Happy 300th Birthday to Carl I von Braunschweig
Today marks the birth of Carl I Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg (Bevern), Prince of Wolfenbüttel.
Charles was the eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He fought under Prince Eugene of Savoy against the Ottoman Empire before inheriting the Principality of Wolfenbüttel from his father in 1735. On the suggestion of his priest, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, in 1745 he founded the Collegium Carolinum, an institute of higher education which is today known as the Technical University of Brunswick. He also hired Gotthold Ephraim Lessing as the librarian for the Bibliotheca Augusta, the ducal library.
Charles attempted to promote the economic development of his state; for example, he founded the Fürstenberg Porcelain Company, and he installed mandatory fire insurance. However, he did not manage to keep the state finances in check. As a consequence, in 1773 his eldest son Charles William Ferdinand took over government.
My ancestor Theodor (1750-1824), is reported to be the illegitimate son of Carl I. Theodor's ancestors live in Canada and include numerous Clerical, Military and Civilian descendants.