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  #61  
Old 05-26-2020, 09:25 AM
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Just like today, May 26th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1135: in Leon Alfonso VII is crowned emperor.
1707: In the War of the Spanish Succession, the troops of King Felipe V recover Zaragoza.

Just like today, May 28th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1588: The Spanish Navy, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, depart Lisbon in the direction of the English Channel.

1785: Charles III approves the new models of Spanish national and civil flag, which would eventually lay the groundwork for the modern flag of Spain.
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  #62  
Old 05-29-2020, 09:10 AM
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May 29th ,1311 : Death of James II of Majorca


King James II had reigned as King since 1295 he was also Count of Roussillon ,Cerdanya and Lord of Montpellier.The king is buried at Palma de Mallorca Cathedral and was succeeded by his son Sancho I of Mallorca.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_II_of_Majorca

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  #63  
Old 05-30-2020, 12:48 AM
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May 30 1845- the birth of Amadeo I of Spain.

He was born Prince Amadeo of Savoy in Turin. He was the son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and his wife Adelaide. His mother was born Archduchess Adelaide of Austria, a daughter of Archduke Rainier of Austria. Her father was a son of Leopold II, Holy Roman emperor. His parents had 8 children together. He was their third child and second son. His father later had 2 children from a morganatic marriage.

His full siblings:
-Marie Clotilde- married Prince Napoleon Bonaparte, a son of Joseph Bonapart. Was the mother of three children.
-Umberto- became Umberto I of Italy. His wife Margherita was a daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa. Parents of Victor Emmanuel III.
-Prince Oddone, Duke of Montferrat: died at the age of 19. He suffered major health issues during his short life.
-Maria Pia: married Luis I of Portugal. Had two sons.
-Carlo Alberto: died as a child
-Vittorio Emmanuel: died the day he was born
-a second Vittorio Emmanuel: died at nearly four months old

He was titled Duke of Aosta from birth. He fought during the third world of Italian Independence and made the rank of major general. After his marriage he was also made a vice-admiral in the royal navy. He gave up the position when he came to the Spanish throne.

After Isabella II was deposed from the throne, Spain decided to install a new monarchy. Amadeo who was a descendent of Philip II through his daughter Infanta Catalina, was chosen to head the new dynasty. On November 16, 1870 he was elected king, and swore his oath January 2. Unfortunately the general who had been his biggest supporter at the time was assassinated which would lead to a rough reign for him.

Uprisings began in major cities, and in the Catalan and Basque regions. The artillery corps went on strike. the king was advised of the danger to his life but he ignored and an attempt was made on his life. His carriage that he and his wife were riding in was attacked and shot up. The horses and carriage were hit but none of the passengers were harmed.

Feb 11, 1873 Amadeo abdicated the throne and Spain became a republic. He made an appearance in the courts declaring Spain ungovernable. He reign lasted just over 2 years. The republic would end in 1874 with the ascension of Alfonso XII, the son of Isabella II.

Disgusted with Spain he returned home to Italy and resumed his role as Duke of Aosta. He spent the remainder of his life in Turin. He died January 18, 1890. Puccini's famous elegy Crisantemi was composed in his honor as they were friends.

Amadeo was married twice.


His first wife and short lived queen consort was Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo. She was the daughter of Carlo Emmanuele dal Pozzo, 5th Prince of Cisterna. His father originally opposed the match wishing a German marriage instead. For all of her father's princely title the family wasn't royal, simply Piedmont nobility. But Maria Vittoria was the sole heir to her father's extensive fortune and the king was convinced to allow them to marry. They married May 30 1867. The wedding was marred by the death of the station master who fell under their honeymoon train. She would die in 1876.

She gave her husband three children:
-Emanuele Filiberto- succeeded his father as 2nd Duke of Aosta. Married to Princess Helene of Orleans. They had 2 sons.
-Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin: he died unmarried
-Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi: never married. Had a relationship with a Somali woman named Faduma Ali.


After the death of his first wife Amadeo married his niece Maria Letizia Bonaparte. She was the daughter of his eldest sister Maria Clotilde and her husband Napoloeon Joseph Bonaparte. She bore him one son.

-Prince Umberto, Count of Salemi: he died of the Spanish flu during WWI.

Technically could have been in the Italian thread as well, but since Amadeo served for a time as King of Spain I put him here.
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Old 05-30-2020, 11:34 AM
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Such Day As Today, May 30, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1516: Charles I is appointed heir to the throne after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand the Catholic.
1252: Ferdinand III the Holy One dies, Castilian King.
1845: Amadeo de Savoy, King of Spain from 1870 to 1873, was born.
1919: King Alfonso XIII consecrates the Kingdom of Spain to the Sacred Heart of Jesus on the Cerro de los Angeles.

Just like today, June 1st, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1252: Alfonso X the Wise, is proclaimed king of Castile and León.
1869: The Constituent Courts proclaim the new Constitution.
1905: In Paris, King Alfonso XIII emerges unscathed from an attack.
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Old 06-02-2020, 03:29 AM
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June 2, 1418 death of Catherine of Lancaster, Queen of Castile (yes could have been British thread to but decided to go by her marriage and kids).

Catherine was the daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his second wife Constance of Castile. Her paternal grandparents were Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. And her maternal grandparents were Peter I of Castile and his first wife María de Padilla. Peter had been assassinated by his half-brother who had seized the throne of Castile.

Catherine was one of 2 children from her father's marriage. She had 10 half-siblings (4 of whom were born during her parents' marriage).

Her siblings:
-Philippa: married John of Portugal. Had eight children. Including the famous 'Henry the Navigator' (1st wife)
-John: died at 3
-Elizabeth: married 3 times including John Holland, Duke of Exeter. She had 8 children from her last 2 marriages (first was annulled)
-Edward: died the year he was born
-Henry: became Henry IV. Married Mary de Bohun and Joanna of Navarre. Had six kids with his first wife including Henry V.
-Isabel: last child of the 1st wife. died in first year of life.
-John: Catherine's only full sibling. died as an infant
-John: Earl of Sommerset (1st child by third wife Katherine Swynford). Married Margaret Holland. Father of 6, great-grandfather of Henry VII.
-Henry: bishop of Winchester
-Thomas: Duke of Exeter, married Margaret Neville. no children
-Joan: married twice. 2 children by Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem. And 14 by Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland. Her daughter Cecily by her second husband was mother of Edward IV and Richard III.


Catherine was born March 31, 1373 in Hertford castle which was her father's primary residence.

In 1385 John of Portugal defeated the Catilian army and cemented Portugal's independence. At the time John encouraged Catherine's father to come and assert his wife's claim to Castile. The current king of Castile John I was Constance's half-cousin. He was the son of Henry II, Constance's Uncle who had assassinated her father and took his throne. Constance's only brother had died, and she was the eldest living sister (her younger sister Isabella was married to the duke of York, her older sister had been a nun and had died by this time). Catherine accompanied her parents to Portugal. They cemented the alliance with Portugal against Castile with the marriage of her half sister Philippa to John of Portugal.

After an unsuccessful attempt to take Leon, her father came to an agreement with John of Castile. In return for Constance giving up her claim to the Castile throne, her daughter Catherine would marry his son Henry. The marriage added legitimacy to John's line as well as ending the Spanish side of the hundred years war. Henry was his father's heir.

September 17, 1388 Catherine was married to the nine year old Henry. She was 15. They were married at Palencia cathedral. In 1390 her husband became Henry III when his father died, but he was not declared of age to rule until 1393. Catherine's only contribution to his reign was giving him three children. She was a great supporter though of the Dominican order and she was a staunch supporter of the anti Pope.

Her husband died in 1406. She was named by her husband as co-regent to her son John II until he came of age. She shared the duty with her brother in law Ferdinand I of Aragon. Catherine was to have relinquished custody of her son to two nobles though. She prepared to defend herself in her castle Alcázar of Segovia, as she refused to give up her infant son. Ferdinand though stepped in and worked it out to allow her to retain custody.

Catherine was given control of Castile and Leon. She was a strong leader who while their French alliances weakened, strengthened their bonds with Portugal and England. She worked closely with her brother Henry IV to strengthen trade between their two kingdoms.

Unfortunately when Ferdinand died in 1416 she lost most of her power. She had been backed by his rivals and they no longer supported her. She died 2 years later leaving her 13 year old son to the hands of courtiers.

She is buried with her husband at the Cathedral of Toledo.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cather..._Lancáster.JPG

Catherine of Aragon, her great-granddaughter, was named for her.

Catherine bore her husband three children. She and her brother in law/co-regent Ferdinand arranged to marry all 3 of her children one of his children.

-Maria: married Ferdinand's eldest son Alfonso V of Aragon. Their marriage was childless, and he was succeeded by his brother John II.

-Catherine: married Ferdinand's fourth child and 3rd son Henry, Duke of Villena. She died after suffering a miscarriage with their first child. The Duke of Villena title had been given to Henry by Catherine's brother John. John reclaimed the title after his sister died.

-John: became John II as an infant. He married Ferdinand's oldest daughter Maria. They had four children but only their son the future Henry IV made it to adulthood. He later married Isabella of Portugal. Isabella's father John of Portugal was the son of Philippa of Lancaster (Catherine's half sister) and John I of Portugal. He had 2 children from this marriage. By this second marriage he was father of Isabella I (Isabella and Ferdinand) and grandfather of Catherine of Aragon.


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  #66  
Old 06-05-2020, 05:22 AM
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Just like today, June 5th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1486: In Spain, the Christian army enters the Muslim village of Alra (Granada), arriving soon after King Fernando the Catholic.

Just like today, June 7th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1494: The Kingdom of Castile signs with portugal the Treaty of Tordesillas, which will address what the line of demarcation of the Spanish and Portuguese territories will be at the beginning of the conquest of America.
1498: Christopher Columbus sails on his third voyage to America.
1808: The French army defeats the Spanish forces and enters Cordoba where it performs a bloodthirsty looting of the city.
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Old 06-08-2020, 06:54 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Blog Real View Post
Just like today, June 7th, in the Spanish Monarchy:


1808: The French army defeats the Spanish forces and enters Cordoba where it performs a bloodthirsty looting of the city.
The French had defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Alcolea Bridge prior to entering the city.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alcolea_Bridge

The Spanish later defeated the French at Battle of Bailén a little over a month later.
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Old 06-09-2020, 05:31 AM
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Such Day As Today June 9, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1508: King Fernando the Catholic grants Diego de Nicuesa the discovering rights to Veragua (from the Gulf of Urabá to the coasts of Panama), as well as the position of governor.
1572: Juana III dies, Navarrese queen.
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Old 06-09-2020, 06:06 AM
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Jeanne d'Albret would have considered herself more French than Spanish
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Old 06-11-2020, 05:27 AM
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Just as today, June 11, 1726: Maria Teresa Rafaela of Borbón, Infanta of Spain and Delfina de France, daughter of Felipe V, was born.

Just like today, June 16th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1456: King Enrique IV of Castile grants the Charter of Privilege to the city of Estepona (Malaga).
1556: In England, Mary Tudor I of England recognizes her husband, Philip II of Spain, as her heir.
1779: Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain. The Gibraltar site begins.
1742: Louisa Elizabeth of Orleans, wife of King Louis I, dies.
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Old 06-21-2020, 02:29 AM
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June 21, 1528- Birth of Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress.

Maria was born in Madrid. Her father was Charles V of Spain and her mother was Isabella of Portugal. Her father was the son of Juana and Mad and Philip the handsome of Castile. Her mother was the daughter of Manuel I of Portugal and Maria of Aragon. Her parents were first cousins, their mothers Juana and Maria were the children of Ferdinand and Isabella. Maria was the second of three children of the couple.

Philip: succeeded his father as Philip II. Was married four times. His first wife Maria Manuela of Portugal was his double first cousin (her father was his maternal Uncle John III of Portugal and her mother was his paternal Aunt Catherine of Austria). His second wife was Mary I of England was his first cousin once removed (Catherine of Aragon was an aunt to both his parents, sister to Maria and Juana). His third wife was Elizabeth of Valois, daughter of Henry II of France. And his fourth wife was his niece Anna of Austria. He had 11 children by 3 wives, only 4 of whom reached adulthood. His heir Philip III was a son by his last wife.

Joanna: Had a short marriage to John Manuel of Portugal, the crown prince. She arrived in Portugal in November 1552 and he died in January 1554 from TB. She bore him a posthumous son Sebastian less then 3 weeks later. Her son would be Sebastian I of Portugal. She left her son in the care of his paternal grandmother Queen Catherine. Catherine was Joanna's Aunt, she was Charles V's sister. She returned home to Madrid to serve as her brother's regent. She never saw her son again.


Their mother died in 1539 Maria was 11 (Philip was 12 and Joanna was 4). The three siblings were extremely close growing up, building a bond and relying on each other when their father was often away. That closeness would remain through their lives.

In September 1548 she was married to her cousin Archduke Maximillian. Maximillian's father Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor was the younger brother of Charles V. His mother was of Anne of Bohemia.

While her father was busy away in Germany, Maria served as regent with her husband from 1548 to 1551 because of the absence of her brother. In 1552 though the couple moved to Vienna and the court of her father in law.

Maria returned home to Madrid in 1558 and served as regent this time for her brother Philip till 1561. Philip had succeeded their father in September of that year.

She returned to join her husband. Her father in law died in 1564 and her husband succeeded him as Emperor Maximillian II. As empress she was said to be uncomfortable in a country that was not completely catholic, and her husband was ambivalent to religion. She surrounded herself with strict catholic courtiers and among her favorites were those who had come from Spain with her including her ladies in waiting.

Her husband died after 28 years of marriage in 1576. She remained at the imperial court for six years following his death. And held a great deal of influence over her sons during that time.

She returned home for good in 1582 with her daughter Margaret.Margaret was intended to marry Philip II who had been widowed a 4th time but she chose instead to take vows as a nun. Maria refused to return home to Germany, not wanting to spend the rest of her life in a land she felt was filled with heretics, and remained in Spain where she joined Convent of Las Descalzas Reales. She died there in 1603 at the age of 74.


Maria and her husband had 16 children, five of whom outlived her.


-Anna: married her uncle Philip II of Spain as his fourth wife. She died in 1580. She had five children but only one who reached adulthood, Philip III.


-Ferdinand: died at age one

-Rudolph: Succeeded his father as Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor at 24. He never married or had legitimite children. One of the five who outlived their mother, he died in 1612 at 59.

-Ernest: served as the governor of the Spanish Netherlands. He died in 1595 unmarried and with no children.

-Elisabeth: married Charles IX of France. Her one daughter Marie Elisabeth died at age six. Died in 1592.

-Maria: died just short of her first birthday.

-Matthias: succeeded Rudolf as Holy Roman Emperor. Was married to Anna of Austria-Tyrol but had no children. He died in 1619 at 62. He was succeeded by his cousin Ferdinand II. Ferdinand was the son of Charles II of Inner Austria. Charles was Maximillian's younger brother, both the sons of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor.

-still born son

-Maximillian: was Maximillian III, Archduke of Further Austria and for a short time was King of Poland and Lithuania. Third to outlive his mother, dying in 1618. He worked to ensure Ferdinand II succeeded to the throne as Holy Roman Emperor. Ferdinand had been his ward, serving as regent of Inner Austria during his youth.

-Albert: died in 1621 (4th) He served as co-rulers of the Netherlands with his wife for the last three years of his life (and had been Archduke Albert III of Lower Austria for a short period). Married Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain who was the daughter of his Uncle Philip II. They had three children but they all died in infancy.

-Wenceslaus: died at 17.

-Frederick: died at 1.

-Maria: died a month after she was born.

-Charles: died at almost 6 months.

-Margaret: last to die in 1633. Was meant to marry Philip II but she became a nun instead.

-Eleanore: died at 12.

Of her sixteen children, only 3 gave her legitimite grandchildren (Anna, Elisabeth and Albert) and only one of those reached adulthood Philip III. Her son Rudolf had six children with his long time mistress Catherine Strada.

Their son Julius suffered from schizophrenia. His father sent him to Český Krumlov castle which he gave to his son as his seat. Unfortunately his son fell for a woman named Marketa, who was the daughter of a local barber. He convinced her parents to allow her to live with him. He beat her so bad he thought she was dead and threw her out a window. Amazingly as she landed on a trash heap she survived though she was in horrid shape. When her father refused to return Marketa to Julius when Julius learned she was alive, he imprisoned her father. He later killed Marketa, chopping her body to pieces so she had to be placed in her coffin like that. His father had him imprisoned for the rest of his life.
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Old 06-25-2020, 06:33 AM
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Just like today, June 25th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1412: Six notaries draw up minutes of the unanimous decision of the nine commissioners of Caspe to elect Fernando de Antequera as the new King of Aragon.
1870: Queen Isabel II abdicates the throne.
1876: in Spain, and within the framework of the Third Carlist War, the Battle of Abárzuza was fought, in which more than 1500 liberal soldiers die, including General Manuel Gutiérrez de la Concha himself.
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Old 07-06-2020, 01:21 AM
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July 6, 1789 birth of Maria Isabella of Spain.

Maria was the daughter of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. Her mother was the daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma (son of Philip V of Spain) and Louise Elisabeth of France (daughter of Louis XV). Her parents had fourteen children, 7 of whom reached adulthood. She was their youngest surviving daughter and was spoiled by both of her parents.

Her siblings who reached adulthood:
-Carlotta: Queen of Portugal and Empress of Brazil, wife of John VI. Had 9 children including Pedro I of Brazil.-
-Maria Amalia: married her uncle Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain. Died three years later after giving birth to a stillborn son.
-Maria Luisa: married Louis I of Etruria, son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma. Had three children including Charles II, Duke of Parma.
-Ferdinand- succeeded as Ferdinand VII of Spain. He was married four times, and had children by two of his wives. By his second wife and niece Maria Isabella of Portugal (Carlotta's daughter) he had a short lived daughter and a stillborn. By his fourth wife another niece Maria Christina (Isabella's daughter) he had 2 daughters, the older of whom was Isabella II.
-Carlos: count of Molina. Was married to two of Carlotta's daughters, Maria Francisca who bore him three sons and later to Teresa (second marriage was childless).
-Francisco: duke of Cadiz. Her only younger sibling to reach adulthood. married his niece Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily and had 11 children. He had a son from a second morganatic marriage.


Isabella was suggested as a wife for Emperor Napoleon. Napoleon turned down such a suggestion. He thought the Bourbon family was too broken and didn't see any power into taking a bride from the house.

Instead attention turned to her cousin Francis I of the Two Sicilies in 1801 when she was 12. Francis was married at the time though. His wife Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria had born him only one child who survived infancy, a daughter Maria-Caroline (who would become Duchess of Berry). She died from consumption in November 1801 though, a year after giving birth to a son who died in infancy. Their son died in July before his mother and their daughter was 3. Francis was 24.

A double wedding had been proposed by the French ambassador to cement alliances. Isabella would marry Francis, and her brother Ferdinand would marry Francis' sister Maria Antonio. Francis' mother Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples was opposed to the marriages as she didn't like the Spanish bond with France.

Even in those times her age was extremely young. She was married on her 13th birthday in Madrid, with her brother Ferdinand standing proxy for the groom. They were married in person October 4 when Francis and his sister arrived, and it was followed by 8 days of celebration. On October 12, now known by the Italian Marie Isabella, she left with her new husband for Naples.

Maria Isabella was quite plain and round, and looked much younger then her thirteen years. Her and her husband's family were forced into exile in Sicily during the Napoleonic wars. In 1816 with the protection of Austria her father in law was able to return to Naples, and joined his kingdoms as the Two Sicilies. He named his son Duke of Calabria. Francis and Maria Isabella remained in Sicily, and very rarely made trips to Naples. She frequently visited her parents when they were in exile, and was with her mother when she died.

Her father in law died in 1825 and she became Queen of the two Sicilies. Her husband was 47, and more interested in farming then politics. His short reign as king was mainly reactionary. He didn't show any of the former liberal leanings he had during his crown prince days. Maria was even plumper from years of pregnancy and had never been the most intelligent woman, but she was very good hearted. She loved balls and the arts, and had no interest in politics.


In 1829 they went to Spain to attend the wedding of their daughter. She had been absent from Spain for 27 years and had convinced Francis to come with her even though he was suffering from gout. His health continued to deteriorate and he died back home in Naples November 8, 1830 at 53.


Her and her son Ferdinand II had a cold relationship likely as she favored her second son over him. But his wife Maria Christina who she befriended help to mend fences between the two.


Maria Isabella was known for her numerous affairs during her widowhood. She even had her son exile one of her lovers when he tried to claim rights through her. She eventually was married at the age of 50 to Francesco, Count dal Balzo dei Duchi di Presenzano. He was 34, a lieutenant from an ancient but poor family. They left court and lived at Palace of Capodimonte.

Due to her loving character and generosity to the poor she was loved by the people of her husband's kingdom until her death. She died September 13, 1848 at 59 years old.


Her and Francis had a loving marriage, he treated her with kindness, and welcomed twelve children.

-Princess Luisa Carlotta: married Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain (her maternal uncle). They had eleven children. Their son Francisco would marry Isabella II of Spain.
-Maria Christina: married her uncle Ferdinand VII of Spain. Mother of Isabella II and another daughter. She later remarried Agustín Fernando Muñoz and had 8 children.
-Ferdinand: succeeded his father as Ferdinand II. Married twice. His son Franceso II was his only child by Maria Christina of Savoy. He had a further 12 kids with Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.
-Charles Ferdinand: his mother's favorite child. He married morgantically Penelope Smyth against the will of his brother and faced exile. His mother tried to speak on his behalf but to no avail. He spent the remainder of his life in exile, loyal to his wife, who bore him two children.
-Leopoldo: Count of Syracuse. married Marria Vittoria of Savoy. They had one daughter.
-Maria Antonia: married Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany. She was his second wife (he had 3 daughters with Maria Anna of Saxony). She bore him 10 children including his successor Ferdinand IV.
-Antonio: Count of Lece. Had one failed betrothal attempt. He was a womanizer and his actions caught up with him when he was beaten to death by the husband of a woman he slept with, at 26.
-Maria Amalia: married Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain. Marriage was childless even after decades. He had children by his second wife.
-Maria Carolina; married Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolín who was the Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne. They had no children.
-Teresa Christina: married Pedro II of Brazil. They had four children. Only 2 daughters reached adulthood.
-Louis: Count of Aquilla. married Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil at the same time Teresa married Januaria's brother Pedro. They had four children.
-Franceso: count of Trapani. married Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria and had five children.
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Old 07-21-2020, 01:04 AM
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July 21, 1858 birth of Queen Maria Christina of Spain, wife of Alfonso XII. She was the great-grandmother King Juan Carlos.

She was born Archduchess Maria Christina Henrietta Désirée Félicité Rénière of Austria. She was born in Židlochovice Castle in an area that is now part of the Czech republic. Her father was Archduke Karl Ferdinand was the second son of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen who himself was a son of Emperor Leopold II. Her mother Elisabeth was the daughter of Palatine Joseph of Hungary and had been previously married to Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este with whom she had a daughter. She was the third of her parent's six children as well as her maternal half-sister. Of her parent's shared children 4 reached adulthood (3 sons and her), a son and daughter died in infancy.

full siblings:
-Franz Joseph: died as an infant
-Friedrich: inherited Duke of Teschen from his father's older brother Albert. Married Princess Isabella of Croy and had 9 children. The late Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria (died in 2017) was his granddaughter.
-Charles Stephen: was an admiral. Married Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany and had six children.
-Eugen-Lived to be in his 90s but never married. was a military man.
-Maria Eleanora- only full sister, died in infancy

her half sister:
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este: married the future Ludwig III, last king of Bavaria. They had 13 children.

At eighteen she was appointed princess-abbess of the House of Noble Ladies of Saint Theresa in Prague by the emperor. She was very popular and said to be very intellectual. She had been raised a strict catholic by her mother.

Her husband Alfonso was the son of Isabella II of Spain. She is said to have met Alfonso for the first time when he was in exile, simply a pretender to the throne. In 1874 Alfonso had returned to Madrid as king. Alfonso had been married in 1878 to his first cousin Mercedes of Orleans (her mother Luisa was a younger sister of Isabella).Sadly shortly after their honeymoon it was evident Mercedes suffered from typhoid fever, and died six months after their wedding. Mercedes died in June 1878.


It is said Alfonso when he was under pressure to remarry said he would only do so if his bride was Maria Christina. Negotiations took place and it was agreed he would meet with the Archduchess and her mother. A few days after meeting in the south of France, Maria Christina was agreeable to the match. The Duke of Baillen was sent to the emperor to gain his permission. November 14, 1879 she abdicated her rights to the Austrian throne which was required of a princess who married a foreign prince. Her and her mother left on the 17th for Madrid arriving November 24. The couple were married in Atocha cathedral on the 29th of November 1879. Maria Christina was 21, her husband was 22.


Sadly their marriage was short lived, as Alfonso would die four days before their sixth wedding anniversary on November 25, 1885. It was also be 3 days before his 28th birthday.


Though a short marriage she bore her husband three children:

-María de las Mercedes: her grandmother came out of retirement in Paris to attend her baptism and be her godmother. She was named in honor of her father's first wife. She married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Her husband was the grandfather of Juan Carlos, by the daughter of his second marriage after Maria died.
-Maria Teresa: Married Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria. They were first cousins as Ferdinand's mother was Alfonso's sister Maria de la Paz. Had 4 children.
-Alfonso: came to the throne at birth as Alfonso XIII. Married Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (granddaughter of Queen Victoria, her mother was Princess Beatrice). They had seven children. Their son Juan was the father of Juan Carlos and grandfather of King Felipe.

Her marriage had turned unhappy with her producing only daughters, and by 1883 she had gone home to Austria to visit her family. Her husband had sons from affairs. She returned but by the summer of 1884 his health was deteriorating. Maria Christina was just over three months pregnant at the time. If the baby had been another girl, Maria Mercedes would have been queen. But Alfonso was born May 17, 1885 just barely short of six months after his father died, and he came to the throne.

Maria Christina was regent during her pregnancy. The throne was in question until the birth of the child. Maria could not be named queen until a sister was born, and then it turned out to be a boy anyways. She served as regent until 1902 when her son came of age. She was referred to as HM The Queen of Spain, The Queen Regent.

Her role was ceremonial and to simply preserve the throne for her son. The head of the government was Práxedes Mateo Sagasta.

When her son married in 1906 she lost her place as first lady of the court. But her son respected her and often looked to her for advice on matters.

In February 1929 after weeks of heart problems she died at the royal palace in Madrid on the 6th. She was buried at El Escorial.

Sadly her son's reign collapsed barely two years later.

She was 70 when she died. She was the first of her full siblings to die and youngest. Her older brother Friedrich died in 1936 at 80, Charles died in 1933 at 72, and Eugen died in 1954 at 91. Her half sister died in 1919 at the age of 70 as well. Sadly none of her children shared the family longevity, her daughters dying in their 20's and her son at 54.
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Old 08-06-2020, 01:13 PM
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Just like today, August 6, 1975, Alfonso de Orleans, Infante of Spain and Spanish military aviator (b. 1886) died.
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Old 08-06-2020, 01:19 PM
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Just like today, August 6, 1975, Alfonso de Orleans, Infante of Spain and Spanish military aviator (b. 1886) died.
The Duke of Galliera was married to Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who predeceased him in 1966.
His son Infante Álvaro succeeded him as the 6th Duke of Galliera until his death in 1997.

The dukes are interred at the Capuchin church in Sanlúcar de Barrameda.
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Old 08-22-2020, 05:11 AM
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On this day, August 11, 1878 ~ Demise of Queen Maria Christina of Spain, wife of King Ferdinand VII
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Old 08-22-2020, 05:30 AM
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On this day, August 11, 1878 ~ Demise of Queen Maria Christina of Spain, wife of King Ferdinand VII
Ferdinand's 4th wife. They married less then 7 months after the death of his third wife Maria Josepha of Saxony.

He was her Uncle. Her mother Maria Isabella of Spain was Ferdinand's younger sister. She was also not the first of his wives who was also his niece. His second wife Marie Isabel of Portugal was the daughter of his sister Carlotta. Maria Josepha was the only wife he wasn't closely related to, his first wife Maria Antonia was his first cousin (both grandchildren of Charles III).

They really liked to keep it in the family.

She bore her husband's only 2 children to reach adulthood, Isabella II and Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier.
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Old 08-27-2020, 06:26 AM
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Just like today, August 27th, in the Spanish Monarchy:

1658: Barbara de Braganza, Spanish Queen Consort, dies.
1992: King Juan Carlos signed the reform of article 13.2 of the Constitution on political participation of foreigners, the first amendment of the Spanish Magna Carta.
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Old 08-31-2020, 05:34 AM
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On this day, August 31, 1724 ~ Demise of King Luis I of Spain
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