Queen Margrethe's Birthday: April 16 (2003-2019, 2021 - 2024)

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Great to see the family! The twins look so big!
Just wanted to thank you for your advice! I got to Amalienborg at 10:30 and it worked out perfectly! I couldn't have got closer - front and center!! Got some great pics of everyone, I even have one of Frederick looking at me!! The gaurds paraded around and they stoped right in front of where I was too!! The crowds were great, and the people I talked to were so friendly! They asked where I was from and the gentleman who was with his granddaughter told me which palace was Frederick and Mary's, and pointed out which direction to move when the time came!

Oh and bonus!! After lunch I went to Rosenborg and the Queen and Prince Henrik were there too!! Got some close pictures there too!!
It sounds like you really got something royal out of your stay here in CPH :flowers::flowers::flowers:
There´s always a good mood at Amalienborg Square, when waiting for everything to start.

Did you notice the policemen? Usually it´s the old men, who gets the duty at Amalienborg :whistling: I don´t know why, but it is :)
Happy Birthday to QM! What lovely photos. I can't help thinking that Josephine is like the Prince Consort. Someone pointed it out another time and I can see it too.

Oh and Princess Marie and lille princesse. Beautiful. Marie seems to be glowing.
All the children are beautiful but Prince Vincent just steals my heart and he looks gorgeous with his hair that length although it will be interesting to see how he will look with short hair. The Queen must be chuffed at her beautiful grandchildren. Even at this young age it seems as if she has already taken Pr Christian under her guiding hand for what lays ahead in the years to come. (Noit that his parents don't do it I'm sure.) Thanks for the links to all the pics.
the kids are sooo adorable, especially the little new princess! I cant wait for the chistening
But why royal dachshunds didn't assist to this balcony scene? I rememeber in the past there was always one (brown) who had "his" part in festivities...
FasterB said:
It sounds like you really got something royal out of your stay here in CPH :flowers::flowers::flowers:
There´s always a good mood at Amalienborg Square, when waiting for everything to start.

Did you notice the policemen? Usually it´s the old men, who gets the duty at Amalienborg :whistling: I don´t know why, but it is :)

There was a few older police - they seem to engage the children and one in particular had them singing. The others, well, not to be too crass, but they can arrest me anytime!! Hubba hubba!!! LOL
But why royal dachshunds didn't assist to this balcony scene? I rememeber in the past there was always one (brown) who had "his" part in festivities...
I'd assume it's because the royal family has grown quite a bit in recent years.
The balcony is quite small so the royals had to make appearances in turns - first Frederik and Mary's family with the Regnant couple, then Joachim and Marie's family with the Regnant couple, and than all the grandchildren with the Queen and Prince Henrik; there simply wasn't a space for dachshunds.
But why royal dachshunds didn't assist to this balcony scene? I rememeber in the past there was always one (brown) who had "his" part in festivities...
That was Balthazar and he ALWAYS took part in it :flowers: I remember calling him out on the balcony when QMII turned 50.
Can you remember the part where Prince Joachim came out with him under the jacket? That was my friend and I who called on Balthazar. When he ran inside, we called again. Then QMII waved her hand at us and said "Han vil ikke" (He won´t come) :):):)
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Oh I just saw the video of the balcony appearance. Little Vincent is so adorable- he just loved waving and got right into the spirit of the festivities. :flowers:
Queen Penelope sounds like you had a wonderful time. How great to be visiting another country and be there at the right time to catch sight of the Royal family. One day I hope to do the same.
I am very sad to hear of the passing of Maersk McKinney Moller, he had a good innings as we say here. He was a great philanthropist and very close to the Royal family and very generous towards Fred and Mary. He will be greatly missed I am sure.
I'd assume it's because the royal family has grown quite a bit in recent years.
The balcony is quite small so the royals had to make appearances in turns - first Frederik and Mary's family with the Regnant couple, then Joachim and Marie's family with the Regnant couple, and than all the grandchildren with the Queen and Prince Henrik; there simply wasn't a space for dachshunds.
I really like dogs, they are special to me but I don't think it is appropriate to have any dogs on this balcony scene...no!
Summary of articles in Billed Bladet #16, 2012.
All written by Annelise Weimann and Malan Vincent Joensen.

QMII turned 72 on this chilly April day.
About an hour before the balcony scene the DRF had been told about the death of Mærsk McKinney Møller, who was a friend of the current members of the DRF as well as Queen Ingrid. - The Regent Couple, M&F and Joachim and Marie will attend his funeral from Holmens Kirke = The Naval Church on Saturday.

M&F drove from their mansion to the Regent Couple's mansion and so did Joachim and our Marie. They arrived around 11.40. Here they had a sip of champagne and kransekage = a particular pastry http://mydanishkitchen.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/img_1434ee.jpg before going out on the balcony at 12.00.
The family is now so large that two balconies had to be used. The Regent Couple, with M&F and their children on one and J&M and their children on another.
Al together they appeared three times.
The second time the Regent Couple with Joachim and la belle Marie with children.
And the third and last time the Regent Couple with five of their oldest grandchildren. - That was a first and caused a considerable cheer among the crowd.
QMII was observed holding Isabella's hand and Christian was busy pointing out things for grandma.
During the second balcony appearance little Piaf must have done something amusing, she certainly smiled and QMII and Marie were cracking up.
Then it was inside for the lunch at 13.00.

- Later that day the Regent Couple went to Rosenborg Castle to inaugurate a newly restored marble room.
In that connection the presence of onlookers, kindergarden children and tourists (Queen Penelope) were noted standing outside waiting pateintly.

The attire QMII wore was from Celli Freifeldt.
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Thank you Muhler for the translation.

I have just been reading about the life of the late Mærsk Mckinney Møller. What an eventful and full life he lived. His legacy in terms of donations for building or restoring places of national importance will live on.

Oh Piaf as you call her is a little doll. Marie is a really natural, warm person from what I can see. Best wishes to J & M's growing brood.
You are welcome. :)

It may sound corny but motherhood becomes our Marie.
You certainly can't accuse of not being a loving mother.
Her Majesty the Queen's Birthday, 16 April 2013:

On the occasion of Her Majesty the Queen's birthday, the royal family will show up on the balcony of Christian IX's Palace, Amalienborg, at 12.00 p.m.

The Royal Guard will pull up in red gala.

Gratulationslister will be available in the Yellow Palace, Amaliegade 18, from 10.00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. on the day.​

H.M. Dronningens fødselsdag 2013 - Kongehuset
QMII's birthday is coming up and BB is celebrating it's 75th anniversary with a special issue going down memory lane, also in regards to the coverage of the DRF over the years.
I thought it might be interesting to have a brief look at QMII's early years.

Summary of a number of articles in Billed Bladet #14, 2013.
Compiled and written by Annelise Weimann.

DK was occupied by Germany on 9th April 1940. After a number of skirmishes, mainly at the border and also around Amalienborg, it was decided to capitulate. (*)
Princess Margrethe was born on 16th April 1940, a few days after the occupation and she was from her birth and throughout the war labelled "a light in the dark".
In the meantime, her grandfather, Christian X, rode out into the streets of Copenhagen every day. He wasn't particular popular up until then, but he became a treasured national and visible symbol from then on. Often escorted by scores of people on bicycles. (**)
In the article there is a picture of Christian X riding back to Amalienborg and being saluted by the sentries, who at this time was in full field gear, with helmets and fixed bayonettes. (***)
Alas, Christian X fell from his horse during such a ride in 1942 and injured himself severely and that also restricted his public appearances. But put even more focus on the CP couple, then Frederik and Ingrid and their children, especially princess Margrethe. (****)

On 29th April 1944 Princess Benedikte was born. By then the Danish military had been interned, so there was no official salute. But one of the more wellknown resistance groups, the Holger Danske group, fired a 21 shot salute in a park in the middle of Copenhagen in Benedikte's honour the day after. (*****)

In 1947 Christian X died. The funeral procession was followed by half a million people. Considering that the population back then was around 4.5 million and much less mobile than today, it's pretty impressive.
On the coffin lay an armband from the resistance.

In 1958 Princess Margrethe turned 18. And she attended her first State Council at 10.30, with a beaming father in his navy full dress beide her. Here she signed a document pledging herself to obey the Constitution. (Which was and still is a requirement for her to act as Regent).
After a ride in a carriage through the city, she was cheered at the balcony of Amalienborg, before being celebrated at a gala dinner in the evening at Christiansborg, where she gave a speech.
There was some concern about Princess Margrethe, wasn't it about time she married? And was there any man in her life? But in 1966 a certain glow was detected around Margrethe and that became very evident when she recieved a certain Henri at the airport the year after. They got married on 10th July 1967 and the rest is history.

(*) The Danish military had been heavily depleted in the years up to WWII, in order not to provoke Germany to invade and in the hope that DK would ride out the storm, just as during WWI. There are considerable hints suggesting that the government was warned that an attack was imminent and it has been more than suggested that the fightings at the border was kept up for a little longer than necessary, so that DK wouldn't just be seen as a client state in the eyes of the Allies, I.e. France and Britain.
In fact the soldiers had not been warned. They had not been mobilized and they had not been given permission to prepare defensive positions. They fought from ad hoc positions often surrounded by curious and disbelieving civillians.
This somewhat cynical politics almost succeeded. DK was invaded as an afterthought and initially there were only plans to occupy Jutland. What the Germans really wanted was the airport at Aalborg in northern Jutland, to be used for the invasion of Norway.
DK also remained for the most part autonomous until 1943 and 1944, where the collaboration policy finally broke down.

(**) As a military man to the bone, he was not at all pleased with the apeasement policy of the Parliament and there is no doubt that he took the occupation as a personal affront.
There is a popular anecdote, which in various forms goes like this. German soldiers were required to salute the king, even though he sometimes had a tendency to "look the other way". One German asked a Dane, when seeing the King: "Who is protecting him"? The answer: "We are". There is a good deal of truth in the anecdote, it certainly reflects the generaln sentiments around the king at the time.

(***) The even more depleted remnants of the Danish military was rounded up after heavy fightings, again also around Amalienborg, in 1943, when the politicians finally gave up collaborating with the Germans. From then on civil servants ran the country.

(****) The Jews were rounded up in 1943 as well, leading to the genuinely spontanous mass evacuation of the vast majority of Jews to Sweden during the late summer of 1943. - However, and this deserves to be emphasized. The evacuation could not have taken place had Germans not warned the resistance (they knew perfectly well how to get in touch) and because a surprising number of Germans were suddenly struck with blindness, incompetence and materiel failure.
Jews in DK were never required to wear the yellow star and they were not mistreated by Germans and could walk freely, because they were Danish citizens protected by the Danish government. It was only after the Parliament resigned that the plans for deporting the Jews were opened.
As such Christian X never wore the yellow star. It is claimed he would put it on himself, should Danish Jews be required to wear the star, but that was never a question.

(*****) The summer of 1944 became very hot! Sabotage and killings on both sides were a common thing. Mainly between the resistance and Danish collaborators with a good deal of criminal activity going on as well.
German soldiers from the Wehrmacht could walk the streets safely, because there was a live and let live agreement between them and the resistance. As such at least one escaping Allied airman was astounded to sit next to unarmed German soldiers at a cafe in Copenhagen, enjoying jazz music (that was outlawed in Germany).
During that summer the population had had enough. There was a general strike, not least in Copenhagen and people took to the streets. From time to time Danish collaborators fired indisciminently into the crowds. The German soldiers kept a low profile. At some point German bombers flew menacing over Copenhagen and there were considerations of bombing Copenhagen. But cooler heads on the German side prevailed and the Germans actually backed down a bit thus defusing the situation.
A relative of mine took a very active and very loud role in the strike. She was of German decent, and presumably in a kind of distancing herself from that fact, she rarely missed an opportunity to yell abuse at Germans she encountered.
However, the police was also rounded up in the summer of 1944. A relative of mine escaped capture, because he was assigned on duty to another town, instead of reporting to work at the police station on that particular day.
And that was the beginning of almost a year of increasing anarchy here in DK.
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Mange tak Muhler for the translation of this very interesting and enlightening article. I love studying the history of WWII and this was all new information for me. I really appreciate the time you spend doing this.
:previous: My pleasure. :)

Here are a number of pics from 9th April 1940.

This is one of two German troop transports entering Copenhagen harbour at dawn on that day. Soldiers from this ship exchanged fire with the sentries at Amalienborg.
Coastal artillery pieces were actually trained on the ships, but they failed to work. Someone ensured the cannons wouldn't fire, it has never been determined who.

Very, very improvised positions by Danish soldiers close to the border.

Notice the 20mm piece, which actually worked surprisingly well against the light German armour being used.
Also notice the onlookers. This was in many ways a more innocent age. Nowadays people would make sure to keep as much distance from themselves and the soldiers as possible. But here people simply went out to ask what was going on and stayed around to see what would happen.

A recce group. Again notice the onlookers in the background and also the soldiers for whom the seriousness of the situation really hasn't dawned yet.
For those interested in weapons, notice the Madsen light machine gun on the bike and the Krag-Jorgensen carbines they are carrying.

Christian X on his daily ride. - He appears to have failed to notice the smartly saluting Germans.

Some were very pleased to see the German soldiers. Many among the German minority in Southern Jutland welcomed the occupation.

Some Danes were most willing to join the Nazis. Many ended up on the Eastern Front, others became collaborators (with the offical blessing of the government, mind you!) some again becoming HIPO's (HilfsPolizei = auxilliary police) and terrorizing the population towards the end of the war.

When the Danish military was interred in 1943, there were fightings. It was in particular the navy the Germans were interested in. Some ships were scuttled by their crews, some tried to get to Sweden, they were sunk by German bombers, with casualties on both sides.

The general strike in 1944 was most dramatic in Copenhagen, but things also happened in other towns. Here Odense, where people started to construct barricades in the streets and the situation became explosive.

After Christian X's accident focus very much shifted to the CP couple.
Who became very popular. Here crown prince Frederik is carrying princess Margrethe. And hold on to your hats, Frederik was even seen pushing the pram with Princess Anne-Marie! Oh yes, he was a very modern father.
crown princess Ingrid hadn't been particular popular. She was Swedish, spoke the lingo with accent, she was arrogant and a cleptomaniac and it was she who wore the pants at home, just to mention some of the many things that were wrong with her. - That changed.

The light in the dark, Princess Margrethe.

As you can tell the very close bonds between father and Princess Margrethe started very early.

On special days Christian X was not merely cheered, he was positively adored. This pic must be before the summer of 1944, when the police was taken.

After the police was taken, it was municipal volunteers and in the larger cities it was HIPO, who took care of law and order. (Along with German patrols, who at least did ensure a little degree of safety in the streets. Crime was epedemic at this time). The volunteers were amateurs and next to worthless. (A relative of mine served as a member of the volunteer police). The HIPO's, well, some had been guests in His Majesty's correctional facillities and gained experience that way....
This picture illustrates what they were mostly known for. Being thugs.
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Wow! thanks Muhler for these stories and photos!
I have been very interested in the occupation of Denmark in WWII ever since I saw Flammen og Citronen, and as such I appreciate your posts on this subject greatly:flowers:
It must be before his fall from the horse in 1942. He never rode again after that fall :sad:
how did he fall? My guess is that his horse was startled by the crowds, but I would be interested in the story:flowers:
Wow! thanks Muhler for these stories and photos!
I have been very interested in the occupation of Denmark in WWII ever since I saw Flammen og Citronen, and as such I appreciate your posts on this subject greatly:flowers:

My pleasure. You may wish to request the mods to set up such a thread with the DRF and WWII.
It's a huge subject, involving not only Christian X, but just as much Frederik X and Queen Ingrid and to a large degree QMII as well.
Not to mention close relatives of the DRF - A princess was deported for being a collaborator.
And close friends - one of whom was killed on the Eastern front.

It must be before his fall from the horse in 1942. He never rode again after that fall :sad:

Thanks, FasterB. I wasn't sure.

how did he fall? My guess is that his horse was startled by the crowds, but I would be interested in the story:flowers:
Well, I don't know. Perhaps someone else can answer that?

Lets have a look at the Liberation. 5th May 1945.
The in DK famous liberation message was send in a BBC broadcast early in the evening on the 4th May. - Causing instant jubilation in the streets.
The German soldiers had withdrawn to the barracs, for them it was over.
The surrender was to take effect the next day.
A little Princess named Margrethe woke up at Amalienborg and wondered about the commotion outside. Her nanny gave her a bottle with fizzy water, lemon. That's something QMII remembers vividly. That was a very rare treat!
Later on she tasted genuine chocolate, for the first time she could remember.

Resistance fighters turned out in force on the streets already on 4th May. Armed with ad hoc weapons and sporting a resistance armband. - The numbers of resistance fighters had swelled very dramatically in the last few months of the war. They were not all equally respected by the veteran members, who somewhat contemtously referred to many of them as the Latter Day Saints.

The celebrations continued through the night and the next day as well.
There is a famous photo of a sign hanging in the door of a shop saying: "Closed due to joy".

Almost as soon as the message came through from London the rounding up of collaborators began. Eventually some 16.000 were arrested and tried for collaboration. Driven through the streets in open trucks they were subjected to mockery and the wrath of people.
Treason and collaboration could carry the death penalty and the government decided to carry through with the first 50 or so executions - simply to quell the population's thirst for revenge. The rest were to be pardoned. IRRC more than 40 were executed in the first years after the war. Ironically they were mainly the little fish, because their trials were not as complicated as the more serious traitors.
After a number of years in prison, most convited traitors were stripped of their citizenships and deported to Germany.
Collaborators recieved various sentences.
Nevertheless there are still a few unsolved murdercases after the war, where it is widely suspected that this was a revenge killing.
Those who were liquidated during the war, were almost all labelled collaborators or traitors - to this day. And the killings declared legal. Even though it has turned out that quite a few were liquidated out of mistake, some were innocent and some were simply victims of crime.

Girls who had fraternized with the Germans were also rounded up. They were populary known as fieldmatrasses.
The traditional punishment of cutting their hair started already in the last year of the war. My mother took part in at least one such incident and to the day she died, she looked back on that with glee.

A couple of days later the German soldiers marched off to the border. Notice how the soldiers form a protective screen around the women. Some of them are clearly German blitzmädels, but others look like they are civillian. No doubt they were terrified of what would happen if the crowd got their hands on them.

But there was also a lot of fighting going on in the days after the Liberation with many casualties. Collaborators and members of HIPO and the Schalburg Corps, were desperate. Their world had finally collapsed and what would happen to them now? Would they just be put up against the nearest wall? Others were diehard Nazis intent on going down in flames.

It took a couple of days before British troops rolled into Denmark and they were of course cheered all the way.

Around the same time the 5.000 man strong Danish Brigade, which had been formed, equipped and trained in Sweden arrived in Copenhagen.
Their primary task was to ensure law and order - something the Resistance had taken care of until then - but also just as much to prevent a Communist takeover. Secondary to provide the force necesssary for the interim government that was to be set up.

But the 5th May and the days after was not cause for joy everywhere in DK.
The commandant on the island of Bornholm, refused to surrender to the nearest Allied forces, the Soviets. He pleaded to Copenhagen for them to send a British officer, even if it was just a single second lieutenant, he would lay down his arms to him on the spot. - No such officer could be found and the Soviets started to bomb Bornholm.
The German garrison surrender after a couple of days, but not before quite a few Germans and islanders had been killed. - And the Soviets were not in a hurry to leave Bornholm afterwards.

The White Buses with Danes from the concentration camps arrived home shortly after the Liberation. That evacuation of Danish as well as Norwegian prisoners had been organised by Count Bernadotte of Sweden.
In fact Danish (and to a great degree Norwegian as well) prisoners were treated fairly well in the concentration camps - because the Danish civil servants, backed by Count Bernadotte continually checked on them and send Red Cross packages to them.
The Nazis didn't treat them nice because they had gone soft. The prisoners were a valuable barganing chip in the dealings with Sweden, who acted as a go-between with the Allies. Because many Nazis had seen the writing on the wall and now it was about presenting a good figure and displaying goodwill. - It was also easier to get away with being lenient towards Danish and Norwegian prisoners than against say Jews and Soviet prisoners. They were de facto treated a little worse than western Allied POW.
Nevertheless a number died in the camps and many came back broken.

Later on the first guards battallion of the Royal Lifeguard relieved the temporary police guard at Amalienborg. A very big day.
For the first couple of years the guardsmen were armed with confiscated German Mausers, before switching to the M1 Garand - that little detail is good to know when it's about figuring out when a picture is taken...;)
Amalienborg had seen it's share of drama thorugh the war. There were skirmishes there on the 9th April.
The Royal Lifeguard maintained their guards until 1943 when the military was taken. That again led to skirmishes, with at least one projectile flying through the window into the office of Christian X. It was the King himself who ordered a ceasefire, but he couldn't help a little snide remark when addressing the German officer in charge, calling him: "My brave officer".
Then the police took over the guard duty until 1944 when the police was taken, again leading to skirmishes.
Until the end of the war, i.e. the evening of 4th May, it was German soldiers who performed guard duty. Then members of the Resistance took over.
Towards the very end of the war a secret tunnel was dug under Amalienborg, ready to evacuate the King if need be. - But much more about that later in the Amalienborg thread.

Everything was scarse during the war but people still needed clothes. Relatives of mine have told how sheets were remade to cottoncoats and how curtains were converted to summerdresses.
It also became a sport to mock the Germans in subtle ways in any way possible. One favorite was to wear a cap in RAF colors, red, white and blue. - When that was banned (humour was never something the Nazis were good at) girls instead walked the streets three together, one in a blue dress, the other in a white dress and the third in a red dress.
Communal singing became very popular, with songs whose lyrics was to put it mildly open to interpretation. One of the most popular was: Ugræs er føget over hegnet - Weed has blown across the fence.

For decades after the war it was tradition to place two candles in the windows on the 4th May. But now that is becoming a rare sight.
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First pics Familiens hilsen: Tillykke Farmor - Royale | www.bt.dk

Thanks for posting.
Love the photo of Frederik and Mary with the children. Beautiful family. Jospehine is such a little sweetheart. Vincent and Josephine have changed so much since we last saw them.
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