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  #101  
Old 08-30-2020, 04:58 AM
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On this day, August 30, 1831 - Demise of Louise, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the wife of Duke Ernest I
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  #102  
Old 10-01-2020, 04:30 AM
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On this day, October 1, 1794 - Birth of Leopold IV Friedrich, Duke of Anhalt
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  #103  
Old 10-28-2020, 02:37 AM
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October 28, 1312 death of Elisabeth of Tyrol, Queen of the Romans.

Elisabeth was born in Munich Germany in 1262. Her father was Count Meinhard II of Gorizia-Tyroll. Her father would be later Duke of Carinthia in 1286. Her mother was Elisabeth of Bavaria. Her maternal grandparents were Otto II Wittlesbach, Duke of Bavaria and Agnes of the Palatinate. Meinhard was Elisabeth's second husband. She had first been married to Conrad IV, King of Germany. She and Conrad had one son Conradin, who was also king of Jerusalem. Unfortunately Conradin died at 16 when trying to reconquer Sicily, he and his closest companion Frederick of Baden were caught and beheaded. Elizabeth of Gorizia was the eldest of her parents children. Her parents had four children who reached adulthood (two sons died in infancy). Otto succeeded their father and only had one daughter Elisabeth who became Queen of Sicily by marriage. Otto was succeeded by their brother Henry IV. Her only sister Agnes married Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen whom she had one son.


December 20, 1274 she was married to Count Albert of Hapsburg who was the eldest son and heir of Rudolf I, King of the Romans (the man who had eventually succeeded her mother's first husband). She was 12 and her husband was 19. Her husband was made the Duke of Austria and Styria in 1282.

Originally her husband shared his power with his younger brother Rudolph but that ended in 1283. Elisabeth's father was instrumental in helping her husband secure the Hapsburg hereditary lands, and earned his ducal title in reward. Elizabeth was said to have been quite shrewd in business and trade.

Her father in law died in 1291 but her husband was not elected to succeed him. Originally Adolf of Nassau was elected to succeed as king, but his policies soon made him enemies with some of the most powerful houses in Germany. Adolf was deposed in 1298 and June 23 of that year Albert was elected king. Adolf was killed in battle two weeks later. Elisabeth was crowned the following year in Neuremberg.

Her husband's reign lasted for just short of ten years. In May 1308 when he was on his way to Swabia he was murdered. He was murdered by his own nephew John who is known as John Parricida in history for his actions. He was the son of Albert's brother Rudolph he had for a short time had to share power with. John was born shortly before or after his father died. Known as lackland for he had been denied his father's lands, he resented his Uncle. After he had caused a scandal refusing flowers from his Uncle the night before, he attacked Albert on the road splitting his head open with a sword. John escaped the revenge of Albert's sons but he fled to Italy where little is known of his life. He received an imperial ban for his actions.

Elisabeth had a monestary of the Poor Clare Konigsfelden built on the site where her husband was murdered. She would also be buried there when she died 4 years later. Her remains are now at St Paul's abbey in Carinthia.


Her and her husband had 12 children, only one of whom died young.

Rudolph: was Rudolph I of Bohemia. He married twice, first to Blanche of France, a daughter of Philip III but she died likely from miscarriage, and their only children died in infancy. As king of Bohemia he married Elisabeth Richeza but this marriage was childless. He died a year before his father.

Frederick: known as the fair. Married Isabella of Aragon, a daughter of James II. They had two daughters Elizabeth and Anna. Elizabeth died unmarried at 19. Anna married Henry XV of Bavaria and later Count John Henry of Gorizia but both marriages were childless. He succeeded as King of the Romans in 1314 and ruled until 1330.

Leopold: Duke of Austria as joint rulers with Frederick. He married Catherine of Savoy with whom he had two daughters.

Albert: Duke of Austria following the death of Frederick. Married Joanna of Pfirt. Unlike his brothers, among his 6 children he had 4 sons. It was his youngest son Leopold III who eventually carried on the family title/line.

Henry: known as the gentle/friendly. He married Countess Elisabeth of Virnberg. He tried helping Frederick claim the German throne but he was captured in 1322 and spent a few years imprisoned before he was ransomed. In poor health due to his imprisonment he died at 28, childless.

Meinhard: the only child to not make it out of childhood.

Otto: known as the Merry. Succeeded as Duke of Austria in 1330. He was married to Elizabeth of Bavaria who gave him two sons. Sadly both sons died in 1344. His second marriage to Anna of Luxembourg was childless. His sons who died four months apart were both suspected of having been poisoned.

Anna: their first daughter. She was married twice. Her first husband was Herman, Margrave of Brandenberg-Salzwedel. She bore him three daughters and his successor John V. She later married Henry VI The Good, Duke of Wroclaw. She bore her second husband three daughters.

Agnes: Married Andrew III of Hungary. It was a childless marriage. She had a stepdaughter Elizabeth. She was 19 when widowed and could have been remarried but chose to enter a convent and took her stepdaughter with her. Elizabeth is known as the Blessed Elizabeth of Toss.

Elisabeth: married Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine. The couple were married 22 years and had six children, but only 2 reached adulthood. Her eldest was a son Rudolph who succeeded his father.

Catherine: married Charles, Duke of Calabria. Charles was the heir of King Robert of Naples. Sadly after seven years of marriage she died childless. Her husband eventually married Marie of Valois, who bore him 4 children but the only son died in childhood. Robert outlived Charles, and was succeeded by the eldest of Charles' daughter Joanna.

Jutta: was married to Count Ludwig VI of Ottingen. They had no children. Her husband had two children from his first marriage.
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  #104  
Old 10-29-2020, 07:46 AM
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October 29th,1266 -Death of Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia

Margaret was the Leopold VI of Austria and the wife of Henry VII of Germany and later King Ottokar II of Bohemia until he repudiated her and she returned to Austria,Margaret is buried beside her father at Lilienfeld Abbey in Austria.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margar...een_of_Bohemia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lilienfeld_Abbey
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  #105  
Old 10-30-2020, 01:20 AM
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October 30, 1668 birth of Sophia Charlotte of Hannover. She was a sister of George I of Great Britain. And grandmother of Frederick the Great.

Her father was Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hannover. Her mother was Sophia of the Palatinate. Through her mother she was a great-granddaughter of James I of GB. Her parents had seven children who reached adulthood. Sophia was the fourth child and only daughter.

Her father was the youngest son George, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg. With three older brothers, it had been highly unlikely he would succeed his father. He was the Prince-bishop of Osnabruck at the time of his daughter's birth. She was born at his residence of prince-bishop Iburg Castle. He succeeded his youngest older brother John Frederick as Prince of Calenberg and moved the family to Hannover in 1679. Her father would be raised to the title of Elector in 1692.

She was taken to France by her mother in hopes of marrying her to the dauphin. Eventually though her marriage was arranged to Frederick, the son of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenberg. Her husband was a third son, but his oldest brother had died in 1649 and his next brother in 1674.

The couple were married October 8, 1684. The bride was three weeks short of her sixteenth birthday. The groom was 27.

Her husband succeeded his father as elector 1688. Thanks to his support in the Spanish war of Succession her husband was granted the title King of Prussia in 1701. Sophia Charlotte became the first Queen of Prussia.

She was extremely intelligent. She spoke German, French, English and Italian fluently. Like her mother she surrounded herself with philosophers, artists, musicians and other scholars. It is said that when Peter the Great visited the court he was intimidated by the young Prussian Electress and her mother. But he was soon charmed and gifted her great furs and materials.

She commissioned the building of the Hohenzollern main family residence.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlottenburg_Palace


She died at the age of 36 when on a visit home to see her mother in Hannover. She died February 1, 1705. She was buried in Berlin Cathedral.

She gave her husband 2 sons, but only one reached adulthood.

-Frederick August: died at three months old
-Frederick William: succeeded his father as Frederick William I of Prussia. He married Sophie Dorothea of GB (daughter of his Uncle George I). The couple had 14 children, including Frederick the Great.


Her husband lived until 1713 and remarried. 1708 to Sophie Louise of Mecklenberg-Schwerin but had no children with her.

Sophia Charlotte was his second wife. He had been married Elisabeth Henrietta of Hesse-Kassel in 1679 (she died in 1683 from small pox). He had a daughter from his first wife, Princess Luise Dorothea. Luise was married to her maternal cousin Frederick, Hereditary prince of Hesse-Kassel. She died a few months after her stepmother at 25 in childbirth. Her husband would later go on to marry Ulrika Eleanora of Sweden and become King of Sweden.
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  #106  
Old 10-30-2020, 03:33 AM
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On this day, October 30, 1804 - Birth of Karl II, Duke of Brunswick
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  #107  
Old 11-07-2020, 04:41 AM
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On this day, November 7, 1827 - Demise of Queen Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony, wife of King Anton of Saxony
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  #108  
Old 11-21-2020, 04:47 AM
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Nov 21, 1916 death of Franz Joseph I of Austria.

Franz was the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria. His father was the third son of Emperor Francis II. His father's elder brother was Emperor Ferdinand I (his other older brother died at age 8). His mother was Princess Sophie of Bavaria who was a daughter of Maximilian I of Bavaria. He was the eldest of five children, with three younger brothers and a sister. His brother Maximilian was Emperor of Mexico before he was executed.

His Uncle Ferdinand suffered from epilepsy and was considered to be feeble minded. Though married he was not expected to have children so the birth of Franz Joseph was an important event.

In 1848 he became emperor with the abdication of his mentally ill Uncle, and his father who had no ambitions, renouncing his right. He was crowned emperor December 2nd. He would rule for 68 years, one of the longest reigns of a monarch in Europe.

His mother Sophie wished to strengthen the alliance between the Hapsburgs and her own family. She looked to marry her son to the daughter of her sister Princess Ludovika who had married Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria, a member of the House of Wittlesbach. Her choice had been her niece Helene but her son fell in love with Helene's younger sister Elisabeth, Sissi.

He married Sissi April 24, 1854. A portrait of their wedding:

https://history.info/on-this-day/185...empress-sissi/

He and his wife had four children. Unfortunately his only son committed suicide in 1889. His relationship with his new heir, Franz Ferdinand (son of his brother Karl Ludwig) was not a good one. They fought over Franz Ferdinand's intended wife, though he eventually allowed the marriage though it was morgantic. His nephew was assassinated in 1914 (start of WWI).



His wife Sissi was assassinated in 1898.

He died from pneumonia at the age of 86 after developing a cold walking with the King of Bavaria in the gardens. He was succeeded by his Grand nephew Charles with whom he had a better relationship then Franz Ferdinand. Carl was the son of Franz Ferdinand's younger brother Archduke Otto. Carl would rule for 2 years until the collapse of the empire.


He was buried November 30 in the Royal Crypt in Vienna.





He and his wife had four children:

-Archduchess Sophie: died at the age of two.
-Archduchess Gisela: was ill at same time as her eldest sister but she survived. Married Prince Leopold of Bavaria The couple had four children.
-Rudolph: married Princess Stephanie of Belgium (daughter of Leopold II). They had a daughter Elisabeth. He committed suicide with his mistress in 1886 in Mayerling.
-Archduchess Marie Valerie: married Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria-Tuscany. They had 10 children.
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  #109  
Old 11-23-2020, 02:43 AM
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On this day, November 23, 1609 ~ Birth of Sophie Eleonore, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt, wife of Landgrave George II of Hesse-Darmstadt
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  #110  
Old 11-24-2020, 03:41 AM
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November 24, 2001 death of Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, Princess of Hesse and Hannover by marriage. Prince Philip's sister.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince...1914-2001).jpg

Sophie was the fourth of five children, and youngest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece (son of George I of Greece) and Princess Alice of Battenberg. On her mother's side she was the niece of Queen Louise of Sweden, Lord Louis Mountbatten and the Marquis of Milford Haven. On her father's side she was the niece of Constantine I of Greece.

When her family went into exile from Greece, she and her sisters bounced from homes of different relatives while their mother was in a sanitarium. While their father remained in contact he lived apart in Monaco, and her brother ended up with their mother's family in the UK of course.

Though the youngest sister Sophie was the first one to marry. Her first marriage was December 15, 1930 in Kronberg Hesse to Prince Christopher of Hesse. She was 16 and her groom was 29. Her husband was a director in the third reich and a member of the German SS. He was a commander in the airforce and died in October 1943 in an airplane crash in the Appenine mountains of Italy. His body was recovered two days later.

Her and Christopher had five children together:

-Princess Christina Margarethe of Hesse- married to Prince Andrew of Yugoslavia first (youngest son of Alexander I) with whom she had 2 children. She later married Robert van Eyck with whom she had two children before they too were divorced.
-Princess Dorothea: married Prince Friedrich Karl of Windisch-Graetz with whom she had two daughters.
-Prince Karl Adolph: married Countess Yvonne Szapary with whom he has two children.
-Prince Rainier: he doesnt seem to have married
-Princess Clarissa: married Jean-Claude Derrien with whom she had one daughter before they were divorced.

In 1945 she sought to remarry, this time to Prince George William of Hannover. George was the son of Ernst August III and his wife Princess Viktoria of Prussia. George William was the Uncle of Ernst August, the current head of Hannover (his elder brother was Ernst's father) and of Sofia of Spain, Constantine of Greece and Irene of Greece (their mother Frederica was his younger sister). Sophie was a year older then her perspective husband this time. Unfortunately the UK was at war with Germany still when her George's father petitioned the British monarch to permit the marriage. The couple did not recieve George VI's blessing so their future children were not in line to succession.


The couple were still married and she bore her husband three children.

-Prince Welf Ernest: He married Wibeke von Gunsteren and has one daughter.
-Prince George: Married Victoria Anne Bee and has two daughters
-Princess Frederike- married Jerry Cyr in Canada. She is the mother of two.


Being the closest in age to Philip she was close to her brother. She was a regular visit to the UK to visit Philip and his family in later years of life.


She served as godmother to Prince Edward. And she was often a visitor at the Windsor horse show with the family. She accompanied her brother to Israel in 1994 when their mother was named a 'Righteous among the nations' despite having complained when her mother wanted to be burried in Israel, that it was too far for them to travel to visit her.

A pic in Israel of brother and sister
https://www.yadvashem.org/righteous/...-ceremony.html

At Windsor horse show
https://www.gettyimages.ca/detail/ne...royalty.com%2F


She moved to a nursing home in Munich several months before her death due to failing health, dying at the age of 87. She was buried in Schliersee Germany. There was a memorial held for her 2 months later attended by her brother.

Her burial

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/...hoto=206321205

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/...hoto=206321187


She was outlived by her husband and seven of her children (sadly Welf died in 1981). Her husband would die in January 2006. She currently has 5 living children, her eldest two by Christopher have passed away as well.
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