King Carol I (1839-1914) was born Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the second son of Karl Anton, Prince (Fürst) of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and his wife, Princess Josephine of Baden. He was elected Domnitor (Prince) of Romania on 20 April 1866 following the overthrow of Alexander John Cuza by a palace coup.
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Russo-Turkish War Prince Carol was proclaimed King of Romania on 26 March 1881.
He married Elisabeth zu Wied (1843-1916), the daughter of Hermann, Prince (Fürst) zu Wied and Princess Marie of Nassau in Neuwied on 15 November 1869. Their only child was a daughter named Maria who died aged three in 1874. As "Carmen Sylva", she wrote poems, plays, novels, short stories, essays, collections of aphorisms etc in German, Romanian, French and English.
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King Carol I