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Old 09-12-2008, 09:32 AM
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The House of Nassau-Weilburg

From wikipedia:

The heads of the house of Nassau Weilburg were the following:


- Counts of Nassau-Weilburg
  • 1344-1371: John I
  • 1371-1429: Philipp I
  • 1429-1442: Philipp II and John II
  • 1442-1492: Philipp II
  • 1492-1523: Louis I
  • 1523-1559: Philipp III
  • 1559-1593: Albrecht
  • 1559-1602: Philipp IV
  • 1593-1625: Louis II
  • 1625-1629: William Louis, John IV and Ernst Casimir
  • 1629-1655: Ernst Casimir
  • 1655-1675: Frederick
  • 1675-1688: John Ernst
- Princely counts of Nassau-Weilburg
  • 1688-1719: John Ernst
  • 1719-1753: Charles August
  • 1753-1788: Charles Christian
  • 1788-1816: Frederick William
  • 1816: Wilhelm
- Dukes of Nassau
  • 1816-1839: Wilhelm
  • 1839-1866: Adolf
In 1866, Prussia annexed the Duchy of Nassau as the duke had been an ally of Austria in the Second Austro-Prussian War.
From a morganatic marriage, contracted in 1868, descends a family, see Count of Merenberg, which in 1907 was declared non-dynastic. Had they not been excluded from the succession, they would have inherited the headship of the house in 1912.
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Old 09-12-2008, 09:36 AM
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From wikipedia:

Under the 1783 Nassau Family Pact, those territories of the Nassau family in the Holy Roman Empire at the time of the Pact (Luxembourg and Nassau) were bound to use Salic law, which forbade inheritance by the female line. When William III died leaving only his daughter Wilhelmina as an heir, the crown of the Netherlands, not being bound by the Family Pact, passed to Wilhelmina. However, the crown of Luxembourg could not pass to a woman, leaving the House of Orange-Nassau without a male heir. As a result, the throne went to Adolphe, the dispossessed Duke of Nassau and head of the House of Nassau-Weilburg.
At the death of his uncle, Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, Guillaume IV changed the laws of succession and named his daughter as his heir; the only other male, male-line, descendant of the House of Nassau-Weilburg was Guillaume's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Count of Merenberg, the product of a morganatic marriage. So, in 1907, Guilliame declared the Counts of Merenberg non-dynastic, naming his own eldest daughter Marie-Adélaïde as heir to the throne. She became Luxembourg's first reigning female monarch upon her father's death in 1912, and upon her own abdication in 1919, was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte, who married Felix of Bourbon-Parma, a prince of the Duchy of Parma. Charlotte's descendants have reigned until the present day under the name Nassau and are also members of the House of Bourbon-Parma.

- Grand Dukes of Luxembourg:

1890-1905: Adolphe
1905-1912: William IV
1912-1919: Marie-Adélaïde
1919-1964: Charlotte
1964-2000: Jean
2000 - : Henri
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Old 04-22-2009, 03:29 PM
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great article,thank you for informations:)
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Old 02-24-2010, 01:09 PM
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Wiesbadener Tagblatt has a short biography about Duchess Pauline of Nassau, the second wife of Duke Wilhelm. Pauline was born 200 years ago.

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Old 05-06-2010, 12:06 AM
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thank you for this article
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Old 09-29-2017, 05:00 AM
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An interview in German with the last patrinial descendant of the Nassau family, Countess Clothilde of Nassau-Merenberg:



And a Wikipedia article with some information:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counte...ssau-Merenberg
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Old 09-29-2017, 07:14 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Marengo View Post
An interview in German with the last patrinial descendant of the Nassau family, Countess Clothilde of Nassau-Merenberg:



And a Wikipedia article with some information:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counte...ssau-Merenberg
Thanks for the link. I'm a bit surprised since I thought the Merenbergs were extinct.
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Old 01-15-2018, 03:19 PM
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Since the demise of Grand Duchess Charlotte, members of the reigning house of Luxembourg are cognatically members of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and agnatically members of the House of Bourbon-Parma.
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Old 01-16-2018, 10:13 AM
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The House of Nassau-Weilburg

Interestingly: in the interview with Countess Clothilde and in the Wikipedia article, the title is Countess of Merenberg, while in the heading of the Wikipedia page, it is Nassau-Merenberg.

The noble title is given in historical sources as Count(ess) of Merenberg. To the best of my knowledge, this is correct since the Merenberg family legally were not members of the House of Nassau.


Quote:
From wikipedia:

Under the 1783 Nassau Family Pact, those territories of the Nassau family in the Holy Roman Empire at the time of the Pact (Luxembourg and Nassau) were bound to use Salic law, which forbade inheritance by the female line. When William III died leaving only his daughter Wilhelmina as an heir, the crown of the Netherlands, not being bound by the Family Pact, passed to Wilhelmina. However, the crown of Luxembourg could not pass to a woman, leaving the House of Orange-Nassau without a male heir. As a result, the throne went to Adolphe, the dispossessed Duke of Nassau and head of the House of Nassau-Weilburg.

At the death of his uncle, Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, Guillaume IV changed the laws of succession and named his daughter as his heir; the only other male, male-line, descendant of the House of Nassau-Weilburg was Guillaume's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Count of Merenberg, the product of a morganatic marriage. So, in 1907, Guilliame declared the Counts of Merenberg non-dynastic, naming his own eldest daughter Marie-Adélaïde as heir to the throne. [...]

The Wikipedia article made some mistakes:

1. At the time of the 1783 Nassau Family Pact, Luxembourg was a territory of the House of Austria, not the House of Nassau. It was made a possession of the Houses of Orange-Nassau and Nassau by the Congress of Vienna in 1815.

2. The Nassau Family Pact used semi-Salic law, not Salic. According to Article 42, if the male lines of the House of Nassau came to an end, the territories of the Nassau family would pass to the eldest daughter of the closest male line:
Quote:
Da übrigens auch der Fall möglich ist, welchen jedoch der Allerhöchste gnädiglich abwenden wolle, dass Unser ganzer Nassauischer Mannstamm erlöschen möchte, so lassen Wir es in Ansehung derer jeweilen existirenden Töchter, bey dem von solchen geleisteten, auch künftig und zu ewigen Tagen zu leistenden unbedingten Verzicht, ohne Vorbehalt einiger Regredienterbschaft bewenden, verbinden Uns, setzen, ordnen und wollen demnach, dass in solchem Falle eine Tochter und zwar, wann deren mehrere vorhanden, dies Erstgebohrne, oder in deren Mangel die nächste Erbin des letzten Mannstammes, mit Ausschluss aller andern entfernteren, zur Succession berufen seyn solle, es wäre dann, dass Wir oder Unsere Nachkommen auf sochen Fall anders übereingekommen wären, oder sonstige Vorsehung gethan hälten, als welches zu thun Wir Ihnen und Uns hiermit ausdrucklich vorbehalten, fort Unsere und Unserer Nachkommen respective Töchter und Erben zur Festhaltung einser sochen Vorsehung Kraft dieses verbunden haben wollen.
Succession in Nassau and Luxemburg

3. At the death of Prince Nikolaus of Nassau in 1905, Grand Duke Guillaume IV came to be the lone remaining male agnate of the House of Nassau. (The morganatic son of Nikolaus was a Merenberg, not a Nassau.) As a result, pursuant to Article 42, the Grand Duke's eldest daughter Princess Marie-Adélaïde of Luxembourg became the heiress presumptive immediately in 1905. Her proclamation was declared in 1907 and the title of Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg was bestowed on her in 1908.

4. Grand Duke Guillaume promulgated new laws of succession in 1907, not 1905. Article 42 of the 1783 Nassau Family Pact meant that his daughters were already in the order of succession. The laws of 1907 established the succession of his daughters' future offspring.

Quote:
Art. I . — Da Uns ein männlicher Erbe bisher versagt geblieben ist und seit dem Tode Unseres Oheims des Prinzen Nicolas Liebden ohne Hinterlassung successionsfahiger Descendenz der Fürstliche Mannesstamm des Hauses Nassau auf Unseren Augen allein steht, kann der in Artikel 42 des Erbvereins von 1783 gesetzte Fall eintreten und hat alsdann Unsere erstgeborene Tochter Prinzessin Marie-Adelheid und zunächst ihr Mannesstamm, aus gemäss den Familienstatuten Unseres Hauses geschlossener Ehe, nach dem Recht der Erstgeburt,Uns in der Krone Luxemburg, sowie als Chef Unseres Hauses und in Besitz und Nutzniessung des gesamten Hausfideicommisses nachzufolgen, jedoch ist bis zur Vollendung ihres achtzehnten Lebensjahres die Regentschaft und Vormundschaft für sie von Unserer vielgeliebten Gemahlin der Grossherzogin Maria-Anna zu führen. Sollte Unsere genannte vielgeliebte Tochter ohne Hinterlassung einer Nachkommenschaft aus gemäss den Familienstatuten Unseres Hauses geschlossener Ehe versterben, so sind Unsere andern vielgeliebten Töchter und ihre Linien in gleicher Weise nach Primogenitur-Recht zur Erbfolge berufen.
http://data.legilux.public.lu/file/e...-37-fr-pdf.pdf
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