King Afonso VI 'The Victorious' and Queen Maria Francisca
Pedro II, King of Portugal and the Algarves (Lisbon, 21 August 1643 - Sintra, 12 September 1683); married in Lisbon, 2 August 1666 Queen Maria Francisca of Portugal, born Princess of Savoy-Nemours 'Mademoiselle d'Aumale' (Paris, 21 June 1646 - Lisbon 27 December 1683) the marriage was annuled in 1668, after which she married Alfonso's brother, Pedro, Duke of Beja (later King Pedro II of Portugal).
Reign: 1656 - 1683 (from 1656-1662 under the regency of his mother and from 1668 under the regency of his brother Pedro)
Predecessor: King João IV of Portugal and the Algarves
Succeeded by: King Pedro II of Portugal and the Algarves
Children Alfonso VI and Maria Francisca: None
Daughter Maria Francisca and Pedro II: Princess Isabel Luisa of Portugal, Princess of Beira
Parents King Alfonso VI: King João IV of Portugal, Duke of Bragança and Dona Luisa de Guzmán (Medina de Sidonia)
Parents Queen Maria Francisca: Prince Charles Amedee of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours and Princess Elisabeth of Bourbon-Vendome
Siblings King Alfonso VI: Prince Teodosio, Princess Ana and Princess Juana of Portugal, Queen Catherine of England and Scotland, Prince Manuel and King Pedro II of Portugal
Sister Queen Maria Francisca: Duchess Maria Joanna of Savoy
Afonso VI (Portuguese, pronounced [ɐˈfõsu]; English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 21, 1643 – September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) king of Portugal and the Algarves, the second of the House of Braganza, known as "the Victorious" (Portuguese o Vitorioso).
At the age of three, Afonso suffered an illness that left him paralyzed on the left side of his body, as well as leaving him mentally unstable. His father created him 11th Duke of Braganza.
After the 1653 death of his eldest brother Teodosio, Prince of Brazil, Afonso became the heir-apparent to the throne of the kingdom. He received also the crown-princely title 2nd Prince of Brazil.
He succeeded his father (João IV) in 1656 at the age of thirteen. His mother, (Luisa of Medina-Sidonia) was named regent in his father's will. His mental instability and paralysis, plus his disinterest in government, left his mother as regent for six years, until 1662. Luisa oversaw military victories over the Spanish at Ameixial (June 8, 1663) and Montes Claros (June 17, 1665), culminating in the final Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence on February 13, 1668 in the Treaty of Lisbon. Colonial affairs saw the Dutch conquest of Jaffnapatam, Portugal's last colony in Sri Lanka (1658) and the cession of Bombay and Tangier to England (June 23, 1661) as dowry for Afonso's sister, Catherine of Braganza who had married King Charles II of England. English mediation in 1661 saw the Netherlands acknowledge Portuguese rule of Brazil in return for uncontested control of Sri Lanka.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy (Portuguese: Maria Francisca Isabel; Paris, June 21, 1646-Lisbon, December 27, 1683), Princess of Nemours, second daughter of Charles Amédée of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours and Elisabeth de Bourbon-Vendome. She married first to Afonso VI of Portugal and then to his brother the future Peter II of Portugal, then Duke of Beja and regent.
In a time when Louis XIV of France needed the support of Portugal against their enemies (Spain), the French king arranged a marriage between Marie Françoise, an important member of the French nobility, and the recently crowned Afonso VI of Portugal, an ill young man paralyzed of the left side of his body and mentally unstable. Marie Françoise departed from La Rochelle aboard the Vendôme. When in Lisbon and disappointed in her fate, she fomented a palace coup that ended the government of Luís de Vasconcelos e Sousa, 3rd Count of Castelo Melhor.
Read the entire wikipedia article here.
Afonso VI's mode of dress consisted of six or seven coats one over the other and three or four hats perched one on top of the other.
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