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  #21  
Old 07-04-2020, 01:32 AM
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July 4, 1336 death of Saint Elizabeth of Portugal/Queen Isabel of Portugal.

She was born January 4 1271 in Aragon. Her father Peter was the eldest son of James I of Aragon. Her father succeeded the throne in 1276 as Peter III. Her mother was Constance of Sicily, daughter of Manfred of Sicily and Beatrice of Savoy. Elizabeth was named for her paternal great aunt, Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. Peter's mother was Violant of Hungary, a daughter of Andrew II, and a half-sister to Elizabeth.


Her parents had six children. Three of her brothers were kings:

-Alfonso: succeeded his father as Alfonso III. Died at 25, 6 years after ascending the throne.
-James: succeeded Alfonso as James II. Was married four times. His only children were from his second wife Blanche of Anjou (first marriage was annulled before consummated). Succeeded by his second son Alfonso IV after his elder son renounced his claim and became a monk.
-Frederick: became Frederick III of Sicily. Their mother Constance was queen of Sicily in her own right, and the throne eventually passed to Frederick. Married Eleanor of Anjou and 9 children. Was succeeded by his eldest son Peter.
-Yolande: Duchess of Calabria. Married Robert of Naples, but was never Queen of Naples as she died before her husband took the throne. Bore him two sons. Her husband was succeeded by their granddaughter Joanna.
-Peter-only brother not to be king. married Guillemette, daughter of Gaston VII, Viscount of Béarn.

When she was 10 her marriage to Dennis of Portugal was arranged, in 1281. Dennis had come to the throne in 1279 following the death of his father Alfonso III. Dennis was 20. They were married in 1288 when she was 17 and her husband was 26.

Elizabeth showed a deep passion for faith from a young age and this continued during her marriage. She sought to aid the sick and poor of her new country which brought her some ill will at court. But she seemed to have a good affect on her husband.

Elizabeth was quite active in politics (as a saint she is known as the peace maker). She was very active in the Treaty of Alcañices, between her husband and Fernando IV of Castile which fixed the borders of the two countries. She and her husband also helped to arbitrate peace between Fernando and her brother James II.

Between 1322 and 1324 civil war broke out between her husband and their son Alfonso. Alfonso resented his father favored one of his bastards over him. Dennis was prevented from killing his son by his wife. As the story goes Elizabeth road out between the armies on a mule at Alvalade and forced a peace between her husband and son. Peace wasn't truly achieved until the bastard died that same year.

Her husband died in 1325 and she retired to a convent of the Poor Clares Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha . She had founded the convent. She continued her devotion to the poor. She fed people from her own cellars during a great famine. She saw to the education of children of poor nobles and even dowries for girls from poorer families. The convent took in pilgrims for shelter. She was also a benefactor to many hospitals.

In 1336 she was called upon a final time to make peace. Her son Alfonso had marched on the troops of her son in law Alfonso XI of Castile. Her son in law had been abusive of her daughter. Though old and in poor health she headed for Estremoz, and helped to negotiate peace between the two kings. Unfortunately it was too much for her, and it brought on her final illness. She died at Estremoz castle on July 4.

She was not buried with her husband. She was instead originally buried at the Convent of Santa Clara in Coimbra. After a great deal of flooding, in the 17th century, the Poor Clares had her moved to Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Nova where she was buried in a coffin of silver and crystal in the main chapel.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monast...a_Clara-a-Nova

She was beatified in 1526 and canonized by Urban VIII in 1625. Her feast day was moved to July 8 originally due to the Octave of Saint Peter and Paul but the Octave was discontinued and her feast day was moved back. In the US though it is celebrated July 5 due to the US Independence holiday.


She was the mother of two children:

-Alfonso- succeeded his father as Alfonso IV. He was married to Beatrice of Castile, a sister of Ferdinand IV. They had seven children. He broke the mold by having no children out of wedlock. Succeeded by his son Peter.

-Constance- was married to Ferdinand IV of Castile. Had two children, a son Alfonso who succeeded his father, and a daughter Eleanor who originally was to marry James, eldest son of James II of Aragon. James refused to consummate the marriage and eventually was allowed to become a monk. Eleanor ended up married to his younger brother the future Alfonso IV for whom she bore 2 children. She was Alfonso's second wife and he was succeeded by a son from his first marriage.
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  #22  
Old 07-04-2020, 06:39 AM
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The tomb of Isabel de Aragon,queen of Portugal at in Santa Clara-a-Nova at Coimbra.


Engraving


Recent photo
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikiped...CoimClaraV.jpg
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  #23  
Old 08-10-2020, 03:23 PM
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On this day, it happened:

In 1382, the Peace Treaty was signed between King Fernando I of Portugal and King Juan of Castile.

In 1415, the Portuguese armada commanded by King John I crosses the Strait of Gibraltar, reaching the waters of Ceuta.

In 1511, Afonso de Albuquerque conquered Malacca.
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  #24  
Old 08-14-2020, 03:15 AM
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August 14, 1754 ~ Demise of Maria Anna of Austria, Queen Consort of King John V of Portugal
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  #25  
Old 08-14-2020, 03:26 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by CyrilVladisla View Post
August 14, 1754 ~ Demise of Maria Anna of Austria, Queen Consort of King John V of Portugal
While her body was laid to rest in Lisbon, her heart was taken home to Vienna where it was laid to rest with her family in the imperial crypt.
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  #26  
Old 08-21-2020, 02:46 AM
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August 21, 1643 birth of Alfonso VI of Portugal.

He was the son of John IV of Portugal and Luisa María Francisca de Guzmán y Sandova. Luise was the daughter of Juan Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Medina Sidonia, a Spanish aristocrat. His parents had five children who reached adulthood. He was the second son who reached adulthood, but his brother Teodosio died at 19 unmarried, as did his sister Joanna who was 18. His older sister Catherine married Charles II of England. His only younger sibling was his brother Pedro.

Unlike his older siblings, Alfonso was born an Infante of Portugal, as his father ascended the throne in 1640 (Catherine who was his closest older sibling who made it out of infancy was born in 1638).


Alfonso was not a healthy child or man. He suffered an illness at the age of three which left him paralyzed on one side. And mentally weak. His father made him Duke of Braganza and in 1653 he became heir to the throne when his eldest brother died.


He succeeded the throne in 1656 at 13 when his father died. His mother Luisa was named regent for her son in her husband's will. Between his physical condition and mental status, as well as lack of any interest in governing, allowed his mother to rule for six years. His reign did see the end to the Restoration war, and Spain's recognition of their throne.


His mother's power came to an end at the hands of Count of Castelo Melhor. The Count took advantage of the king's state, and becoming his favorite, convinced the king his mother was trying to steal his throne. Alfonso exiled his mother to a convent in 1662.


He had a short lived marriage to Maria Francisca of Savoy. She was the daughter of Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours. Her mother was the granddaughter of Henry IV of France (Maria's paternal grandfather Cesare was a bastard son of Henry). They were married in 1666 but Maria quickly filed for annulment. It was granted on the basis that he was impotent. It was granted in 1667.

That year his younger brother Pedro rose to power. He forced his brother to relinquish power and he became regent in 1668. He was exiled to Terceira Island for seven years. When his health weakened even more he was permitted to return to the mainland but he was kept prisoner at Sintra National Palace. He died in 1683.

His cell at Sintra

Bedchamber-prison of Afonso VI - Sintra

Pedro would rule as Pedro II until 1706. He married his brother's former wife Maria in 1668. Maria died in 1683, the same year as Alfonso, making her second time as queen consort even shorter then the first (her husband officially became king when his brother died September 12, and Maria died in December). Maria bore her second husband only one child.

-Isabel Luisa, Princess of Beira: died in 1690 at the age of 21. She was the heir to the throne until 1689. She died of smallpox having never married, though was proposed marriage a number of times.

Pedro would later marry Maria Sophia of Neuburg who bore him seven children including his heir John V.

His mother died in the convent in 1666.


He was buried in The Monastery of São Vicente de For a, now in the Royal Pantheon of the House of Braganza.

Portuguese Royal Burial Sites – House of Braganza | Unofficial Royalty
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  #27  
Old 08-28-2020, 04:38 AM
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August 28, 1481 ~ Demise of King Afonso V of Portugal
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  #28  
Old 08-29-2020, 04:55 PM
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On this day it happened:

1471 - D. Afonso V conquers Arzila.

1815 - Portugal recognizes the independence of Brazil.
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  #29  
Old 09-07-2020, 03:38 AM
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September 7, 1783 ~ Birth of Maria Anna of Austria, Queen of Portugal, the wife of King John V of Portugal

September 15, 1837 ~ Birth of King Pedro V of Portugal
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  #30  
Old 09-15-2020, 03:41 AM
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Quote:
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September 15, 1837 ~ Birth of King Pedro V of Portugal
A day early, he was born September 16.

madmonarchist.blogspot.com/2012/08/monarch-profile-king-pedro-v-of-portugal.html

Unfortunately he died from cholera at the age of 24, along with several other members of his family. He and his brother Fernando died within days of each other, and Joao died a month later.

His wife Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen had died in 1859 (2 years before he died) from diptheria only a year into their marriage. Pedro was succeeded by his brother Luis I.
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  #31  
Old 09-28-2020, 03:19 AM
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September 28, 1863 ~ Birth of King Carlos I of Portugal
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  #32  
Old 11-17-2020, 12:39 AM
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November 17, 1525 death of Eleanor of Viseu, wife of John II of Portugal. She was only one of two domestic born queen consorts of Portugal.

She was born May 2, 1458 in Beja. Her father was Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu and her mother his cousin Beatriz of Portugal. Fernando and Beatriz were the grandchildren of King John I of Portugal. John had eight children with Philippa of Lancaster, though only the younger six reached adulthood. Fernando's father was John's eldest son to reach adulthood, King Edward. Beatriz's father John was his 5th child and 4th son to reach adulthood. Fernando was a younger son, he had an elder brother Alfonso who reached adulthood. Beatriz was the third of her father's four children, with one brother and two sisters. Beatriz was the great Aunt of Catherine of Aragon and her siblings, as they were grandchildren of her sister Isabella.

Eleanor was third child and eldest daughter of her parents. She had two older brothers, and a younger sister and brother who reached adulthood (5 other siblings died young). Her only sister to reach adulthood Isabella married Ferdinand II, Duke of Braganza.

Eleanor was named in honor of her paternal grandmother.

In 1470 she was married to her first cousin, John of Portugal. John was the eldest son of her Uncle Alfonso V and his wife Isabel of Coimbra. The bride was 12 and the groom was 15. The cousins had grown up together and were close.

She became queen consort in August 1481 when her father in law died. As queen consort she was granted villages and fiefs for independent income which was the custom of court. She founded the city of Caldas de Rainha which is named in her honor.

Sadly for Eleanor, both her older brother and her brother in law were executed by her husband for treason. Diogo was executed in 1484. Diogo had become Duke of Viseu when their eldest brother Joao died with no heir of his own. Diogo had never married but his natural son Alfonso was made 8th constable of Portugal by John. And Diogo's granddaughter and son's heir married the Marquis of Vila Real. Her brother in law was executed in 1483. The Braganza lands were eventually returned to Isabella and Fernando's eldest son Jaime.

The couple had one son Alfonso in 1475. Unfortunately Alfonso died from a fall from his horse in 1491. John tried to have one of his bastards declared legitimite to be his heir but Eleanor appealed to the Pope for his aid. She succeeded in having her younger brother named John's heir instead.

John died October 25, 1495 at the age of 40. He was posibly poisoned.

On his death, as Eleanor had planned, her surviving brother Manuel became Manuel I. Manuel was unmarried at the time but took his first wife Isabel of Aragon in 1497. Until 1498 when Isabel bore him a son, and then from 1500-1502 after that son Miguel died, before the birth of his son the future John III with his second wife Maria of Aragon, Eleanor was her brother's heir. She didnt take the oath as heir though as she had no child to succeed her.


She was an extremely wealthy widow. She created the Santa Casa de Misericordia, a charity for the sick, poor and orphaned or abandoned children. The foundation actually exists to this day and has expanded to other locations in Portugal and other Portugese territories.

the foundation

https://www.ump.pt/

She is credited with introducing the printing press in Portugal.

She died at the palace of Xabregas at the age of 67.

The palace where she died

https://thespaces.com/lisbons-ornate...s-up-for-sale/

She was not buried with her husband. Her husband had been buried at Batalha Monastery. Instead she was buried at a convent she helped to found, the Madre De Deus Convent in Lisbon where she spent much of her last years. Its now a museum.

The convent

https://www.inspirock.com/portugal/l...us-a8399758367


Eleanor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleano...v,_cropped.png
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Old 11-26-2020, 02:06 AM
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26th of November 1436 :Birth of The Infanta Catherine of Portugal.


Catherine was born in Lisbon,the daughter of Duarte I (Edward) , King of Portugal and Eleanor of Aragon.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cather...Portugal_(nun)

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  #34  
Old 12-09-2020, 01:51 AM
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December 9, 1819 ~ Birth of Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg, first husband of Queen Maria II of Portugal
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Old 12-09-2020, 02:31 AM
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December 9, 1819 ~ Birth of Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg, first husband of Queen Maria II of Portugal
Grandson of Napoleon and Josephine (biologically of Josephine). He was the eldest son of Eugene de Beauhamais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria. It was through his maternal grandfather Maximilian of Bavaria that the family gained the title Duke of Leuchtenberg.

His parents had seven children. He was their third child. His eldest sister Josephine married Oscar I of Sweden. His sister Amelie was the second wife of Pedro I of Brazil. His only brother Maximilian married a daughter of Tsar Nicholas I and became a Prince Romanovsky.

He accompanied his sister Amelie to Brazil to marry Pedro. His brother in law made him the Duke of Santa Cruz.


His wife Maria was his sister's stepdaughter, a daughter of Pedro by his first wife Maria Leopoldina of Austria.



They had a very short lived marriage. He arrived in Portugal in the end of January 1835, married in person on January 26. He died two months later on March 28.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August...rt_Project.jpg


His Duchy was inherited by his younger brother Maximilian. Maximilian and his wife Grand Duchess Maria had 7 children. He was succeeded by his 5th and later 7th children.


His widow would marry Dom Ferdinand (Ferdinand II of Portugal) a son of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and was a nephew of Leopold I of Belgium. They had 11 children including Pedro V and Luis I.
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Old 12-10-2020, 10:53 AM
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I might be wrong but he was possibly the only Prince Consort of Portugal?
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Old 12-13-2020, 06:30 AM
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On this day 13 December 1521 : Death of Manuel I of Portugal.


Manuel was King of Portugal from 1495 to 1521 and is buried at the Jerónimos Monastery.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_I_of_Portugal

Funeral of the king in 1521

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Old 12-26-2020, 11:48 PM
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December 27, 1683 ~ Demise of Maria Francisca of Savoy, Queen of Portugal. She was the wife of King Afonso VI of Portugal. She was the wife of King Pedro II of Portugal.
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Old 01-01-2021, 01:50 AM
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January 1, 1836 ~ Wedding of Queen Maria II of Portugal and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary at the Palacio das Necessidades in Lisbon, Portugal
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Old 01-03-2021, 12:02 PM
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How was Ferdinand styled from his marriage until the birth of of their first son in 1837 ,Prince Consort of Portugal?
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