King D. Afonso V 'The African' and Wives (Queen D.ª Isabel and Queen D.ª Joana)

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Aug 13, 2004
São Paulo
Alfonso V, King of Portugal, the Algarves and of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Ceuta and Alcácer in Africa (Sintra, 15 January 1432 - Lisbon, 28 August 1481), married 1stly in ? on 6 May 1447 Princess Isabel of Coimbra (Portugal) (Evora, 1 March 1432 - ?, 2 December 1455); married 2ndly in Plasencia on 30 May 1475, Princess Juana 'La Beltraneja' of Castille (Madrid, 28 February 1462 - Coimbra or Lisbon, ? 1530)

Reign: 1448 -1477 and 1477 - 1481, from 1438 to 1448 under the regency of his mother Queen Leonor and later under the regency of his uncle Prince Pedro, Duke of Coimbra, and from 1477 to 1481 under the regency of his son Prince João, later King João II of Portugal

Predecessor: King Duarte I of Portugal and the Algarves

Succeeded by: King João II of Portugal and the Algarves

Children Alfonso & Isabel: Crown Prince João , Princess Joana (Saint Joana) and King João II of Portugal

Children Alfonso & Juana: None

Parents Alfonso: King Duarte I of Portugal and Princess Leonor of Aragon

Parents Isabel: Prince Pedro of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra and Princess Isabel of Aragon

Parents Juana: King Enrique IV of Castille (or Beltran de la Cueva) and Princess Juana of Portugal

Siblings Alfonso: Prince João, Princess Filipa, Princess Maria and Prince Fernando of Portugal, Duke of Viseu; Leonor, Holy Roman Empress, Prince Duarte and Princess Catarina of Portugal and Queen Joana of Castille

Siblings Isabel: Prince Pedro of Coimbra, 'King of Aragon', Prince João of Coimbra, Prince of Cyprus, Prince of Antioch, Prince Jaime of Coimbra, Archbisshop of Lisbon, Duchess Beatriz of Cleves and Princess Filipa of Coimbra

Siblings Juana: None
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Afonso V (pronounced [ɐˈfõsu] in Portuguese; English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), the African (Port. o Africano) (on January 15, 1432 – August 28, 1481), was the 12th king of Portugal and the Algarves.
He was born in Sintra, the eldest son of King Edward of Portugal by his wife, Infanta Eleanor of Aragon. Afonso V was only six years old when he succeeded his father in 1438.
During his minority, Afonso V was placed under the regency of his mother, according to a late will of his father. As both a foreigner and a woman, the queen was not a popular choice for regent. Opposition rose and the queen's only ally was Afonso, Count of Barcelos, the illegitimate half brother of Duarte I and count of Barcelos. In the following year, the Cortes (assembly of the kingdom) decided to replace the queen with Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra, the young king's oldest uncle. His main policies were concerned with avoiding the development of great noble houses, kingdoms inside the kingdom, and concentrating power in the person of the king. The country prospered under his rule, but not peacefully, as his laws interfered with the ambition of powerful nobles. The count of Barcelos, a personal enemy of the Duke of Coimbra (despite being half-brothers) eventually became the king's favourite uncle and began a constant struggle for power. In 1442, the king made Afonso the first Duke of Braganza. With this title and its lands, he became the most powerful man in Portugal and one of the richest men in Europe . To secure his position as regent, in 1445 Pedro married his daughter, Isabel of Coimbra, Infanta of Portugal, to Afonso V.
But in June 9, 1448, when the king came of age, Pedro had to surrender his power to Afonso V. The years of conspiracy by the Duke of Braganza finally came to a head. In September 15 of the same year, Afonso V nullified all the laws and edicts approved under the regency. The situation became unstable and, in the following year, being led by what he afterwards discovered to be false representations, Afonso declared Pedro a rebel and defeated his army in the Battle of Alfarrobeira, in which both his uncle and father in law was killed. After this battle and the loss of one of Portugal's most remarkable infantes, the Duke of Braganza became the de facto ruler of the country.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
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Infanta Isabel of Coimbra (Isabella of Portugal) (1 March 1432 – December 2, 1455) was a Portuguese infanta and the first wife of King Afonso V of Portugal.
She was a daughter of Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra and Isabel of Aragon. Her maternal grandfather was Jaume II, Count of Urgell.
Isabel and Afonso V were married on May 6, 1448. Both the bride and groom were sixteen. They had three children:

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Juana of Castile, known also as the Beltraneja (1462 – 1530) was a princess of Castile.
Her birth caused a scandal in the Castilian court. Her mother was Joana, princess of Portugal, the consort queen of king Henry IV of Castile. The king had no other children from this or the previous marriages and rumour said he was impotent. Because of this and the fact that Joana of Portugal was having a notorious affair with Beltrán de La Cueva, a Castilian noble, Juana was never considered legitimate. Moreover, she was nicknamed the Beltraneja (a mocking reference to her assumed real father) from the cradle. Her mother was banished to Bishop Fonseca's castle where she fell in love with Fonseca's nephew and became pregnant. Henry divorced her.
Legitimate or not, Joanna remained the only child that could be remotely attributed to Henry IV of Castile. He even made the nobles of Castile swear alliance to her and promise that they would support her as queen. After a few unsettled arrangements, that included French and Burgundian princes, Joanna was promised in marriage to her uncle, King Afonso V of Portugal, who swore to defend her (and his own) rights to the crown of Castile. But when Henry died in 1474, nobody took Juana's cause seriously and the crown went to Isabella I of Castile, her aunt, initiating a four-year War of the Castilian Succession.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
At first Queen Leonor was the regent for young Afonso.
She was replaced as regent by the Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra.
Had any other men been considered to be regent for young Afonso?
Why was Queen Leonor replaced?

According to Wikipedia, she was appointed regent in accordance with his father's wishes. However, she was unpopular owing to the fact that she was foreign and female, and didn't have any allies among the nobility other than her husband's illegitimate half brother.
In 1475 King Afonso V married Infanta Juana of Castile. He did not have papal recognition.
Was papal recognition necessary in order for him to marry Infanta Juana?
In 1475 King Afonso V married Infanta Juana of Castile. He did not have papal recognition.
Was papal recognition necessary in order for him to marry Infanta Juana?
What do you mean by Papal recognition?
What do you mean by Papal recognition?

Papal dispensation would have been required as Joanna was Alfonso's niece, in the end the marriage was annulled by Pope Sixtus IV in 1481.
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