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Old 08-09-2012, 10:22 PM
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Imperial Family of Iran - History

Hey there! Do you have any thoughts about past
shahs of persia? Which ones do you remember the most and have interest in?

Shahs that has caught my attention are:

In the pre-islamic era:

Achamenian dynasty:
Cyrus the great (Kurosh). Often referred to. He is known for a lot of good things. Established many human rights.

Darius the great (Dariush). Mentioned in the bible as someone who gave freedom of belief to the jews.

Sassanian dynasty:
King Khosro (Khosro). Believed and encouraged arts. Supported Court musicians which laid a foundation for the persian traditional/classical music.


Islamic era:
Abbasid dynasty:
Shah Abbas. I associate him with having built some of the greatest places in Esfahan, Iran.
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Old 08-10-2012, 02:43 AM
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Shah Abbas was a member of the Safavid Dynasty which took over Persia around 1500. the Abbasids ruled from Baghdad, commencing c. 750 and were overthrown by the Mongols in the 1250s
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Old 08-10-2012, 06:38 AM
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I'm sorry. I should have looked that up, of course. Thanks for correcting.
I just assumed Abbasid derived from the name Abbas. Clumsy of me
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Old 08-10-2012, 06:52 AM
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Titles and names

Does anyone know where the name Pahlavi comes from? As I understood Reza Khan took the name when becoming shah.

And also who can get the title Shahanshah (king of kings)?
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Old 08-10-2012, 07:36 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Olovlig View Post
Does anyone know where the name Pahlavi comes from? As I understood Reza Khan took the name when becoming shah.

And also who can get the title Shahanshah (king of kings)?
This might help

Pahlavi dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Old 08-10-2012, 07:37 AM
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Good idea. Cheers!
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Old 03-31-2015, 05:12 PM
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Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and his harem |Blogs•Spletnik.ru

The above post by Belochkina contains photos taken by Naser al-Din.

More information about the Shah in question https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naser_al-Din_Shah_Qajar

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Old 07-28-2019, 04:37 PM
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List of monarchs of Persia

Rulers and Dynasties:
Medes

Deioces, 728BC - 675BC
Phraortes (Kashtariti?), 675BC - 653BC
Scythian interregnum
Cyaxares, 625BC - 585BC
Astyages, 585BC - 550BC
Achaemenids
Achaemenes
Teispes
Cyrus I
Cambyses I (Kambiz)
Cyrus the Great, Start of Achaemenid Empire, 559BC - 530BC
Kambiz II, 530BC - 522BC
Darius I the Great, 522BC - 486BC
Xerxes I (Khashyar), 486BC - 465BC
Artaxerxes I , 465BC - 425BC
Xerxes II, 425BC - 424BC (45 days)
Darius II, 423BC - 404BC
Artaxerxes II, 404BC - 359BC
Artaxerxes III, 359BC - 339BC
Arses, 338BC - 336BC
Darius III, 336BC - 330BC
Hellenistic period
Alexander (III) the Great, 330BC - 323BC
Philip III (Arrhidaeus), 323BC - 317BC
Alexander IV, 317BC - 312BC
Seleucids
Seleucus I, 312BC - 281BC
Antiochus I Soter, 281BC - 261BC (coregent)
Seleucus, 280BC - 267BC (coregent)
Antiochus II Theos, 261BC - 246BC
Sleucus II Callinicus, 246BC - 238BC
Arsacids, Parthian Empire
Arsaces, 238BC - 217BC (or 211BC?)
Artabanus (Ardawan) or Arsaces II, 211BC - 191BC
Priapatius I, 191BC - 176BC
Phraates I, 176BC - 171BC
Phil-Hellenistic period
Mithradates I, 171BC - 138BC
Phraates II, 138BC - 128BC
Artabanus I, 128BC - 123BC
Mithradates II (the Great), 123BC - 87BC
Gotarzes, 90BC - 80BC
Orodes I, 80BC - 77BC
Sanatruces, 77BC - 70BC
Phraates III, 70BC - 57BC
Mithradtes III, 57BC - 55BC
Orodes II, 57BC - 37BC
Phraates IV, 37BC - 2BC
Phraates V, 2BC - AD 4
Orodes III, AD 4 - AD 7
Vonones, AD 7 - AD 11
Anti-Hellenistic Period
Artabanus II, 12 - 38
Gotarzes II, 38 - 51
Vardanes I, 39 - 45
Vonones II, 51
Vologases I, 51 - 78
Vardanes II, 55 - 58
Vologases II, 77 - 80
Artabanus III, 80 - 81
Pacorus, 78 - 105
End of Parthian Empire
Vologases III, 105 - 147
Osroes, 109 - 129
Mithridates IV, 129 - 147
Vologases IV, 147 - 191
Vologases V, 191 - 208
Vologases VI, 208 - 222
Artabanus IV, 213 - 224
Sassanians
Ardashir I, 224 - 241
Shapur I, 241 - 272
Hormizd I, 272 - 273
Bahram I, 273 - 276
Bahram II, 276 - 293
Bahram III, 293
Narses, 293 - 302
Hormizd II, 302 - 309
Shapur II, 309 - 379
Ardashir II, 379 - 383
Shapur III, 383 - 388
Bahram IV, 388 - 399
Yazdegerd I, 399 - 420
Bahram V Gur, 420 - 438
Yazdegerd II, 438 - 457
Hormizd III, 457 - 459
Piruz, 457 - 484
Balash, 484 - 488
Kavadh (Qobad) I, 488 - 496
Tamasb, 496 - 499
Kavadh I, 499 - 531
Khosrow I (Anushirvan), 531 - 579
Hormizd IV, 579 - 590
Khosrow II Parviz, 590
Bahram VI, 590 - 591
Khosrow II Parviz, 591 - 628
Bestam (in Media), 591 - 596
Kavadh (Qobad) II Shiruye (Siroes), 628 - 630
Ardashir III, 628 - 630
Shahrbaraz, 630
Purandokht, 629 - 631
Azarmedukht, 631 - 632
Hormizd V, 631 - 632
Khosrow III, 632 - 633
Yazdegird III, 632 - 651
Arabs - Orthodox Caliphate (650 -661)
Uthman (Osman), 650 - 656
Ali, 656 - 661
Arabs - Umayyad Caliphate(661 - 750)
Mu'awiya I, 661 - 680
Yazid I, 680 - 683
Mu'awiya II, 683 - 684
Marwan I, 684 - 685
Abd-al-Malik, 685 - 705
Al-Walid I, 705 - 715
Suleyman, 715 - 717
Umar II, 717 - 720
Yazid II, 720 - 724
Hisham, 724 - 743
Al-Walid II, 743 - 744
Yazid III, 744
Ibrahim, 744
Marwan II, 744 - 750
Arabs - AbbasidCaliphate(750 - 821)
Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah, 750 - 754
Al-Mansur, 754 - 775
Al-Mahdi, 775 - 785
Al-Hadi, 785 - 786
Harun al-Rashid, 786 - 809
Al-Amin, 809 - 813
Al-Mamun, 813 - 833
"Iranian intermezzo" (821 - 1055), Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Buyids
Samanid (Turkestan)

Nasr I, 864 - 892
Ismail, 892 - 907
Ahmad, 907 - 914
Nasr II, 914 - 942
Nuh I, 942 - 954
Abd al-Malik I, 954 - 961
Mansur I, 961 - 976
Nuh II, 976 - 997
Mansur II, 997 - 999
Abd al-Malik, 999
Ghaznavid (Khurasan)
Sebüktigin, 977 - 997
Ismail I, 997 - 998
Mahmud, 998 - 1030
Muhammad, 1030
Masoud I, 1030 - 1040
Muhammad (restored), 1040 - 1041
Maudud, 1041 - 1048
Masoud II, 1048
Ali, 1048 - 1049
Abd al-Rashid, 1049 - 1051
Toghril, 1051 - 1052
Farokhzad, 1052 - 1059
Ibrahim, 1059 - 1099
Masoud III, 1099 - 1115
Shirzad, 1115 - 1116
Arslanshah, 1116 - 1117
Bahramshah, 1117 - 1157
Khusrowshah, 1157 - 1160
Khosrow Malik, 1160 - 1186
Seljuq
Great Seljuqid Sultanate

Toghril Beg, 1038 - 1063
Alp-Arslan, 1063 - 1072
Malik Shah, 1072 - 1092
Berk Yaruq, 1092 - 1105
Malik Shah II, 1105
Muhammad I, 1105 - 1118
Sanjar, 1118 - 1157
Iraq and Western Persia
Mahmud II, 1118 - 1131
Toghril II, 1131 - 1134
Mas'ud, 1134 - 1152
Malikshah III, 1152 - 1153
Muhammad II, 1153 - 1159
Sulayman, 1160
Arslan, 1160 - 1175
Toghril III, 1175 - 1194
Ghurid EmpireShansabani Dynasty (Afghanistan)
Izz Al-Din Husayn I, 1117 - 1146
Sayf al_Din Suri, 1146 - 1149
Baha al-Din Sam I, 1149
Ala al-Din Husayn II, 1149 - 1161
Say al-Din Muhammad I, 1161 - 1163
Ghiyath al_Din Muhammad II, 1163 - 1203
Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad III, 1203 - 1206
Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud, 1206 - 1210
Baha al-Din Sam II, 1210
Ala al-Din Atsiz, 1210 - 1214
Ala al-Din Muhammad IV, 1215 - 1215
Atabeg and Khwarazmshah interlude
Dynasty of Anushtigin(Khwarazmian Empire)

Qutb al-Din Muhammad I (Khwarazm-Shah), 1098 - 1128
Ala al-Din Atsiz, 1128 - 1156
Taj al-Dunya Il Arslan, 1156 - 1172
Jalal al-Dunya Sultanshah, 1172 - 1193
Ala al-Din Tekish, 1172 - 1200
Ala al-Din Muhammad II, 1200 - 1220
Jalal al-Din Mingburnu, 1220 - 1231
Il-Khans (Mongol)
Hülagü Khan, 1256 - 1265
Abagha, 1265 - 1282
Tegüder, 1282 - 1284
Arghun, 1284 - 1291
Gaykhatu, 1291 - 1295
Baydu, 1295
Mahmud Ghazan, 1295 - 1304
Uljaytü, 1304 - 1316
Abu Said, 1317 - 1335
Arpa, 1335 - 1336
Musa, 1336 - 1337
Muhammad, 1336 - 1338
Sati Beg, 1338 - 1339
Jahan Temür, 1339 - 1340
Sulayman, 1339 - 1343
Jalayirid (Azerbaidjan),Injuid (Fars), Mozaffarid (Yazd, Fars) interlude
Timurids and Turkmen
Timurids

Timur, 1393 - 1405
Miranshah (Western Persia), 1405 - 1408
Khalil (Western Persia 1409 - 1411), 1405 - 1409
Shah Rokh Shah, 1409 - 1447
Ulugh Beg, 1447 - 1449
Soltan Abu Said, 1451 - 1469
Transoxiana
Abd al-Latif, 1449 - 1450
Abd Allah, 1450 - 1451
Abu Said, 1451 - 1469
Ahmad, 1469 - 1494
Mahmud, 1494 - 1495
Baysunqur, 1495 - 1497
Babur, 1497 - 1498
Ali, 1498 - 1500
Babur (restored), 1500 - 1501
Khurasan
Babur, 1449 - 1457
Mahmud, 1457 - 1459
Abu Said, 1451 - 1469
Husayn Bayqara, 1469 - 1506
Badi al-Zaman, 1506 - 1507
Qara Qoyunlu (Western Iran)
Qara Yusef, 1389 - 1420
Eskandar, 1420 - 1438
Jahan Shah, 1438 - 1467
Hasan Ali, 1467 - 1469
Aq Qoyunlu (Eastern Iran)
Qara Osman, 1403 - 1435
Uzun Hasan, 1453 - 1478
Soltan Khalil, 1478
Yaqub, 1478 - 1490
Rostam, 1492 - 1494
Ahmad, 1497
Safavid
Esmail, 1501 - 1524
Tahmasb, 1524 - 1576
Esmail II, 1576 - 1577
Sultan Mohammad, 1577 - 1587
Shah Abbas I, 1587 - 1629
Safi I, 1629 - 1642
Abbas II, 1642 - 1666
Safi II, 1666 - 1694
Shah Soltan Hosseyn, 1694 - 1722
Ghalzay
Mahmud, 1722 - 1725
Ashraf, 1725 - 1729
Safavid
Tahmasb II, 1722 - 1732
Abbas III, 1732 - 1736
Afshari
Nader Shah, 1737 - 1747
Ali-Qoli (Adil), 1747 - 1748
Ebrahim, 1748 - 1749
Shahrokh, 1748 - 1749
Safavid
Shah Soleyman II (Mir Sayyed Mohammad), 1749 - 1750
Esmail III, 1750 - 1773
Afshari
Shahrokh, 1748 - 1795
Zand (Western Iran)
Mohammad Karim Khan Zand, 1751 - 1794
Qajar
Aqa Mohammad Shah, 1796 - 1797
Fath Ali Shah, 1797 - 1834
Mohammad Shah, 1834 - 1848
Naser ed-Din Shah, 1848 - 1896
Mozaffar ed-Din Shah, 1896 - 1907
Mohammad Ali Shah, 1907 - 1909
Ahmad Shah, 1909 - 1925
Pahlavi
Reza Shah, 1925 - 1941
Mohammad Reza Shah, 1941 - 1979
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