Originally Posted by Madoka
Apart from the UK, the Vatican, Belgium and San Marino, In which countries can those not marrying into the royal family can still be ennobled? Can titles be passed between distant relatives akin to abdication in favor of?
And to note in 2006 Spain passed a law that introduced equal primogeniture among its nobility, not simply for the throne. Meaning the eldest child of the noble is eligible to inherit no matter their gender. Something we do not see in the UK and other countries with nobility. In Scotland (those titles created before the union of thrones) there are a few where a woman can inherit, but only male preference.
And yes the King still creates new noble titles in Spain.
In Spain the title does not automatically pass to the heir on death. They actually have to pay taxes to take the title.
No abdication per say but:
-the heir to the title has 2 years to claim the title following the death of the holder. If they don't, anyone who is a child, grandchild or male line descendent can lay claim to the title. It must be done within 40 years of the person dying.
-A noble can actually cede their title during their life time. But this can only be done with their subsidiary titles. Their senior most title must go to their direct heir (eldest child). We saw this with the Duchess of Alba who held the Guiness record for most titles. She ceded titles to each of her children.