The Daughters of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia


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This thread is dedicated to the daughters of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia. They had the following 9 children:

Stadholder Willem II (1626-1650)
Princess Louise-Henriette (1627-1667)
Princess Henriette-Amalia (1628)
Princess Elisabeth (1630)
Princess Isabella Charlotte (1632-1642)
Princess Albertine-Agnes (1634-1696)
Princess Henriette-Amalia (1637-1708)
Prince Hendrik Lodewijk (1639)
Princess Maria (1642-1688)

Willem II has a thread dedicated to himself and his wife which can be found here.

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Louise Henriëtte of Orange-Nassau (The Hague, 7 december 1627 - Berlin, 18 juni 1667), Princess of Nassau, Electress of Brandenburg.

Louise-Henriette grew up at the stadholderly court in The Hague. Her parents forced her to give up her love for Henri-Charles de la Tremoille, Prince of Talmant. Her mother, the ambitious Princess Amalia had higher dynastic ambitions for her eldest daughter. They tried to arrange a marriage to the Prince of Wales, the future Charles II, but when this failed Louise-Henriette was forced into a marriage with Elector Friedrich-Wilhelm of Brandenburg in 1646. She cried the entire wedding service.

The first years of their marriage the couple lived in Cleves but in 1648 they left for Brandenburg. Nontheless the marriage became a fairly happy one and the couple got the following children together:

- Wilhelm Heinrich (1648 - 1649)
- Karl Emil, Crownprince of Brandenburg (1655 - 1674)
- Friedrich III./I., Elector of Brandenburg, King in Prussia (11. Juli 1657 - 25. Februar 1713), who married 1stly Princess Elisabeth Henriette of Hessen-Kassel, 2ndly Princess Sophie Charlotte of Hannover and 3rdly Duchess Sophie Luise von Mecklenburg-Grabow
- Amalia (1664 - 1665)
- Heinrich (1664 - 1664)
- Ludwig, Prince of Brandenburg (1666 - 1687) Princess Luise Charlotte of Radziwill-Birze

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A paitning of the wedding of Louise-Henriette and Friedrich-Wilhelm:

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A painting of Louise-Henriette as a child

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Some more images of Electress Louise-Henriette of Brandenburg. The last one shows her husband too:
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Frederick William (German: Friedrich Wilhelm; February 16, 1620 – April 29, 1688) was the Elector of Brandenburg and the Duke of Prussia from 1640 until his death. He was of the House of Hohenzollern and is popularly known as the Great Elector (Großer Kurfürst) because of his military and political skill. The Great Elector was also a staunch pillar of the Calvinist faith, associated with the rising commercial class. Frederick William saw the importance of trade and promoted it vigorously. The Great Elector's shrewd domestic reforms gave Prussia a strong position in the post-Westphaia political order of north-central Europe, setting Prussia up for elevation from dukedom to kingdom, achieved under his successor.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.

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Albertine Agnes (The Hague, April 9, 1634 — Oranjewoud, May 26, 1696), was the fifth daughter of Frederi-Hendrik and Amalia In 1652 she married her cousin, Prince Willem Frederik of Nassau-Dietz, Stadholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. They had two children:

- Amalia of Nassau-Dietz, married to Duke John William of Saxe-Eisenach
- Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, married to his cousin Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau

After the death of her husband in 1664, she became regent for her son in Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. In 1666 both England and the bishop of Münster declared war on the United Provinces. Because most of the money for defence had been used for the fleet, the army had been neglected. When Groningen was under siege, Albertine Agnes hastened to the city to give moral support. The forces of their enemies retreated, but six years later the Netherlands were attacked from the south, by the French under Louis XIV and from the north by the bishops of Münster and Cologne. She organised defence and kept moral high.

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A large painting of Albertina-Agnes:

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Willem Frederik (Arnhem,Aug. 7 1613 – Leeuwarden, Oct. 31 1664). He was from 1640 untill 1654 Count en daarna tot 1664 Prince of Nassau-Dietz and from 1640 to 1664 stadholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. Hij was de successor of his older brother Hendrik Casimir I.

He studies in Leiden and Groningen, after which he goes in the service of the army of his uncle Frederik-Hendrik. In 1640 he takes part in the battle for Hulst, where his brother Hendrik Casimir dies. After the death of Hendrik Casimir a fight start between Willem-Lodewijk and Frederik-Hendrik over who should become the next stadholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. In the end Willem-Frederik only ´gets´ Friesland, but after Frederik-Hendriks death he does get Groningen and Drenthe too. In 1664 the States General install Willem-Frederik as militairy leader of the small expedion army that has to fight against the troops of the Bisshop of Munster, Bernhard von Galen. He succeeds but after that he gets killed by an accident with a gun. Willem-Frederik is also known because his diaries were found. Here he writes openly about emotional topics like illness, lust, remorce and guilt.

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Henriëtte Catharina (The Hague Feb. 10, 1637 – Nov. 3 1708) was the 6th daughter of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia. She married in Goringen on July 6 1659 with Prince Johann Georg II of Anhalt-Dessau.

Germany was ravaged by the 30-years war while The Netherlands was prospering under the rule of Frederik-Hendrik. Everything that came from the Netherlands was seen as modern and hence was popular in germany. The marriages of Henriette-Catharina and her 3 surviving sisters to Germand Princess were a source of Dutch influence in Germany in several areas, such as farming, construction of dykes and harbors, architecture, painting and science.

When Johann-George II succeeded his father in 1660 he gave his wife the village of Nischwitz. She had houses built, a graveyard and started a glass factory which caused the town to prosper. In 1673 the city changed the name to Oranienbaum, to honour Henriette-Amalia´s family. In 1683 the Dutch architect Cornelis Ryckwaert redecorated the village in a baroque way. He also built Castle Oranienbaum and laid out a 28 hectares parc in a Dutch style.

Johann-George died in1693, the five years that followed, Henriette-Catharina acted as a regent for her son Prince Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau. From her marriage to Johann-George she got 6 children:

- Elisabeth Albertine (1665-1706), who married Duke Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels
- Henriëtte Amalia (1666-1726), who married Prince Hendrik Casimir II van Nassau-DietLouise Sophie (1667-1678)
- Marie Eleonore (1671-1756), who married Prince George Jozef Radziwill
- Henriëtte Agnes (1674-1729)
- Leopold I ´The Old Dessauer´ (1676-1747), who married morganatically Anna Louise Föse
- Johanna Charlotte (1682-1750), who married Markgrave Philip Wilhelm of Brandenburg-Schwedt

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Some more images of Henriette-Catharina:

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Johan George II (Nov. 17 1627 - Aug. 7 1693) was from 1660 to 1693 Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.
He was the son of Johan Casimir of Anhalt-Dessau and Princess Agnes of Hessen. In 1660 he succeeded his father and became the souvereign Pirnce of Anhalt-Dessau. He went into service in the army of Brandenburg, His brother-in-law, Elector Friedrich-Wilhelm made hm a fieldmarshal and in 1674 Stadholder of the Marck.

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Maria van Nassau (The Hague, Sept. 05 1642 - Kreuznach, Mar. 20 1688) was the 7th and youngest daughter of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia.
Maria marriend on Spetmeber 23rd, 1666 in Cleves with Duke Maurice of Simmern (1640-1674). The marriage remained without children. Maurice was a grandson of Maria´s aunt, Louise-Juliana of the Paltz. Maria was less pretty than her sisters but according to many sources she was much more cheerfull and entertaining. The Duke died after 6 years of marriage but Maria showed herself to be anything but a grieving widow. he had a large palace built, Scloss Oranienhof in Bad Kreuzbach and took a lover, Kasimir Kolb. He received the status of head stable master (opperstalmeester) and as a counsiler he received the title ´Herr von und zu Wartenberg. After her death Maria left her palace to her lover but the will was questioned by her surviving sisters Henriette-Catharina and Albertina-Agnes. The feud lasted untill 1798 when the French troops annexed the westbank of the Rhine and found the palace to be so neglected that it had to be destroyed.

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A painting of Marie with her nephew Willem III, son of Maria´s brother Willem II and Mary Stuart:

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A painting of Isabella-Charlotte (1632-1642) who only became 10 years old. She was the 4th daughter of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia:

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Louise-Henriette and her sister Henriette-Catharina:

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Henriette-Catharina and Albertina-Agnes: .....The 4 adult daughters of Amalia and Frederick-Henry:

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Princess Amalia and her 4 surviving daughers:

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The daughters of Frederik-Hendrik and Amalia all built a palace, named after their family. For Louise-Henriette it was Schloss Oranienburg in, Germany. In WWII a concentrationcamp that was situated near the palace received the same name.The palace is still in use today. Albertine-Agnes had the village of Oranjewoud in Frisia. In Nassau-Dietz she built the simple retreat Oranienstein after her husbands death. This palace was later enlarged by Daniel Marot and served as a residence for the exciled stadholder Willem V. Henriette-Catharina constucted Schloss Oranienbaum and Maria had the palace Oranienhof built. That palace was demolished in 1798.
 
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Princess Albertine Agnes had the Chinese lacquer room installed in the Frisian palace in 1695.
 
Sadly the Electress of Brandenburg died shortly after the birth of her youngest child Louis of Brandenburg.
Her remains are buried in the crypt of the Domkirche in Berlin.

I found the royal mausoleum under the Berliner Dom an unworthy place. It was modern tiled, over-illuminated, there were green signs "Exit", there were toilets for visitors, behind the coffin of the beloved Consort to the Große Kurfürst there was a radiator and a fire hose. It was in everything more tourist office than a royal mausoleum.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/quinet/5452947142
 
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I found the royal mausoleum under the Berliner Dom an unworthy place. It was modern tiled, over-illuminated, there were green signs "Exit", there were toilets for visitors, behind the coffin of the beloved Consort to the Große Kurfürst there was a radiator and a fire hose. It was in everything more tourist office than a royal mausoleum.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/quinet/5452947142

Prior to 1975 the was a separate burial church for the House of Hohenzollern to the rear of the Cathedral.
Sadly it was demolished by the East German government in October 1975 as the viewed as a symbol of Prussian glory.
There has been talks about possibly rebuilding it.

https://www.berlinerdom.de/en/visiting/about-the-cathedral/memorial-church-denkmalskirche/

You can see the Memorial Church here
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Prior to 1975 the was a separate burial church for the House of Hohenzollern to the rear of the Cathedral.
Sadly it was demolished by the East German government in October 1975 as the viewed as a symbol of Prussian glory.
There has been talks about possibly rebuilding it.

https://www.berlinerdom.de/en/visiting/about-the-cathedral/memorial-church-denkmalskirche/

You can see the Memorial Church here
640px-19061208_berlin_dom_mit_spree.jpg

Now that the State and City of Berlin has been so active in rebuilding historic parts, I would like it t see the former burial Church rebuild. After all, even the former DDR Palast der Republik is now demolished and the Berliner Schloss has -unbelievably- re-emerged on that site.
 
Absolutely agree and there are elements of the former burial chapel that were saved and stored away.
There have been several successful rebuilding projects of Churches and the Berlin City Palace so there is hope yet!


The Garrison Church in Potsdam, Germany
The Church of Our Lady in Dresden
 
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