King Amadeo I and Queen Maria Victoria
Amedeo I Ferdinando Maria, Prince of Italy, Duke of Aosta; King of Spain and the Indies (Turin, 30 May 1845-Turin, 18 January 1890); married 1stly in Turin on 30 May 1867 Princess Maria Vittoria Carlotta Enrichetta dal Pozzo della Cisterna (Paris, 9 Augustus 1846-San Remo, 8 November 1876); married 2ndly in Turin on 11 September 1888 Princess Marie Letizia Bonaparte (Paris, 20 November 1866-Moncalieri, 25 October 1926)
Reign: 1870 - 1873
Predecessor: Queen Isabel II of Spain
Successor: Alfonso XII (after two years of a Spanish republic)
Children Amadeo and Maria Vittoria: Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Italy, 2nd Duke of Aosta; Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Italy, Count of Turin and Prince Luigi of Italy, Duke of Abruzzi
Son Amadeo and Marie Laeticia: Prince Umberto of Italy, Count of Salemi
Parents Amadeo: King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy and Archduchess Adelheid of Austria
Parents Maria Vittoria: Prince Carlo Emanuele dal Pozzo della Cisterna and Countess Louise de Merode(-Westerloo)
Parents Marie Laeticia: Napoleon Joseph, Prince Napoleon, Prince francais and Princess Clotilde of Savoy
Siblings Amadeo: Princess Clotilda Napoleon; King Umberto I of Italy; Prince Oddone of Italy, Duke of Montferrat; Queen Maria Pia of Portugal; Prince Carlo Alberto of Italy, Duke of Chablais and Prince Vittotio Emanuele of Italy, Count of Geneva
Sister Maria Vittoria: Princess Giuseppina Beatrice dal Pozzo della Cisterna
Siblings Marie Laeticia: Prince Victor Napoleon and Prince Napoléon Louis
Amadeo I (Italian Amedeo, sometimes Latinized as Amadeus) (May 30, 1845 – January 18, 1890) was the second son of King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. He was known for most of his life as Duke of Aosta, but served briefly as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873.
Granted the hereditary title Duke of Aosta in the year of his birth, he founded the Aosta branch of Italy's royal House of Savoy, which is junior in agnatic descent to the branch descended from King Umberto I that reigned until 1946, but senior to the branch of the Dukes of Genoa.
Prince Amedeo of Savoy was born in Turin, Italy. He was the second son of Victor Emmanuel II (King of Piedmont, Savoy, Sardinia and, later, first King of Italy) and of Archduchess Maria Adelaide of Austria.
In 1867 his father yielded to the entreaties of parliamentary deputy Francisco Cassins, and on May 30 of that year, Amedeo was wed to Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Princess della Cisterna (b. August 9, 1847 - d. November 8, 1876). The king initially opposed the match on the grounds that her family was of insufficient rank, as well as his hopes for his son's marriage to a German princess.
Despite her princely title, donna Maria Vittoria was not of royal birth, belonging rather to the Piedmontese nobility. She was, however, the sole heiress of her father's vast fortune, which subsequent Dukes of Aosta inherited, thereby obtaining wealth independent of their dynastic appanage and allowances from Italy's kings. Maria Vittoria's mother, Countess Louise de Mérode, granddaughter of the Prince de Rubempré and of the Princess van Grimberghe, belonged to one of Belgium's premier noble houses, and had married the Principe della Cisterna in 1846 in a double wedding with her younger sister Antoinette, who married Charles III, the reigning Prince of Monaco.
Amedeo and Maria Vittoria had three children:
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Maria Vittoria Carlotta Enrichetta del Pozzo della Cisterna (August 9, 1847 - November 8, 1876) was the daughter of Charles Emmanuel, Prince dal Pozzo dalla Cisterna and his wife, Louise Caroline Ghislaine, Countess of Mérode. Born in Paris, she was Duchess consort of Aosta (1863-1876) and Queen consort of Spain (1870-1873).
She died in Sanremo.
On May 30, 1863, in Turin, she married with Prince Amadeo, Duke of Aosta, a son of King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
When Amadeo became King of Spain, did he have to renounce his rights to the throne of Italy?
Yes, he did. However in March 1873, after he abdicated the Spanish throne and returned to Italy, the succession rights to the Italian throne have been re-granted to him, after all the member of the Royal Family gave their consent.
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