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  #1  
Old 02-17-2014, 04:07 AM
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Frederiksborg Palace

Frederiksborg Palace is built on a series of islands in a small lake in the city of Hillerød not far from the royal residence Fredensborg Palace. The earliest accounts of a palace in this place dates back to 1275. This palace was called Hillerødsholm and it was owned by the influential aristocratic family Gøye. In 1560 it became the property of the crown and Frederik II started rebuilding the palace. In 1577 Frederiks queen Sophie gave birth to their first born son who at the tender age of 11 succeeded his father as King Christian IV. He would be known for initiating the construction of several grand buildings in Denmark. This ambition almost brought the country to the brink of bankruptcy. He had the old Frederiksborg Palace raised to the ground and from 1600 – 1620 the new renaissance palace was build. During the years of construction Christian IV lived in a small palace overlooking the construction site. This palace was called Sparepenge which translates to 'Savings'. In 1720 'Savings' was demolished and a formal baroque garden was put in its place.
Frederiksborg Palace is the largest renaissance Palace in Scandinavia and it is sometimes referred to as the Versailles of the North which is probably a bit of a stretch. For all Frederiksborg's splendours it was never really popular as a permanent residence for the DRF. It was considered to be too far from the Copenhagen. After the death of Christian IV the palace was mostly used for ceremonial events. The palace church was the scene of the anointment of several royal heads

1671: Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
1700: Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1721: Anna Sophia, consort of Frederick IV
1731: Christian VI and Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1747: Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
1752: Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, consort of Frederick V
1815: Frederick VI and Marie of Hesse-Kassel
1840: Christian VIII and Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein

The palace church serves as the chapel for the 2 highest Danish orders. Recipients of the Order of Dannebrog and the Order of the Elephant have their coat of arms mounted on the walls of the church. As a knight of the Order of the Elephant the late Nelson Mandela also had his coat of arms mounted in Frederiksborg Palace Church. The wedding of Prince Joachim and Alexandra Manley took place in the palace church on 1995. (here is a link to a broadcast of the wedding – I don't know for how long this link will remain valid Bryllup - Joachim og Alexandra - dr.dk/Bonanza). After their divorce QMII gave Alex the new title 'Countess of Frederiksborg' – maybe as a reference to the place of the wedding ceremony.
It is a tradition that the reigning monarch has his/her portrait hung in the Grand Hall of Frederiksborg Palace.

Today Frederiksborg Palace is museum a museum well worth a visit

...I have read elsewhere on this page that the DRF also has a Palace in Roskilde - there is no palace in Roskilde, so I guess whoever wrote it was thinking of Frederiksborg.

Here's a few links with some very nice photos
Frederiksborg Slot - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
The Museum Of National History
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Old 02-17-2014, 04:57 AM
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Thanks, crown.

Your source states that the building programme by Christian IV brought DK to the brinck of bankrupcy.
That I think is a somewhat hasty conclusion.
Christian IV did indeed build a lot of the magnificent buildings we see today in primarily Copenhagen but Denmark at that time was a wealthy country, simply because we had manged to stay clear from the Thirty Years War and the other wars in Central Europe at the time.
Until that is, we got involved in 1625. That led to the first sacking of Jutland, Holstein and Schleswig.
But the rest of the country was practically unaffected, even though the taxation was high. The casualty rate was limited as well, because the army consited of predominantly mercenaries. But mercenaries costs a fortune!

The Swedish model of general conscription was in its infancy, so the drain on manpower in wars was limited, which again meant that it was easier to recover economically.

Contrary to popular belief the Thirty Years War was not one big atrocity, with constant massacres and sacking of cities. The sacking of Magdeburg later on was actually something of an exception, which it is why it to this day is remembered with horror.
The vast majority of systematic atrocities happened later on, simply because the armies increasingly had to live off the land but also as a means to destroy the economic basis for your enemies. - And that economic impact is, I think, the main reason why the war ended with something as novel as an international summit ending up in a negotiated peace.
The real killer was desease. However estimates sets the number of deaths during the Thirty Years War at eight million in what is modern Germany. That's a lot! - Except, they occured over a thirty year period and the mortality rate was high anyway. So the number of people who died as a direct consequence of the war was actually fairly limited.

Back to Denmark. It was the First Skanska War that brought economic disaster to Denmark and that was initiated by Frederik III. Culminating in the storm on Copenhagen in 1659.
Nevertheless just a couple decades later DK had recovered enough to gather, equip and train a vast army, which narrowly won militarily over Sweden. Politically DK lost that war, But that's another story.

Even after the end of the Great Nordic War in 1720, DK managed to recover quite soon and became, as a country, pretty wealthy during the rest of the 1700's.
Sweden however was still down on it's knees after having its male population decimated and economy shattered to pieces. The Swedish nobillity had amassed a lot of wealth during the wars, little of which trickled down to the rest of the population.
In DK it was primarily merchants who sat on the money, but at least they created jobs and opportunities.

- Oh dear, it happened again! Half a novel, because of one sentence.

FOLLOW UP.

The building programmes initiated by Christian IV in particular were indeed extensive, but they were also a necessity.
Denmark was during the 1500's and certainly by the year 1600 emerging as a modern European nation. But there wasn't any real stock exchange, there wasn't an official observatory, there wasn't a modern naval yard and many "palaces" were basically run down medieval castles - until Christian IV came along.

Sorry if I'm moving in on your topic, crown, but this is an interesting subject, eh?
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Old 02-17-2014, 06:12 AM
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You are right - bancruptcy may be a stretch :-)
But I believe it is safe to say that the bill for his extensive entrepreneurship was exorbitant
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Old 02-17-2014, 07:03 AM
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Originally Posted by crown View Post
You are right - bancruptcy may be a stretch :-)
But I believe it is safe to say that the bill for his extensive entrepreneurship was exorbitant
Oh, it was. But remember that the building projects themselves created jobs and stimulated the economy, not least because so many of the buildings were practical. That rubbed off on other wealthy people in DK, who also initiated their own building projects, if for no other reason that they didn't want to appear old fashioned.
Apart from that, money attracts money. It was in this period Danish international or rather global trade expanded in earnest, not least with the help of Dutch settlers, who brought with them a lot of modern methods and also technical innovations. (Some of the Dutch names live on among wellknown Danish families today. Also among M&F's friends. IRRC Meulengracht are of Dutch origin).
While Huegenotte refugees from France settled in other parts of Denmark, especially in the fortress town of Fredericia. They also brought with them a certain drive and know how.
Because during the 1500's Denmark was somewhat of a backwater. Sure we had a very profitable trade in the Baltic, yes we had a strong and quite modern navy but apart from that, there really wasn't much to write home about.

One such thing was Kronborg. But had Shakespeare ever visited Copenhagen Castle at that time, he would without hesitation have moved Hamlet. Copenhagen Castle as a location would be any horror-writers wet dream!

Anyway, had Christian IV not made the big mistake of entering the Thirty Years War, or at least delayed the entry, we might have been a lot better off.
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Old 02-17-2014, 07:30 AM
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CIV was certainly a complex character. His involvement in the Thirty Years War was only one more bad military decisions. According so some historians the country was in pretty tight financial situation because of his strong urge to build and create. His private life was also a bit of a mess. I wonder if he was as popular in his day as he is now.
His son decided not to finish one of his buildings, the Sankt Anna Rotunda destined to be a Nordic version of St Pauls Cathedral in Rome. I for one think he was a bit of a megalomaniac but I do acknowledge the fact that without him Scandinavia would be a very different place today.
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Old 03-09-2014, 12:10 PM
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It seems that the Crown Prince and family doesn't use the Chancellory Manor/House and the Chateau deCaix anymore, spending thier vacations in Trend or exotic foreign locations. Is there a reason ?
But Joachim,Marie and thee four children do seem to get real enjoyment when they vacation at the Chateau - its so beautiful.
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Old 03-09-2014, 02:57 PM
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Originally Posted by lyndaW View Post
It seems that the Crown Prince and family doesn't use the Chancellory Manor/House and the Chateau deCaix anymore, spending thier vacations in Trend or exotic foreign locations. Is there a reason ?
But Joachim,Marie and thee four children do seem to get real enjoyment when they vacation at the Chateau - its so beautiful.
I think they still use Chateau de Caix in France, yearly, but they have never posed for family photos like Joachim and Family do.
It looks like they prefer Trend a lot for birthdays and holidays. They have also spend summers in Denmark (northern i think) for the past few summers. We got some nice pics of the them on the danish beaches this summer, and of them biking around in the summer in Denmark other years.
I think this Jan. they went to the Maldives but other than that not a lot of "exotic" locations that we have heard of in years.
I really think they are in love with Trend. It looks like a perfect outdoor and private place for this active family
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Old 03-09-2014, 03:08 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lyndaW View Post
It seems that the Crown Prince and family doesn't use the Chancellory Manor/House and the Chateau deCaix anymore, spending thier vacations in Trend or exotic foreign locations. Is there a reason ?
But Joachim,Marie and thee four children do seem to get real enjoyment when they vacation at the Chateau - its so beautiful.
How do you know, that the Crown Prince family don't use the Chancellory House anymore? Or Chateau de Cayx? Because they don't have photo sessions like Joachim and Marie?
And how often do they spend their vacations in exotic foreign locations?
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Old 03-09-2014, 04:26 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lyndaW View Post
It seems that the Crown Prince and family doesn't use the Chancellory Manor/House and the Chateau deCaix anymore, spending thier vacations in Trend or exotic foreign locations. Is there a reason ?
But Joachim,Marie and thee four children do seem to get real enjoyment when they vacation at the Chateau - its so beautiful.
I think you're referring to Fredensborg Palace - this is the thread for Frederiksborg Castle (perhaps a moderator could move these posts to the correct thread?)

IIRC the Chancellory House needed some restoration/space-making following the arrival of the twins which is the reason why they didn't move to Fredensborg in the summer months of 2013. If said restoration is done this year, I guess they'll make the move. As for Caix, they go there every year, but it's only Joachim who has made it a tradition to post for the press during the family's time there - presumably because Nikolai and Felix don't always get to be present at the photo opportunity at Gråsten.
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Old 03-10-2014, 12:55 PM
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Originally Posted by Archduchess Zelia View Post
I think you're referring to Fredensborg Palace - this is the thread for Frederiksborg Castle (perhaps a moderator could move these posts to the correct thread?)

IIRC the Chancellory House needed some restoration/space-making following the arrival of the twins which is the reason why they didn't move to Fredensborg in the summer months of 2013. If said restoration is done this year, I guess they'll make the move. As for Caix, they go there every year, but it's only Joachim who has made it a tradition to post for the press during the family's time there - presumably because Nikolai and Felix don't always get to be present at the photo opportunity at Gråsten.
Thankyou, and I did mean the Chancellory House
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