King Alfonso XII and Wives (Queen Mercedes and Queen Maria Cristina)
Alfonso XII Francisco de Asis Fernando Pio Juan Maria de la Concepcion Gregorio Pelayo, King of Spain (Madrid, 28 November 1857 - El Pardo, 25 November 1885); married 1stly in Madrid, 23 January 1878 Princess Mercedes of Spain (Madrid, 24 June 1860 - Madrid, 26 June 1878); married 2ndly in Madrid on 29 November 1879 Archduchess Maria Cristina of Austria (Groß Seelowitz, 21 July 1858 - Madrid, 6 February 1929)
Reign: 1874 - 1885
Predecessor: King Amedeo I of Spain
Succeeded by: King Alfonso XIII
Children Alfonso & Mercedes: None
Children Alfonso & Maria Cristina: Princess Maria de las Mercedes of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Teresa of Bavaria and King Alfonso XII of Spain
Parents Alfonso: Queen Isabel II of Spain and Prince Francisco of Spain
Parents Mercedes: Prince Antoine d'Orleans, Duke of Montpensier, Prince of Spain and Princess Luise Fernanda of Spain
Parents Maria Cristina: Archduke Karl-Ferdinand of Austria (Teschen) and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria (Hungary)
Siblings Alfonso: Prince Fernando of Spain, Prince of Asturias, Princess Maria Isabel of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Cristina, Princess Maria de la Conception, princess Maria del Pilar of Spain, Princess Maria de la Paz of Bavaria, Prince Francisco de Assis of Spain and Princess Eulalia of Spain & Orleans
Siblings Mercedes: Princess Maria Isabel d'Orleans (France), Princess Amalia, Princess Cristina, Princess Maria de la Regla, Prince Fernando and Prince Felipe of Spain, Prince Antonio of Spain, Duke of Galliera, Prince Luis of Spain
Siblings Maria Cristina: Archduke Franz-Joseph, Archduke Friedrich, Archduke Carl Stephen, Archduke Eugen and Archduchess Maria Eleonora of Austria
Half Sister Maria Cristina: Queen Maria Theresia of Bavaria
Alfonso XII (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885) was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.
Alfonso was the son of Isabella II of Spain. His biological paternity is uncertain, though his legal paternity is not: his mother was married to her (presumed homosexual) cousin Francis of Assisi de Borbon, King Consort of Spain, at the time of Alfonso's conception and birth. Some theories suggest that Alfonso's biological father might have been either Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans, captain of the Royal Guard, or General Francisco Serrano.
When Queen Isabella and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the Revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris. From there, he was sent to the Theresianum at Vienna to continue his studies. On June 25, 1870, he was recalled to Paris, where his mother abdicated in his favour, in the presence of a number of Spanish nobles who had tied their fortunes to that of the exiled queen. He assumed the title of Alfonso XII, for although no King of united Spain had borne the name "Alfonso XI", the Spanish monarchy was regarded as continuous with the more ancient monarchy represented by the eleven kings of León and Castile, also named Alfonso.
Shortly afterwards, Alfonso proceeded to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom in order to continue his military studies. While there, he issued, on December 1, 1874, in reply to a birthday greeting from his followers, a manifesto proclaiming himself the sole representative of the Spanish monarchy. At the end of that year, when Marshal Serrano left Madrid to take command of the northern army in the Carlist War, Brigadier Martinez Campos, who had long been working more or less openly for the king, led some battalions of the central army to Sagunto, rallied to his own flag the troops sent against him, and entered Valencia in the king's name. Thereupon the president of the council resigned, and his power was transferred to the king's plenipotentiary and adviser, Canovas del Castillo. Within a few days, the king arrived at Madrid, passing through Barcelona and Valencia and was acclaimed everywhere (1875). In 1876, a vigorous campaign against the Carlists, in which the young king took part, resulted in the defeat of Don Carlos and the Duke's abandonment of the struggle.
On January 23, 1878, Alfonso married his cousin, Princess Maria de las Mercedes, daughter of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, but she died within six months of the marriage. Towards the end of the same year, a young workman of Tarragona, Juan Oliva Moncasi, fired at the king in Madrid.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
María de las Mercedes d'Orléans y Borbón, a.k.a Mercédés/ Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier (24 June 1860 - 26 June 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain, the first wife of Alfonso XII. She was born in Madrid, Spain, the daughter of Antoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier and of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain.
Through her father, Mercedes was the granddaughter of King Louis Philippe I, King of the French and of Princess Marie Amalie, Princess of the Two Sicilies. Through her mother, Mercedes was the granddaughter of King Fernando VII of Spain by his niece and fourth wife, María Cristina of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies. Thus, Mercedes descended from the Bourbon Dynasty through all four of her grandparents, since his descendants reigned in Spain, France and Naples (later Kingdom of the Two Sicilies).
She was born at the Palacio Real, Madrid (the royal castle). Isabella II and her husband Francisco were Mercedes's godparents at her christening, when she was given the names: María de las Mercedes Isabel Francisca de Asís Antonia Luisa Fernanda Felipa Amalia Cristina Francisca de Paula Ramona Rita Cayetana Manuela Juana Josefa Joaquina Ana Rafaela Filomena Teresa Santísima Trinidad Gaspara Melchora Baltasara et omni sancti.
Although Mercedes was patrilineally a French princess, she was officially also a Spanish infanta. In addition to being a niece of Isabella II, Mercedes was entitled to the title of infanta because her father Antoine had been created Infante Antonio of Spain at his marriage. Her entire childhood was spent mostly at their Palace of San Telmo, Sevilla, in Andalucía (southern Spain). They apparently were not welcome to Madrid, because of her father's aspirations to gain the throne for himself. She was especially close to all her siblings, and most especially to her brother Fernando, who died when she was 13 years old. She was also close to her eldest sisters, the Princesses Isabel (who married her cousin Philippe, Comte de Paris in 1864) and María Amelia (who died at the age of 19 in 1870), as well as her younger sister María Cristina (1862-1879), who died shortly after Mercedes's own death in 1878.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Maria Christina, Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Habsburg-Lothringen, 21 July 1858 – 6 February 1929) was the second Queen consort of King Alfonso XII of Spain and was Queen Regent of Spain during the minority of her son Alfonso XIII and during the abeyancy of the throne before his birth, from November 25, 1885 - 7 May 1902.
Known to her family as Christa, she was born at Zidlochovice Castle (Gross Seelowitz), near Brno, in Moravia, a daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand and his wife, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria.
Her paternal grandparents were Archduke Charles of Austria and Princess Henriette Alexandrine of Nassau-Weilburg.
Maria Christina married King Alfonso XII of Spain on 29 November 1879 at the Royal Palace in Madrid, and became the mother of his only three legitimate children: Infanta Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain, and Alfonso (born posthumously). His previous wife was Mercedes of Orléans, who had died half a year after their marriage, leaving no issue.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Courtesy of El Mundo.es.
El Mundo.es has an article in spanish on- "Mª Luisa Sanz de Limantour-a 'natural born,' grand daughter of King Alfonso XII of Spain and Elena Sanz- daughter of the first Marquis of de Cabra."
Hello, Mr. Marengo, my name is rey bagalso and I am researching about a Mater dolorosa woodcarving done by Mariano Madrinan of the Philippines. It was supposed to be exhibited in Armsterdam Exposition on 1883. It was brought by Don Francisco de Yriarte, this image won a gold medal award given by King Alfonso XII, i would kindly request its current whereabouts and any information you could give. Thank you very much,It will answer a lot of question by my hometown frienda of Paete,Laguna, Philippines.
Royal Anniversary - 25 November 1885,Death of Alfonso XII of Spain.
Royal Anniversary - 28 November 1857,Birth of the future Alfonso XII of Spain.
Alfonso was born at the El Pardo Palace,the son of Queen Isabella II of Spain.
Alfonso aged 13,then the Prince of Asturias
Royal Anniversary- 6th of February,1929-Death of Maria Christina of Austria,Queen of Spain.
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