Hello!! We can talk about the royals that were murdered (specially during 20th century):
-Imperial Russian Family (Nicholas II, Alexandra, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia and Alexis) in 1918. During the Communist Revolution a lot of members of Romanov family were murdered.
-Emperor of Mexico (¿final of 19th century?).
-King of Portugal (¿1908?).
-Archiduke and Archiduchesse of Austria-Hungary in ¿1914? in Sarajevo. They were heirs of the Austrian Throne.
-Prince Shariar Shafiq of Iran in Paris (1979): He was the son of Princess Ashraf (twin sister of the Shah).
-Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia: He was murdered by the communist in his arrest.
What in interesting thread. What made you think of it now?
Don't forget about Empres Elisabeth (Sisi, Sissi) of Austria-Hungary 10 Sept 1898 in Geneva.
Charles III Duke of Parma 26 March 1854.
I have been reading about the sad civil war that Spain suffered between 1936-1939. Among the thousand of murdered, there were a few members of the Spanish Royal Family (about eleven). Some of them in accidents of aviation, some of them shot, some of them in combat.
And some days ago, I have been looking for books about the Imperial Russian Family (and his sad story).
Other royal families murdered were the Royal Family of Nepal and the Royal Family of Laos.
Quite a few of British Monarchs (English, Scottish and/or British) met a violent end. Here are some of them:
Edmund I - murdered by an exiled thief, Leofa
St Edward the Martyr - murdered by his stepmother
Edward II - he was (presumably) murdered in a rather brutal way, if the stories are to be believed.
Richard II - was most probably starved to death
James I - murdered by a group of Scots, led by Sir Robert Graham
Henry VI - murdered in the Tower
Lady Jane Grey - executed
Mary Stuart - executed
Charles I - executed
Edward V and Prince Richard of York - both brothers were presumably murdered in the Tower of London (the date, method or even the culprits are unknown)
Malcolm - died in a battle
Duncan I - killed by his own men
Harold Godwinson - died at the Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror - died of injuries received at the Siege of Mantes
Richard I the Lionheart - died of wounds received at a siege (in France)
James II of Scotland - died in a battle (was near a cannon explosion)
Richard III - died at the Battle of Bosworth
James III of Scotland - killed in a battle
James IV of Scotland - killed at the Battle of Flodden Field
Russian Royals had equally turbulent history, too many of them were murdered to give a complete list, however this is a short list:
Tzarevich Ivan (Ivan IV, the Terrible's eldest son) - murdered by his own father, while trying to protect his pregnant wife
Ivan IV - although there is no conclusive proof of this, the examination of his remains recently showed traces of poisoning. It is generally agreed he was poisoned by Belsky and/or Boris Godunov (days earlier he tried to rape Irina, Godunov's sister and Feodor's (Ivan IV's second eldest son) wife, and only Godunov and Belsky's intervention saved her. It is possible they feared for their own lives)
Fyodor II - shortly after his father's (Boris Godunov) death, he was murdered, along with his mother. Although officially he was declared to have been poisoned, later studies indicate a more violent death; according the researchers, he was probably strangled, and it apparently took at least 4 men to overpower Fyodor
False Dmitri I - murdered by conspirators
False Dmitri II - murdered by Peter Urusov
Ivan VI - murdered by a guard (of the prison where he had spent some 20 years of his life), in accordance with the orders sent by Catherine II
Peter III - supposedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife (future Catherine II, the Great), although it is uncertain whether Catherine actually knew of the assassination plans
Paul I - assassinated as a result of a conspiracy, which put his son, Alexander, on the Throne. It is almost certain Alexander had no idea his father would be murdered
Alexander II, the Liberator - one of Russia's greatest Monarch's fell victim to an assassination plot
Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra and their children - killed by Bolsheviks in 1917
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich - de juro Emperor of Russia was murdered in Perm, most probably on orders from Cheka
Grand Duke Dimitri Konstantinovich, Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich - the four Grand Dukes were brutally murdered together in January of 1919 by the Bolsheviks. They were lined up before a ditch and shot. The shots sent their bodies into the trench. The bodies of Grand Duke Nicholas, Grand Duke George and Grand Duke Paul were thrown into a mass grave, however the body of Grand Duke Dimitri was secretly collected by the Grand Duke's former Adjutant, con Leiming, who transferred them to a private burial in Petrograd.
All Grand Dukes faced their deaths with great courage. George and Dimitri prayed before they were shot; Dimitri's prayed for forgiveness for his murderers, his last words were "Forgive them, for they know not what they do"
Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich, three sons of Grand Duke Konstantine Kosntantinovich (Ivan, Konstantine and Igor), Prince Vladimir Paley (the son of the morganatic marriage of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich, a brilliant poet), Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna - according to an eyewitness account, all of them were blindfolded (with the exception of Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich, who tried to resist and was shot in hand), sat in a cart and taken to a mine shaft. Blindfolded, the Grand Dukes and the Grand Duchess were ordered to walk across a log placed over the 60 foot deep mine. Sergei Mickailovich tried to disobey and was shot to death; his body was thrown into the shaft. The others were struck in the head and thrown into the shaft still alive. Several hand grenades were thrown in after that.
Although all of them were believed to be death after that, other eyewitnesses claim that groans, cries of pain coming from the shaft were heard for several days. The locals were forbidden to go anywhere near the shaft or try to help those inside – the punishment was death.
The 'execution' took place at the dawn and in great secrecy, for the Bolsheviks believed the local people would oppose such brutal murder, especially that of Grand Duchess Elizabeth.
Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich - his death in 1941 arose a lot of rumours; many believed that Bolsheviks finally 'got him', while others thought Hitler had ordered his death after Dmitri's refusal to lead the army of Russian nobles in the war against Soviet Union (he said that nothing would induce him to fight against fellow Russians)
:previous: forgot to say: impressive list!!;) Here is a painting of Edward V and Prince Richard, Duke of York at the Tower
I can add Anne Boleyn, 1536
sister of Charles II Henrietta Anne Stuart - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 1670 and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_I_of_Greece, bit by a monkey with rabies someone told me it was murder, 1920
King Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Marseilles, 1934.
King George I of the Hellenes, Salonika, 1913
Prince Willem I of Orange, Delft, 1584
King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, 1975
King Birendra, queen Aiswarya and seven other members of the Nepalese RF, Kathmandu, 2001.
King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette of France, Paris, 1793.
Duke John I of Burgundy (aka John the Fearless), Montereau, 1419 (by the French crwon prince and his men).
Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria, Sofia, 1943 (said to be poisoned by the Nazi's)
King Ludwig II of Bavaria, Lake Stamberg, 1886 (he was drowned, according to some sources)
Faisal II of Iraq 1939-58 and family:
Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah of Iraq
Princess Abadiya murdered by coup d'etat.
Abdullah I of Jordan shoted in 1951 by Mustafa Ashu.
Alexander I of Yugoslavia 1929-34 shoted in Marseille during visit in Third French Republic by Vlado Chernozemski. (It was first assassinations captured on film.)
Alexander I of Serbia 1889-1903 and Queen Draga murdered 1903.
Faisal of Saudi Arabia shot in 1975 by his halfbrother's son Faisal bin Musa'id during public meeting with prominent citizens.
Umberto I King of Ialy 1878-1900 shot by Italo-American anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
earlier by guillotine:
Louis XVI King of France
Marie Antoinette Queen of France spouse of LXVI
Princess Elisabeth of France , sister of LXVI
Louis Philippe II Duke d'Orleans
Frederick III Prince of Salm-Kyrburg
Lucien Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco, was murdered by his nephew Bartholomew Doria :monacoflag:
Emperor Dinh bo Linh, founder of the Dinh dynasty, was murdered by his palace guard while he was sleeping. Nguyen Duc Duc, Emperor of Vietnam for 3 days, was murdered by starvation. His successor, Emperor Hiep Hoa, was forced to kill himself by drinking poison and his successor, Emperor Kien Phuc, was killed by poisoning -1883- the Year of the 3 Emperors :vietnamflag:
Emperor Yongzheng of China was allegedly murdered by the daughter of an official he had executed. Emperor Guangxu of China was allegedly murdered by arsenic poisoning by Empress Dowager Cixi :chinaflag:
King Taksin the Great of Thailand was deposed and later murdered by the founder of the current Chakri dynasty. King Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, of Thailand was shot to death in his room at the Grand Palace :thaiflag:
Emperor Shaka of the Zulus was murdered by his 3 half brothers :swazilandflag:
Emperor Montezuma II of Mexico was murdered, whether by his own people or by the Spanish is still disputed. Emperor Agustin de Iturbide of Mexico was shot by firing squad and Emperor Maximilian of Mexico was shot by firing squad :mexicoflag:
Don't forget Lord Louis Mountbatten cousin of the Queen (QEII) who was murdered by the IRA when his boat was blown up in 1979. It was an absolutely horrific event that not only killed Lord Mountbatten, but one of his grandsons, who was only 14.
BBC ON THIS DAY | 27 | 1979: IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten
Carlos I King of Posrtugal and Luis Felipe, Prince Royal of Portugal and Prince 1 Feb 1908 shot by Carbonaria.
Rosalie Gicanda Queen Dowager of Rwanda murdered in 1994.
Elizabeth of Bosnia, Queen of Hungary and Poland, regent for her daughter Mary, was kidnapped in 1386 and strangled in January 1387.
We should only discuss royals who were murdered, not commoners or those who were executed.
Leszek Biały Piast (White) Prince of Cracov, Masovia was assassinaed in 1227.
Henri III of Poland and France assassinated in 1589 by Dominican fair Jacques Clement.
Boris III of Bulgaria 1943
Mafalda of Savoy, princess of Hesse 1944
Luise of Savoy, princess de Lamballe 1789/90
Don't forget the royal massacre in Nepal, where the Crown Prince interrupted a family dinner and shot and killed several members of his family including his father, and then killed himself. Very sad :(
And may I ask enquire as to why we should no include those executed that is still murder? And which commoners have been included?
This is shaping up to be a wonderful read.
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