King John (1166-1216) and Wifes (Isabella of Gloucester & Isabella of Angoulême)


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John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216) was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the French Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta, a document considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John,_King_of_England

King of England:
Reign: 27 May 1199 – 19 October 1216
Coronation: 27 May 1199
Predecessor: Richard I
Successor: Henry III

Lord of Ireland:
Reign: May 1177 – 19 October 1216
Successor: Henry III

Born: 24 December 1166
Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Kingdom of England
Died: 19 October 1216 (aged 49)
Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Kingdom of England
Burial: Worcester Cathedral, England
Spouses:
Isabella, Countess of Gloucester
​(m. 1189; ann. 1199)​
Isabella, Countess of Angoulême
​(m. 1200)​
Children:
Henry III, King of England
Richard, King of the Romans
Joan, Queen of Scotland
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Eleanor, Countess of Pembroke
Illegitimate:
Richard FitzRoy
Joan, Lady of Wales
House: Plantagenet/Angevin[nb 1]
Father: Henry II, King of England
Mother: Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine

Isabella, Countess of Gloucester
Isabella, Countess of Gloucester (1173/1174 – 14 October 1217), was an English noblewoman who was married to King John prior to his accession.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella,_Countess_of_Gloucester

Born: 1173/1174
Died: 14 October 1217 (aged c. 43)
Burial: Canterbury Cathedral
Spouse: John, King of England
Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
Father: William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester
Mother: Hawise de Beaumont

Isabella of Angoulême:
Isabella (French: Isabelle, c. 1186/ 1188 – 4 June 1246) was Queen of England from 1200 to 1216 as the second wife of King John, Countess of Angoulême in her own right from 1202 until her death in 1246, and Countess of La Marche from 1220 to 1246 as the wife of Count Hugh.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_Angoulême

Queen consort of England:
Tenure: 24 August 1200 – 19 October 1216
Coronation: 8 October 1200
Countess of Angoulême:
Reign: 16 June 1202 – 4 June 1246
Predecessor: Aymer
Successor: Hugh I
Countess consort of La Marche
Tenure: 10 May 1220 – 4 June 1246

Born: c.  1186 / c.  1188
Died: 4 June 1246 (aged about 58 or 60)
Fontevraud Abbey, France
Burial: Fontevraud Abbey
Spouse: John, King of England
​(m. 1200; died 1216)​
Hugh X of Lusignan ​(m. 1220)​
Children:
Henry III, King of England
Richard, King of the Romans
Joan, Queen of Scotland
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Eleanor, Countess of Pembroke
Hugh XI of Lusignan
Aymer, Bishop of Winchester
Alice, Countess of Surrey
William, Earl of Pembroke
Isabella of Lusignan
House: Taillefer
Father: Aymer, Count of Angoulême
Mother: Alice of Courtenay
 
King John signed the Magna Carta at Runnymede
https://www.maryevans.com/history/King-John-signs-the-Magna-Carta-at-Runnymede-10825835

In The Plantagenets the author Dan Jones wrote:
But even by royal standards, John was a restless traveler. He rarely stayed anywhere for more than a few days, picking his way from royal castles and hunting lodges to palaces and manors, resting awhile before moving immediately on.

Marriage of King John and Isabella, Countess of Gloucester

Annulment of King John and Isabella, Countess of Gloucester
 
Last edited by a moderator:
I lived in Norfolk England as a child and remember being told about King John supposedly losing the Crown Jewels of England in his flight across the Wash.
 
In The Plantagenets Dan Jones wrote:
Ever since 1156, when Henry II first paid homage to Louis VII, the Plantagenet kings had accepted that in theory they held their Continental lands from the French Crown. But this had remained, broadly, a formality. With the Treaty of Le Goulet, John turned it into a feudal reality. In return for Philip's acknowledgement of his rights, John agreed to pay twenty thousand marks as a succession duty.
 
The Treaty of Le Goulet which was good for the French King was signed in May 1200 and John was forced John to give some territory to Philippe (The Vexin) .
Also as part of the treaty was a Marriage alliance with John's niece Blanche de Castille was to marry the future Louis VIII of France.
In return Philippe recognised John's sovereignty over Brittany and the French dropped their support for Arthur I, Duke of Brittany.
 
John on a stag hunt

The effigy of Isabella of Angoulême, John's second wife, in Fontevraud Abbey in France.

A silver King John penny, amongst the first struck in Dublin.

King John presenting a church, painted c. 1250–1259 by Matthew Paris in his Historia Anglorum.
 
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