The Royal Forums Coat of Arms


Join The Royal Forums Today
Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
 
  #41  
Old 11-20-2005, 03:41 AM
Imperial Majesty
 
Join Date: Jan 2004
Location: ***, United States
Posts: 16,897
Pity they didn't get round to that before Sayako's wedding rather than after.
__________________

__________________
Reply With Quote
  #42  
Old 11-20-2005, 05:13 AM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Senior Japanese lawmaker opposes woman on throne
TOKYO (AFP) - A senior Japanese lawmaker has opposed growing calls to let a woman ascend the throne, saying it would destroy the genetic "treasure" of the world's oldest monarchy.

"A male has an X-Y chromosome combination while a female has an X-X. Nowhere else in the world would you be able to see a Y chromosome maintained over 125 generations" as in Japan's dynasty, former trade minister Takeo Hiranuma said.......
http://au.news.yahoo.com/051120/19/wvkf.html
__________________

__________________
Reply With Quote
  #43  
Old 11-20-2005, 09:39 PM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Push for royal equality
ONLY days after Japan's Princess Sayako married a commoner, an advisory panel plans to recommend that princesses retain their royal status.......
http://www.heraldsun.news.com.au/com...55E663,00.html

Spain and Japan Forced to Reassess Succession Rules

The two countries face a constitutional dilemma based solely on gender.

(Angus Reid Global Scan) Wilson Lam – With the birth of Princess Leonor in Spain last month, public interest in the country’s constitutional succession rules was renewed. Even though she is the firstborn child of Prince Felipe and Princess Letizia, Leonor is bound by the present constitution to relinquish her claim to the throne to any younger brother she may come to have. Indeed, Felipe’s own position as heir is predicated on this doctrinal interpretation of primogeniture, as he has two elder sisters.
A similar situation exists in Japan. The Crown Prince Naruhito’s only daughter, three-year-old Princess Aiko, is forbidden by the country’s constitution from ascending to the throne. The line of succession in the current situation would pass from Emperor Akihito to Naruhito and then to Prince Fumihito, the crown prince’s sole younger brother. Even then, however, the crisis would not be averted as Fumihito has two children, both of whom are girls......
http://www.angus-reid.com/analysis/i...em&itemID=9923
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #44  
Old 11-21-2005, 12:21 AM
tiaraprin's Avatar
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Feb 2004
Location: Near NY City, United States
Posts: 1,839
Thumbs down Concubines??

Prince Tomohito has some nerve suggesting concubines in the 21st century! That child will not be born of legitimate blood and would be accepted over Aiko if it is a boy? This is ridiculous and how Masako feels after hearing such stupidity, I don't want to venture a guess.

Once Princess Aiko is accepted as the heir, I believe Masako will improve her health and take her role in preparing her daughter for her future.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #45  
Old 11-21-2005, 11:26 AM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Japanese panel backs female emperors
Japan today opened the door to the possibility of its first female emperor in more than 200 years after a government advisory panel recommended changing the country's succession laws.......
http://www.guardian.co.uk/japan/stor...html?gusrc=rss

Japan panel backs allowing female monarchs
- A government panel discussing imperial succession decided Monday to propose allowing female members of the royal family to ascend to Japan's throne. Panelists agreed that Japan's succession law should be changed to give the first-born child the right to ascend regardless of gender, said committee head Hiroyuki Furukawa, a former Tokyo University president.....
http://www.heraldonline.com/24hour/w...11585047c.html

Panel to push for female emperor

A government panel on imperial succession decided Monday its final report will propose that the oldest child of the emperor--regardless of sex--should be the first in line to ascend the Chrysanthemum throne. The report will be submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi on Thursday.....
http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-...511210397.html

Japan panel backs allowing female monarchs to ascend throne
A government panel discussing Imperial succession decided Monday to propose allowing females and their descendants to ascend Japan's Imperial Throne.
Panelists agreed that Japan's succession law should be changed to give the first-born child the right to ascend regardless of gender, said committee head Hiroyuki Furukawa, a former Tokyo University president.....
http://mdn.mainichi-msn.co.jp/nation...na026000c.html

Married women should stay in Japan's imperial family: panel
TOKYO (AFP) - A Japanese government panel suggests letting daughters stay in the royal household after marriage, a week after the emperor's only daughter lost her title by marrying a commoner.
The recommendation would be in a report which the panel has already said would propose letting a woman ascend the throne of the world's oldest monarchy......
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20051121...n_051121165013

#1:ANN news
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	20051121-00000034-ann-soci-thumb-000.jpg
Views:	159
Size:	11.5 KB
ID:	215730  
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #46  
Old 11-22-2005, 01:41 PM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Japan still to favor boy if woman allowed on throne: report
TOKYO (AFP) - A Japanese panel that wants to let a woman sit on the throne has declared that it will still favor a boy if Crown Princess Masako bears a male child......
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20051122...n_051122104045

Princess may not gain from throne plan-paper
Aiko's chances of ascending the imperial throne could be nullified if a younger brother is born, despite a plan to give women the same right as men to inherit, a newspaper said on Tuesday.
Only male descendants of Japan's emperor can inherit the Chrysanthemum Throne at present and because no royal boys have been born in 40 years there have been concerns about a succession crisis.....
http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/news...SUCCESSION.XML

Panel backs female accession to throne; opposition expected
Proposals submitted by a government panel that decided Monday in favor of allowing females and their descendants to ascend the Imperial throne are likely to face a rough ride after they are finalized as many people are strongly opposed to the recommendations.
The 10-member panel headed by former Tokyo University President Hiroyuki Yoshikawa will submit a final report based on the outline Thursday to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi to pave the way for revising the Imperial House Law.
The two key points of the recommendations, submitted in an effort to avert an expected succession crisis, are:
_The firstborn child of an emperor, regardless of gender, should be given priority in the order of succession.
_A female Imperial family member should be allowed to set up royal families, in place of the existing system under the Imperial House Law that requires such a person to leave the Imperial household when marrying a commoner.....
http://www.timesleader.com/mld/times...d/13233984.htm

Panel backs female accession to throne / But recommendations likely to facestrong opposition from traditionalists
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national...23TDY03007.htm
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #47  
Old 11-22-2005, 01:43 PM
Courtier
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: n, France
Posts: 610
Panel puts off timetable for female-emperor system


A panel on imperial succession will not specify when to start its proposed system of allowing female emperors because Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako might still have a baby boy, sources said Tuesday. But the panel members have not discussed how long to wait to see if a boy will be born into the family, meaning that changing the imperial succession system will likely be a very difficult process.
http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-asahi/TKY200511220433.html
__________________


Reply With Quote
  #48  
Old 11-23-2005, 03:51 PM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Report calls for Japanese empress
THREE-YEAR-OLD Princess Aiko will become Japan's empress and the ancient principle of direct male succession to the Chrysanthemum Throne will be abolished if a report commissioned by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi is accepted.

But the final report by a panel of 10 "wise men" to be handed to Mr Koizumi today is likely to arouse strong opposition because it takes the most radical approach available to the imperial family's succession problem.....
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au...5E2703,00.html

Japanese panel set to propose letting women ascend throne
TOKYO -- A government panel was expected to formally recommend Thursday breaking with over two centuries of male-only imperial rule to allow women to ascend the throne to avert a succession crisis.
The 10-member panel appointed from academic, legal, business and political circles was to submit the final report to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi after a meeting from 6:00 p.m. (0900 GMT)......
http://news.inq7.net/breaking/index....story_id=57620
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #49  
Old 11-24-2005, 03:33 PM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Koizumi set to pave way for female emperor
After 10 months of debate, a government panel Thursday submitted recommendations on imperial succession that will break a male-lineage tradition dating back to mythical times and could create such a divisive debate that Emperor Akihito is reportedly concerned.
The panel's report, submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, proposed that females and their descendants should be allowed to ascend the Chrysanthemum throne.
The panel, set up to discuss the succession crisis because no boy has been born to the imperial family for nearly 40 years, said changes are necessary to maintain stability in imperial succession. "I think it is a very meaningful report," Koizumi told reporters at his official residence. "I believe that the report was created with the understanding that an imperial system based on hereditary succession depends on a stable succession system.......
http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-...511240434.html

Panel submits final report proposing allowing female monarchs
A government panel on imperial succession submitted a final report Thursday that proposes allowing females and their descendants to ascend Japan's imperial throne that would pave the way for 3-year-old Princess Aiko to eventually become Japan's first female monarch since the 18th century.
The report, submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, said the emperor's firstborn child, regardless of sex, should be next in line to the throne -- a proposal intended to avoid an expected succession crisis in the world's oldest hereditary monarchy.
"To reach one conclusion here has an aspect of opening a new page in our nation's history, and I feel a heavy responsibility," Hiroyuki Yoshikawa, head of the panel, said after its last meeting at a news conference. Koizumi reiterated that the government will prepare to submit a bill to revise the Imperial House Law during a regular Diet session next year. The law, enacted in 1947, allows only male heirs who have emperors on their father's side to reign.....
http://asia.news.yahoo.com/051124/kyodo/d8e2qmho0.html

Experts' views on succession vary
The following are comments from three scholars on the proposal for Imperial succession compiled by a government panel. The three offered the panel their views on the matter.......
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national...23TDY03003.htm

Blue ribbon panel paves way for Empress
A panel on Imperial succession was set Thursday to formally recommend that women and their children be allowed to ascend the ancient Chrysanthemum Throne -- saving Japan's male heir-deprived Imperial Family from a succession crisis......
http://mdn.mainichi-msn.co.jp/nation...na025000c.html

Panel offers solution to succession issue
A government panel on Imperial succession submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi on Thursday its final report, which proposes major changes.
The report calls for females and their descendants also to be allowed to ascend the throne, and the emperor's firstborn child, regardless of sex, given priority in the order of succession. As female members of the Imperial household would gain the right of succession, they would retain their status even after marriage to commoners.
The Imperial House Law says only male heirs who have emperors on their father's side may reign.......
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/editoria...25TDY04004.htm

Female monarch ignites debate
The proposal of a government panel on imperial succession to allow females and their descendants to ascend the imperial throne has ignited debate in Japan about a possible "historical change" in the world's oldest hereditary monarchy.
Based on the proposal, the government plans to submit a bill to the Diet in the spring to revise the Imperial House Law, enacted in 1947, which allows only male descendents who have emperors on their father's side to ascend the throne, a government official said.
No male imperial family members have been born since Prince Akishino in 1965. The prince is second in line to the throne after his older brother, Crown Prince Naruhito.
But there still seems to be more hurdles to cross before a "stable succession" can be assured as traditionalists and conservatives who are strongly oppose the change have been aggressively trying to sway public opinion on the matter, even though media polls indicate that there is broad public support for letting a woman sit on the throne.....
http://www.japantoday.com/e/?content=comment&id=868

Female monarchs get green light
Move clears way for Aiko to become reigning empress
A government panel on Imperial succession concluded Thursday that females and their descendants should be allowed to ascend to the Chrysanthemum Throne.
The move paves the way for 3-year-old Princess Aiko, the only child of Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako, to become Japan's first female monarch since the 18th century.
The panel's final report on the matter, submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, said the Emperor's firstborn child, regardless of gender, should be next in line to the throne.
"To reach a conclusion here has the aspect of opening a new page in our nation's history, and I feel a heavy responsibility," Hiroyuki Yoshikawa, head of the panel, told a news conference. The proposal is designed to forestall an expected succession crisis in the world's oldest hereditary monarchy.
"We have considered (the issue) from the recognition that it is most important that the Emperor system, which has continued from ancient times in hereditary succession, be stably maintained in the future and that is many people's hope," the report says.
Accordingly, the government plans to submit a bill to revise the current Imperial House Law to the Diet next spring, a government official said.
The law, enacted in 1947, allows only male heirs who have emperors on their father's side to reign. The 10-member panel started debating the issue in January; no male heir has been born to the royal family since 1965 and it is thought that Crown Princess Masako, a 41-year-old former diplomat, is suffering from stress due to pressure to bear a male heir......
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/...20051125a1.htm

Empress role moves closer for Japan's little princess
JAPAN took a step yesterday towards clearing the path for three-year-old Princess Aiko to become its first reigning empress in centuries.
A panel of experts recommended to the prime minister, Junichiro Koizumi, that the law be amended to give women the same rights as men to inherit the throne, allowing the eldest child to inherit regardless of gender......
http://news.scotsman.com/internation...?id=2299442005

#1: JIJI press- Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (head of the panel) submitting the report to Koizumi
#2: ANN news
#3: FNN news
#4: (newscom)-Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (L), head of a government panel on imperial succession, on Nov. 24 hands in a final report to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, which proposes allowing females and their descendants to ascend Japan's imperial throne, a step that would pave the way for 3-year-old Princess Aiko, the only child of Crown Prince Naruhito and Princess Masako, to eventually become Japan's first female monarch since the 18th century.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	20051124-04115397-jijp-pol-view-001.jpg
Views:	134
Size:	20.4 KB
ID:	216762   Click image for larger version

Name:	20051124-00000037-ann-soci-thumb-000.jpg
Views:	130
Size:	10.5 KB
ID:	216763   Click image for larger version

Name:	20051124-00000041-fnn-soci-thumb-000.jpg
Views:	134
Size:	15.9 KB
ID:	216764   Click image for larger version

Name:	kyodowc024368.jpg
Views:	149
Size:	30.8 KB
ID:	216765  

__________________
Reply With Quote
  #50  
Old 11-25-2005, 05:36 AM
mandyy's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: , Canada
Posts: 2,626
Academics, Shinto shrines criticize allowing female-line succession
A group of academics and a Shinto shrine association on Friday criticized a government panel's recommendation to allow a female line of succession to Japan's imperial throne as it would break with tradition. "The imperial household is supporting Japanese culture at the core. The issue should be discussed over more time," Hideaki Kase, a member of the group and an analyst of diplomacy, said during a news conference........
http://asia.news.yahoo.com/051125/kyodo/d8e3e2bo1.html

Academics slam decision to allow female ascension
Academics and other commentators Friday blasted a government panel's recommendation that women and their descendants be allowed to ascend to the Chrysanthemum Throne, claiming it would break with tradition.
"The Imperial household is supporting Japanese culture at the core. The issue should be discussed over more time," diplomatic analyst and group member Hideaki Kase said......
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/...20051126a3.htm

Conservatives vow to stop imperial succession change
A national group of conservative politicians and academics expressed opposition Friday to a government panel's recommendation to allow women to ascend the Chrysanthemum throne. The group said it intends to foil any attempt to revise the 1947 Imperial House Law, which stipulates that only male imperial family members with male lineage can be in line for the throne.......
http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-...511250347.html
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #51  
Old 11-26-2005, 06:23 AM
Layla1971's Avatar
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 1,622
Do they really believe that chromosomes are a good enough reason not to allow women to succeed? If this chromosome theory was correct, then both of the Emperor's sons would have had boys and not girls!
__________________
In critical moments even the powerful have need of the weakest.
Aesop

Reply With Quote
  #52  
Old 11-26-2005, 10:45 PM
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: , Canada
Posts: 1,692
I get the feeling many of those opposing the idea of a female emperor still can't believe it's the father who determines sex of his children's. I can't imagine what kind of blame they would have heeped on Masako behind the palace doors to drive her ill.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #53  
Old 11-26-2005, 11:02 PM
Layla1971's Avatar
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 1,622
Quote:
Originally Posted by Incas
I get the feeling many of those opposing the idea of a female emperor still can't believe it's the father who determines sex of his children's. I can't imagine what kind of blame they would have heeped on Masako behind the palace doors to drive her ill.
I think it's the luck of the draw with the baby's sex. One parent is dominant in that, it could go either way. The idea that male emperors have male children, and women empresses wouldn't is quite uninformed of such intelligent politicians.
I don't even want to think of what they must have, and must still be putting, Masako through. They did say that if a son is born he is ahead of his sister, so they must still be putting pressure on her to have a son.

They're treaing her like nothing more than an incubator, it's horrible.
__________________
In critical moments even the powerful have need of the weakest.
Aesop

Reply With Quote
  #54  
Old 11-27-2005, 12:31 AM
Pink Tulip's Avatar
Nobility
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Belfast, United Kingdom
Posts: 271
I think what Incas meant was that, the fathers side of things (without getting to graphic) is the deciding factor in the sex of the baby. Whether its an XY or XX chromosome (don't ask me which is which) is due to the father biologically, not the mother.

But I agree with you Incas, by the sounds of how controlled and old fashioned it is within the royal household, and I mean the aides, not the actual royal family, probably significantly had to do with Masako's illness.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #55  
Old 11-27-2005, 12:41 AM
Aristocracy
 
Join Date: Nov 2005
Location: Washington, United States
Posts: 215
Quote:
Originally Posted by Pink Tulip
I think what Incas meant was that, the fathers side of things (without getting to graphic) is the deciding factor in the sex of the baby. Whether its an XY or XX chromosome (don't ask me which is which) is due to the father biologically, not the mother.

But I agree with you Incas, by the sounds of how controlled and old fashioned it is within the royal household, and I mean the aides, not the actual royal family, probably significantly had to do with Masako's illness.
To help you out-a woman always contributes an X chromosome-a male contribrutes an X-making it a girl-or a Y-making it a boy.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #56  
Old 11-27-2005, 01:32 AM
Pink Tulip's Avatar
Nobility
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Belfast, United Kingdom
Posts: 271
Quote:
Originally Posted by dakodas
To help you out-a woman always contributes an X chromosome-a male contribrutes an X-making it a girl-or a Y-making it a boy.
Thankyou dakodas. Science wasn't my strong point at school.

Anyway, I really hope they change the rules to allow little Aiko succession.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #57  
Old 11-28-2005, 07:35 AM
Layla1971's Avatar
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 1,622
Everyone thank you for the info. But, what I meant was that how can the politicians say that, scientifically, a male emperor is more likely to have a male child and not the husband of a female empress?
__________________
In critical moments even the powerful have need of the weakest.
Aesop

Reply With Quote
  #58  
Old 11-30-2005, 08:06 PM
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: , Canada
Posts: 1,692
Well, beyond the XY chromosome stuff, there is also the idea of carrying on family name and bloodline. Traditional societies such as the one in Japan puts enormous emphasis on carrying the family name through the male line. It's not like they don't think a female empress can bear male children, it's the idea that the see would be from her consort, thus diluting the bloodline.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #59  
Old 11-30-2005, 08:12 PM
Layla1971's Avatar
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 1,622
Quote:
Originally Posted by Incas
Well, beyond the XY chromosome stuff, there is also the idea of carrying on family name and bloodline. Traditional societies such as the one in Japan puts enormous emphasis on carrying the family name through the male line. It's not like they don't think a female empress can bear male children, it's the idea that the see would be from her consort, thus diluting the bloodline.
Well, the name would be continued and the bloodline wouldn't be diluted! What do they think the mother of the child does! Both parents contribute equal DNA. Male or female - the Imperial parent would still continue the bloodline equally.
__________________
In critical moments even the powerful have need of the weakest.
Aesop

Reply With Quote
  #60  
Old 11-30-2005, 08:35 PM
Royal Highness
 
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: , Canada
Posts: 1,692
Most cultures still continues the tradition of using the fathers' family name. So in that sense, no the empress couldn't be carrying on HER family name. For example, Miss Smith marries Mr King. Their children would carry King as family name, not Smith or Smith-King. That's the tradition. It's the same argument in the BRF side wether Elizabeth II should really have Windsor name or Mountbatten name. As difficult to comprehend as it is, there are a lot of people who don't believe both parents contribute equally to a child. It's got nothing to do with science. Just a cultural belief in a man's superiority to a woman.
__________________

__________________
Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
aiko, iha, imperial household agency, japanese imperial family, japanese royal family, princess aiko, princess toshi, succession


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Monaco's succession issues Julia Princely Family of Monaco 552 07-02-2014 02:50 PM
Dutch Line of Succession Fashionista100 Dutch Royals 7 12-14-2006 10:24 AM




Additional Links
Popular Tags
birth charlene chris o'neill crown prince felipe crown prince frederik crown prince haakon crown princess letizia crown princess mary crown princess mette-marit crown princess victoria current events fashion grand duchess maria teresa grand duke henri hohenzollern infanta cristina infanta elena jordan king abdullah ii king carl xvi gustav king felipe king felipe vi king harald king juan carlos king philippe king willem-alexander luxembourg olympic games ottoman pom prince albert prince albert ii prince carl philip prince constantijn prince felipe prince floris prince laurent prince pieter-christiaan princess princess alexia (2005 -) princess anita princess ariane princess beatrix princess catharina-amalia princess charlene princess claire princess eleonore princess elisabeth princess haya princess laurentien princess letizia princess mabel princess madeleine princess margriet princess marie princess mary princess of asturias queen letizia queen mathilde queen maxima queen paola queen rania queen silvia queen sofia royal russia spain state visit wedding william


Our Communities

Our communities encompass many different hobbies and interests, but each one is built on friendly, intelligent membership.

» More about our Communities

Automotive Communities

Our Automotive communities encompass many different makes and models. From U.S. domestics to European Saloons.

» More about our Automotive Communities

RV & Travel Trailer Communities

Our RV & Travel Trailer sites encompasses virtually all types of Recreational Vehicles, from brand-specific to general RV communities.

» More about our RV Communities

Marine Communities

Our Marine websites focus on Cruising and Sailing Vessels, including forums and the largest cruising Wiki project on the web today.

» More about our Marine Communities


Copyright 2002-2012 Social Knowledge, LLC All Rights Reserved.

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 04:19 AM.

Social Knowledge Networks

eXTReMe Tracker
Powered by vBulletin
Copyright ©2000 - 2014
Jelsoft Enterprises

Royal News Delivered to your Email!

You can get the latest Royal News right in your inbox.

unsusbcribe at anytime with one click

Close [X]