Originally Posted by tommy100
My understanding, and I could very well be wrong, is that in Denmark the Queen and her family attend the traditional opening session but only watch as the Prime Minister of the Day sets our their plans for the Parliamentary session.
The King of Sweden actually delivers a speech at the opening of parliament, but the speech is not the government's legislative program, which is announced afterwards in a separate speech by the prime minister.
In the Netherlands, the King delivers a speech from the throne similar to the Queen's speech in the UK, but, unlike in the UK, he doesn't wear a crown, as Dutch monarchs are not crowned.
In the UK, executive power is formally vested in the Queen such that the ministers in theory are the Queen's government. In the Netherlands, the constitution says that the government actually consists of the King and
the ministers and all royal decrees have to countersigned by a responsible minister to be legally valid, which is also the case, I guess, in Belgium and Spain.
Sweden, on the other hand, is somewhat unique in the sense that the King officially ceased to be part of the government in 1975. Acordingly, the King plays no official role in government formation or the legislative process. The government, however, has a constitutional duty to keep the King informed about state affairs and the King meets regularly with individual ministers and, with the cabinet as a whole in a formal Council of State, every three months or so.
I think this is similar in Sweden where the King and his family just watch. In Norway and The Netherlands the King makes a speech (written by the Government not the King himself) about the government's plans (in the Netherlands its the setting out of the budget I think)a bit like Queen Elizabeth II does.
Comparing to the UK most other countries do it much more low key, the closest in 'pomp' is probably the Netherlands where the Royals travel to and from reading of the budget in carriages etc. In Denmark they travel by car (its a short journey), I think Sweden travel by carriages as well and it seems to be a tradition that the Royal ladies in attendance all wear black (or mainly black - I'm not sure why).
In Sweden the King has no role in government as I understand it, whereas in the Netherlands and Norway and Denmark the Sovereign has a nominal role in appointing Prime Ministers etc.