King Philip III/II and Queen Margarita
Philip III/II King of Spain, of Portugal and the Algarves, Sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands (Madrid, 14 April 1578 - Madrid, 31 March 1621); married in Valencia on 18 April 1599 Achduchess Margarethe of Austria (Graz, 25 December 1584 - El Escorial, Madrid, 3 October 1611)
Reign: 1598 - 1621
Predecessor: King Philip II/I of Spain and of Portugal and the Algarves
Succeeded by: King Philip IV/III of Spain, Portugal and the Algarves
Children: Queen Anne of France, Princess Maria and King Philip IV of Spain, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary, Prince Carlos of Spain and Prince Ferdinand of Spain, Archbishop of Toledo, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Princess Margarita and Prince Alfonso of Spain
Parents King Philip III/II: King Phillip II of Spain, King of Portugal and Archduchess Anne Marie of Austria
Parents Queen Margarita: Archduke Karl of Austria and Princess Marie Anna of Bavaria
Siblings King Philip III/II: Prince Carlos, Archduchess Isabella of Austria, governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Duchess Catalina Micaela of Savoy, Prince Fernando, Prince Carlos Lorenzo, Prince Diego and Princess Maria of Spain
Siblings Queen Magarita : Archduke Ferdinand, Queen Anne of Poland, Princess Maria Christina of Transylvania (Bathory von Siebenburgen), Archduchess Katharina and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Archduke Karl, Archduchess Gregoria, Archduchess Eleonora and Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Archduke Leopold V of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor etc, Queen Constance of Poland, Grand Duchess Maria Magdalena of Tuscany and Archduke Karl of Austria
Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III; April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the King of Spain and King of Portugal and the Algarves, where he ruled as Philip II (Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. His chief minister was the Duke of Lerma. Philip III married Margaret of Styria, sister of Emperor Ferdinand II.
Born in Madrid, the son of Philip II of Spain and his fourth wife (and niece) Anna, daughter of the Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain. He shared the viewpoints and beliefs of his father, but did not inherit his industry. The capable and intelligent old king had sorrowfully confessed that God had not given him a son capable of governing his vast dominions, and that he had foreseen that Philip III would be led by his servants. This opinion was ultimately correct.
The new king put the direction of his government entirely into the hands of his favorite, the Duke of Lerma, Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, and when he fell under the influence of Lerma's son, Cristóbal de Sandoval, the Duke of Uceda in 1618, he trusted himself and his states to the new favourite.
The king's own life was passed amid court festivities, on which enormous sums of money were wasted, or in the practice of piety. It was said that he was so virtuous as hardly to have committed a venial sin.
He died at Madrid on March 31, 1621. The story told in the memoirs of the French ambassador Bassompierre, that he was killed by the heat of a brasero (a pan of hot charcoal), because the proper official to take it away was not at hand, is a humorous exaggeration of the formal etiquette of the court.
The policies of the Duke of Lerma were aimed towards the maintenance of international peace, towards the expulsion of the Moors and towards his desire of personal enrichment, as much economic as political.
Throughout his reign institutional reforms followed one after another to solve the problems of corruption and inefficiency that plagued the administration of the Monarchy: apart from the changes introduced in the traditional system of Counselors, resources were extended to the Juntas, bodies responsible for decreasing the power of those in favor of a more agile and coherent government, but they didn't produced the desired result. The financial problems that arose from the previous king, made the king dependent on the Courts, who had to meet more frequently then their predecessors in order to grant the resources to run things outside the Monarchy.
The most significant domestic policy acts during the reign of Philip III were the expulsion of the Moors from the Peninsula and the adoption of the coins of a copper and silver alloy for domestic money transactions.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II.
She married Philip III of Spain on 18 April 1599. Margaret was a great patroness of the arts. She was very influential in palace life.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Royal Anniversary : 14th of April 1578,Birth of Future Philip III of Spain.
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