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  #21  
Old 10-23-2019, 10:05 PM
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On this day, October 24, 1829 - Demise of Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine. She was the spouse of Grand Duke Ludwig I of Hesse and by Rhine.
She was also Prince Philip's 4x great-grandmother.
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  #22  
Old 10-26-2019, 09:03 PM
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On this day, October 27, 1888 - Demise of Helena of Nassau, Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont. She was the spouse of Prince George Viktor of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
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Old 10-27-2019, 01:31 AM
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On this day, October 27, 1888 - Demise of Helena of Nassau, Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont. She was the spouse of Prince George Viktor of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
Helena herself was not historically remarkable but her family certainly was.

Her daughter Emma married William III of the Netherlands, and was mother of Queen Wilhemina. Her daughter Helena married Victoria's son Leopold.

Among her numerous siblings was Queen Sophia of Sweden, wife of Oscar II. Her half brother Adolphe became Grand Duke of Luxembourg after Wilhemina became queen of the Netherlands, which ended the union of the two thrones.
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  #24  
Old 11-12-2019, 09:19 PM
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On this day, October 29, 1873 - Demise of King Johann of Saxony at Pillnitz Castle in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony

On this day, October 30, 1668 - Birth of Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, Queen of Prussia, at Schloss Iburg in Hanover. She was the second wife of King Frederick I of Prussia.

On this day, November 5, 1755 - Birth of Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the second wife of Grand Duke Carl (Charles) II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in Darmstadt

On this day, November 5, 1802 - Demise of Leopold I, Prince of Lippe in Detmold, Principality of Lippe

On this day, November 5, 1864 - Birth of Hilda of Nassau, the wife of Friedrich II, Grand Duke of Baden at Biebrich Palace in Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau

On this day, November 7, 1827 - Demise of Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony, the spouse of King Anton of Saxony, in Leipzig

On this day, November 8, 1715 - Birth of Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia, the wife of King Frederick II of Prussia

On this day, November 9, 1918 - The abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany


On this day, November 13, 1801 - Birth of Elisabeth Ludovika, Queen of Prussia, the wife of King Frederick William IV of Prussia, in Munich
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  #25  
Old 11-12-2019, 09:30 PM
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On this day, November 13, 1801 - Birth of Elisabeth Ludovika, Queen of Prussia, the wife of King Frederick William IV of Prussia, in Munich
And her twin sister Amalie Auguste wife of King John of Saxony.
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  #26  
Old 11-12-2019, 09:55 PM
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Not only German royals by marriage, but by birth as well. They were the daughters of King Maximilian I of Bavaria by his second wife.


The sisters had four full sisters (2 brothers, 1 stillborn, 1 died in infancy) and 3 1/2 sisters and 2 1/2 brothers from their father's first marriage.

The German families sure intermarried, seen with the siblings.

Amelie and another sister Marie Anne were married to brothers. Marie's husband was actually the elder brother, Frederick Augustus of Saxony, she was his second wife. He died in an accident and his brother, Amelie's husband, took the throne.

Then there were Ludovika and Sophie. Sophie married Franz Karl of Austria, and was mother to Emperor Franz Joseph (as well as Emperor Maximilian). Ludovika was married to Duke Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, and was mother to Princess Elisabeth of Bavaria. Elisabeth would of course marry her cousin Franz Joseph, becoming the famous Empress Sisi.

One of their older 1/2 sisters was Princess Augusta who married Napoleon's stepson Eugene, and was mother of Queen Josephine of Sweden.
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  #27  
Old 11-13-2019, 09:54 AM
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Originally Posted by Countessmeout View Post
Not only German royals by marriage, but by birth as well. They were the daughters of King Maximilian I of Bavaria by his second wife.


The sisters had four full sisters (2 brothers, 1 stillborn, 1 died in infancy) and 3 1/2 sisters and 2 1/2 brothers from their father's first marriage.

The German families sure intermarried, seen with the siblings.

Amelie and another sister Marie Anne were married to brothers. Marie's husband was actually the elder brother, Frederick Augustus of Saxony, she was his second wife. He died in an accident and his brother, Amelie's husband, took the throne.

Then there were Ludovika and Sophie. Sophie married Franz Karl of Austria, and was mother to Emperor Franz Joseph (as well as Emperor Maximilian). Ludovika was married to Duke Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, and was mother to Princess Elisabeth of Bavaria. Elisabeth would of course marry her cousin Franz Joseph, becoming the famous Empress Sisi.

One of their older 1/2 sisters was Princess Augusta who married Napoleon's stepson Eugene, and was mother of Queen Josephine of Sweden.
Yes, the sisters were very well-connected.

Another half-sister Caroline Augusta was the fourth wife of Emperor Francis I of Austria.

Their maternal aunt Louise of Baden married Emperor Alexander I of Russia while another maternal aunt Frederica was the wife of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.

Through another maternal aunt they were first cousins of Marie of Hesse (wife of Emperor Alexander II of Russia) and her brother Alexander, who fathered the Battenbergs.

Their maternal great-aunts included Frederica of Hesse-Darmstadt (wife of King Frederick William II of Prussia) and Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (first wife of Grand Duke Paul of Russia, later Emperor Paul I).

And Amalie Auguste was the mother of Kings Albert and George of Saxony and the maternal grandmother of Queen Margherita of Italy.
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  #28  
Old 11-21-2019, 01:29 AM
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Still November 20th here:

1629-birth of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Luneberg. Husband of Sophia of the Palatinate (granddaughter of James I of GB). Their eldest son became George I of GB after the death of Queen Anne.
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  #29  
Old 11-21-2019, 09:24 PM
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On this day, November 16, 1797 ~Demise of Frederick William III, King of Prussia

On this day, November 16, 1831 ~ Demise of Augusta, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She was the spouse of Francis Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

On this day, November 17, 1887 - Birth of Ernest August III of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick

On this day, November 18, 1661 - Birth of Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel, the fist wife of the future King Frederick I of Prussia

On this day, November 18, 1851 - Demise of King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover at Schloss Herrenhausen

On this day, November 19, 1754 - Birth of Karl Wilhelm. Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

On this day, November 21, 1860 - Demise of Georg Wilhelm, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

On this day, November 22, 1728 - Birth of Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden
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  #30  
Old 11-27-2019, 08:50 PM
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On this day, November 23, 1609 - Birth of Sophia Eleonore of Saxony, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt, the wife of Landgrave George II of Hesse-Darmstadt

On this day, November 25, 1868 - Birth of Ernest Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine


On this day, November 26, 1647 - Birth of Maria Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt, the spouse of Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

On this day, November 27, 1676 - Birth of Friedrich Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont in Waldeck

On this day, November 28, 1811 - Birth of King Maximilian II of Bavaria in Munich
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  #31  
Old 11-29-2019, 04:15 AM
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1329- birth of John I, Duke of Bavaria. His father Henry XIV was briefly considered for the German crown when Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor considered resigning. His mother was Margaret of Bohemia. Margaret's siblings included Bonne of France (wife of John II) and Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor

1690- birth of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst. Best known as father of Sophie Auguste aka Catherine the Great of Russia. His son would die childless and Anhalt-Zerbst was divided and ceased to exist.

1253- death of Otto II of Bavaria. He was father of Louis (Ludwig) II known as the Strict of Bavaria. Ludwig beheaded his first wife Marie of Brabant on false charges of adultery, and later founded an abbey in penance.Ludwig's son Louis IV would be Holy Roman emperor. Another grandson of Otto II would be king of Hungary. Bavaria was devided between Ludwig and his brother Henry. Henry married Elizabeth of Hungary who was a daughter of Bela IV of Hungary. Due to his maternal grandfather, Henry's son Otto was offered the vacant Hungarian throne.
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  #32  
Old 11-29-2019, 05:49 PM
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On this day, November 29, 1918 - Birth of Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
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  #33  
Old 11-30-2019, 01:25 AM
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Nov 30 977 Otto II (Holy Roman emperor, King of Germany) lifts the siege on Paris after his rearguard is defeated by the Frankish forces of Lothar III. The two men were brother in laws. Lothar was married to Otto's older half sister Emma (Emma was the daughter of their mother Adelaide's first husband Lothar of Italy, Otto was her son from her 2nd husband Otto I Holy Roman Emperor). The French troops were under the leadership of Hugh Capet who would later become King of the Franks (he was a nephew of Otto's father).

Adelaide actually supported her son in law over her son, and left Otto's court to move to the court of her brother Conrad who was King of Burgundy.

1310-Birth of Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, known as the serious.

912- Death of Otto I of Saxony called the Illustrious. He was the great-grandfather of the above Otto II through his only son Henry the Fowler.
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  #34  
Old 12-01-2019, 08:43 PM
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On this day, December 2, 1767 - Birth of Leopold I, Prince of Lippe in Detmold, County of Lippe-Detmold
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Old 12-01-2019, 11:04 PM
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1848 following the abdication of his Uncle, Emperor Ferdinand, Archduke Franz became Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. He chose to go by his first two Christian names (had gone simply by the nickname Franzi growing up) as a nod to his great-grand uncle Emperor Joseph II who was known as a great reformer. Ferdinand should have been succeeded by his brother, Franz's father Franz Karl. Franz Karl though was unambitious and gave up his claim in favor of his son. Franz Joseph's mother Sophie had always known her son would be emperor, and had trained him from a young age. He grew up idolizing the rule of his grandfather.


1463- death of Albert VI, Archduke of Austria. He was the brother Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. The two brothers feuded over land for decades, with Albert being the stronger military leader of the two. He often kept his brother having to constantly move his court. Albert would die childless though and his lands reverted back to his older brother anyways.
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  #36  
Old 12-02-2019, 08:52 PM
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On this day, December 3, 1764 - Birth of Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. She was the first wife of the future King Frederick I of Wurttemberg.

On this day, December 3, 1838 - Birth of Luise of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Baden, the spouse of Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden
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  #37  
Old 12-04-2019, 05:02 PM
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912- Death of Otto I of Saxony called the Illustrious. He was the great-grandfather of the above Otto II through his only son Henry the Fowler.

Otto was buried at Gandersheim Abbey in Lower Saxony,Germany however his tomb has not been preserved as most of the abbey's statues/monuments and altars were smashed up during an iconoclastic riot in 1543 during the Reformation .
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21st of February 1575,Death of Claude de France,Duchess of Lorraine.
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Old 12-04-2019, 08:56 PM
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On this day, December 5, 1916 - Demise of Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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Old 12-05-2019, 04:15 AM
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1757- Battle of Leuthen. The Prussian army of Frederick the Great won a victory over the Austrian Netherland's army under the command of Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine during the seven years war. Though a victory for Frederick, he suffered major losses including 2 of his main generals.

1969- the death of Princess Alice of Battenberg, mother of Prince Philip. Born in Windsor, she spent her childhood between Hesse (her maternal grandfather was Grand Duke), London and Malta where her father was stationed.
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Old 12-05-2019, 08:50 PM
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On this day, December 6, 1820 - Birth of Alexandrine of Baden, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was the spouse of Duke Ernest II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
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