King Fernando VII and Wives (Queens Maria Antonia, Isabel, Josepha & Maria Cristina)

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King Fernando VII and Wives (Queens Maria Antonia, Isabel, Josepha & Maria Cristina)

Fernando VII Maria Francisco de Paula Domingo Vicente Ferrer Antonio José Joaquin Pascual Diego Juan Nepomuceno Januario Francisco Francisco Javier Rafael Miguel Gabriel Calixto Cayetano Fausto Luís Ramón Gregorio Lorenzo Geronimo, King of Spain (Escorial, 13 October 1784 - Madrid, 29 September 1833); married 1stly by proxy in Naples, 16 Augustus 1802 and in person in Barcelona, 6 October 1802 Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (Caserta, 14 December 1784 - Aranjuez, 21 May 1806); married 2ndly by proxy in Cadiz, 4 September 1816 and in person in Madrid on 29 September 1816, Princess Isabel of Portugal (Queluz, 29 May 1797 - Madrid, 26 December 1818); married 3rdly by proxy in Dresden on 7 October 1819 and in person in Madrid, 20 October 1819, Princess Josepha of Saxony (Dresden, 6 December 1803 - Aranjuez, 17 May 1829); married on 4thly Madrid, 11 December 1829, Princess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies (Palermo, 27 April 1806 - Le Havre, 13 September 1878)

Reign: 1813 - 1833

Dynasty: Bourbon

Predecessor: King Carlos IV of Spain

Succeeded by: Queen Isabel II of Spain

Children Fernando & Maria Cristina: Queen Isabel II of Spain and Princess Luisa Fernanda of Orleans & Spain

Parents Fernando: King Carlos IV of Spain and Princess Maria Luisa of Parma

Parents Maria Antonia: King Fernando I of the Two Sicilies and Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria

Parents Isabel: King João VI of Portugal, Emperor of Brazil and Princess Carlota Joaquina of Spain

Parents Josepha: Prince Maximilian of Saxony and Princess Carolina of Parma

Parents Maria Cristina: King Francesco I of the Two Sicilies and Princess Isabel of Spain

Siblings Fernando: Prince Carlos of Spain, Queen Carlota Joaquina of Portugal, Princess Maria Luisa, Princess Maria Amalia and Prince Carlos of Spain, Duchess Luisa of Parma, Queen of Etruria; Prince Carlos and Prince Felipe of Spain, Prince Carlos of Spain, Count of Molina; Queen Maria Isabel of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Teresa, Prince Felipe and Prince Francisco de Paula of Spain, Duke of Cadiz

Siblings Maria Antonia: Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, Grand Duchess Luisa of Tuscany, Prince Carlo Francesco of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria; Princess Maria Anna and King Fransesco I of the Two Sicilies; Queen Maria Cristina of Sardinia; Princess Maria Cristina, Prince Carlo and Prince Guiseppe of the Two Sicilies, Queen Marie-Amelie of the French, Princess Clothilda, Princess Enrichetta, Prince Carlo of the Two Sicilies; Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno; Prince Carlo Alberto and Princess Isabella of the Two Sicilies

Siblings Isabel: Princess Maria Teresa of Spain, Prince Antonio of Portugal, Duke of Beira, Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, King of Portugal, Princess Maria Francisca of Spain, Prince Isabel Maria and Prince Miguel (or King Miguel I) and Princess Maria da Assunção of Portugal and Duchess Ana de Jesus of Loulé

Siblings Josepha: Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony; Grand Duchess Maria Ferdinanda of Tuscany; King Friedrich-August II of Saxony; Prince Clemens of Saxony; Grand Duchess Maria Anna of Tuscany and King Johann I of Saxony

Siblings Maria Cristina: Princess Maria Christina of France, Duchess of Berry; Prince Ferdinando of the Two Sicilies, Princess Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Cadiz; King Ferdinando II of the Two Sicilies; Prince Carlo of the Two Sicilies, Count of Capua; Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies, Count of Syracuse; Grand Duchess Maria Antoinetta of Tuscany; Prince Antonio of the Two Sicilies, Count of Lecce; Princess Maria Amalia of Spain and Portugal; Princess Maria Carolina of Spain; Empress Teresa of Brazil; Prince Luigi if the Two Sicilies, Count of Aquila and Prince Francesco di Paula of the Two Sicilies, Count of Trapani
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Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833.
The eldest son of Charles IV, king of Spain, and of his wife Maria Louisa of Parma, he was born in the vast palace of El Escorial near Madrid.

In his youth he occupied the painful position of an heir apparent who was jealously excluded from all share in government by his parents and the royal favorite Manuel de Godoy, his mother's lover. National discontent with a feeble government produced a revolution in 1805. In October 1807, Ferdinand was arrested for his complicity in the Conspiracy of the Escorial in which liberal reformers aimed at securing the help of the emperor Napoleon. When the conspiracy was discovered, Ferdinand betrayed his associates and grovelled to his parents.

When his father's abdication was extorted by a popular riot at Aranjuez in March 1808, he ascended the throne but turned again to Napoleon, in the hope that the emperor would support him. He was in his turn forced to make an abdication and imprisoned in France for almost seven years at the Chateau of Valençay in the town of Valençay.
In March 1814 the Allies returned him to Madrid. The Spanish people, blaming the liberal, enlightened policies of the Francophiles (afrancesados) for incurring the Napoleonic occupation and the Peninsular War, at first welcomed Fernando. Ferdinand soon found that while Spain was fighting for independence in his name and while in his name juntas had governed in Spanish America, a new world had been born of foreign invasion and domestic revolution. Spain was no longer an absolute monarchy under the liberal Constitution of 1812. Ferdinand, in being restored to the throne, guaranteed the liberals that he would govern on the basis of the existing constitution, but, encouraged by conservatives backed by the Church hierarchy, he rejected the constitution within weeks (May 4) and arrested the liberal leaders (May 10), justifying his actions as rejecting a constitution made by the Cortes in his absence and without his consent. Thus he had come back to assert the Bourbon doctrine that the sovereign authority resided in his person only.
Meanwhile, the South American Wars of Independence were under way, though many of the republican rebels would quarrel among themselves and Royalist sentiment was strong in many areas. In the case of the forces led by Bolívar himself, his first permanent victory did not occur until 1817. The Manila galleons and tax revenues from the Spanish Empire were interrupted, and Spain was all but bankrupt.
Ferdinand's restored autocracy was guided by a small camarilla of his favourites. He changed his ministers every few months, whimsical and ferocious by turns. The other autocratic powers of the Quintuple Alliance, though forced to support him as the representative of legitimacy in Spain, watched his proceedings with disgust and alarm. "The King", wrote Friedrich von Gentz to the hospodar Caradja on December 1, 1814, "himself enters the houses of his first ministers, arrests them, and hands them over to their cruel enemies"; and again, on January 14, 1815, "The king has so debased himself that he has become no more than the leading police agent and gaoler of his country."
As the Spanish king he was the head of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece and in this capacity he made the Duke of Wellington the first Protestant member of the order.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (14 December 1784, Caserta Palace, Caserta, Italy - 21 May 1806, Aranjuez Palace, Aranjuez, Spain), Princess of Asturias, the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand IV of Naples and Sicily and Marie Caroline of Austria. She was named after her mother's favorite sister, Marie Antoinette, Queen of France. Maria Antonia was a sweet, delicate and intelligent girl, having by the age of seventeen learned several languages.
In a series of dynastic alliances, Maria Antonia became engaged to Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias (who later became King Ferdinand VII of Spain), while her eldest brother, Francis, became engaged to Ferdinand's sister Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain. On 4 October 1802, Maria Antonia married Ferdinand in Barcelona, Spain. However, her letters to her mother showed her deep disillusionment with her husband, who was ugly and bad-mannered. Her mother, Queen Marie Caroline, wrote the following lines on the subject to one of her friends:
The Prince of Asturias has an ugly face, a tubby figure, round knees and legs, a piping delicate voice, and is utterly stupid. Though he is physically amorous, they are not yet husband and wife after sleeping together a week. He is disagreeable, dull, as lazy as his sister, and he never leaves his wife a single moment. He has no education, an unpleasant continuous giggle; and their existence is cramped, without comforts or amenities, and subjected to scandalous espionage. Poor Antoinette sends letters that make me weep. She writes: "Mother, you have been deceived. For you are too good a mother to have sacrificed me like this if you had known." She says again: "I shall not live, but I wish to behave well and deserve eternal life."

In addition, the princess failed in provided the expected heir to the throne: her two pregnancies, in 1804 and 1805, ended in miscarriages. Maria Antonia's mother-in-law, the infamous Queen Marie Louise, who hated her as well as her mother Marie Caroline, frequently wrote slanderous letters to her favorite, Manuel Godoy, who was the Spanish prime minister at the time, where she described Maria Antonia as "the spittle of her mother, a venomous viper, an animal filled with gall and poison instead of blood, a half-dead frog and a diabolical snake." To top it all, Queen Marie Louise began to subject Maria Antonia's books and clothes to scrutiny and once, in order to frighten the young princess, she took her down to the dark royal vault in El Escorial so she could contemplate the place where she would be laid to rest one day.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Infanta Maria Isabel of Portugal (or of Braganza; pron. IPA: [mɐ'ɾiɐ izɐ'bɛɫ]) (Queluz, May 19, 1797 – Madrid, November 29, 1818) was a Portuguese infanta and Queen consort of Spain.
Born a Portuguese infanta, Maria Isabel was the daughter of King John VI of Portugal and his wife Carlota Joaquina de Borbón.
She married her maternal uncle King Ferdinand VII of Spain in 1816, whose first wife, Maria Antonietta of the Two Sicilies, had died two years before.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Maria Josepha of Saxony (Dresden, 7 December 1803 – Aranjuez, 18 May 1829) was daughter of Prince Maximilian of Saxony (1759-1838) and his first wife, Princess Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804), daughter of Duke Ferdinand of Parma. She was a member of the house of Wettin. She was a fervent Roman Catholic.

Read the entire article here.
Maria Christina of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of Spain (1833 to 1840).

Maria Christina was the fourth wife of King Ferdinand VII of Spain (Fernando in Spanish) (1784-1833, king 1813-1833) and mother of and regent for Queen Isabella II of Spain (Isabel in Spanish) (1830-1904, queen 1833-1868). Originally titled Her Royal Highness, Princess Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily, on December 18, 1816 her title was changed to Princess of the Two Sicilies when her father changed the name of his kingdom. Her Spanish name was María Cristina de las Dos Sicilias.
Born in Palermo, Sicily, Italy on April 27, 1806, she was the daughter of King Francis I (In Italian, Francesco I) of the Two Sicilies by his second wife, Maria Isabella of Spain. She also descended from the Austrian Habsburgs as her grandmother was Queen Marie Caroline and her grand-aunt was Marie Antoinette.
Maria Christina married King Ferdinand VII of Spain on December 11, 1829 in Madrid. Ferdinand was her uncle by birth and by marriage. Like her mother Maria Isabella, Ferdinand was a child of King Charles IV of Spain (Carlos IV in Spanish) and his wife, Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma.
Further, Ferdinand's first wife Princess Maria Antonietta of Naples and Sicily (1784-1806) was the sister of Maria Christina's
father, King Francis.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Bust of Isabel of Portugal, second wife of Ferdinand VII (from Foro Dinastias)
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Another one of Isabel in Museo del Romanticismo, Madrid.
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Royal Anniversary-7 December 1803,Birth of Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony

Royal Anniversary-7 December 1803,Birth of Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony

Third wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain

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Today is the 141st Death Anniversary of Queen Maria Cristina of Spain born Maria Cristina Ferdinanda di Borbone, Principessa delle Due Sicilie. She is the 4th and last wife of King fernando VII of Spain. Her daughter Isabella became Queen Regnant as infant and was disputed by the Carlists which led to Carlist Wars.

She was a formidable figure of her time. Having served as Queen Consort for 3 three years, she became Queen Regent for her infant daughter, Isabella.
The Coat of arms of Queen Marie-Christine (The Royal House of Borbón-Dos Sicilias with those of Spain)

When she was a widow, Queen Maria Christina married Augustin Fernando Munoz, an ex-sergeant from the royal guard. Was this marriage a morganatic marriage?
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