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Old 02-02-2008, 11:47 AM
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D. Pedro IV/I 'The Liberator' of Portugal & Brazil and Wives

Pedro IV de Alcántara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascual Cipriano Serafim, King of Portugal and the Algarves from the death of his father until his abdication in favor of his daughter Maria 29 April 1826, proclaimed Emperor Pedro I of Brazil on 12 October 1822 (Queluz, 12 October 1798 - Queluz, 24 Sepember 1834); married 1stly in Rio de Janeiro, 5 November 1817 Archduchess Marie Leopoldine of Austria (Vienna, 22 January 1797 - Rio de Janeiro, 11 December 1826); m.2d Rio de Janeiro 17 Oct 1829 Duchess Amelia of Leuchtenberg (Milan, 31 July 1812 - Lisbon, 26 January 1873)

Reign in Brazil: 1822 - 1831

Reign in Portugal: 1826 - 1826

Predecessor: King João VI of Portugal and the Algarves, Emperor of Brazil

Succeeded in Brazil by: Emperor Pedro II of Brazil

Succeeded in Portugal by: Queen Maria II da Gloria of Portugal and the Algarves

Children Pedro I and Maria Leopoldina: Queen Maria II da Gloria of Portugal, Prince Miguel and Prince João of Brazil, Princess Januária of the Two Sicilies, Countess of Aquila, Princess Paula of Brazil, Princess Francisca d'Orleans, Princess of Joinville, and Emperor Pedro II of Brazil

Children Pedro I and Amalia: Princess Maria Amalia of Brazil

Parents Emperor Pedro I: King João VI of Portugal, Emperor of Brazil and Princess Carlota Joaquina of Spain

Parents Empress Maria Leopoldina: Emperor Franz II of Austria and Princess Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies

Parents Empress Amalia: Eugene de Beauharnais, Viceroy of Italy, Prince Imperial of France and later Duke of Leuchtenberg & Frst von Eichstädt and Princess Augusta of Bavaria.

Siblings Emperor Pedro I: Princess Maria Teresa of Spain, Prince Antonio of Portugal, Duke of Beira, Queen Maria Isabel and Pricness Maria Francisca of Spain, Prince Isabel Maria and Prince Miguel (or King Miguel I) and Princess Maria da Assunção of Portugal and Duchess Ana de Jesus of Loulé

Siblings Empress Maria Leopoldina: Archduchess Ludovika of Austria, Empress Maria Louise of the French, Emperor Ferdinand I, Archduchess Marie Caroline and Archduchess Caroline of Austria, Princess Maria Clementine of the Two Sicilies, Princess of Salerno, Archduke Joseph of Austria, Queen Marie Caroline of Saxony and Archduke Franz Karl, Archduchess Marie Anne, Archduke Johann and Archduchess Amelie of Austria

Siblings Empress Amalia: Queen Josephine of Sweden & Norway, Fuerstin Hortense of Hohenzollern-Hechtingen, Prince Augusto of Portugal, Duchess Theodelinde of Urach, Duchess Carolina and Duke Maximilian of Leuchtenberg
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Old 02-02-2008, 04:40 PM
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Pedro I (pronounced [ˈpedɾu] in Brazilian Portuguese and [ˈpeðɾu] in European Portuguese; English: Peter) (full name: Pedro de Alcântara Francisco Antônio João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim de Bragança e Bourbon), known as "Dom Pedro Primeiro" (October 12, 1798 – September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazil's first Emperor. He also held the Portuguese throne briefly as Pedro IV of Portugal, the Soldier-King (Port. o Rei-Soldado), 28th (or 29th according to some historians) king of Portugal and the Algarves.

Pedro I was born October 12, 1798, at Palace of Queluz, near Lisbon. His father was the prince regent at the time and would later become King John VI of Portugal (João VI); his mother was Charlotte of Spain (Carlota Joaquina), daughter of Charles IV of Spain. Under the full name Pedro de Alcântara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim de Machado e Bragança e Bourbon, he was the second son born to the royal couple. When his elder brother the Infante Antonio Francisco died in 1801, Pedro was made Prince of Beira as he was the heir-apparent of the then-Prince of Brazil, his father. In 1807, when Pedro was nine, the royal family left Portugal as an invading French army approached Lisbon. (See Napoleonic Wars.) They arrived in Brazil with a British escort in early 1808. The family would remain in the country for 13 years. Their presence made Rio de Janeiro the de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, and led to Brazil's elevation to the status of a kingdom co-equal with Portugal.
It is said that Pedro was João's favorite son, although the same could not be said about Carlota, who cherished her second son Miguel. The education of Pedro I was very much neglected. Both Pedro and his brother Miguel were brought up haphazardly. Pedro and Miguel would often run away from their tutors to mingle with stable boys and spent their days running around the streets with uneducated children. This led the boys to pick-up bad habits and lousy jargon. As a result of his familiarity with the street hooligans, Pedro grew up with no respect for the symbols and conventions of his age. Because of this he felt himself to be the son of the people rather than the son of royalty. All his life he would become familiar with individuals in every different aspect of life.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
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Old 02-02-2008, 05:05 PM
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Archduchess Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Austria (Portuguese: Maria Leopoldina da Áustria; German: Erzherzogin Maria Leopoldine von Österreich ) (22 January 1797 – 11 December 1826), Empress consort of Pedro I of Brazil, and, for two months, simultaneously Queen consort of Portugal.
She was born in Vienna, Austria, the daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, and his second wife, Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies. Among her many siblings were Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria and Archduchess Marie Louise, the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte.
In 1817 she sailed to Brazil to marry the future crown prince of Portugal, Dom Pedro of Alcantara. The Portuguese royal family had been living there in exile for ten years, as a result of the Napoleonic Wars. Leopoldine was highly cultured, fluent in six languages, and very interested in the natural sciences. In the years that followed she brought several researchers and biologists to her new homeland, starting with Johann Baptist von Spix, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, and Johann Natterer, who accompanied her in 1817.
When his father, King João VI, returned to Lisbon in 1821, Dom Pedro chose to remain in Brazil with Leopoldine and their children. In 1822, Dom Pedro headed Brazil's declaration of independence from Portugal, and was crowned as the country's Emperor. Princess Leopoldina thus became Brazil's first Empress consort. She also played an important role on the Declaration of Independence process. The princess found out that Portugal was preparing an action against Brasil and, having no time to wait for D. Pedro's return, Leopoldina, advised by José Bonifácio, and using its interim power, met on September 2nd 1822 with the State of Council, signed the Independence decree, declaring Brasil separated from Portugal. The emperor sent her husband a letter and demanded that he announce the Independência do Brasil and warned him, "The fruit is ready, it's time to harvest."

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
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Old 02-02-2008, 05:06 PM
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Amélia, Empress of Brazil (Portuguese: Amélia Augusta Eugênia de Leuchtenberg; French: Amélie Auguste Eugénie de Leuchtenberg), Duchess of Leuchtenberg, was the granddaughter of Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of the French. Her father, Eugène de Beauharnais, was the only male child of Empress Josephine and her first husband Alexandre de Beauharnais and stepson of Napoleon Bonaparte, who admired his military qualities. The mother of Empress Amélie was Princess Augusta Amélia, daughter of Maximilian I, King of Bavaria.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
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Old 12-23-2011, 06:30 PM
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He´s our national hero. Beyond his three spouses, he was known as a notorious womanizer and had more than 10 illegitimate children - Though his second warriage was perfectly happy. He was also a skilled musician: His "Anthem to Independence" is the "second national anthem". He learned to play nine instruments.
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Old 03-10-2012, 02:47 PM
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D. Pedro was invited to be king of Greece.

Since king Otto of Bavaria became king in 1832, I would like to know when was D.Pedro invited and by whom .

Which international support could he have had, being such an unstable man, plus, at the time, so much comitted to get the portuguese throne to his infant daughter D. Maria da Glória.
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Old 03-10-2012, 03:02 PM
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Originally Posted by Ultramare View Post
He´s our national hero. Beyond his three spouses, he was known as a notorious womanizer and had more than 10 illegitimate children - Though his second warriage was perfectly happy. He was also a skilled musician: His "Anthem to Independence" is the "second national anthem". He learned to play nine instruments.
National hero??? Are you kidding?

He was married twice, Maria Leopoldina and Maria Amelia. Who was the 3rd?
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Old 03-11-2013, 06:31 PM
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An article about his heart remaining in Lapa Church, in Oporto

Coração de D. Pedro IV está guardado a cinco chaves no Porto e precisa de mil cuidados - PÚBLICO

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Old 03-11-2013, 06:36 PM
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Originally Posted by royalist View Post
National hero??? Are you kidding?

He was married twice, Maria Leopoldina and Maria Amelia. Who was the 3rd?
In my opinion, the man who gives our Independence, our Constitution and saved to country from break into small republics (like the rest of South America), is a national hero.
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Old 08-12-2014, 04:32 PM
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In Long to Reign?, A. W. Purdue wrote:

In Portugal, King Pedro had in 1826 abdicated his Portuguese throne, preferring to be Emperor of Brazil. He abdicated in favour of his daughter Maria, who was engaged to his brother, Dom Miguel.

When did Maria and Miguel become engaged?
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Old 08-12-2014, 08:12 PM
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In that same year of 1826, I think. It was one of the conditions for D. Pedro to abdicate the Portuguese throne, the other being that D. Miguel accepted the Carta Constitucional, D. Pedro's greatest "work" as King of Portugal.
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Old 08-12-2014, 08:46 PM
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And I suppose it was a good work. I'm not familiar with this Constitution, but the one Emperor Pedro I wrote for Brazil is regarded as the best we had.
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Old 08-13-2014, 07:35 AM
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I share that view too. Of course, it was not consensual at the time, with the country entering decades of political disputes and even civil wars between those who wanted the Carta Constitucional (the Cartistas) and the other factions/parties.
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bragança, brazilian history, emperor of brazil, emperor pedro i, empress amelia, empress maria leopoldina, habsburg, king pedro iv, leuchtenberg, portuguese history


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