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  #41  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:06 PM
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Nobody with a good knowledge of Isabella's character would consider her as monstrous. She never was such thing.

Isabella was a firm believer and a strong fighter. Any judgment on Isabella must be made considering the time she lived in and the particular circumstamces she had to face. Isabella lived in constant war, she had to run from one place to the other, even pregnant, and fight for her life and kingdom. Ever since she was a child she lived in constant fear and danger in the court of her brother Henry IV, King of Castile.

Isabella'a brother Alfonso, was probably poisoned and she was in constant fear as she could be next. Isabella got married with Fernando against the wishes of her brother the King and the nobles that had kidnapped her; she was brave and wise enough to escape to avoid being a hostage.

Isabella was a mother, a warrior, a fighter, a visionary, just with her people and terrible to her enemies. Isabella's first accomplishment was her own survival, then she raised a family and created a Kingdom which will become a huge empire. She was an outstanding monarch who ranks amongst the best ever in world's history.

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  #42  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:09 PM
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Isabella was a fighter but she was also femenine and beautiful

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  #43  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:12 PM
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Isabella's religious zealotry was almost matched by her commitment to education and the arts: she established a palace school for young noblemen, patronized literature, and amassed a stunning collection of Spanish and Flemish art.

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  #44  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:17 PM
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Isabella married the handsome King of Aragon, Ferdinand II:

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  #45  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:20 PM
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No doubt she was a firm believer ready to give her life for the Catholic Church

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  #46  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:30 PM
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Isabella of Castile is a shining example of powerful queenship in the late medieval age. At eighteen she was blue-eyed, chestnut-haired and striking. Already she favored the jewels and magnificent gowns that she wore throughout her life. As heiress to the throne of Castile she had her pick of royal suitors. In 1469 she defied her brother the King and nobles who had her kidnapped to marry Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Aragon. Thus began the thirty-five year joint rule of a unified Spain by the Catholic Monarchs. The Pope bestowed the title on them in 1492 after they routed the Moors from Granada, ending eight centuries of Moorish domination in Spain.

Also in 1492, a landmark year for Isabella, she agreed to sponsor Christopher Columbus's voyage of discovery, which brought the New World and its wealth to the Spanish crown. Until her death she was concerned with the welfare and rights of the natives of the lands she had acquired. She and Ferdinand were also concerned with the eternal souls of their Spanish subjects. They established the Inquisition to ferret out Jews and Muslims whose conversion to Christianity was doubtful. In 1492, the same year they conquered the Moors, the Catholic Monarchs expelled all nonconverted Jews from Spain.

Isabella's intense piety was accompanied by a sincere interest in education. She became proficient in Latin in her thirties. She encouraged scholars at her court and set up palace schools. She patronized artists and collected art.

The reign of Isabella and Ferdinand was a golden age for Spain. But her last years were marred by family sorrows. Of her five children, two predeceased her. So did her grandson and heir. Her daughter Joanna--Juana la Loca-was mentally unstable.

Isabella died in 1506 at the height of her power, leaving Ferdinand to reign as regent for twelve years. Perhaps Isabella, who dreamed of continuity of rule for her family and of greatness for her country, would have been cheered to know that after Ferdinand's death, Joanna's son Charles became not only king of Spain but Holy Roman Emperor. The grandmother of almost all European dynasties, every reigning monarch in modern Europe is a descendant of Isabella of Castile.
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  #47  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:32 PM
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Isabella and Ferdinand presiding audiences:

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  #48  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:33 PM
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Conversions taking place before Isabella and Ferdinand:

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  #49  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:37 PM
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Until the start of the reign of Isabella's grandson, Emperor Charles V, the Court was "itinerant" meaning there was no stable place for the Court. This is Isabella's castle at Zaragoza:

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  #50  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:38 PM
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Isabella's Castle at Alquezar:

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  #51  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:41 PM
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Isabella's sponsored Royal Monastery of our Lady of Guadalupe:

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  #52  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:45 PM
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Queen Isabella, King Ferdinand and their daughter Queen Joan and her husband King Philip the handsome, are interred in this beautiful "Capilla Real" located in Granada:

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  #53  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:47 PM
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Spanish Coat of Arms created soon after the marriage of Isabella and Ferdinand:

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  #54  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:49 PM
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Statues of Isabella and Ferdinand receiving a report from Cristopher Columbus at Alcazar de los Reyes, Cordova:

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  #55  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:52 PM
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Genealogic Tree of Isabella and Ferdinand

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  #56  
Old 02-25-2009, 10:55 PM
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Iberia before Isabella and Ferdinand:

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  #57  
Old 02-25-2009, 11:03 PM
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And after Isabella and Ferdinand:

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  #58  
Old 02-25-2009, 11:03 PM
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Columbus before the Queen:

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  #59  
Old 02-25-2009, 11:08 PM
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Walls that surround the City of Avila (Castle of Madrigal de las Altas Torres), where Queen Isabella was born:

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  #60  
Old 02-25-2009, 11:16 PM
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Muslim King Boabdil surrenders to Isabella and Ferdinand:

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