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  #181  
Old 05-26-2020, 08:50 AM
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May 26th,1250 : Death of Pierre Ier,Duke of Brittany .

Pierre de Dreux was the husband of Alix ,Duchess of Brittany he died in 1250 and was buried at Braisne Abbey in Aisne which is the burial site of the Counts of Dreux.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_I,_Duke_of_Brittany

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  #182  
Old 05-27-2020, 01:12 AM
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May 27, 1707 the death of one of the most well known royal mistresses Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan. Better known as Madam de Montespan. She was the senior royal mistress of Louis XIV.

Francoise came from two of the oldest French noble families. Her father was Gabriel de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Duke of Mortemart,Prince of Tonnay-Charente, a close friend of Louis XIII. And her mother was Diane de Grandseigne, lady in waiting to Anne of Austria. She was one of five kids.

her siblings:
-Louis Victor: followed their father as Duke of Mortemart. He served as general of the galleys, Viceroy of Sicily and First gentleman of the king's chamber. He had six children.
-Gabrielle: married Claude Leonor Damas de Thianges, Marquis of Thianges with whom she had four children. Her daughter Dianne married a nephew of Cardinal Mazarin, and was the grandmother of French diplomat Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini. She is an ancestress to the Monaco royal family.
-Marie Christine: nothing known of her
-Marie-Madeleine Gabrielle: was a nun. Considered the queen of abbesses, she was appointed the Superior general of Fontevraud Abbey.

She was said to have inherited her family's wit. She was educated at the convent of St Mary's at Saintes like her elder sister before her. She was said to be quite religious and took communion every day. At the age of 20 she would join the court, as a lady in waiting to Princess Henrietta Anne. Henrietta was married to the king's brother Philippe, Duke of Orleans.

In 1663 she was married to Louis Henri de Pardaillan de Gondrin, marquis de Montespan. She was 23 and her husband was 22. Prior she had been in love with Louis de La Trémoille, who was the elder son and heir to the Duc de Noirmoutier but Louis had been forced to flee to Spain. They lived in a small house near the Louvre which allowed her to continue her role as a lady in waiting to the Duchess. She was not only famed at court for her beauty but for being cultured, a witty conversationalist and politically smart. It made her a sought after mistress by more then the king.

she bore her husband two children:
-Marie Christine de Pardaillan de Gondrin: she died at age 12. She had accompanied her father when he was exiled from court after protesting his wife's affair. She died at one of his castles in Gascony.
-Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin: succeeded his father's titles as well as eventually Duke of Antin. He married Julie Françoise de Crussol, daughter of the Duke of Uzes. They had two sons. His Paris home became the home of the Duke of Richelieu

Francoise resented openly the position of the Spanish born queen Maria Theresa. By 1666 she was vying to replace Louis' current mistress Louise de La Valliere. Louise had born the king four children, a 5th born in 1667. The queen by 1666 had born her husband 3 children, only one of whom the Grand Dauphin was alive (other two died within 2 months of life). Of the 6 children the queen bore, only 3 made it to their first birthday, and only the Grand Dauphin made it to adulthood (La Petite madame made it to 5 and Philippe Charles died short of his third birthday).

Louise laughed at her when she knew what Francoise was doing but she under estimated her. Francoise was popular including being very close to the Dauphin. She managed to become friendly with Louise and the queen, and when both women were pregnant, was asked to entertain the king at private dinners. She is said to have finally seduced the king by dropping her towel. The queen and Louise both regretted their decision, when she cultivated a true relationship with the king. Louise fell to second place, the king giving the women connecting rooms to hide his new mistress. Louise eventually retired to a convent.

One of her friends at court was Anne Louise, Duchess of Noailles. She was a lady in waiting to the queen. Lady Boyer's granddaughter would eventually marry a son of Francoise.

She was brought down by the affair of the poisons. Between 1677-1682 36 members of the court were executed on charges of poisoning and witchcraft. Suspicion of her involvement led the king's eye to wander to Marie Angélique de Scorailles (a lady in waiting to Elizabeth Charlotte). Francoise found herself relegated to superintendant of the queen's household at the time. Marie Angelique died, suspicion she was poisoned, before she could become the king's mistress. She was accused of being involved in some poisonings including an attempt perhaps on the king, but she was never found guilty of any actual crimes.

In 1691 she retired to the convent Notre-Dame-des-Champs, Paris. At the time her father became governor of Paris and her brother marshal of France in thanks from the king. Francoise was a very wealthy woman and was a benefactor of many hospitals as well as to the arts during her retirement. She spent her last years in severe penetance and died while taking water at Bourbon-l'Archambault trying to cure her illness. Her death was felt hard by her younger children though the king refused to allow them to wear mourning.

She bore the king seven children:

-Louise Francoise- died at age 2
-Louis Auguste- was legitimized by his father and made Duke of Maine. He was the founder of the House of Bourbon-Maine. His wife Louise Benedicte was a daughter of the Duke of Enghien. They had 7 children. He was said to be his father's favorite child.
-Louis Cesar- Count of Vexin. He had a crooked spine and a limp. He was made abbot of St Denis even though he died when he was 10. Since he was so young, he had remained at court even with the appointment.
-Louise Francoise (the 2nd)- was married to Louis III, Prince of Condé. The couple had 9 children. Her husband was Duke of Bourbon when they wed.
-Louise Marie Anne- died at the age of 6.
-Francoise Marie- married her paternal 1st cousin Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. They had 8 children.
-Louis Alexandre- Count of Toulouse. He married Marie Victoire de Noailles. Marie was a granddaughter of Francoise' friend Lady Boyer (Marie was the daughter of her eldest son, the 2nd Duke of Noailles).They had one son.
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  #183  
Old 05-27-2020, 05:10 AM
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Madame de Montespan was buried beside her mother at the chapelle du couvent des Cordeliers de Poitiers.Nothing remains of the convent it was ransacked during the Revolution and torn down,the burials were desecrated .
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  #184  
Old 05-29-2020, 08:33 AM
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On this day,May 29th 1627 : Birth of Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier.

Daughter of Gaston de France,Duc d'Orléans and Marie de Bourbon,the Princess was born at at the Palais du Louvre in Paris.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_M...of_Montpensier

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louvre_Palace

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  #185  
Old 06-01-2020, 03:21 AM
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June 1, 1146- death of Ermengarde of Anjou.

Her father was Fulk IV, Count of Anjou. Her mother was his first wife Hildegarde of Beaugency. She was the only child from their marriage. She was named after her paternal grandmother, Ermengarde-Blanche of Anjou. Ermengarde-Blanche was the daughter of Fulk III of Anjou (who her son was named for) and sister of Geoffrey II. When her brother died, the throne passed to her elder son who became Geoffrey III, but was eventually seized by Fulk. Ermengarde-Blanche had later married the Duke of Burgundy.

Fulk IV would marry four more times after his first wife died. He would have sons from his second and fifth wives.
-Geoffrey Martel: son of Fulk and Ermengarde de Bourbon (2nd wife). He succeeded his father but died while being besieged by one of his barons.
-Fulk: became Fulk V and King of Jerusalem. son of Fulk and his last wife Bertrade de Montfort. Bertrade left her husband and married Philip I of France (despite both their spouses still being alive). By his first wife Ermengarde of Maine he had four children. And two sons by his second wife. He was the grandfather of Henry II of England (his eldest son Geoffrey of Anjou was Henry's father) and of Baldwin IV, Sibylla and Isabella I of Jerusalem (their father Aemeric I was his younger son by his second wife).

She was well educated and grew up quite pious. She had a mind for religious reform, and great concern for the secular appropriation of church property.


Her first marriage was made in 1089 to William IX of Aquitaine. William was her half-cousin, the shared a grandmother. Her father Fulk and his mother Hildegarde were both children of Ermengarde-Blanch. Hildegarde was the only child of Ermengarde-Blanche's second marriage to the Duke of Burgundy. He was 18 and she was 21. He was a philanderer. She suffered major mood swings and would disappear off to a cloister for long periods after an argument and would return like nothing had happened. Between this and her failure to give him a child, he sent her back to her father in 1091 and had the marriage annulled. He would marry Philippa, Countess of Toulouse in 1094 who gave him three children.

In 1093 her father married her off a second time. It was likely to cement an alliance with Normandy which was under the control of the son of William the conqueror Robert Curthose. This time her spouse was Alan IV, Duke of Brittany. His first wife Constance had been the daughter of William the Conqueror. It is believed Alan had her poisoned by his servants.

In 1096 her husband took off to participate in the crusades and left her as regent until 1101. She preferred to spend her time in Nantes. She is known for her expansion of Royal Abbey of Our Lady of Fontevraud where she retreated at times. Its the abbey Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry II and Richard the Lionheart would be buried (Henry II being her great-nephew through her youngest half brother).


Her husband was an unpopular ruler and was forced in 1112 to abdicate in favor of their son. Ermengarde and her husband were separated.


She retreated to the abbey where oddly she befriended her replacement in Aquitaine, Philippa. After finding William moved his mistress Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard into her home, Philippa had retreated to the abbey. Philippa's son William X would actually marry Dangereuse's daughter from her first marriage. Following the death pf Philippa, Ermengarde actually returned to Aquitaine and demanded that she be recognized as Duchess again. She even appealed to the Pope to step in but he declined. She would cause problems for her former husband for some years to come after.

There is some question of where she died. Some say she died in Jerusalem at the convent of St Anne. But records of the Redon abbey say she died there. Its possible she died in Jerusalem and her body was sent back to the abbey for burial. Its where her husband Alan was buried.


Her and Alan were the parents of three children:

-Geoffrey: died young
-Conan: succeeded his father as Conan III, Duke of Brittany. Conan allied himself with Stephen in his war with Empress Mathilda. It put him against his family, since Matilda was married to his cousin Geoffrey. Conan was married to Maud Fitzroy, a natural daughter of Henry I of England. They had three children. He disinherited his son Hoel and was succeeded instead by his daughter Bertha.
-Hawise: married Baldwin VII of Flanders when she was nine. The marriage only lasted 5 years so likely never consummated.
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  #186  
Old 06-09-2020, 04:47 AM
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On this day,June 9th,1572 : Death of Jeanne III Queen of Navarre ,Dowager Duchess of Vendôme

Jeanne d'Albret was the daughter of Henri II of Navarre and Margaret d'Angoulême,she married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme in 1548 ,succeeded her father in 1555 and was the mother of Henri IV of France.Jeanne died in Paris and was buried at the now destroyed collégiale Saint-Georges which was the burial site of the house of Vendôme.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeanne_d%27Albret

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  #187  
Old 06-24-2020, 04:09 PM
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On this day, 23 June 1703 : Birth of Princess Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska future queen consort of France and wife of Louis XV.

Maria was born in Trzebnica, Silesia in modern day Poland,the second daughter of king Stanislaus I of Poland and queen Catherine Opalińska.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Leszczy%C5%84ska

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