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Marengo 06-05-2007 09:48 AM

Princess Sophie of The Netherlands, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar (1824-1897) & Family
Princess Sophie (1824-1897)

This thread is about Wilhelmina Maria Sophie Louise of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, born Princess of The Netherlands (The Hague 8 Apr 1824-Weimar 23 Mar 1897)

Parents: King Willem II of The Netherlands and Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia

Husband: Grand Duke Karl-Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Children: Hereditairy Grand Duke Karl-August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Princess Alexandrine of Reuss, Princess Anna of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
and Duchess Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Siblings: King Willem III of The Netherlands, Princes Alexander, Casimir and Hendrik of The Netherlands.

Note 1: Most pictures used here were originally posted by Thijs on the Alexander Palace Forums
Note 2: All pictures directly posted by me are free of copyrights

Marengo 07-18-2007 09:27 AM

Some pictures of Sophie in her younger years:

Sophie and her brother Hendrik:

Sophie with her two eldest children:

Marengo 07-18-2007 09:27 AM

Karl Alexander August Johann, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (24 June 1818 - 5 January 1901) was a Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Duke of Saxony, Herzog zu Jülich, Kleve und Berg und zu Engern und Westfalen, Landgraf in Thuringen, Markgraf von Meißen, Gefürstete Graf zu Henneberg, Graf der Mark und zu Ravensberg, Herr zu Ravenstein und Tonna.

Born in Weimar, he was the second but eldest surviving son of Karl Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisemach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia.
When he was the Hereditary Grand Duke, Karl Alexander established a strong friendship with Fanny Lewald and Hans Christian Andersen, but this close relationship stopped in 1849 for the war against Denmark in favor of the duchy of Schleswig-Holstein (The First German-Danish War). On 8 July 1853 his father died, and Karl Alexander became Grand Duke; but he stopped his constitutional accession until the Goethe's birthday, on 28 August 1853.
The Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen was reportedly infatuated with Karl Alexander writing that "I quite love the young duke, he is the first of all princes that I really find attractive".

Read more about Grand Duke Karl-Alexander in this wikipedia article

Marengo 07-18-2007 09:29 AM

Marengo 07-18-2007 09:52 AM

Marengo 07-18-2007 09:54 AM

Sophie didn´t mind a few pearls and diamonds here and there, a pity that her present Dutch relatives don´t take more after her in this department:

Marengo 08-02-2007 08:47 AM

A painting of the wedding of Sophie and Carl-Alexander in Kneuterdijk Palace (Gothic Hall), The Hague:

Marengo 08-02-2007 08:52 AM

The couples eldest son and heir, Hereditairy Grand Duke Karl-August, and a picture of his wife, Herdeitairy Grand Duchess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar, nee Pss of Saxe-Weimar:

Marengo 08-02-2007 08:57 AM

Sophie's grandson and the eldest son of Karl-August, Grand Duke WIlhelm-Ernst of Saxe-Weimar:

From wikipedia:

According to the Dutch Constitution, Wilhelm Ernst was in line to succeed to throne of the Netherlands (he was the grandson of Sophie of the the Netherlands) after Queen Wilhelmina. The Dutch people, beginning in the 20th century feared this, for the possibility of German influence or even annexation of the Netherlands.
In order to prevent this, some lawyers tried to change the Constitution to exclude Wilhelm Ernst of the succession of the throne of the Netherlands. Another way, however, was this: he or his offspring -if Wilhelmina would die childless- would have to choose between the Dutch and the Weimar throne. The birth of Wilhelmina's daughter Juliana in 1909 made the chance for any member of the house Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach to inherit the Dutch throne smaller and with the amendment to the constitution of 1922 -according to which the right to succession was restricted to the offspring of Wilhelmina- disappeared entirely.

Read more here.

Marengo 08-02-2007 08:57 AM

His first wife, Princess Karoline of Reuss: // A picture of Wilhelm-Ernst and Karoline together:

Marengo 08-02-2007 08:59 AM

Wilhelm-Ernsts second wife, Grand Duchess Feodora, nee Pss of Saxe-Meiningen: // Here a picture of Wlhelm-Ernst and Feodora together: ___________________

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:20 AM

Here some pictures of Princess Marie-Alexandrine of Reuss, nee Princess of Saxe-Weimar, Sophie's eldest daughter (and her husband, Prince Heinrich zu Reuss):

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:23 AM

Two of Marie-Alexandrine's children:

M-A's husband with their two children:

Marie-Alexandrine and her eldest daughter Sophie-Renate:

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:24 AM

Duchess Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, nee Pss of Saxe-Weimar, Sophie's second daughter:

Here a wikipedia article about Elisabeth´s husband Duke Johann-Albrecht of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, who was regent of this Grand Duchy untill 1901:

Duke Johann Albrecht Ernst Konstantin Friedrich Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (8 December 1857-16 February 1920) was the regent of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1897-1901 and the Duchy of Brunswick from 1907-1913.
Johann Albrecht was born in Schwerin the fifth child of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II and his first wife Princess Auguste of Reuss (1822-1862). On the death of his brother Grand Duke Friedrich Franz III in 1897, Johann Albrecht was appointed to act as regent for his nephew Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV until he came of age on the April 9, 1901 when he assumed personal control of the Grand Duchy.
In 1907 Johann Albrecht was selected to act as regent of the Duchy of Brunswick following the death of Prince Albrecht of Prussia. He acted as regent for Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale who was prevented from taking over the duchy in 1884 by Otto von Bismarck due to the rift between the royal houses of Hanover and Hohenzollern. The regency came to an end on November 1, 1913 when Prince Ernest Augustus' son Ernest Augustus was permitted to ascend to Duchy following his marriage to Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia the only daughter of the German Emperor William II which help heal the rift between the two houses.

Read more here.

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:30 AM

Two grouppictures:

Dinner for the 50th anniversary of the marriage of princess Sophie and Carl August. Behind the table from left to right: archduke Rainer of Austria, grandduke Friedrich of Baden, Queen Emma of the Netherlands, Wilhelm ll of Germany, grandduchess Sophie, grandduke Carl Alexander, queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, king Albert of Saxony.

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:33 AM

Sophie's palace in The Hague:

Schloss Ettersburg, one of the favorite residences in Sachsen Weimar, of the grandduchess Sophie.

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:34 AM

More gropus:

Princess Sophie leaving her homeland. On 15 october 1842 she left, together with her newborn husband Carl August, Dutch soil and shipped in Rotterdam travelling to her new home in Weimar. Behind Sophie you see Carl August and left of him, the three brothers of Sopie the princes Henry, Alexander and William. Shortly before she left she wrote a letter to her parents on Dutch soil. This letter is received by the captain general of the Royal Navy.

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:37 AM

Some other relatives I

Her mother-in-law and aunt Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Saxe-Weimar, nee Grand Duchess of Russia:

Her father-in-law, Grand Duke Karl-August of Saxe-Weimar:

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:38 AM

Sophie's husband Karl-Alexander with his sisters Marie and Augusta:

Her sister-in-law, princess Marie of Prussia, nee Pss of Saxe-Weimar:

Her sister-in-law Empress Augusta of Germany, Queen of Prussia, nee Pss of Saxe-Weimar and her husband Emperor Wilhelm I:

Marengo 08-02-2007 09:47 AM

The Grand Ducal standard used by Grand Duchess Sophie, fromk and free of copyrights:

The Grand Duchess was the paron lady of the German Shakespeare Society, read more in German on this website:

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