Yes, that's a pretty red nose!
She'd better look out, when you are past 70, a severe cold or ear infection isn't something to take lightly.
Originally Posted by HereditaryPrincess
That's a lovely photo. Wasn't Iceland owned by Denmark for a bit during the 20th century? I wonder if the two countries still share close relations with one another.
I'm off to visit Iceland in a few weeks and am looking forward to it! Hoping to see the Northern Lights.
Well, Iceland was initially independent and settled by outlaws and people who did not wish to conform to the growing powers of kings in the northern countries, so what we today would call political refugees were also among the settlers.
Despite the, to put it mildly, very different kinds of people settling in Iceland in the 8-900's they did in fact develop the first true democracy in Europe north of the Alps.
But by the 1100's that had ended, because by then Iceland came under the Norwegian throne.
In the 1300's the Scandinavian Kalmar Union under Queen Margrethe I was formed, and when that broke apart, Norway ended up under the Danish throne. Norway and Denmark was officially and dual monarchy, but in reality Norway was a province in the Danish realm, and so was Iceland. Now detached from Norway administratively speaking.
In 1814 Denmark for various reasons ended up being one of the last allies of Napoleon. Our arch-enemy Sweden backed the winning side and wanted their spoils - Norway!
The Norwegians weren't at all keen on changing allegiance from Denmark to Sweden. they wanted independence and tried to fight back, they were overwhelmed.
However, Sweden did not get Iceland!
Some powers (Britain in particular) were not all displeased with seeing Denmark and Norway being separated, but there was no reason to make Sweden too powerful, so Iceland remained with Denmark.
There was some independence movement in Iceland by the beginning of the 1900's. And IRRC Iceland had de facto autonomy.
Then Denmark was invaded in 1940.
The Allies, meaning Britain did not want Iceland to be occupied by Germany! So Britain occupied Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Later on the Americans took over in Iceland.
Not knowing when the war would end, or even who would win, the Icelandic independence movement grew stronger and by 1944, no doubt "not discouraged" by USA, Iceland declared itself independent and a republic.
That led Christian X to feel somewhat bitter. He felt that by 1944 it was clear who would win and couldn't the Icelanders wait until the war was over and then seek independence so that the two countries would separate more amiably?
But the political realities were of course to be considered. After all there was no agreement on which side of the Iron Curtain Denmark would end up in. It was literally first come. Fortunately for Denmark the German forces in DK surrendered to Field Marshall Montgomery. But had the Soviets been more successful, they might have "liberated" Denmark...
That meant that Iceland would for all practical purposes have ended up as a US protectorate, along with the Faeroe Islands and Greenland. The island was and is too important strategically. - In fact it may only be a matter of time before the NATO Base is Iceland is reopened.
The political realities were as they were after WWII, so DK and Iceland established very friendly relations. Icelanders wishing a higher education went to Denmark at studied at universities here. And for decades after WWII Danish as such remained the second language taught in Iceland.
Today Iceland is a wealthy country with a very well-educated population and they have become much more international in regards to where they get the education they can't get in Iceland.
Today Iceland is one of the three countries closest to DK, and as such also one of the three countries that a new regent couple visit first officially. So when M&F take over, one of the first state visits will go to Iceland.
There are still very strong bonds between Iceland and Denmark and Norway. During the Cod-War between Britain and Iceland in the 1970, there were actually serious calls in Norway and Denmark to send our navies to assist the Icelandic coast guard.