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Marengo 02-02-2008 11:49 AM

King D. Joao VI 'The Merciful' and Queen D.ª Carlota Joaquina
 
João VI Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael, King of Portugal and the Algarves, assumed the title Emperor of Brazil, though he gave Brazil to his son, Emperor Pedro I; (Lisbon, 13 May 1767 - Lisbon, 10 March 1826); married by proxy in Madrid, 27 March 1785 and in person in Lisbon, 9 June 1785 Princess Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Madrid, 25 April 1775 - Queluz, 7 January 1830)

Reign: 1816 - 1826

Regency: 1799 - 1816

Predecessor: Queen Maria I of Portugal and the Algarves, Empress of Brazil

Succeeded by: Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, King of Portugal and the Algarves

Children João VI and Carlota Joaquina: Princess Maria Teresa of Spain, Prince Antonio of Portugal, Duke of Beira, Queen Maria Isabel of Spain, Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, King of Portugal, Princess Maria Francisca of Spain, Prince Isabel Maria and Prince Miguel (or King Miguel I) and Princess Maria da Assunção of Portugal and Duchess Ana de Jesus of Loulé

Parents King João VI: Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Pedro III of Portugal

Parents Queen Carlota Joaquina: King Carlos IV of Spain and Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma

Siblings King João VI: Crown Prince José of Portugal, Duke of Beira, Prince João Francisco of Portugal, Princess Mariana of Spain, Princess Maria Clementina and Princess Maria Isabel of Portugal

Siblings Queen Carlota Joaquina: Prince Carlos, Princess Maria Luisa, Princess Maria Amalia and Prince Carlos Domingo of Spain, Duchess Maria Luisa of Parma, 'Queen of Etruria', Prince Carlos Fransisco, Prince Felipe and King Fernando VII and Prince Carlos Maria of Spain, Queen Maria Isabel of Napels, Princess Maria Teresa, Prince Felipe Maria and Prince Francisco de Paula of Spain

Marengo 02-02-2008 05:27 PM

John VI (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) (Portuguese João, pronounced [ʒuˈɐ̃ũ]), the Clement (Port. o Clemente), King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves (later changed to just King of Portugal and Algarves, after Brazil was recognized as independent in 1825) was born in Lisbon on 13 May 1767. John was the 27th (or 28th according to some historians) Portuguese monarch.
John was the second son of Maria Francisca of Portugal, the then Princess of Brazil and her husband (and uncle), Infante Pedro, her prince consort. His mother ascended the throne of Portugal in 1777. John's elder brother Joseph died in 1788, so John became the heir apparent and received the title of prince of Brazil.
In 1799 John assumed the reins of government as prince regent in the name of his widowed mother, who had declined into mental illness (perhaps due to porphyria). He retained this position until his mother's death in 1816. John had been brought up in an ecclesiastical atmosphere and, being naturally of a somewhat weak and helpless character, was ill adapted for the responsibilities he was called on to undertake. His wife, Charlotte of Spain, dominated him. In 1807, Portugal was invaded by France. At the urging of Britain, the whole Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil, accompanied by an escort of British ships. His court in exile was established in Rio de Janeiro.
In 1816 John was recognized as king of Portugal after his mother's death but he continued to reside in Brazil, which he had raised to the status of a kingdom on 16 December 1815. The consequent spread of dissatisfaction in Portugal resulted in the peaceful revolution of 24 August 1820, and the proclamation of a constitutional government, to which John swore fidelity on his return to Portugal in 1821. In the same year, and again in 1823, he had to suppress a rebellion led by his younger son Miguel, whom he was ultimately compelled to banish in 1824.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.

Marengo 02-02-2008 05:30 PM

Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (Portuguese: Carlota Joaquina de Bourbon e Bourbon; in Spanish: Carlota Joaquina de Borbón y Borbón) (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal.
She was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Louisa of Parma (1751-1819).
She was born in Aranjuez. On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon), the future João VI, King of Portugal and the Algarves, King of Brazil, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.
In 1788, when his eldest brother the Prince of Brazil died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Charlotte was known as Princess of Brazil.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.

Elsa M. 03-09-2008 01:57 PM

A video about the relocation of King D. João VI and his Court to Brazil, before Napoleon's invasion:

Cavaco Silva no Brasil - Sapo Vídeos

Regina 05-30-2008 04:26 AM

Queen Maria Luisa of Spain, Carlota Joaquina's mother

Baby Carlota

Baby João

Menarue 06-30-2008 05:45 AM

Can anyone tell me anything about the arrival of the then Infanta Carlota Joaquina to Portugal? Did she come by ship? I would like any information as there is a family story I would like to investigate.
Also about that time a young student at the Colegio Real dos Nobres de Lisboa was murdered, any information about him would be very welcome.

JSP 06-30-2008 03:04 PM

Why would she came by ship from Madrid ?

The Exchange of Princes between Portugal and Spain usually took place over the Caia River, between Elvas and Badajoz.
The most important was D.João V's children, Infanta D.Maria Bárbara who was send to marry the future Ferdinand VI while Spain send D.Maria Ana Victoria to marry D.José.

A sumptuous folly wooden palace was built over the river then.

Menarue 06-30-2008 03:39 PM

I didn´t think she would, it is just that there is a family story about a member of the family who was a student at the Colegio dos Nobres and a certain princess came to Portugal but the sea (or river) was so rough that she couldn´t come ashore but this young student got a small boat and rowed out and was much feted by the people on board for being so daring. He stayed aboard and was made a fuss of and when the princess came ashore he came too, of course, but two days later he was stabbed to death and it was said that he had caused such jealousy that someone had him killed. I wondered what princess this could be. I read in a book about the colegio that a young student was killed but who knows, legends, family stories are just that.
There were other princesses of course but as the family was fairly closely linked with D.Carlota Joaquina I thought it could have been her.

JSP 07-03-2008 06:53 PM

Stamps
 
The Portuguese Post Office (CTT) issued a series commemorating the 200th anniversary of the departure of the RF and the court to Brazil in the beginning of the years

Artigo

CyrilVladisla 07-13-2014 10:42 PM

The Mad Monarchist Consort Profile stated:
John considered his wife to be lacking in intelligence and decorum.


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