The Counts of Holland & Zeeland
The county of Holland was created in the 10th century for Count Dirk of Holland who came from a noble family in Aquitania who said they could trace their anscestery back to Troy.
The county of Holland was ruled by several dynasties and formally existed until the peace of Westphalia in 1648. The counts of Holland became Counts of Zeeland too in 1299.
- 922 - 1299; Dynasty of Holland
- 1299 - 1354; Dynasty of Avesnes (Counts of Hainaut)
- 1354 - 1432; Dynasty of Wittelsbach
- 1432 - 1482; Dynasty of Valois (Dukes of Burgundy)
- 1482 - 1648; Dynasty of Habsburg (Holy Roman Emperors, Kings of Spain)
The first count of Holland, Dirk I, was the son or foster-son of Gerolf, Count in Frisia (Dijkstra suggests that Dirk may have been the son of a sister of Gerolf and that his own father died while he was still an infant). He received land around Egmond from Charles the Fat at a place called Bladella (modern day Bladel near Eindhoven, The Netherlands) in 922. This is seen as the beginning of the county of Holland. However, until about 1100, the usual names for the county were West-Friesland, Frisia or Kennemerland; in spite of this the counts from Dirk I onwards are named of Holland.
Note that the chronology of the first few counts is uncertain. The existence of a count between Dirk I and Dirk II was only recently suggested, since it is thought that the references to counts named Dirk between 896 and 988 refer to three, not two, different counts. This third Count Dirk is placed between Dirk and I and II and numbered as Dirk I bis to avoid confusion with the already established numbering referring to the other counts of Holland named Dirk.
The family tree, from wikipedia and free of use:
For Dutch posters: the next issue of the 'Historisch Nieuwsblad' will have an article about Countess Jacqueline of Holland & her eventful & tragic life.
The Countdoms of Holland and Zeeland
Count of Holland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
County of Zeeland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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