Thanks Eya and Iceflower
There live around three million people in the German state of Schleswig Holstein of those some 3 % belong to the Danish minority. The overwhelming majority are German citizens, but have been granted a special status in regards to having (subsidized) a Danish newspaper. Danish schools and kindergarten where the first language is Danish. (That doesn't preclude fully ethnic Germans from signing up there. Many do in fact, for various reasons.)
There is also a Danish party represented in the local parliament.
Each year the minority gets an amount from Denmark that is equivalent to around one third of the direct subsidy to Greenland. (Greenland is indirectly additionally subsidized by not being responsible for the now not insignificant Danish military presence there. Advanced healthcare, education about high school level and so on.) The population of Greenland is 58.000, the Danish minority in Germany constitute around 50.000.
And every ten years or so QMII comes visiting, And in between other members of the DRF drop by the minority in Germany.
The three dukedoms of Slesvig & Holsten (Danish spelling) and Lauenborg were a part of the Danish realm, but not
Denmark from around 1300 until 1864. They were not subject to the Danish monarch, but instead the Danish monarch was always
their duke. (A little compromise that worked for 500 years.)
That meant that the dukedoms has their own legislation, their own administration and German as the first language, but de facto on a day to day basis they were considered a part of the Danish realm.
They were not
Danes, nor did they see themselves as Danes. Nor were they Germans. They were Schleswigans, Holsteiners and Lauenburgers.
- This paragraph is essential if you are ever going to study let alone hope to comprehend the Schleswig-Holstein issue with Denmark.
An issue the British PM Palmerston, is famously quoted for saying that only three people have ever really understood: One was dead, one went mad over it, and Palmerston himself had forgotten what it really was all about...
It is not obvious to many today, not even Danes, that until 1864 Denmark was a multi-national realm. It is actually only for the past 175 years that Denmark has been a predominantly national realm.
Until 1814, when the Swedes stole Norway from us (actually, to be more correct, they stole Norway from the Norwegians, but that's for another thread) the Danish realm constituted mainly of Danes, Germans and Norwegians, with a sprinkle of Icelanders, Greenlanders, Shetland islanders - and for a brief period Estonians and English as well.
So standing in Copenhagen in say 1775, you would be forgiven for thinking you were in Babylon for all the different languages and mutually unintelligible dialects spoken! - And that's only counting those who were a part
of the realm, not foreigners.
But back to today and the minorities.
There is also a German minority in Denmark who enjoy similar privileges. Today they constitute some 15-20.000 people.