Charles VI ceded it to the Duke of Savoy by the Treaty of The Hague.

House of Savoy, 1720-1861

The monarchs of the House of Savoy ruled from their mainland capital of Turin but styled themselves primarily with the royal title of Sardinia as superior to the original lesser title of Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus II
1720-1730 ||
aged 66
Charles Emmanuel III
aged 72
Victor Amadeus III
aged 70
Charles Emmanuel IV
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I
aged 65
Charles Felix
aged 66
Charles Albert
aged 50
Victor Emmanuel II
1849-1861 ||
aged 57
-Between 1859 and 1861 the Kingdom of Sardinia incorporated the majority of Italian states. On March 17, 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Italy by the Parliament in Turin.
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