I made a post on this at the thread Royalty of the Indian sub-continent
but created another thread here for two reasons. Technically the Chittagong Hill Tracts are geographically and culturally Southeast Asia, not the Indian sub-continent. The other reason is that these three monarchies are still reigning at the sub-national level so they shouldn't be considered non-reigning.
From now on I will discuss these three monarchies here not on the Royalty of the Indian sub-continent thread.
This thread is for the discussion of the history, present and future of the royal houses of the Chakma and Marma (Rakhine) peoples.
The Chakma Queen (Rani) is Yan Yan. Some more links on the Chakma royal family.
Originally Posted by Emir
The Chittagong Hill Tracts are home to a group of indigenous ethnicities, collectively known as the Jumma. The major ethnicities are the Chakma and Marma who are Buddhist. There are other ethnicities like the Tripuri, Bawm, Lushai, Mru, Chak, Pankho, Tanchangya and Khumi. Some are Hindu with smaller Catholic and Protestant minorities among the smaller ethnicities.
There are three monarchies among the Jumma. They are the Chakma Circle, Bohmong Circle and Mong Circle, each of them led by a hereditary Raja (King).
These three monarchies were recognized by British India as among the princely states and were promised independence by the British before partition of India. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were 97% Jumma Buddhist in 1947 upon parition. Instead, when India was partitioned, the British assigned the Chittagong Hill Tracts to East Pakistan. Pakistan was a state that was specifically supposed to be created for Muslim majority regions only and the Chittagong Hill Tracts was wrongly assigned to East Pakistan for entirely facetious reasons.
Under Pakistani rule, some settlement happened and the Jummas were down to 90% of the Chittagong Hill Tracts by 1971 when East Pakistan became independent as Bangladesh.
The construction of Kaptai Dam from 1957-1962 resulted in the Chakma King's palace being flooded and Chakma refugees forced to flee to India as their land was submerged.
After independence of Bangladesh the new Bangladeshi government refused to recognize the Jummas rights and instead insisted the Awami League (considered the "liberal" and "moderate" party) they assimilate into Bangladeshi identity. In 1977, under the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Bangladesh started mass colonization of the Chittagong Hill Tracts with hundreds of thousands of Bengali Muslim settlers from the lowlands and a genocidal campaign of massacres and rape against Jummas along with destruction of Buddhist temples, Hindu temples and Christian Churches in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Now Jummas have been reduced to 35% of the population of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Bengali Muslims are 65% of the Chittagong Hill Tract's population. Jumma Buddhists make up 34% of the population while Jumma Hindus, Catholics and Protestants make up 1% of the population.
A war raged between 1977-1997 between the Jumma Shanti Bahini (Peace Force) and the Bangladeshi army and settlers with major massacres and rapes committed by the Bangladeshi army and settlers against the Jummas.
Awami League returned to power in 1996 and negotiated the Chittagong Hill Tracts accord in 1997 to end the war. But the Bangladeshi army under the "liberal" Awami League has just continued the killings and rapes like the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jamiat e Islamist (Islamist party) supported. All three parties, the liberal Awami League, right wing Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jamiat e Islami supported the murders and rapes against Jummas. The Awami League government has not fulfilled the Chittagong Hill Tracts accord with massive communal attacks, murders and rapes against Jummas by the army and settlers continuing to this day.
The Chakma Queen herself was violently assaulted and injured severely by Bangladeshi army personnel after protests over rapes of Jumma women by Bengali settlers.
There are graphic photos here of Bangladeshi army crimes including the murder and rape of children.
This is a facebook page of the Chakma royal family.
This is the account of the Chakma Crown Prince Aryadev Roy Chakma
Please help raise awareness of the genocide Bangladesh is committing against the Jumma.
This is a list of links and sources and a summary you people can use.
In the Chittagong Hill Tracts the British had listened to the locals before 1947 and banned Bengali migration. But in Assam state, the British did not listen to the locals and imported Bengali Muslims and Bengali Hindus who now have colonized large parts of Assam. The Assamese Hindus and Assamese Muslims now want to evict the Bengali Hindus and Bengali Muslims but the Bengali Muslims are spreading false propaganda about the situation claiming that all Muslims are being rounded up and stripped of citizenship for being Muslims. Please correct the misinformation if you ever hear about it. Tripura state was overrun by Bengali Hindus fleeing East Pakistan in 1947 so the native Tripuri Hindus are now a minority. Another unfortunate situation due to partition.
Crown Prince Aryadev Roy Chakma made his social media public here.
Crown Prince Aryadev Roy Chakma's Facebook page.
Crown Prince Aryadev Roy Chakma's Quora account.
A paper written by Crown Prince Aryadev Roy Chakma.
Pictures of the Chakma King, royal palace and royal temple.
These are links on the Tripuri Manikya royal family.