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Julia 02-06-2003 06:12 PM

King Umberto II (1904-1983) and Queen Marie-JosÚ (1906-2001)
 
The May Queen
Queen Marie-JosÚ of Italy (1907-2001)

By Art BeÚche

Surprising, non-conformist, original and above all royal. Her Majesty Queen Marie-JosÚ of Italy has not changed. Installed for some years now at her villa in Cuernavaca, Mexico, the former Italian sovereign demonstrates today the same curiosity that has characterized her throughout life. Her white villa and the surrounding garden, vibrant with bougainvilleas and exotic vegetation, are filled with charm.

Marie-JosÚ discovered Mexico in the company of Princess Marie-Beatrice of Italy, her youngest daughter. Together they have visited many of the country's archaeological sites, among them the ruins at Tajin, only recently opened to the public. The former Queen of Italy chose Mexico to be near her daughter and grandchildren. She acquired her villa, which is close to that of her family, because it has excellent acoustics which allow Marie-JosÚ to play piano concerts for her family and friends. The Queen has brought along her Bechstein piano, an excellent instrument presented to her by her music-loving parents, King Albert I and Queen Elisabeth of Belgium in 1930.

Music has always played an important role in the Queen's life. "I'm a musician, my parents were musicians, I have been able to meet the greatest virtuosos and composers. To encourage creativity I created the International Prize Queen Marie-JosÚ for musical composition in 1960. I'm currently helping a young Mexican who is studying music in Germany." The Queen assiduously attends musical performances at the Palace of Beaux Arts in Mexico City, and is constantly visited by young Mexican musicians.

Yet the Queen's days are not just dedicated to music. History, her other passion, has always played an important role in the life of Marie-JosÚ. She recently read a biography of her great-aunt, Queen Marie of Naples, wife of King Francis II of the Two-Sicilies. "As a child I remember visiting my old aunt, whose husband was dethroned by the Savoys in 1860 during Italian unification. After greeting her...she pointed her finger at me and said...And you, I do hope you will never marry that little Umberto of Savoy!" Curiously enough, Princess Marie-JosÚ of Belgium married prince Umberto of Savoy in 1930. Her Aunt Marie was the last Queen of the Two-Sicilies, Marie-JosÚ was the last Queen of Italy.

Queen Marie-JosÚ is also recognized as one of the world's leading specialists in the history of the House of Savoy. She has published several works on her husband's family and is currently writing a biography of Prince Emmanuel-Philibert, ancestor of her children.

Marie-JosÚ celebrated her ninety-first birthday this year. Her life, after a happy childhood and youth in Belgium, has been filled with challenges, suffering and tragedy. Her marriage to Prince Umberto was not a happy one, for neither royal spouse was much interested in the other. The first four years of marriage were filled with constant bickering and a growing separation between Umberto and Marie-JosÚ. Their children caused the royal couple several headaches during much of the 1960's. One of her grandsons died in mysterious circumstances by falling off a window just a few years ago. Marie-JosÚ's father died tragically as a result of a climbing accident. One of her sisters-in-law, Princess Mafalda of Hesse, died while in a concentration camp. Another sister-in-law, Queen Astrid of Belgium, died in a car accident. In the midst of all these family tragedies, Marie-JosÚ has retained hope for her last years and the eventual closing of the many rifts which have divided the Savoy family.

Throughout all these years, Marie-JosÚ has remained close to her royal nephews in Belgium. She never abandoned her Belgian roots. In 1993 she attended the funeral of King Baudouin I in Brussels. She has been visited by her other nephew, King Albert II, while in Cuernavaca.

Marie-JosÚ is no longer barred from entering Italy. She and her husband, King Umberto II were ousted by popular plebiscite in May, 1946. For decades, the Italian Republic banned the return of the Savoys. In exile, Umberto II and Marie-JosÚ separated. He settled in Cascais, Portugal; she in Switzerland. Umberto never again set foot in Italy.

In 1929 the Royal Court of Belgium solemnly announced the engagement of Princess Marie-JosÚ to Crown Prince Umberto of Italy. Inside the palace walls, Marie-JosÚ did not share the enthusiasm of both families and the populace in general. Still, as a daughter of kings and a royal princess, she felt obligated to fulfill her public duties. In 1930 she married the Italian royal heir and became the Princess of Piedmont. The first years of marriage were a challenge to the vastly divergent couple. At times it seemed that their union was close to reaching a complete collapse. Umberto was a playboy with particular sexual tastes which did not discriminate between the sexes. Marie-JosÚ was a tremendously talented young woman with deep artistic and intellectual inclinations. Their first child, Princess Maria-Pia was born in 1934. In 1937 an heir was born when Marie-JosÚ gave birth to Prince Victor-Emmanuel, who was followed by Marie-Gabrielle in 1940 and finally Marie-Beatrice in 1943.

At the time of Marie-JosÚ's marriage to Umberto, Italy was under the political dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. Marie-JosÚ, raised in the very democratic atmosphere of Brussels, felt a deep aversion to the fascist undercurrent expanding throughout Europe. She clashed constantly with Italy's government, and even confronted Adolf Hitler during the Second World War. She vainly tried to obtain the freedom of Belgian prisoners of war.

The long Mussolini dictatorship, as well as the German alliance during the Second World War, doomed the future of the Savoy monarchy. After the Allied invasion of Italy, old King Victor-Emmanuel III abdicated in his son's favor in a last effort to safe the Italian monarchy. On 9 May 1946, Umberto II and Marie-JosÚ became the new Italian monarchs. Their opposition to Mussolini had gained them vast popularity, yet the crown's cooperation with the fascist dictator had raised widespread opposition among many Italians. The house of Savoy had tainted itself by allowing, and contributing, to Mussolini's ascendancy to absolute power in Italy. Even though Umberto and Marie-JosÚ tried to restore the tarnished image of the Savoys, there efforts were too late. Barely one month after ascending the throne, Umberto II called for a referendum to decide the future of the Italian monarchy. The Savoys lost by a small margin.

The referendum of 1946 gave the republican sectors a marginal majority. Many politicians close to the Savoys tried to convince Umberto II to fight the results. Fraud seemed to have been widespread. The monarchy could have had a chance, yet taking this action would have plunged the country into civil war. Italy, already devastated by the Second World War, could hardly afford any more civil and political strife. Faced with these choices, Umberto II refused to plunge the country into any more political violence. He and Marie-JosÚ, accompanied by their family, left Italy without abdicating the crown. The exiled monarchs joined Umberto's parents in Egypt. Some time later, Umberto settled in Cascais, Portugal. Marie-JosÚ found it impossible to live with her husband any longer, eventually settling in Switzerland.

From exile in Portugal, Umberto II unsuccessfully tried to convince the Italian government to abrogate the law of exile imposed in 1947. This law singled out male members of the House of Savoy from ever entering Italian territory. As their life in exile continued without the hope of a royal restoration, Umberto II and Marie-JosÚ separated. The children were deeply affected by the collapse of family life and began to provide their parents with much grief and embarrassment. Divorces, drug-addiction, love scandals and court proceedings became commonplace among the younger generation of Savoys.

Umberto II died in 1983. He was never able to return to his beloved Italy. His body was interred in Portugal, where it remains to this day. Marie-JosÚ has remained a constant presence in the life of her children, most of which seem to have encountered some degree of inner peace. The Italian law of exile remains in place, Victor-Emmanuel and his son, Emmanuel-Philibert continue to live in exile. Italy is no longer barred from old Queen Marie-JosÚ. She has visited the country several times, usually in the company of her daughter Marie-Gabrielle, another accomplished historian and Savoy expert. Yet, Marie-JosÚ refused to settle in Italy because the Law of Exile still applies to her son and grandson. The last Queen of Italy prefers to ignore the past and avoid nostalgic reminiscences, instead she much prefers to look at the future and the possibilities life may provide.

From:European Royal History

Julia 02-06-2003 06:29 PM

1 Attachment(s)
Queen Marie-Josie of Italy....

Julia 11-26-2003 05:13 PM

Here is the link to an article written on the late queen. :)

http://www.lestribunesroyales.com/forums/i...wtopic=1029&hl=

ILOVEABBA 11-27-2003 03:38 PM

1 Attachment(s)
I found this picture of queen Marie Jose when she was young. She was lovely.

CathÚrine Bergeyck 11-29-2003 01:59 PM

8 Attachment(s)
1 & 2. on her wedding day

3. at the Vatican ceremony

4. with her parents, Albert I and Elisabeth of the Belgians

5. Princess Beatrice; King Umberto; Prince of Naples; Princess Gabriella; Queen Marie Jose and Princess Maria Pia.

6. with Jean Cocteau, 1955.

7. in 1946

All pictures from www.corbis.com


Alexandra 11-29-2003 05:22 PM

5 Attachment(s)
Corbis- PRINCESS MARIA JOSE OF SAVOY 1929

From Corbis - Prince Leopold and Maria Jose receive the King and Queen of Romania1925

From Corbis - Queen Elisabeth and Princess Maria Jose tour a child care center 1926

From Corbis - Maria Jose of Savoy and King Umberto II on holiday in Cannes in 1950

Corbis - Queen Maria Jose

helleniki 04-17-2004 11:46 PM

Funeral of HM King Umberto II of Italy, in Hautecombe (French Alps), in 1983.
In this picture: TRH Crown Princess Marina and Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuel, HRH, Prince Emanuel-Filiberto and HM Queen Maria-JosÚ of Italy and behind them TRM King Simeon II of the Bulgarians and King Konstantinos II of the Hellenes
Funeral

Other royals who attended the funeral are, in adition to those above:
Belgium: TM King Baoudion I (nephew of HM Queen Maria-JosÚ) and Queen Fabiola
Bourbon-Parma: HRH Princess Maria (born Princess of Italy, sister of HM King Umberto II)
Bulgaria: TM Queen Margarita and Queen-mother Ioanna (born Princess Giovanna of Italy, sister of HM King Umberto II)
Russia: TIH Grand-duke Vladimir and Grand-duchess Leonida
Spain: HM King Juan Carlos I

Of course the three daughters of HM King Umberto II attended the funeral: TRH Princess Maria Pia, Princess Maria Gabriella and Princess Maria Beatrice. Probably other members of the Italian Royal Family were present in Hautecombe as HRH Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta

Australian 11-27-2005 10:09 AM

not exactly old, but this is a pic of the last Queen of Italy
http://www.theanswerbank.co.uk/Article321.html

Tosca 07-25-2006 11:26 AM

Queen Maria JosÚ and King Umberto II (dagospia)
http://img161.imageshack.us/img161/7...riajoseyt1.jpg

christinacg 07-26-2006 01:23 AM

They were my favorite King and Queen. I dont know why, there was just something about them. Its a shame that they didn't rule until their deaths and its a shame their good name is being destroyed by their son.

Tosca 07-27-2006 12:00 PM

The wedding of Maria Jose and Umberto II (source: Casa Reale d'Italia)
http://s2.supload.com/thumbs/default/balconesposi.jpg
http://s2.supload.com/thumbs/default/cerimonia.jpg

Tosca 07-27-2006 12:01 PM

One more (Casa Reale d'Italia)
http://s2.supload.com/thumbs/default/prima.jpg

Tosca 11-20-2006 09:08 AM

Queen Maria - JosÚ swimming in Greece - the man behind her is her doctor - (NOMI DI OGGI)
http://aycu23.webshots.com/image/562...7295608_rs.jpg

christinacg 12-22-2006 02:48 PM

wow, what a candid picture of MJ!

Tosca 01-30-2007 11:48 AM

Maria-JosÚ as a kid (ACI)
http://editorial.acionline.biz/downl....pp?id=2561429

elenaris 03-23-2007 02:19 PM

Baudoin, JosÚphine and Albert
 
Do you know how close to her nephews she was?
Did the family gathered together frequently?

BELTRANEJA 10-29-2008 05:45 PM

I have read that when Umberto of Savoya died, in his testament he wrote that he wanted to be buried with the ring or seal of the Savoya family.
The ring, or seal was the symbol of the Savoy family. All the Kings of Italy had carried it. But Umberto haven┤t good relationship with his son (the nonacceptance of the marriage of Victor Manuel with Maria Doria).
He wanted to say, buried with the ring, that the Savoya dinasty had been extinguished. He is the last King of Italy.
I do not think that he was buried with the ring. It has much economic value to being in a tomb.
it is very polemic
Who have the ring of the dinasty of Savoya? Victor Manuel, the Monarchists, The Pope

MAfan 10-30-2008 05:26 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by BELTRANEJA (Post 844817)
I have read that when Umberto of Savoya died, in his testament he wrote that he wanted to be buried with the ring or seal of the Savoya family.
The ring, or seal was the symbol of the Savoy family. All the Kings of Italy had carried it. But Umberto haven┤t good relationship with his son (the nonacceptance of the marriage of Victor Manuel with Maria Doria).
He wanted to say, buried with the ring, that the Savoya dinasty had been extinguished. He is the last King of Italy.
I do not think that he was buried with the ring. It has much economic value to being in a tomb.
it is very polemic
Who have the ring of the dinasty of Savoya? Victor Manuel, the Monarchists, The Pope

It is buried with His Majesty, under His armpit. He wanted that, and so it has been done.

BELTRANEJA 10-30-2008 10:59 AM

Is it true!!. It is in his tomb.
Umberto was carried to the grave a dynasty.
But his last will is not fulfilled, I think, that he is not buried in Italy..

Tosca 10-30-2008 11:18 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by BELTRANEJA (Post 845209)
Is it true!!. It is in his tomb.
Umberto was carried to the grave a dynasty.
But his last will is not fulfilled, I think, that he is not buried in Italy..

No, he and Queen Maria JosÚ are buried inside the Hautcombe Abbey in Savoy (France), that was formerly part of Italy.


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