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Marengo 04-04-2007 06:41 PM

King/Grand Duke Willem II (1792-1849), Queen Anna Paulowna (1795-1865) and family
King Willem II (1792-1849), Queen Anna (1795-1865) and descendants

This thread is about King Willem II Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk of The Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince of Oranje-Nassau etc etc, (The Hague, Dec 6, 1792 - Tilburg, Mar 17, 1849) and Queen Anna Pavlovna of The Netherlands, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Princess of Oranje-Nassau, Grand Duchess of Russia, (St. Petersburg, June 17 1818 - The Hague, Mar 1, 1865)

Parents Willem: King Willem I of The Netherlands and Queen Wilhelmina of The Netherlands, nee Princess of Prussia.

Parents Anna: Emperor Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, nee Princess of Wurttemberg.

Children Willem and Sophie: King Willem III, Prince Alexander, Prince Casimir, Prince Hendrik of The Netherlands and Grand Duchess Sophie of Saxe-Weimar.

Siblings Willem II: Prince Frederik, Princess Pauline of The Netherlands and Princess Marianne of Prussia.

Siblings Anna: Emperor Alexander I of Russia, Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, Archduchess Alexandra of Austria, Hereditairy Grand Duchess Elena of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Grand Duchess Marie of Saxe-Weimar, Queen Catherine of Wurttemberg, Grand Duchess Olga of Russia, Emperor Nicholas I of Russia and Grand Duke Michael of Russia.

painting left: King Willem II
painting right: Queen Anna

Note 1: All the pictures posted from post 1-20 are free of copyrights, unless stated differently.

Note 2: Most pictures were originally posted by Thijs at the Alexander Palace Forums

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:39 AM

King Willem II (from Wikipedia)

William II, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg (William Frederick George Louis) (December 6, 1792 – March 17, 1849) ruled from October 7, 1840 until his death.

He was born in The Hague, the son of King William I of the Netherlands and Queen Wilhelmina, princess of Prussia. His maternal grandparents were Frederick William II of Prussia and his second wife Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt. When William was three he and his family fled to England after allied British-Hanoverian mercenaries left the Republic and entering French troops joined the anti-orangist Patriots. William spent his youth in Berlin at the Prussian court. There he followed a military education and served in the Prussian army. Afterwards he studied at the University of Oxford.

Military service
He entered the British Army, and in 1811, as aide-de-camp to Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, took part in several campaigns of the Peninsular War. He returned to the Netherlands in 1813 when his father became sovereign prince. In 1815 William became crown prince and he took service in the army when Napoleon I of France escaped from Elba. He fought as commander of the Dutch-Belgian forces at the Battle of Quatre Bras (June 16) and the Battle of Waterloo (June 18), where he was wounded. He showed personal courage and energy, but frequently displayed atrocious military judgement, leading to many heavy casualties. The Duke of Wellington attributed this to his lack of command experience, however, rather than to him being a bad leader.

Read more about Willem II in this wikipedia article.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:39 AM

more Willem II

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:39 AM

More King Willem II

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:40 AM

Queen Anna (from wikipedia)

Anna Pavlovna of Russia (18 January1795, Saint Petersburg - 1 March1865, The Hague) was Queen of the Netherlands.
She was born as the eighth child and sixth daughter of Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna (born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), and thus was Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. In the Netherlands, due to 19th century Dutchtransliteration conventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna.

She was a younger sister to Alexander I of Russia; Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich, Viceroy of Poland; Alexandra Pavlovna, Archduchess of Austria; Elena Pavlovna, Hereditary Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; Catherine Pavlovna, Queen of Württemberg; and Olga Pavlovna, who died as a child. She was also an older sister to Nicholas I of Russia and Michael Pavlovich.

Read more about Queen Anna Pauwlowna in this wikipedia article

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:40 AM

Queen Anna paintings

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:40 AM

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:40 AM

More of Queen Anna Paulowna

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

The couples eldest child was King Willem III Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxemburg (Brussels 19 Feb 1817-Het Loo 23 Nov 1890); m.1st Stuttgart 18 Jun 1839 Sophie Pss of Württemberg (Stuttgart 17 Jun 1818-The Hague 3 Jun 1877); m.2d Arolsen 7 Jan 1879 Emma Pss zu Waldeck und Pyrmont (Arolsen 2 Aug 1858-The Hague 20 Mar 1934).
For more information on the couple's eldest son, King Willem III and his family, follow this TRF link.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

The couples second son was Prince Willem Alexander Frederik Constantijn Nicolaas Michiel (Soestdijk Palace 2 Aug 1818- Mantua [per one source] or Madeira [per another] 20 Feb 1848). He was considered one of the marriage candidates for Queen Victoria of Great Britain, but he sadly died too young, due to a cold that he acquired when a tree fell on his coach and he had to walk (that was the strory at least).

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

The third son of the couple was Prince Willem Frederik Hendrik (Soestdijk Palace 13 Jun 1820-Wolferdingen, Luxemburg 14 Jan 1879); m.1st Weimar 9 May 1853 Amelie Pss of Saxe-Weimar (Ghent 20 May 1830- Wolferdingen 1 May 1872); m.2d Potsdam 24 Aug 1878 Marie Pss of Prussia (Marmorpalais 14 Sep 1855-Schloß Albrechtsberg 20 Jun 1888).

For now this wikipedia article will do but the Prince will get a thread of his own soon. Note btw that the present Grand Duke off Luxembourg was named after this Prince Hendrik, who was a stadholder in Luxembourg, for his elder brother.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

Prince Willem Alexander Ernst Frederik Casimir (Brussels [per one source] or Soestdijk [per another] 21 May 1822-Brussels 22 Oct 1822) was the fourth son of the couple, sadly he died only a few months after his birth. It is unclear where exactly the little Prince died.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

The 5th child and only daughter of the couple was Princess Wilhelmina Maria Sophie Louise (The Hague 8 Apr 1824-Weimar 23 Mar 1897); m.The Hague 8 Oct 1842 Karl Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar (Weimar 24 Jun 1818-Weimar 5 Jan 1901).

The Princess soon left for Weimar but the relations with her Dutch relatives remained close. The Princess and her family will get a thread of her own soon where more pictures and information can be shared.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:41 AM

Mixed family portraits (I): Paintings of Prince Willem (later King Willem III) and Prince Alexander.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

Anna as Princess of Orange with her daughter Sophie, the future Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

Another family portrait, Hereditairy Prince Willem (future King Willem III)), Prince Alexander, Willem, Prince of Orange (future King Willem II), Princess Anna, Princess Sophie and Prince Hendrik.

The enthronement of King Willem II:

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

The death of King Willem II in Tilburg, Queen Anna at his side:

King Willem II's funeral procession:

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

Queen Anna's paternal grandmother was Empress Catherine the Great

Queen Anna's father was Emperor Paul I of Russia

Queen Anna's mother was Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, nee Princess Sophie-Dorothee of Wurttemberg

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

Queen Anna largely grew up after the death of her father. The only man who came close to being a father figure in Anna's life was her elder brother Emperor Alexander I of Russia.

Alexander I:

His wife, Empress Elisabeth:

Marengo 05-09-2007 08:42 AM

Here a couple of paintings of Anna's sisters:

Helena and Alexandra: ...........................................................................Maria:

Anna was closest to her brothers Nicolas (I) and Michael. Here a few paintings of Czar Nicolas I:

Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, sister-in-law of Queen Anna and wife to Emperor Nicholas I:

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