Victor Emmanuel II (full name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861,[a] when he assumed the title of King of Italy and became the first king of an independent, united Italy since the 6th century, a title he held until his death in 1878.
King of Italy:
17 March 1861 – 9 January 1878
King of Sardinia and Duke of Savoy:
23 March 1849 – 17 March 1861
14 March 1820,
Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
9 January 1878 (aged 57)
Quirinal Palace, Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Adelaide of Austria
(m. 1842; died 1855)
Maria Clotilde, Princess Napoléon
Umberto I of Italy
Amadeo I of Spain
Oddone, Duke of Montferrat
Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal
Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso
Charles Albert of Sardinia
Maria Theresa of Austria
Adelaide of Austria (Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde; 3 June 1822 – 20 January 1855) was Queen of Sardinia by marriage to Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, future King of Italy, from 1849 until 1855 when she died as a result of gastroenteritis. She was the mother of Umberto I of Italy.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide_of_Austria
Rosa Vercellana, 1st Countess of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda (3 June 1833 – 26 December 1885), commonly known as ‘Rosina’ and, in Piedmontese, as La Bela Rosin, was the mistress and later wife of Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy. Despite this, the morganatic status of her marriage meant that she was never recognized as Queen of Italy.
More information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Vercellana