September 24 1459- death of Eric of Pomerania.
Born in Rügenwalde in 1382 (modern day Poland), his birth name was Bogislaw. He was the son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania. He was named after his paternal grandfather Bogislaw V. His mother was Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He had a sister named Catherine who would marry John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt with whom she had only one child who survived infancy.
In 1375, seven years before his birth, Valdemar IV of Denmark died. Having no living sons, his 5 years old grandson Olaf was named Olaf II. Olaf was the son of his youngest child Margaret. When Olaf died at 17, his mother who had served as his regent and was an able stateswoman, became Margaret I. Margaret was without an heir, Olaf her only child and her husband had died in 1380.
Margaret sought to assure a stable succession in Denmark. Of her five older siblings, three died young and the eldest died at 22 unmarried. Her last sibling Ingeborg had died in 1370. Ingeborg though had been married to Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg and had four children. Her son Albert died in 1388 and Ingeborg was a nun. But her daughter Maria had married the ruler of Pomerania, and was the mother of Bogislaw and Catherine. As her closest male relative, the grandson of her elder sister, he was her logical choice.
He was brought to Denmark to be raised at the court of Margaret. It was after his move he adopted the Scandinavian name Eric. Eric inherited his father's titles in Pomerania on the death of his father in 1395.
On June 1397 he was crowned king of all three Nordic countries and the Kalmar Union was born. Margaret though remained de facto ruler until her death in 1412.
Negotiations started for marriages for him and his sister, Margaret promising Catherine a dowry. She entered talks with Henry IV of England for a double wedding. Eric was to marry the king's daughter Philippa, and his sister was intended to marry the future Henry V. Catherine's betrothal never happened, but Eric's marriage negotiations succeeded. In October 1406 24 year old Eric was married to 12 year old Philippa in Lund. The couple were married for 24 years but they had no living children. Philippa acted as regent to her husband at times and died when she had traveled to Sweden on his behalf.
He caused a scandal when he entered a relationship (and possibly married) one of her former ladies in waiting Cecilia.
He cemented Copenhagen as the capital of Denmark. He was considered charming and quite intelligent. His introducing dues to ships wanting to pass through the sound caused him to come into conflict with the Hanseatic league. He eventually was forced to sign a treaty agreeing that their ships would not have to pay such dues.
Unfortunately he was quickly losing support of the Danish nobles and others. They refused to ratify his choice of heir. He had tried to name his first cousin Bogislaw as his heir. They were both grandsons of Bogislaw V of Pomerania. Bogislaw's lands were divided between the three sons of his second marriage, or in the case of the third born Barnim who died in 1402, his sons.
In anger Eric left and headed to Visborg castle in Jutland on a kind of strike. Instead he found himself deposed as king in September 1439 in Sweden and Denmark. Norway originally remained loyal to him, but in 1440 they felt pressure and deposed him as well.
The choice to replace him was Christopher of Bavaria. Christopher was his nearest male relative, the son of his sister Catherine.
Eric lived with his mistress in Gotland for ten years. When his cousin Bogislaw IX died, Eric inherited control of his Pomeranian lands. He ruled as Eric I 1449 until his death. He died at Darłowo Castle at the age of 77 and was buried at the church of St Mary.
He outlived his nephew. Christopher died in 1448. Christopher was succeeded by Christian of Oldenburg (former rival of Eric's) as Christian I. Christian married Christopher's widow Dorothea, and unlike Margaret, Eric and Christopher he had three children, 2 sons who both succeeded him.