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  #81  
Old 03-25-2020, 10:15 PM
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On this day, March 26, 1826 - Birth of Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, the wife of Grand Duke Peter II of Oldenburg

On this day, April 5, 1674 - Birth of Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen. She was the second wife of Ernest Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
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Old 04-05-2020, 08:30 AM
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On this Day -April 5th,1536 The Royal Entry of Charles V into Rome.

This was the last ever 'last Roman triumph' which was an ancient ceremonial entry originating from the Roman Emperors.The Victorious Charles V who had just captured Tunis entered the city amid great pomp and was greeted by Pope Paul III .

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Old 04-10-2020, 10:09 PM
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On this day, April 11, 1921 - Demise of Empress Augusta Viktoria of Germany
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  #84  
Old 06-19-2020, 01:36 AM
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June 19, 1867 execution of Maximilian I of Mexico.

He was born His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke and Prince Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia July 6, 1832. His father was Archduke Karl Franz of Austria and Sophie of Bavaria. He was born at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. His father was the younger brother of the future Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria though he was born during the reign of his grandfather Frances II. His first name was in honor of his Uncle also stood as his godfather. Maximilian Joseph were in honor of his maternal grandfather Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.

He was the second of his parent's five children. His siblings:
-Franz Joseph: succeeded their uncle as Emperor Franz Joseph I. He was married Duchess Elisabeth of Bavaria (Empress Sisi). They had four children. Unfortunately their son Rudolf committed suicide with his mistress.
-Karl Ludwig: He was married three times and had six children from his last two wives. His son with his second wife Marie Anunciata of Bourbon Two-Sicilies was Franz Ferdinand whose assassinated started WWI.
-Maria Anna: died at age five
-Ludwig Victor: known homosexual, his brother banned him from Vienna. He never married.

Maximilian was highly educated. Though the court was very restricted, he was a naturally curious child and very open. He got into a lot of pranks and trouble. But he was charming and popular and often out shone his older brother. It caused a rift between them as they grew older.


When his brother was made emperor, he was put off by the quelling of any rebellion with brutality and executions. He joined the navy and he threw himself into his work quickly rising through the ranks. The navy had got little attention and funding before him as not seen important in their policy. He raised their public notice and more funds for the navy during his service.

In 1857 his brother decided he needed a new viceroy in Lombardy and appointed him. He first was married to his second cousin Charlotte. Charlotte was the daughter of Leopold I of Belgium and Louise of Orleans. Charlotte was named for her father's first wife Princess Charlotte of Wales.


They served for two years before his brother dismissed him as he was too liberal. The empire lost most of its European territories at the time. The couple made their home in Trieste after retirement where they built a castle and took over a converted monestary of a holiday home. Both homes reflected his love for botany.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miramare_Castle

In 1859 he was approached by Mexican monarchists, members of the nobility, to become their new emperor. It was the invitation of emperor Napoleon III when the French proclaimed a new Mexican empire, which brought him to the throne. He was considered to have the strongest claim and not seen to have a chance at inheriting his brother's throne.

In 1864 he stepped down from the royal navy and set sail for his new home with the blessing of the pope. Queen Victoria had the Gibralter cannons fire to send him off. He arrived May 29 in Veracruz but he was not welcomed warmly. The city was very liberal and not at all pleased to have him placed on the throne. He had the support of Napoleon III and the conservatives but the liberals backed President Juarez who refused to recognize his rule.

He and Charlotte had no children. They adopted two of the grandsons of Agustín de Iturbide who had ruled Mexico as emperor for a short time. He planned though to name one of his nephews as heir to his throne.

At the end of the US civil war, Johnson recognized Juarez as the rightful leader of Mexico and put pressure on the border. Maximilian had encouraged confederates to settle in Mexico as well immigrants from Europe.

In 1866 Napoleon III removed his troops from Mexico. Charlotte returned to Europe to try and gain support from the Pope and others for her husband. Her failure led to an emotional collapse and she never returned to Mexico.

Napoleon tried to convince him to abdicate and leave but he refused. With a few loyal generals left to him he raised an army of 8000 loyalist men. He was captured during the siege of Santiago de Querétaro. He was betrayed by Colonel Lopez who opened the gates to the enemies. He almost escaped with the help of Felix of Salm-Salm, his aide de camp, and his hussars. He was captured and along with his remaining generals, was sentenced to execution. Many heads of state in Europe and writers like Hugo wrote to Juarez pleading for him to spare Maximilian's life. But due to all those who had died during the war, Juarez refused. There was one chance for him to escape but he refused to shave his beard to do so. He was executed by firing squad. The only one to escape the firing squad was Felix who was pardoned thanks to the tireless work of his wife Agnes. Agnes had also worked to try and secure a pardon for the emperor. She was also the one who planned the escape attempt the emperor refused.

The Emperor Maximilian memorial chapel stands where he was executed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empero...emorial_Chapel

Though originally embalmed and on display in Mexico, his family sent for his body. Early the next year Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff arrived and took the body home through Trieste to Vienna. He is buried in the Imperial crypt.


His widow Charlotte (Carlotta) had been at their home in Trieste when he died. Her brother Leopold II and her brother in law the Emperor debated over who should have custody of her. The Emperor insisted she remain in his control. Leopold's wife faked a telegram from Maximilian, to convince Carlotta to return to Brussels with her. She left her home but ended up in Vienna. She had little status there, and she had been of more value to the court in Trieste. Eventually she was allowed to accompany Henriette back home to Brussels where her brother set her up at Bouchout Castle. She died of pneumonia in 1927 and was buried in her own family's crypt at Laeken.

As for their two adopted sons:
-Agustín de Iturbide y Green: was the son of Prince Don Ángel María de Iturbide y Huarte, second son of former emperor Agustin. After Maximilian died he lived with his biological parents in England and then the US. He went to Georgetown. He served in the Mexican army for a time but he served time in prison for speaking out against the government. He would return to the US and was a professor at Georgetown. He was married twice. He was buried next to his grandmother Empress Anna Maria in Philadelphia.

-Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán: cousin of Agustin, his father was the emperor's third son Salvador. Carlotta sent him to France for his education but he moved to Hungary in 1867. He received an imperial pension from his adopted uncle, Emperor Franz Joseph. He married Baroness Gizella Mikos and had a daughter. They settled in Venice where he was a friend to the Carlist pretender Carlos, Duke of Madrid.


The couple had one adopted grandchild, María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide (Salvador's). Her grandson Maximilian is considered the pretender to the Mexican throne.
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  #85  
Old 06-26-2020, 03:39 AM
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June 26, 1914- birth of Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark. Through her two marriages she was a Princess of Hesse and then Hannover.

Sophie's father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, a son of King George I and Grand Duchess Olga. Her mother was Princess Alice of Battenberg. Alice was the daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg and Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. Alice's siblings included Queen Louise of Sweden, Louis Mountbatten, and the Marques of Milford Haven. Sophie was the youngest of four daughters, and had a younger brother.

Her siblings:
-Margarita: married Gottfried, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. They had six children. The current prince Phillipp is her grandson. Died in 1981 at 76.
-Theodora: married Berthold, Margrave of Baden. They had three children. The current Margrave is her son Maximillian. Her daughter Margarita married Prince Tomislav of Yugoslavia. She died in 1969 five weeks before her mother, at the age of 63.
-Cecile: married Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse. Died in a plane crash in 1937 at 26 with her husband, 2 oldest children and was pregnant, as well as Georg's mother. They were on their way to the wedding of his brother Louis. Louis and his new wife adopted Cecile's daughter Joanna who was the only survivor but she died 2 years later of meningitis.
-Philip: the most famous sibling of course. The husband of Queen Elizabeth II, father of four, grandfather of 8, great grandfather of 8. 99 years old

Sophie was the closest to Philip in age, though seven years older then him. Her grandfather died the year before she was born, and her family went into their first exile when she was three, after her Uncle Constantine was deposed. They returned shortly when he was restored, but they left again in 1922 when Philip was a baby, after Constantine abdicated. By the time the family was restored in 1935 she was already married and would not return.

During exile the family traveled through France, Germany and England. Her mother was later committed to an asylum by her mother Victoria, and Sophie's father left the family to settle in Monaco. Sophie and her siblings would grow up between the homes of various relatives.

Sophie was the first sibling to get married though youngest of the girls. Her first husband was Christoph of Hesse. He was her second cousin once removed. They were married in 1930 when she was 16. Christoph was 29. Christoph was a director in the third reich and served in the air force, holding the rank of Oberführer in the Nazi SS. Christoph died October 7 1943 in an airplane crash in the Apennine range of Italy. His body was found 2 days after the crash.

She bore Christoph five children:
-Christina Margarethe: Her first husband was Prince Andrew of Yugoslavia who she had 2 children with. She later remarried artist Robert Floris van Eyck whom she had 2 children. Her son Prince Christopher was a godson of Prince Philip. Christopher was a school teacher in Scotland and was killed riding his bicycle, and fell to Philip to inform Sophie who was a guest of her brother at Windsor at the time.
-Dorothea: married Prince Friedrich Karl of Windisch-Grätz and had children.
-Karl: married Countess Yvonne Szapáry von Muraszombath, Széchysziget und Szapár and had children.
-Rainier: seems to have remained single
-Clarissa: married Jean-Claude Derrien and had children.

April 23, 1946 she remarried. This time her husband was Prince George William of Hanover. George was the second son of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick. He was the Uncle of Ernst August of Hannover (his eldest brother's), and King Constantine II and Queen Sofia of Spain (his younger sister Frederica's). It was George's first marriage. He was 31 and she was 32. Their marriage did not receive royal assent. George's father had sought permission for the couple for their marriage, but because the UK was still at war with Germany at the time, they never received permission. They chose to marry without, removing George and his children from succession.


Sophie and her second husband had three children:

-Prince Welf Ernst: married Wibke van Gunsteren. They had one daughter. He died at age 33 from cerebral hemmorrage after karate class, in 1981.
-Prince Georg: married Victoria Anne Bee. Victoria's stepfather was Prince Buchard of Prussia. Buchard was a cousin of his father (his paternal grandmother Viktoria and Buchard's father Oscar were the children of emperor Wilhelm II). The couple have 2 daughters.
-Princess Friederike: she moved to Canada to attend Simon Fraser University and remains to this day having married Canadian Jerry William Cyr. They have 2 children born in Vancouver.

Sophie was a frequent visitor of her brother in the UK. She was often seen with him and Elizabeth at events like the Windsor horse show. She was godmother to Prince Edward. She died November 24, 2001 in Munich.

When her mother wanted to be buried in Jerusalem Sophie was not a fan. She complained it was too far to travel. Her mother's remains were moved there in 1988 to lay to rest next to her aunt Grand Duchess Elizabeth. Despite her complaints the trip was too far, Sophie accompanied Philip to Jerusalem in 1994. On Halloween they went to Yad Vashem, the holocaust memorial to attend the ceremony honoring their mother as a Righteous among the nations.

Georg died in 2006. She was out lived by him and seven of her eight children as well as Philip. Her eldest child from both marriages have died, her and Georg's son in 1981 and Princess Christina of Hesse in 2011.
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  #86  
Old 07-05-2020, 05:49 AM
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July 5, 1670 birth of Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg.

She was the daughter of Philip William, Elector Palatine and his second wife Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. Her father's first marriage had produced only a son who died at birth. Her parents had seventeen children of which Dorothea was their 14th child.

-Eleanora Magdalena: married Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. 10 children including Joseph I and Charles VI. Grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa and great-grandmother of Marie Antoinette through her son Charles.
-Marie Adelheid- died in infancy
-Sophie Elizabeth-died in infancy
-Johann Wilhelm-Succeeded his father. married Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria and Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici but had no children.
-Wolfgang- was auxiliary bishop of Koln
-Ludwig Anton- Bishop of Worms
-Charles- succeeded his eldest brother as Charles III. He had four children with his first wife Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł, dowager margravine of Brandenburg. He had two daughters with his second wife Princess Teresa Lubomirska. He had a childless morganatic third marriage to Violente Theresia of Thurn and Taxis (emperor Charles VI granted her an honorary title of princess).
-Alexander: bishop of Augsburg
-Francis Louis: archbishop of Wroclaw
-Frederick Wilhelm- was an imperial general. He died unmarried.
-Maria Sophia: married Peter II of Portugal. Bore her husband 7 children. Only her second son who succeeded his father as John V married and had children.
-Maria Anna: married Charles II of Spain. Had no children.
-Philip William: married Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg. Had two daughters.
-Hedwig Elisabeth: married James Louis Sobieski. They had seven children. Her daughter Maria Clementina was a titular queen of England through her marriage to James Frances Stuart 'the old pretender' making Hedwig the grandmother of Bonnie Prince Charlie and his brother.
-Johann: died in infancy
-Leopoldine: died unmarried


September 17 1690 at the age of 20 she was married to Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma. The 24 year old groom was the son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and his second wife Isabella d'Este of Modena. Their wedding was the most splendid wedding held in Parma. Their marriage lasted for only three years and produced two children during that time.

Her husband died in 1693. Her father in law died the following year and was succeeded by Odoardo's younger half brother Francesco Farnese. Francesco was Ranuccio's son from his third marriage to Maria d'Este. December 7 1696 the 26 year old Dorothea was married to the 20 year old Franceso. Francesco arranged the marriage in order to keep her dowry. The marriage was childless.

She was widowed the second time in 1726. Francesco was succeeded by his full brother Antonio. Antonio died childless as well in 1731. Her father in law had 14 children by three wives but most died young or unmarried. Only Odoardo, Francesco, Antonio and one sister Margherita married. Margherita married Francesco II d'Este, Duke of Modena. Odoardo was the only sibling who had children. The throne of Parma therefore passed to his grandson, Charles III of Spain on the death of Antonio.

Dorothea served as regent for her grandson until 1735 when Parma was ceded to Austria in the War of Polish succession.

She died in Parma in 1748, 22 years after her second husband, at the age of 78. She was buried at Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Steccata.


She had two children with her first husband:

-Alessandro Ignazio Farnese: died before his second birthday. He died a month before his father did.

-Elizabeth: was married to Philip V of Spain. Philip had succeeded Charles II (husband of Elizabeth's maternal aunt Maria Anna).The couple had six children including Charles III who succeeded her Uncle Antonio as Duke of Parma for a time, as well as his father as King of Spain. 12 years after Parma was annexed by Austria, it returned to the Farnese family in the form of Elizabeth's son Philip. As the new Duke of Parma he became the head of the new House of Bourbon-Parma.
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  #87  
Old 07-05-2020, 08:21 AM
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July 5, 1670 birth of Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg.

Her parents had seventeen children of which Dorothea was their 14th child.
Dang, that is quite a lot: Seventeen kids!
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  #88  
Old 07-05-2020, 05:42 PM
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Dang, that is quite a lot: Seventeen kids!
Even more impressive is that only 3 died in infancy. I have seen a number of royal marriages with a dozen kids back in those days but with majority of the kids being stillborn or died very young. Only 8 married, but in part due to 4 sons being bishops.
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Old 07-06-2020, 11:31 AM
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Even more impressive is that only 3 died in infancy.
Yep... and the mother survived too! I mean, back then was giving birth surely a life-threatening experience! No antibiotics and all...
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Old 07-11-2020, 02:06 AM
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Not only survived 17 pregnancies but Elisabeth lived to 74, a feet in those days for either men or women. Outlived a number of her adult kids.

July 11, 1866 birth of Princess Irene of Hesse and by the Rhine.

Irene was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Her mother was Princess Alice of Great Britain, the third child and second daughter of Victoria and Albert. Her father was Prince Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine. Her parents had seven children of whom he was third born.

siblings:
-Victoria: Married Prince Louis of Battenberg later Marques of Milford Haven. Had four children. She was the grandmother of Prince Philip through her daughter Alice. Her others were Louis Mountbatten, Queen Louise of Sweden and George who succeeded his father as Marques of Milford Haven. Victoria helped raise Philip after his mother was hospitalized, along with her sons.
-Elisabeth: Married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, an Uncle of Nicholas II. Murdered in a mine during the Russian revolution (her husband had died years before). Is buried in Jerusalem and was canonized as a martyr. Her niece Alice requested to be buried next to her.
-Ernest Louis: her first younger sibling, and only son of her parents to reach adulthood. Succeeded his father as grand duke. He married Victoria Melita (cousin, she was the daughter of Alfred) and had a daughter who died at 8 and a stillborn son. With his second wife Princess Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich he had two sons. His eldest son George Donatus was the husband of Philip's sister Cecilia and died in an airplane crash. His line died out with his son Louis, and the title passed to his distant relative Philip, Landgrave of Hesse. Philip was the grandfather of the current head of the house, Donatus.
-Friedrich: had hemophilia and died when he was three.
-Alix: married Nicholas II of Russia (nephew of her sister Elisabeth's husband). She and her husband and five children were executed during the Russian Revolution.
-Marie Victoria: died at the age of four from diptheria


Irene's name came from the Greek word for peace. She was named because she was born at the end of the Austro-Prussian war. Her full name was Irene Luise Marie Anne. Her middle names may have been a nod to two of her great grandmothers. Her father's maternal grandmother Landgravine Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg. And her mother's paternal grandmother Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Unlike her sister, Irene was no great beauty, her mother wrote to her sister saying that she was not a pretty child. But she had a pleasant disposition. Her mother raised them quite humbly, and employed an English nanny. They ate plain food and they were made to learn how to do household work like cooking and cleaning. Alice believed greatly in helping the poor and often took her daughters on visits to the poor and hospitals from early on.

In 1873 her brother Friedrich died after falling out a window. The family made regular trips to his grave to pray. In 1878 the family fell ill with diptheria including her father. Her sister Marie died from it. Alice grew ill nursing her children and she died in December 1878. Victoria made a vow to watch over her Hessian grandchildren from then on. Irene and her siblings would make regular holidays to England to stay with their grandmother. Victoria also over saw their education and even their clothing when they were home in Hesse. Irene served as a bridesmaid when her Aunt Beatrice was married to Henry of Battenberg.

May 24 1888 she was married at 22 to Prince Henry of Prussia. Henry was the third child and second son of German Emperor Frederick III. He was her first cousin, as his mother was Alice's sister Vicky. They were married at the chapel in Charlottenberg palace in Berlin. Her husband's siblings included Emperor Wilhelm II and Queen Sophia of Greece.The marriage did not please her grandmother as Victoria had not been told of the courtship of the couple until after the engagement was already agreed on.

At the time of the wedding her father in law/Uncle by marriage was dying from throat cancer. He died less then a month after their wedding, and Henry's brother Wilhelm succeeded as Kaiser.

Her Aunt Empress Victoria was extremely fond of her niece. But she was shocked that Irene would never wear a shawl to hide her pregnancy. And appalled that her son and his wife never read the paper, had any interest in politics like she always had.

She bore her husband three sons. Sadly two suffered hemophilia through her, the oldest and youngest.

-Prince Waldemar: He married Princess Calixta of Lippe. His health was never good and the couple never had children. Unfortunately he died because of a lack of blood transfusions. The couple had fled the Russian army and settled in Tutzing Bavaria. When the US troops came in they diverted medical supplies and he wasn't able to get the required blood. He died May 5, 1945 and was buried in Erbach, Hesse. His widow out lived him by 35 years and died in Erbach in 1982.

-Sigismund: the only son not to suffer from hemophilia. He married Charlotte, daughter of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg. They had two children. Their daughter Princess Barbara married Duke Christian Louis of Mecklenburg. His granddaughter Duchess Donata is the senior member of the house of House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Due to Salic law she has no claim to the headship (only has a sister).

-Heinrich: died at the age of four.


She worried about her eldest son's health from an early age. She was devastated when Heinrich died after falling and bumping his head. He died six months before her nephew Alexei was born to her sister Alix. Irene, Alix and their cousins Victoria Eugenie and Alice, Countess of Althone all bore sons with hemophilia.

Raised in a very proper Victorian style, she was easily shocked by what she called immorality. She was not pleased when her sisters Elisabeth and Alix converted to Russian orthodox on their marriages. She remained closed with all of her siblings despite her disagreeing with her sisters converting.

During WWI she and her siblings were on opposite sides of the war. She was devastated to learn later that both Alix and Elisabeth were killed. While her husband's family no longer ruled Germany after the war, her and Henry were able to retain their home at Hemmelmark.

Irene would be introduced to Anna Anderson who she did not believe at all. She was so upset by the woman, that Henry ordered Anna's name was not to be mentioned in their presence.

Her husband who she had a happy marriage with died in April 1929, from throat cancer like his father. When her son Sigismund moved to Costa Rica in the 30s, and later refused to return to Germany after WWII, she named her granddaughter Barbara as her heir.

Irene died November 11, 1953 at her and Henry's home at the age of 87. She had out lived all of her siblings, Victoria who died in 1950 was her last sibling to pass.
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Old 07-18-2020, 05:41 AM
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On this day, July 18, 1712 - Birth of Karl Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
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Old 07-18-2020, 01:14 PM
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On this day in 1960 the civil Wedding of Duke Carl of Württemberg and Princess Diane of France took place at Altshausen Castle.The religious Wedding followed a few days later on 21.07.1960 at the parish Church St. Michael at Althausen.
In 1975 Duke Carl succeeded his father as head of the Royal House of Württemberg.
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Old 07-18-2020, 02:49 PM
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Diamond Wedding Anniversary for the couple
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Old 07-19-2020, 04:13 AM
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Diamond Wedding Anniversary for the couple



Yes the first of the children of the late Count and Countess of Paris wo made it to this milestone. Here is a pic i took of them 10 years ago when they celebrated their Golden Wedding Anniversary


https://www.instagram.com/p/CCyRYHdn_RE/
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Old 07-19-2020, 04:48 AM
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Could have gone British thread as well but decided to go by birth place and her marriage.

July 19, 1822 birth of Princess Augusta of Cambridge.

Augusta was the daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge who was the son of George III. Her mother Princess Augusta was the daughter of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel. Augusta was born in the Palace of Montbrillant in Hannover. Her father had been appointed the viceroy of Hannover for his brother George IV. Her father would serve in the position until 1837 until William IV died and Victoria came to the throne. Hannover was under salic law and when Victoria took the British throne, Augusta's uncle the Duke of Cumberland became king of Hannover and Adolphus returned home.

She was baptized August 16 at the palace. Three of her godparents were present. Her full name is Augusta Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louise and was as common with Hannoverians, her name reflects her godmothers.

-Princess Karoline Polyxene, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (grandmother)
-Princess Luise Henriette of Nassau-Usingen (mother's aunt)
-Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel, Countess von der Decken, (mom's sister)
-Duke of York (paternal uncle)
-all five of her living paternal aunts: Charlotte, Augusta, Elizabeth, Mary and Sophia
-Princess Augusta of Prussia
-The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (mom's sister)
-Princess Charlotte of Denmark-wife of her maternal uncle

She was the middle of three children of her parents.
-George: would succeed his father as Duke of Cambridge. Married against the Royal Marriages act so his wife was never duchess, and though they had three children, they could not succeed his title.
-Mary Adelaide: married Frances, Duke of Teck. Had four children including the future queen consort of the UK, Mary of Teck.

She spent the first 15 years of her life in Hannover until the death of her Uncle William. After that her family moved to the UK. Augusta and her mother were part of the royal party when Victoria was crowned in 1838.

On June 28, 1843 she was married to Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Augusta was about to turn 21.Her husband was about to turn 24. He was the son of Grand Duke Georg of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. They were first cousins. His mother Marie was not only Augusta's godmother, but she was also the elder sister of her mother Augusta. They were also second cousins on her father's side as well (through Queen Charlotte).

September 6 1860 her father in law died and she became Grand Duchess. Though she spent the majority of her adult life in Germany, she was a frequent visitor home to the UK. She would often stay with her mother at Kensington palace. After her mother's death she purchased her own home in London which she spent time at every year until her health made it impossible for her to continue to travel abroad.

Her husband died in 1904. The couple had celebrated their diamond (60th) wedding anniversary the prior year.

She was very close to her niece Mary, but unfortunately due to ill health she was unable to attend the coronation of Mary's husband George V.

During WWI her annuity from the government was suspended. The Swedish ambassador passed messages between Augusta and Mary, Augusta having remained in Germany during the war.

She was quite cantankerous old woman in her later years, though said to be quite shrewd and very intelligent. She was not a fan though of photography so there were not that many photos taken of her.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince..._Cambridge.jpg

She died December 5, 1916 at the age of 94. She died at Neustrelitz castle, which until 1918 was the seat of the family. It was the same place her husband had died over 12 years earlier. She was buried with her husband in Mirow. She was the last link between the British throne and Hannover.

She was the longest lived grandchild of George III. And until Princess Alice, Countess of Althone surpassed her, she was the longest living blood princess. Alice would live to be 97 (almost 98) and surpassed Augusta in 1977 (dying in 1981).

She bore two sons:
-Duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: born and died the same day while his mother was in London.
-Duke Adolphus Frederick: succeeded his father as Grand Duke in 1904. He died before his mother in 1914. Married Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt and had four children. He was succeeded by his eldest son but his son committed suicide in 1918.
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Old 08-03-2020, 12:36 PM
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August 3rd,1491 : Birth of Maria of Jülich-Berg


Future duchess of Cleves,mother of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Anne of Cleves.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_of_J%C3%BClich-Berg

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Old 08-11-2020, 05:33 AM
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On this day, August 11, 1863 - Birth of Ernest Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
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Old 08-14-2020, 03:31 AM
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August 14, 1688 birth of Frederick William I of Prussia.


Frederick was born in Berlin. His father was Frederick I of Prussia. His father was married three times. Frederick was his son by his second wife Sophia Charlotte of Hannover. Sophia who was a granddaughter of Elizabeth Stuart (daughter of James I), was the sister of George I of Great Britain, both children of Sophia of the Palatinate. His father's first wife Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel had born only a daughter before she died. After Frederick's mother died his father married Sophia Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. His only sibling to reach adulthood was his sister by his father's first wife. His mother bore two children but his older brother died in infancy. His stepmother Sophia Louise bore no children to the king who had been later in life.

His sister Louise Dorothea was married to Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Hesse-Kassel. They were first cousins (his father Charles and her mother were siblings). She died five years later in childbirth. Her husband would become Frederick I of Sweden after marrying Ulrika Eleanora of Sweden.

When he was born his father was Margrave and prince elector of Brandenberg and Duke of Prussia. He sought a higher title, and secured the title of King of Prussia for his family in 1701. Frederick would inherit the throne from his father in 1713, a year before his maternal uncle took the British throne. Unlike his father, Frederick was a frugal man. He sold much of his father's possessions off. He did not abuse the treasury as his father had, and lived a very austere life. And unlike his father who was known as the 'Mercenary King' he never went to war. He made sure when he died that he actually left a very healthy treasury unlike most German princes of the time. He was a devote Calvinist.

He was a great king for the Prussians. He helped establish schools and hospitals, promoted farming and over saw the work of his public servants. He proved himself to be a wise and very skilled leader of Prussia.

He did take a small part in Great Northern war to gain some land in Pomerania. He strengthened their military with the help of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau, a close friend, who unlike Frederick was known as a soldier. His introduction of the ramrod, and canton system, left his son Frederick with one of the strongest armies in Europe when he succeeded.

He died in 1740 at 51 years old. He was buried at the Garrison church in Potsdam but in WWII Hitler had his and his son's coffins moved for protection. They were retrieved by American forces after the war. The coffins made a few moves before finally being settled until they were laid to rest in the Kaiser Friedrich mausaoleum in the Church of Peace on the grounds of his son's summer palace Sanssouci in 1991 where it still resides.


He was married to his first cousin Sophia Dorothea of Hannover. His wife was the daughter of his Uncle George I, and sister of George II. Their marriage was not a happy one as she resented he restricted her role at court and his temper. He also had a very volatile relationship with their son Frederick who she was extremely close to. She was also angered he would not allow her to marry their children to her British relatives.


They had 14 children. 10 who made it to adulthood.


-Wilhelmine: their second child and oldest to reach adulthood. She married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and had one daughter.

-Frederick: their fourth born child (3rd son but the other two died in infancy) Succeeded his father as Frederick II, better known as the Great. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern but had no children and was succeeded by his nephew.

-Frederica Louise: married Karl Wilhelm Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Bore two sons, one who reached adulthood.

-Philippine Charlotte: married Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He was the brother of Frederick's wife. Theirs was more successful child wise. She bore her husband 13 children, 9 of whom reached adulthood.

-Sophia Dorothea: married Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt. They had five children.

-Louisa Ulrika: married Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden. She bore four children who reached adulthood including Gustav III and Charles XIII of Sweden.

-Augustus William: he married Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel who was the sister of Frederick and Philippines spouses. They had three children who made it to adulthood. Their eldest son would succeed Frederick the Great as Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia as Augustus died in 1758, 28 years before his elder brother died.

-Anna Amalia: never married. She was the princess-abbess of Quedlinburg

-Henry: married Princess Wilhelmina of Hesse-Kassel. They had no children.

-Augustus Ferdinand: married Princess Anna Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt. Anna was his niece, the daughter of his sister Sophia Dorothea. He was 11 years younger then his sister, and only 8 years older then his niece who was her second child. She bore him 7 children, 4 of whom would reach adulthood.
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Old 08-17-2020, 04:59 AM
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On this day, August 17, 1887 - Birth of Charles (Karl) I, Emperor of Austria. He was the son of Archduke Otto and Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria.
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Old 08-20-2020, 05:14 AM
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On this day, August 20, 1752 ~ Birth of Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, wife of Grand Duke Carl II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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