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Old 04-15-2014, 05:26 PM
Royal Highness
Join Date: Dec 2013
Location: Conneaut, United States
Posts: 1,523
In 1283 King Edward I of England began building Caernarvon Castle.

As he prepared to establish English government in Wales, Edward wanted to make a triumphalist expression of his imperial ambitions at Caernarvon.
He chose Caernarvon because the town was an ancient stronghold for the princes of Gwynedd.
King Edward also chose Caernarvon because of the town's strategic position overlooking the Menai Straits.
Caernarvon Castle has polygonal rather than circular drum towers.
The castle has cross-banded masonry (alternate strips of light and dark stone) in the defensive walls.
The polygonal towers and cross-banded walls were a homage to the Theodosian Wall at Constantinople.
King Edward I and his chief architect, Master James of St. Georges, had seen the Theodosian Wall while on Crusade.
At the western end of Caernarvon Castle stands the Eagle Tower.
At 124 feet The Eagle Tower was one of the tallest single towers erected in the Middle Ages.
When first built, the Eagle Tower had a stone eagel on each of its three turrets.

Between 1401 to 1403, Owen Glendower tried unsuccessfully three times to take Caernarvon Castle.
The third time he used heavy siege machinery.
However he was repulsed by a garrison of 28 men.
In 1911 Prince Edward, the eldest son of King George V, was invested as Prince of Wales in Caernarvon Castle.
David Lloyd George devised the ceremony.

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Old 04-16-2014, 02:39 PM
Join Date: May 2009
Location: Orange, CA, United States
Posts: 6
Couldn't all of these copied and pasted bits of trivia been combined into just one post? Just sayin' ..

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Old 04-16-2014, 02:49 PM
RoyalDaisy's Avatar
Join Date: Mar 2014
Location: London, United Kingdom
Posts: 194
Pictures of Caernarfon Castle (Welsh spelling)

This is also the castle where Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales

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Old 04-16-2014, 03:02 PM
Royal Highness
Join Date: Dec 2013
Location: Conneaut, United States
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Originally Posted by RoyalDaisy View Post
RoyalDaisy, Thank you for all the excellent pictures.
The aerial view of the castle is fabulous.
Also, thank you for providing the Welsh spelling of Caernarvon.
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Old 12-14-2014, 02:14 AM
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Join Date: Oct 2012
Location: Sydney, Australia
Posts: 465
Here are some photos I took of this castle, which is quite ruined, but is very large, positioned wonderfully with a small bay on one side and the main river on another - and which has a really good and really large museum in one section.

All the towers can be climbed - and even on a warm sunny day, are so high, they really catch the wind when you have access to the outside.
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Old 12-14-2014, 04:35 AM
Join Date: Aug 2014
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 202
Edward VIii, then Prince Edward, was invested as Prince of Wales at Caernarfon on what he described as 'a sweltering hot summer day....before some ten thousand people' in July 1911.

Edward, then a midshipman of 16, objected to having to wear a costume for the ceremony of white satin breeches and purple velvet mantle and surcoat edged with ermine, but was persuaded into it by his mother.

Lloyd George, the Welsh Chancellor of the Exchequer, whose idea it had been to hold the ceremony, taught the Prince some Welsh phrases that he could remember years later, among them 'Mor o gan yw Cymru I gyd' ('All Wales is a sea of song') which Lloyd George, whom Prince Edward liked, got him to repeat over and over.

At the ceremony Winston Churchill, then Home Secretary, proclaimed the Prince's titles. (He told him later that he'd practised them on the golf course) then, with the vast ruined castle as a backdrop, King George invested his son, putting on his head a coronet cap as a token of principality 'and into my hand the gold verge of government and on my middle finger the gold ring of responsibility.'

'Then, leading me by the hand through an archway to one of the towers of the battlements, he presented me to the people of Wales. Half fainting with heat and nervousness, I delivered the Welsh sentences that Mr Lloyd George, standing by in the ancient garb of Constable, had taught me.'

The above is from 'A King's Story', the memoirs of the Duke of Windsor, Pages 78-79.
Edward claimed that the ceremony made him realise that he recoiled from being required homage. I think he realised from his teens that he was not cut-out for kingship, and this ceremony spurred this realisation.

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