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  #321  
Old 02-08-2017, 01:37 AM
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Businesses await Japan's new era name as emperor's abdication looms ‹ Japan Today: Japan News and Discussion
Quote:
Companies that produce calendars and diaries are keeping close tabs on government debate about the likely upcoming change in Japanese era name, which is linked to the reigning emperor, as they prepare to put to market new era-correct products.

[...]

Usually, calendars and diaries for the upcoming year start hitting stores in September, with planning and production starting in January, so producers need to be made aware of an era change so they can make stock on time.

Calendar makers will also likely be forced to change the Emperor’s Birthday national holiday to reflect the new emperor’s date of birth while the current Dec 23 holiday may be renamed something else.

[...]

Meanwhile, programmers seem to be ready for a change in era name as most companies and public organizations have already modified their IT systems to enable the new era name to be displayed.

“Even if a new era name is announced abruptly, we will be able to quickly update programming to reflect it,” said an official from the Japan Information Technology Services Industry Association.
Some comments below the article:
Quote:
All this 'we need two years' notice for our calendars' wailing is rubbish. When Hirohito passed on in January, everybody already had that year's calendars on the walls, they stayed there for the rest of the year and the earth did not stop turning.

Companies got their new date stamps/documents etc. ready over a weekend.

If they really think it's a problem, which it really really isn't, they can just plan to use the Gregorian calendar and let the poor man free next week. If he died before they finish with all their committees and panels of experts, they would have to deal with it anyway.
Quote:
When the emperor politely suggested he take early retirement (all the vogue following 2008's economic slump), I went to a stationery shop and looked at the diaries, schedule books, and calendars.

Of the diaries and schedule books NONE had Heisei written. Except a couple that had it at the back so the buyer could look up the Gregorian year (on the left) and check the Heisei/Showa/Taisho year. The calendars were about 50/50 but the bigger date was the Gregorian Year. ie. 2017 in big letters; Heisei 29 in smaller letters.

At the city office, bank, and post office I'm sometimes asked to write the Heisei rather than "Western" year and I always have to ask. Even in December, the clerk has to look at a calendar to check the Heisei year.

This excuse is very very bogus. And I hope everyone knows it.
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  #322  
Old 03-13-2017, 04:35 AM
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Opposition warms to special law on emperor's abdication: The Asahi Shimbun
Quote:
Rather than being the lone holdout, the main opposition Democratic Party indicated on March 12 that it would go along with a special case law to allow Emperor Akihito to abdicate.

The party had long insisted that the Imperial House Law be revised to allow for abdication on a more permanent basis.

But the ruling Liberal Democratic Party proposed various compromise measures that have apparently convinced Democratic Party lawmakers that the planned special case law would have wider applicability.

The Japanese Communist Party and the Social Democratic Party, which both initially sided with the Democratic Party’s call for revising the Imperial House Law, viewed the LDP compromises favorably.

[...]

LDP Vice President Masahiko Komura said at one such session on March 8 that the special case law could be considered a precedent for future emperors because it would not deny the possibility of abdication by Akihito’s successors.

Ruling party lawmakers also indicated they were prepared to propose legislation that would revise the Imperial House Law to include a supplementary provision stating that the special case law was integrated with the Imperial House Law.

There is also the possibility that the term “abdication” could be included in some form in the revised supplementary provision.

The top officers of the Lower and Upper houses plan to hold a session on March 13 to separately sound out representatives from various parties about their stances on the special case law.

[...]

The government is expected to reconvene its advisory panel on March 22 to finalize wording of the special case legislation.

Some issues must still be addressed, including the status of Akihito after he abdicates to his elder son, Crown Prince Naruhito, as well as the position of Prince Fumihito, who would become first in line to the Chrysanthemum Throne once Naruhito became emperor.

The government is expected to use the advisory panel’s recommendations as a basis for writing the special case bill that will likely be submitted to the Diet in late April or early May so that it can be passed in the current session.
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  #323  
Old 03-15-2017, 01:08 PM
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DP's concession means Diet will pass one-off abdication law | The Japan Times
"The Diet is expected to enact a special law during the current session to allow Emperor Akihito to step down, after the main opposition Democratic Party expressed its readiness to accept a one-off law."

"An advisory panel set up by the government to discuss the Emperor’s intended abdication is scheduled to resume its own discussions on March 22 and release its final proposals on April 21"
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  #324  
Old 03-17-2017, 08:13 AM
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According to the proposal, circumstances leading to Emperor Akihito's abdication would be stated in the special legislation, which include: the fact that the general public shows understanding of the Emperor's involvement in activities as the symbol of the country for over 28 years; the Emperor's advanced age, as well as the fact that Crown Prince Naruhito has passed the age when the current Emperor ascended the throne and that he has long been acting as an agent to substitute for Emperor Akihito at state affairs; and that the people have shown sympathy for Emperor Akihito's wish to step down that he indicated in his speech released in August 2016.

By specifying these circumstances, the Diet would be able to judge whether abdication should be allowed for future emperors on a case-by-case basis, thereby preventing arbitrary decisions by emperors to step down or emperors being forcibly removed from the throne.

More talks on female-led Imperial Family branches encouraged in special law proposal - The Mainichi


Can this proposal win over nationalists who maintain that "the Emperor's involvement in activities as the symbol of the country" is needless and that public opinion and advanced age cannot justify abdication?
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  #325  
Old 03-18-2017, 09:37 PM
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Special law to enable emperor to abdicate agreed upon: The Asahi Shimbun
Quote:
Special case legislation allowing Emperor Akihito to abdicate was agreed upon by the ruling and opposition parties March 17 after they ironed out their differences over the legality of such a law.

The legislation envisages a supplementary clause on abdication and its legal basis to the current Imperial House Law so that it could be applied if a future emperor after Akihito, 83, also wanted to step down.

The deal was struck at a meeting of representatives of political parties and parliamentary groups called by the leaders and vice leaders of the Lower House and Upper House.

The final agreed-upon proposal was submitted to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe the same day.

[…]

In addition, the ruling and opposition parties agreed to provide the legal basis for the additional clause, stating the special case legislation is integrated with the Imperial House Law.

That way, the special case legislation on abdication would serve as a precedent.

Despite the agreement, the small opposition Liberal Party bucked the proposal.

“It does not fully reflect the collective opinion of the general public formed after the emperor’s wishes were expressed,” said Denny Tamaki, the party’s secretary-general.

The proposal also called on the government to move swiftly to weigh measures to ensure the stable continuation of the imperial throne, such as allowing princesses to establish their branch families as imperial members even after their marriage to commoners.

[…]
Guide Legislative Procedure - House of Councillors, National Diet of Japan
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  #326  
Old 03-18-2017, 10:32 PM
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Well, that's it. The door is open.

Now it's only a matter of agreeing on when the Emperor will abdicate.
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  #327  
Old 03-18-2017, 10:55 PM
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Thank goodness the Emperor will now be able to announce a date for his abdication.
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  #328  
Old 03-19-2017, 12:28 AM
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  #329  
Old 03-19-2017, 01:58 AM
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Doubtful. The government sets the abdication date and it's considering Emperor Akihito's 85th birthday Dec. 23, 2018.

Parliament proposes one-off abdication law for emperor - The Mainichi
Quote:
[...]

The government plans to introduce the legislation to parliament in several weeks so it can be enacted during the current parliamentary session through mid-June.

[...]

Now that the proposal has been compiled by lawmakers, albeit with the lone dissent of a minor opposition party, an advisory panel to the government on the emperor's abdication will resume its own discussions Wednesday with a view to publishing its final report in late April.

The government is then expected to submit a one-off abdication bill to the Diet, possibly after the end of the holiday week in early May.

Although the timing of the abdication has not been formally decided, the government has in mind the emperor's 85th birthday on Dec. 23, 2018, given his remarks in a video message last summer in which he said "in two years we will be welcoming the 30th year" of the country's current Heisei era, or 2018.

The government envisions not stating the abdication date in the special legislation bill but setting it by an ordinance.

[...]
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  #330  
Old 03-20-2017, 08:00 AM
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Abdication panel to compile final proposal a month later than planned | The Japan Times


The plans have already been delayed by a month, and further delays may be problematic.

Questions mount over abdication / Residence, budget, title among issues as panel reconvenes - The Japan News

Quote:
Where the Emperor would reside and the size and budget of the organization that would assist him must also be decided. Whether to conduct the “Taiso-no-Rei” imperial funeral ceremony should the Emperor pass away after abdication, and whether to enable the former Emperor to assume the post of regent, are further matters that need to be discussed.

There are concerns the Emperor’s activities after abdication would in some way “duplicate” the incumbent’s role as a national symbol.


In November, an official of the Imperial Household Agency said at a meeting of the expert panel that after abdication, the Emperor’s public duties “would basically all be handled by the new emperor.”


The accession of the crown prince brings up the question of compensation for Prince Akishino, who would become first in the line of imperial succession. Although Akishino will not be the new emperor’s “crown prince,” his public duties would likely increase, so some are saying that his compensation may need to be improved. The government is considering increasing his compensation to the level of a crown prince.

I do not know why the article claims that Fumihito would "not be the new emperor's crown prince." As it was said, he would be the first in the line of succession and his duties would increase.
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  #331  
Old 03-20-2017, 10:43 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tatiana Maria View Post
Abdication panel to compile final proposal a month later than planned | The Japan Times


The plans have already been delayed by a month, and further delays may be problematic.

Questions mount over abdication / Residence, budget, title among issues as panel reconvenes - The Japan News




I do not know why the article claims that Fumihito would "not be the new emperor's crown prince." As it was said, he would be the first in the line of succession and his duties would increase.
A Crown prince is heir apparent. Prince Akishino will be heir presumptive.
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  #332  
Old 03-21-2017, 12:04 AM
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Just as the Imperial House law didn't account for abdication, it states "Crown Prince" is for an Imperial heir who is the son the Emperor. Not brother of Emperor, next-in-line, etc.
Quote:
The son of the Emperor who is the Imperial Heir is called "Kotaishi" (Crown Prince). In case there is no Kotaishi (Crown Prince), the grandson of the Emperor who is Imperial Heir is called "Kotaison" (Imperial House Law, Article 8).
The Imperial family - The Imperial Household Agency

Updating who's eligible for the Crown Prince title probably requires another bill. It's easier to increase Prince Akishino's budget for additional staff and security.
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  #333  
Old 03-21-2017, 03:12 PM
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True, but the article was surprising as the papers have hitherto anticipated that Fumihito would be conferred a crown princely title (Kotaitei) by the special legislation.


Quote:
Questions mount over abdication / Residence, budget, title among issues as panel reconvenes - The Japan News

In November, an official of the Imperial Household Agency said at a meeting of the expert panel that after abdication, the Emperor’s public duties “would basically all be handled by the new emperor.”
Quote:
The Imperial Household Agency told the panel meeting on Jan. 11 that as a rule the new emperor will take over all public duties performed by the emperor, adding that, however, what the former emperor will do as public services will depend on his intention and not to be forced by a third party.
Many legal revisions needed before Emperor's possible abdication - The Mainichi
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  #334  
Old 03-21-2017, 06:48 PM
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If the Emperor is to abdicate, I wish his last act is to remove male primogeniture and allow the Crown Prince's daughter become the heir.
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  #335  
Old 03-22-2017, 05:36 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Daenerys Targaryen View Post
If the Emperor is to abdicate, I wish his last act is to remove male primogeniture and allow the Crown Prince's daughter become the heir.

Succession is governed by the Imperial Household Law 1947, and the Constitution of 1947 expressly excludes the Emperor from exercising any powers related to government. That is why in his address to the nation the Emperor did not use the word abdication. Great care has been taken to avoid the appearance of the Emperor telling the government to do something, as that would be unconstitutional. As for the succession, there is absolutely nothing the Emperor can do about it.
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  #336  
Old 03-23-2017, 03:20 AM
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Gov't mulls using 'joko' as emperor's post-abdication title - The Mainichi
Quote:
[…]

Four university professors were summoned to the panel's 10th meeting to give their views on the issue including what status the 83-year-old emperor should be given after his retirement and three of them proposed he assume the historical title of "joko" or its official form of "daijo tenno" (retired sovereign) in line with past imperial practice.

The government is inclined to adopt joko over daijo tenno out of concerns the latter also means "the noblest" and could place the retired emperor above the new one, the sources said.

The panel resumed its discussion Wednesday, two months following its last meeting in January, to consider remaining issues regarding the emperor's abdication such as his status after becoming the first living emperor to relinquish the throne in around 200 years as well as the status of Prince Akishino, second son of the emperor, after Crown Prince Naruhito becomes the new emperor.

[…]

The three professors also proposed Emperor Akihito's future tomb be equivalent in status to those of past emperors.

The fourth expert was a doctor specializing in geriatric diseases, who gave his views on the emperor's workload from a medical point of view.

[…]

During Wednesday's panel meeting, the three experts who proposed "joko" as the emperor's post abdication title were Keiko Hongo, a professor of Japanese medieval history at the Historiographical Institute of the University of Tokyo, Naotaka Kimizuka, a professor of British political and diplomatic history at Kanto Gakuin University, and Hitoshi Nitta, a professor of Shinto religion at Kogakkan University.

Masahiro Akishita, a doctor and professor at the University of Tokyo's graduate school, said an excessive workload could be a source of stress and cause ill health for a person of the emperor's age but that losing his workload or social role entirely could also prompt rapid aging.

[…]
Japanese Mainichi included opinions on the Crown Prince title: (I cleaned up google's translation a bit)
Quote:
The Imperial House Law defines "Emperor's [son] is the Crown Prince" and Mr. Akishino is not the Crown Prince because he is the younger brother of the Emperor. The Empress and the Crown Princess are regarded as court royalty who live together with the Emperor, but in the current system the Akishinomiya family is regarded as the other royal family. The increase in public service will be expected, but the cost of living and the number of staff to be assisted will remain lower than the current crown prince.

Mr. Hongo focused on the title of the imperial family as "the crown god". "If my grandchild is a successor, I have a crown grandchild, so I suggest you write down the relationship with the Emperor," suggesting that the title of "Crown Prince" be newly established. On the other hand, Mr. Kimitsuka pointed out that the king's younger brother in the Middle East uses the title of "the crown prince", "The clear title is clear when it is a successor to the throne" in terms of the tightness with foreign countries I insisted. Mr. Nitta argued that interpretation should be changed so that the royal family who ranked first in the ranking of the throne is "the crown prince." Although the precedent of "the crown prince" also has history, it is said that it is necessary to amend the Imperial House Law.
Hmm...Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko's post-abdication workload shouldn't be too hard to figure out. Without the state and Shinto duties or frequent travels, I assume the retired Imperial couple would pursue their own interests (i.e. - academic studies for Akihito) and occasionally appear at concerts, museums, and such. Similar to the Hitachi couple's activities/public service.
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  #337  
Old 03-23-2017, 04:57 AM
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Jōkō seems the most appropriate title for the Emperor after his abdication. Historically though, it was on becoming the Jōkō that an emperor, free from ritual responsibilities, could actually take an active role in ruling Japan. Jōkō - 上皇, or its full form Daijō Tennō - 太上天皇, is translated as Retired Emperor, but interestingly the literal translation of the Chinese characters/Japanese kanji is something like Grand Exalted Heavenly Sovereign. I wonder what title the Empress is likely to get? Kōtaigō - 皇太后 is translated as Empress Dowager, but, again, a more literal translation is Grand Empress, so maybe it will be considered a suitable title for the consort of the Jōkō.
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  #338  
Old 03-25-2017, 06:32 PM
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NHK reports Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko could return to Togu Palace (aka East Palace or Crown Prince Residence) after abdication. However, a temporary residence is necessary as it will take time to relocate everyone. Other details:
  • Togu Palace may be renamed to reflect its proper status; historically, a former Emperor’s residence was called "Sendu Imperial Palace"
  • After Emperor Showa died, his Imperial Residence was renamed "Fukiage Omiya Imperial Palace" where Empress Kojun lived until her death in 2000.
  • The current Imperial Residence was completed in spring of 1993. Emperor Akihito, Empress Michiko, and Princess Sayako moved in that December.
  • Akihito and Michiko spent more than 30 years at Togu Palace which was completed in 1960.
  • Naruhito and Masako moved into Togu Palace in July 1994.
  • Besides private rooms for the family, it features reception rooms/halls, offices for IHA, and a tennis court.
  • The term "East Palace" has been used for the residence of the Crown Prince since the Nara period.
ETA: Mainichi reports the name "Sengong Imperial Palace" is also under consideration for a former Emperor's residence.
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  #339  
Old 03-27-2017, 06:34 PM
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Emperor intends to quit public activities after abdication: The Asahi Shimbun
Quote:
Emperor Akihito plans to withdraw from public activities as the symbol of the state, as well as from constitutional duties, following his abdication, sources have revealed.

Those activities, including visiting areas affected by natural disasters, New Year’s greetings to well-wishers and holding dinners and garden parties, are not clarified in the Constitution, unlike the "kokuji koi" state acts.

Akihito has already conveyed his intention to his sons, Crown Prince Naruhito and Prince Fumihito, and obtained consent from both, the sources said.

Concern was expressed in the abdication hearings held by the government’s council of intellectuals that duality could occur between Akihito and the new emperor.

[…]

“Events and ceremonies held in various parts of the country; visits to foreign countries; visits to areas affected by natural disasters; and memorial services for the war dead. All of these are proof that the emperor has pursued what the emperor should be as the symbol of the state,” said an Imperial Household Agency source.

“He apparently thinks that if he abdicates, he will concede all of them to the person who serves as the symbol of the state,” the source added.
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  #340  
Old 03-27-2017, 07:20 PM
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Thanks Prisma!

You posted this article in another post:
Gov't mulls using 'joko' as emperor's post-abdication title - The Mainichi
Quote:
Masahiro Akishita, a doctor and professor at the University of Tokyo's graduate school, said an excessive workload could be a source of stress and cause ill health for a person of the emperor's age but that losing his workload or social role entirely could also prompt rapid aging.
As Masahiro Akishita says, losing his workload or social role entirely could also prompt rapid aging.

Q: What will happen if he's not going to do anything? Answer: He's going to fade away and die much sooner than he would have done if he had remained on the throne.

This abdication is as all abdications (with the exception of Spain) a bad idea and someone should talk some sense into him.
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