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  #421  
Old 03-31-2020, 08:10 AM
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Henry VIII's must have been so aware of that his 1st wife Catherine of Aragon had more royal lineage than he had
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  #422  
Old 03-31-2020, 03:17 PM
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On this day, March 31, 1751 ~ The demise of Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales, the son of King George II
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  #423  
Old 03-31-2020, 03:51 PM
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Henry VIII's must have been so aware of that his 1st wife Catherine of Aragon had more royal lineage than he had

His father Henry VII certainly was. A marriage alliance with the purple-blooded daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella helped the Tudors overcome their image as Welsh upstarts.
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  #424  
Old 03-31-2020, 05:43 PM
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His father Henry VII certainly was. A marriage alliance with the purple-blooded daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella helped the Tudors overcome their image as Welsh upstarts.
And annoy the French as well of course.
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  #425  
Old 03-31-2020, 05:53 PM
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And annoy the French as well of course.
And they had French blood too from Queen Catherine de Valois and her secret second marriage to Owen Tudor.A marriage which must have caused huge scandal on both sides of the English channel.

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  #426  
Old 03-31-2020, 06:08 PM
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And they had French blood too from Queen Catherine de Valois and her secret second marriage to Owen Tudor.A marriage which must have caused huge scandal on both sides of the English channel.

Which would make Henry viii a great great grandson of Charles VI. Lots of complicated dynastic links.
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  #427  
Old 03-31-2020, 09:24 PM
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On this day, April 1, 1204 ~ Demise of Eleanor of Aquitaine, the wife of King Henry II of England
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  #428  
Old 04-01-2020, 03:12 AM
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Havent had the energy to do this in a few days. I find it very cathartic after a long or hard, or both day.

Eleanor was the eldest of three children of William X, Duke of Aquitaine. Her mother was Aénor de Châtellerault. Aenor's mother Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard had children by two men. The first was her only husband, Aenor's father Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault. They had five children in seven years, Aenor being the third of their children.

Now for the interesting: William X's father William IX was married to Philippa of Toulouse. Philippa was the heiress of William IV. She bore him two sons, eldest of whom was William X, and five daughters. But William abducted the wife of one of his retainers, and brought her home (got excommunicated for refusing to return her). She was none other then Dangereusse. Dangereusse gave him three children, a son and daughter who became an abyss and monk, and a daughter who wed. These kids were half-siblings to both Eleanor's parents.

Eleanor became her father's heir after her younger brother died with their mother. She had a younger sister and half-brother, who recognized by William, as not named heir. Aquitaine was the largest and richest of the French provinces at the time. Her father saw her highly educated.

Eleanor was duchess by age 12 or so, when her father died.She was left in the custody of the dying French king, Louis the fat. She was married off to his son the future Louis VII. It was stated though that Aquitaine would remain independent of the crown, to be inherited by her eldest son. In 1152 their marriage was annulled, though their children were declared legitimite despite that. She had born him two daughters. The girls remained in the custody of their father and Eleanor quickly remarried. So did Louis.

-Marie: was married Henry I, Count of Champagne. He was the brother of her second stepmother Adele of Champagne (Louis had three wives, the middle being Constant of Castile. He had 2 children from each wife, and only one son from Adele Philip II). She had been sent to Champagne to be educated prior to her marriage. She bore her husband 2 daughters and 2 sons. Her daughter Marie was the first Latin Empress of Constantinople, married to Baldwin I.

-Alix: also married a brother of her stepmother in her case Theobald V of Blois. She served as his regent for a time and regent for her son in his minority. She and Theobald had seven children, though the first three died young. Her daughter Margaret and granddaughter Mary would both eventually serve as Countess of Blois in their own right.

Eleanor married Henry only eight weeks after her annulment. She had been nearly kidnapped twice, once by her future son in Theobald, in attempt to gain her lands by marriage. Henry and Eleanor were married in France with no pomp. She interestingly was more closely related to Henry then Louis (her marriage to Louis was annulled as they were too closely related).

Eleanor was arrested for supporting her son Henry in his revolt against his father and spent years imprisoned. Though Eleanor traveled with her husband his remaining years, she remained in custody in England, so never actually freed. When her husband died in 1189, Richard's first act was to send William Marshal to England to free his mother. William found that the person who had been her custodian had already set her free.

In her last years Eleanor spent a great deal of time with her daughter in Castile. She later traveled Poitiers, her capital, to stop her grandson Arthur of Brittany (son of Geoffrey) to stop him from taking power. Arthur in turn besieged her in a castle. This time it was her son John who came to free her, this time not as easy as after Henry died. John broke the siege against his mother's castle, and captured Arthur who would later die in captivity.

She took the veil and later died at Fontrevaud abbey. She was buried there with her husband Henry and her son Richard. She outlived all but 2 of her children, John and Eleanor of Castile.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fontevraud_Abbey

She had eight children with Henry, 5 sons and 3 daughters. All but the eldest reached adulthood.

-William IX Count of Poitiers- he died in infancy
-Henry the young king- Henry contacted dissentary while on campaign against his father and brother Richard. He asked his father to meet him to ask forgiveness before he died but Henry feared a trap, and refused. He had been married to Margaret of France who was the daughter of Eleanor's first husband Louis by his second wife Constance. Margaret would go on to marry Bella III of Hungary following the death of Henry.
-Matilda: married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria. They had 4 sons and a daughter. Their son Otto IV became Holy Roman emperor.
-Richard- Richard the Lionheart. Married to Berrengaria of Navarre. They had no children. He spent most of his reign on crusade, and a prisoner who John reluctantly ransomed. He was killed in France.
-Geoffrey-Geoffrey was married to Constance of Brittany. Henry had forced her father Conan to abdicate in favor of Constance when she was five, so Geoffrey became Duke of Brittany on marriage.Geoffrey often campaigned against his father, and was a close friend of Philip II of France. He died in Paris. His half sister Marie who he was close to attended the funeral. He was the father of Arthur of Brittany who besieged his grandmother.
-Eleanor: one of two who survived her mother. She married Alfonso VIII of Castile. Eleanor was the only daughter of her mother who had her mother's political influence in life. She bore her husband 12 children, though 4 died young and a fifth died at 13. Her children included Blanche who married Louis VIII of France (Louis was a grandson of Eleanor of Aquitaine's first husband).
-Joan: married William II of Sicily and later Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse. Raymond's great-grandfather was the brother of Eleanor's great grandfather William IX of Toulouse. Her first marriage was childless. Instead of annulling it, William named his aunt Constance his heir. Instead his bastard cousin Tancred seized the throne and Joan's dowry as well. Richard though arrived and demanded the return of his sister, and her dowry which Tancred eventually did. She married Raymond and bore him two children Raymond VII and a daughter Joan. She fled to France, where died at the same convent her mother did, after giving birth to a son Richard. She was veiled shortly before death. Richard lived only long enough to be baptized. She was buried at the abbey like her mother. Died 5 months after Richard.
-John: youngest son and known as Lackland. Prince John of Robin Hood fame, he ruled in Richard's place when he was on campaign. He was the one who signed the Magna Carta. He was married twice, both wives named Isabella. His first was Isabella of Gloucester He had their marriage annulled soon after becoming king. His second marriage was to Isabella of Angouleme. Isabella was mother of his five children (she later had children with her second husband as well). Henry III, Joan of Scotland and Isabella who married Emperor Frederick II were among them. Isabella's daughter from her second marriage Margaret, married John's nephew Raymond VII of Toulouse.
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  #429  
Old 04-01-2020, 06:43 AM
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Though the Effigy's of Eleanor.Henry II/Isabella and Richard have survived the Royal vault at Fontevraud Abbey contained the remains of the following The Plantagenet dynasty.

Henry II of England +1189
Eleanor of Aquitaine +1204
Richard the Lionheart +1199
Isabelle d'Angoulême +1246
Joan of England, Queen of Sicily,Countess of Toulouse +1199
Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse +1249 (son of Joan of England)


Matilda d'Anjou +1154 (widow of William Ætheling)
Philippa, Countess of Toulouse,Duchess of Aquitaine (grandmother of Eleanor) +1118.

The Abbey was suppressed in April 1790 during the French Revolution and its contents were itemized and later sold.On January 30 , 1793 a group of soldiers entered the Abbey Church and ransacked it ,the vaults were broken into and burials were desecrated .The joint tomb of Joan of England and her son was smashed to pieces.The tomb effigies of Henry II, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Richard I and Isabella d'Angoulême were dumped in a crypt and rediscovered during the Bourbon Restoration.
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  #430  
Old 04-01-2020, 09:17 PM
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On this day, April 2, 1272 ~ Demise of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, the son of King John of England

On this day, April 2. 1653 ~ Birth of Prince George of Denmark, the husband of Queen Anne
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  #431  
Old 04-02-2020, 03:47 PM
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On this day, April 2, 1272 ~ Demise of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, the son of King John of England
Richard was buried beside his second wife Sanchia of Provence at Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire. Also buried at the same crypt was Richards son,Henry of Almain by his 1st wife Isabel Marshal.Richard had spent a fortune decorating the abbey which he founded .

His heart was buried at the Franciscan Church in Oxford.

Hailes Abbey was dissolved in 1539 and plundered
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  #432  
Old 04-02-2020, 04:08 PM
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Richard was buried beside his second wife Sanchia of Provence at Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire. Also buried at the same crypt was Richards son,Henry of Almain by his 1st wife Isabel Marshal.Richard had spent a fortune decorating the abbey which he founded .

His heart was buried at the Franciscan Church in Oxford.

Hailes Abbey was dissolved in 1539 and plundered
This custom of removing the heart for burial elsewhere, once so common, sounds rather ghoulish today.
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  #433  
Old 04-02-2020, 04:33 PM
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This custom of removing the heart for burial elsewhere, once so common, sounds rather ghoulish today.
Yes it is indeed but such was the royal custom.

The Franciscan Friary in Oxford was recently excavated by archaeologists
I went onto read 'interred in the choir was the heart of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans'.
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  #434  
Old 04-02-2020, 10:02 PM
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On this day, April 3, 1043 ~ The coronation of Edward the Confessor, King of England at Winchester Cathedral
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  #435  
Old 04-03-2020, 06:57 AM
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On this day, April 3, 1043 ~ The coronation of Edward the Confessor, King of England at Winchester Cathedral
A little further information on the Coronation of Edward the Confessor as King of England.

https://europeanroyalhistory.wordpre...the-confessor/
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  #436  
Old 04-03-2020, 09:57 PM
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On this day, April 4, 1406 ~ Demise of Robert III, King of Scots at Rothesay Castle
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  #437  
Old 04-04-2020, 07:05 AM
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On this day, April 4, 1406 ~ Demise of Robert III, King of Scots at Rothesay Castle
Robert III was buried at Paisley Abbey ,his tomb was destroyed in 1560 when the abbey was ransacked by Reformers .Following a visit by queen Victoria to the abbey in 1888 a new tomb was constructed.

Robert III .
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  #438  
Old 04-05-2020, 06:31 AM
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On this day,April 5th,1168 : Death of Robert de Beaumont,2nd Earl of Leicester.

Robert was a power Anglo-Norman Lord and served as Chief Justiciar of England and Lord High Steward from 1154 until his death .His remains were buried at Leicester Abbey which he founded .Sadly the abbey was suppressed and dissolved in 1538 and was pulled down,nothing remains of the tombs or burials at Leicester Abbey.

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  #439  
Old 04-05-2020, 10:02 PM
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On this day, April 6, 1199 ~ Demise of King Richard I at the Siege of Chalus in France

On this day, April 6, 1871 ~ Birth of Prince John of Wales
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  #440  
Old 04-06-2020, 07:27 AM
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On this day, April 6, 1199 ~ Demise of King Richard I at the Siege of Chalus in France
The Lionheart died in the arms of his mother from wounds inflicted by a crossbow on the 26th of March 1199, which had turned gangrenous.The Kings body was buried at the Abbey of Fontevraud,his heart at the cathedral of Rouen and his entrails at the castle chapel at Châlus. Whilst his burial at Fontevrault was desecrated and lost during the French Revolution his mummified heart was rediscovered in 1838,during the restoration of Notre Dame de Rouen Cathedral.

Richard I tomb at Fontevrault Abbey.

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