September 2008: How to educate an heir?
Its hard to believe that its September and that summer (at least on the East Coast of the US) has come and gone but the signs are there for all to see as I look out of my window…..its getting darker earlier, the leaves are starting to turn and fall and its time for the new school year to begin.
This month, we take a look at Educating Royal Heirs. Needless to say, educating a royal heir in the year 2008 is not the same as educating an heir during the early 21st century. At the turn of the century (and at least until the mid 1950’s depending on the country) educating an heir to the throne was limited to education by private tutors in the palace and then said heir enlisting in his or her country’s armed forces.
Nowadays you might just find Ingrid, Catharina Amaila, Christian, William or Lenore in a public and/or private elementary school. Or even at a class at the University. That might have happened for their parents Haakon, Willem-Alexander, Frederick, Charles or Felipe but most likely that wasn’t the case for their grandparents. With the changing times, one must ask…what does educating an heir entail? As you will see, each country is different, and has varied its approach.
For those members who starting a new school term, parents whose children have begun a new school year and those ecstatic members who are finishing their last year of Secondary (High School), College and/or Graduate School …..We wish you a safe, happy and as always a highly educational year!
We hope you enjoy this month’s newsletter!
Norwegianne, Lady Jennifer, Anna_R and Zonk
TRF Moderation Team
Since the August newsletter, there have been some changes in the Moderation team here at The Royal Forums, listed below is a brief recap:
Please don’t hesitate to contact us if there are any questions and/or concerns.
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We have a new thread in the Support and Feedback forum that contains all sorts of information about TRF and also contains a copy of the Member FAQs for easy reference.
The Royal Articles
We have a new article available on The Royal Articles, Regina has written an informative article on Queen Amelia of Portugal, the last Queen of Portugal. The article can be found at Queen Amelia of Portugal.
Since we are unable to use professional photos to illustrate the articles, the editors are very interested in hearing from any members who have taken photos of royals and would be willing to have their photos used in the articles. Also, anyone who would like to try their hand at writing an article should contact one of the editors. The editors are Elspeth, Mandy, Marengo, and TheTruth.
The Royal Book Club
The book for September is Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, by Karin Palshoj and Gitte Redder. The discussion of this book will be led by GlitteringTiaras. The thread for this discussion will be posted shortly in the Royal Book Club forum.
03.08 Birthday of Charlotte Casiraghi (1986)
03.08 Birthday of Princess Christina Mrs Magnuson (1943)
03.08 Birthday of Prince Louis of Luxembourg (1986)
05.08 Birthday of Princess Irene of the Netherlands (1939)
06.08 Birthday of Columbus Taylor (1994)
08.08 Birthday of Princess Beatrice of York (1988)
11.08 Birthday of Princess Mabel van Oranje-Nassau (1960)
12.08 Birthday of Achileas Andreas, Prince of Greece and Denmark (2000)
12.08 Birthday of Princess Sarah of Jordan (1978)
12.08 Birthday of Queen Sirikit of Thailand (1932)
13.08 Birthday of Princess Rahma of Jordan (1969)
15.08 Birthday of The Princess Royal (1950)
16.08 Birthday of Duke Paul-Vladimir of Oldenburg (1969)
16.08 Birthday of Princess Luisa of Savoy (2006)
16.08 Birthday of Countess Ingrid Alexandra Irma Astrid Benedikte von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth (2003)
19.08 Birthday of The Duchess of Anhalt (1961)
19.08 Birthday of Prince Philipp Erasmus of Liechtenstein (1946)
19.08 Birthday of Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway (1973)
20.08 Birthday of Prince Gabriel of Belgium (2003)
21.08 Birthday of King Mohammed VI of Morocco (1963)
23.08 Birthday of Queen Noor of Jordan (1951)
24.08 Birthday of Alexandre Eric Stéphane Coste (2003)
26.08 Birthday of Prince Richard, the Duke of Gloucester (1944)
26.08 Birthday of Princess Maria-Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1988)
28.08 Birthday of Prince Nikolai of Denmark (1999)
30.08 Birthday of Princess Lilian, the Duchess of Halland (1915)
30.08 Birthday of Former Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (born Princess of Denmark) (1946)
31.08 Birthday of Queen Rania of Jordan (1970)
August 4th -Prince Faisal and Princess Aliya of Jordan (1987)
August 6th -Prince Manuel of Bavaria and Princess Anna zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (2005)
August 9th -Duchess Fleur of Wurttemberg and Count Moritz von Goess (2003)
August 13th - Princess Xenia of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Max Soltmann (2005)
August 25th - Crown Prince Haakon of Norway & Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby (2001)
August 27th - Prince Pieter Christiaan of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven and Anita Theodora van Eijk (2005)
August 27th - http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...6-a-10674.html
August 29th - King Harald of Norway and Sonja Haraldsen (1968)
30.08 Prince Ferdinand-Maximilian zu Ysenburg und Büdingen & Sophie De Bois (2003)
September 3rd - Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
September 5th - Pierre Rainier Stefano Casiraghi
September 6th - Prince Hisahito of Japan
September 7th - Prince Rudolf Ferdinand of Liechtenstein
September 8th - Duke Paul Marie of Oldenburg
September 11th - Princess Kiko of Japan
September 11th - Queen Paola of Belgium
September 11th - Prince Talal of Jordan
September 11th - Princess Iman of Iran
September 12th - Prince Mohammed of Jordan
September 13th - Princess Astrid of Liechtenstein
September 13th - Archduchesses Monika and Michaela of Austria
September 14th - Count Friedrich Richard Oscar Jefferson von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth
September 15th - Prince Henry of Great Britain
September 15th - Crown Princess Letizia of Austrias
September 15th - Princess Jalilah of Jordan
September 17th - Odysseas Kimon, Prince of Greece and Denmark
September 17th - Duchess Rixa Marie-Alix of Oldenburg
September 17th - Crown Princess Pavlos Marie-Chantal of Greece and Denmark
September 22nd - Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
September 23rd - Grand Duchess Leonida Georgievna of Russia
September 25th - Prince Johan Friso van Oranje-Nassau
September 26th - Princess Salma of Jordan
September 27th - Princess Iman of Jordan
September 29th - Baroness Christina Louise Silfverschiold
September 29th - Juan Urdangarín y Bórbon
September 30th - Princess Maria-Esmeralda of Belgium
September 30th - Ari Behn
Sepember 4th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...04-a-7707.html
September 8th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...04-a-3539.html
September 8th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...94-a-3996.html
September 9th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...04-a-3520.html
September 10th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...94-a-6727.html
September 10th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...-a-7086-2.html
September 11th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...99-a-9357.html
September 12th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...90-a-6685.html
September 13th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...03-a-9485.html
September 15th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...89-a-4667.html
September 16th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...6-a-11187.html
September 18th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...64-a-4560.html
September 18th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...04-a-3644.html
September 19th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...05-a-7479.html
September 21st http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...984-a-775.html
September 21st http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...96-a-5172.html
September 24th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...05-a-7373.html
September 25th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...03-a-4334.html
September 25th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...04-a-3684.html
Sepember 27th - Victoria of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Markos Nomikos
September 29th http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...6-a-10945.html
September 13th - Princess Grace of Monaco dies 25 years ago
September 15th - Enthronement Ceremony Anniversary of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Educating a royal heir in the year 2008 is not the same as educating an heir during the early 21st century. At the turn of the century (and at least until the mid 1950’s depending on the country) educating an heir to the throne was limited to education by private tutors in the palace and then said heir enlisting in his or her country’s armed forces.
Nowadays you might just find Ingrid, Catharina-Amaila, Christian, William or Lenore in a public and/or private elementary. Or even at a class at the University. Most heirs (unlike some of their parents) have attended public or private elementary and/or secondary schools and has attended a university. Such a concept would have been foreign in the time of King George V of Great Britain, King Alfonso IX of Spain and Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.
Join us as we look at the educational pursuits of some of the current heirs.
Shaikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain, completed his high school education in Bahrain, and in 1992 went on to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree in Public Administration from the American University (US) followed by a Master of Philosophy and History from Cambridge University (UK) in 1994. He has since participated in numerous seminars addressing Gulf Security issues and Middle East affairs.
Prince Philippe was educated at the Belgian Royal Military School, which he attended in both French and in Dutch. In the 1981, Prince Phillipe graduated from the Royal Military Academy. His academic training was completed at Trinity College, University of Oxford (UK) and at the Graduate School of Standford Univeristy (USA) where he graduated in 1985 with a Master of Arts Degree in political science.
Prince Phillipe was appointed as a Second Lieutenant in 1980 and obtained his fighter pilot's wings in 1982 and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, the Prince attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to Colonel. On 25 March2001, the Prince was appointed to the rank of Major-General in the Land Component and the Air Component and to the rank of Rear-Admiral in the Naval Component.
Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark attended elementary school at Krebs' Skole as a private pupil at Amalienborg Palace from 1974-1976, and from the third form at Krebs' Skole. From 1982 to 1983, The Crown Prince was a boarder at École des Roches in Normandy, France. In 1986, Crown Prince Frederik graduated from the upper secondary school of Øregaard Gymnasium.
Under the name of Frederik Henrikesen, the Crown Prince studied political science at Harvard University (US) from 1992-1993. He then took up a position for three months with the Danish UN mission in New York in 1994. He received an MSc in Political Science from the University of Aarhus, which he completed in February 1995. The Crown Prince was posted as First Secretary to the Danish Embassy in Paris from October 1998-October 1999.
In the period 2001 and 2002, the Crown Prince completed further training for leaders at the Royal Danish Defence College. Crown Prince Frederik remains active in the defence, and in the period 2002-2003 served as a staff officer at Defence Command Denmark, and from 2003 as a senior lecturer with the Institute of Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College.
He has completed extensive military studies and training in all three services, notably completing education as a sailor in the naval elite special operations forces.
The Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales was the first British heir to attend school rather than be taught by a private tutor. He first attended Hill House School in West London, and later the Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, which the Duke of Edinburgh also attended. Like, his father, he finished his education at Gordonstoun, a private boarding school in the northeast of Scotland. Much has been written about Prince Charles’s unhappy experience at Gordonstoun, where he was bullied by other students. In 1966, Charles also spent two terms at the Geelong Grammar School in Victoria, Australia. In 1967, he left Gordonstoun with two A levels, in History and French.
In the past, most British heirs have traditionally served in the armed forces, after finishing school. Charles, however, in another break with tradition, attended Trinity College, Cambridge. At Trinity, he read anthropology and archaeology, and later history, earning a 2:2 (lower second class) Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree on 23 June 1970, making Charles the third member of the Royal Family to earn a university degree. In 1975, the Prince was awarded an MA (Cantab) degree.
In addition to his time at Trinity, Charles attended the Old College, part of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, for one term where he studied the Welsh language and Welsh history. The intention was specifically to learn the Welsh language, and as such he was the first English-born Prince of Wales ever to make a serious attempt to do so. He subsequently learnt enough to be able to deliver his investiture speech in Welsh.
Crown Prince Naruhito received his primary and secondary education at the Gakushuin School (the Peers School), where all members of the imperial family are educated. The Gakushuin School system provides education from kindergarten through university to the children of the aristocracy and well-connected commoners. Emperor Hirohito and Emperor Akihito were also pupils there, although after the Second World War Prince Akihito was given private lessons in English by an American tutor, Elizabeth Gray Vining, whose remit also included introducing the Prince to western culture. Emperor Akihito did not travel abroad to study. In order to give his heir some experience of other cultures, he arranged for 14-year-old Naruhito to spend a week in Australia living as part of an Australian family.
On graduating from school, Naruhito entered Gakushuin University, where he studied history, unlike most of the other members of his family who specialized in biological sciences. After graduation, he spent a year at Merton College, Oxford (UK), studying for a Master's degree. His research topic was transport on the Thames in the 18th century. According to his memoirs, he also spent a good deal of time traveling and engaging in social activities during his time in England. He returned to Gakushuin University to continue his studies and submitted his thesis three years later. While Prince Naruhito is not the first member of the Japanese royal family to study abroad, he is the first heir to the throne to do so. It is probable that Prince Hisahito will follow his uncle (and his father, Naruhito's younger brother) through the Gakushuin School and University system and then abroad for postgraduate study.
While there is no official heir “on record” it is widely assumed that King Abdullah’s son, Prince Hussein bin al-Abdullah born in 1994 would be the probable choice for this position.
Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, like his father, attended primary school in Vaduz-Ebenholz and Liechtenstein Grammar School. In 1987, he graduated with an advanced level diploma (Type B, literature and history). Like many of his contemporaries, he attended the Royal Military Academy at Standhurt (UK) where he completed his officer training. After being commissioned Second Lieutenant, he served six months with the Coldstream Guards in Hong Kong and London.
In 1988, Hereditary Prince Alois enrolled as a law student at Sazlburg University, where in the spring of 1992 he graduated with a Master’s degree. From 1993 to 1996, he worked for an auditing firm in London . Since 1993, he has returned to live in Vaduz and is responsible for various sections of the assets of the Princely House.
Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume's education includes Lycée Robert-Schumann in Luxembourg; Beau Soleil and Institut Le Rosey boarding schools in Switzerland; and Royal Military Academy SandhurstCamberley, England. He began his higher education studies in the United Kingdom where he studied at the University of Durham and Brunel University, both in England, eventually graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in International Politics, and is now continuing his studies in Switzerland where he is studying Geopolitics.
Caroline, Princess of Hanover received her French Baccalauréat (high school or A level) degree in 1974 with honors. She was educated at St Mary's School Ascot, and continued her studies at the Sorbonne in Paris, where she received a diploma in Philosophy and minors in Psychology and Biology. She is fluent in French, English, Spanish, German and Italian.
Willem-Alexander, the Prince of Orange, received his primary education at the Nieuwe Baarnse School in Baarn and started his secondary education at the Baarns Lyceum. He continued his secondary education at the Eerste Vrijzinnig Christelijk Lyceum in The Hague, and completed it at Atlantic College in Llantwit Major, Wales, where he gained an International Baccalaureate in 1985.
After completing his military service, the Prince enrolled as a history student in the Arts Faculty of Leiden University in 1987. This gave the Prince a wide-ranging knowledge of a broad spectrum of subjects, including general and Dutch history, economic history, political science and constitutional law, EC law, international law, human rights and economics.
The Prince concluded his studies with a dissertation on the Dutch response to France’s decision under President de Gaulle to leave NATO’s integrated command structure. He was awarded a degree in history in 1993.
Crown Prince Haakon of Norway, completed his upper secondary education at Kirstein Gymnasium in Oslo in 1992. In 1995 he graduated from the RoyalNorwegianNavalAcademy in Bergen, followed by a year aboard missile torpedo boats and other vessels.
In the fall of 1996 he moved to the USA to study at the University of California at Berkeley, and received his BA in political science in the spring 1999. In 2000, the Crown Prince was a member of Norway’s third delegation to the UN General Assembly. The Crown Prince later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry Foreign Affair’s civil servant introductory course in 2001. In 2003, he competed his education at the London School of Economics and Political Science, where he was awarded an MA in development studies, specializing in international trade and Africa.
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden is the only female heir apparent currently in the world and upon her accession she will be Sweden’s third queen regnant. Victoria attended a state elementary and in 1996 she graduated from a private secondary school in Stockholm. During the 1996-1997 school term, she studied at Université Catholique de l'Ouest at Angers in France and in the fall of 1997 Victoria followed a special program following the work of the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament). During the years 1998-2000, she interned at the Swedish Embassy in Washington DC (May 1999) and attended Yale University in the United States.
In 2000, Victoria studied conflict resolution and international peacekeeping at the Swedish National Defence College and in 2001 followed the Swedish presidency of the EU and completed a study program at the Government Offices (Rosenbad). In the spring of 2002, the Crown Princess completed a completed a study program with the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and in the fall of 2002, she interned at the Swedish Trace Council's offices in Berlin and Paris. In 2003 the Crown Princess' education continued with visits to Swedish businesses, a study and intern program in agriculture and forestry, as well as completing the basic soldier training at SWEDINT (the Swedish Armed Forces International Centre).
In the fall of 2004 Victoria continued with courses in political science, international relations and conflict resolution at the Swedish National Defence College. In 2005 she continued with private tutored studies in society related subjects as well as some courses at the Stockholm University. In the fall of 2006 Victoria enrolled in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs' Diplomat Program, running from September 2006 to June 2007. The program is a training program for young future diplomats and gives an insight to the ministry's work, Swedish foreign and security politics and Sweden's relations with the rest of the world.
If there are any comments on the newsletter, please let us know at http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums...back-6298.html .
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